Publisher: Vilnius University   (Total: 38 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 38 of 38 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounting Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access  
Archaeologia Lituana     Open Access  
Baltic J. of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltistica     Open Access  
Criminological Studies     Open Access  
Ekonomika (Economics)     Open Access  
Informacijos mokslai     Open Access  
J.ism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kalbotyra     Open Access  
Knygotyra (Book Science)     Open Access  
Lietuvių kalba     Open Access  
Lietuvos istorijos studijos     Open Access  
Lietuvos Matematikos Rinkinys     Open Access  
Lietuvos Statistikos Darbai     Open Access  
Literatūra     Open Access  
Lithuanian Surgery : Lietuvos Chirurgija     Open Access  
Nonlinear Analysis : Modelling and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Politologija     Open Access  
Problemos     Open Access  
Psychology     Open Access  
Religija ir kultūra     Open Access  
Respectus Philologicus     Open Access  
Scandinavistica Vilnensis     Open Access  
Semiotika     Open Access  
Slavistica Vilnensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Socialiniai tyrimai     Open Access  
Sociology : Thought and Action     Open Access  
Taikomoji kalbotyra     Open Access  
Teisė : Law     Open Access  
Verbum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Vertimo studijos (Translation Studies)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Vilnius University Open Series     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Vilnius University Open Series
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2669-0535
Published by Vilnius University Homepage  [38 journals]
  • Editorial Board and Table of Contents

    • Authors: Laurynas Peluritis
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: -
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
       
  • The Trans-Nemunas Region and its Development during Historical Times based
           on Archaeological Data

    • Authors: Irma Babušytė
      Pages: 5 - 35
      Abstract: The lack of archaeological data in Trans-Nemunas region is a huge problem for archaeologists to this day. There are some hillforts, settlements, former village sites extant but most of the burial sites are already gone or destroyed due to agricultural work. Even less of these sites are researched. Therefore, it is difficult to know and understand Trans-Nemunas region development based on archaeological data. The main aim of this article is to sort out when the Prehisotrical times in this region ended, and when the Historical times began, what happened during this time in the territory, while speaking about it‘s accommodation difference. Article contains various theories of historians, archaeologists and linguists about region‘s development during 13th-16th centuries, also the archaeological data was taken from Register of Cultural Property. Based on historians‘ (D. Baronas, A. Dubonis, J. Kiaupienė, R. Petrauskas) opinion, the prehistorical times in Trans-Nemunas ends within 13th century‘s end, during great migration to other historical lands of Lithuania and the wars with the Crusaders. During 14th century the lands of Trans-Nemunas region were abandoned, and then residents came back (or newly settled) in the region in the 15th century. Archaeological data confirms these theories. Hillforts became abandoned in the 13th century, and the new settlements, manors and villages appeared only from 15th century.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15388/VUIFSMD.2022.1
       
  • A Working Woman in Eighteenth-Century Vilnius: Possibilities and The
           Character of Work

    • Authors: Neda Marcinkonytė
      Pages: 36 - 63
      Abstract: The topic of this study is “A Working Woman in Eighteenth-Century Vilnius: Possibilities and The Character of Work”. The aim of this study is to analyse the labour possibilities and character for 18th century women in Vilnius. In order to reveal these aspects the following issues were explored: ascertainment of the nature of women’s labour; ascertainment of the wages payed and wage dynamics for women’s labour; ascertainment of the social status and marital status of women part of the working women. In the 18th century women’s labour can be ascribed to the “service sector”. This type of labour was mostly unqualified work and did not require a lot of physical strength and can be divided into two categories – hire and trade. 
      The duration of hired work was varied. The wages for women who worked for hire in short durations was calculated by day. Such hire work can be characterized as being seasonal and is observed in agricultural labour, which women were hired for during summer and autumn. Women serving in convents were hired for long-term labour. They worked and lived in these institutions all year long. While serving in convents women carried out the same jobs as maids working on private household properties (various household chores). These women were not paid with money alone because the institutions provided them with tenancy, maintenance, clothing and foot-wear as well.
      The specifics of labour for women working as wet-nurses differed from other labour workers. This type of labour could only be performed by women who had recently had given birth to their own children and were not discouraged by the risks that came with nursing foundlings.
      Women’s wages were usually lower than men’s and they sometimes got paid more than double the amount of women’s wages. The highest wages were paid out to wet-nurses because of the high health risks that came with nursing children abandoned by their parents. A stable income was guaranteed for women who were serving in convents and working as wet-nurses. Women working for short-term hire got paid with one-off payments and only once they have completed their tasks [job]. However, single-day labour work wages were higher. It is unknown how much money women in trade were making. However it is known that they made up 35 to 90 percent of the city’s official tax paying traders. These statistics reveal that women were trading various products – from shoes to various metal objects as well as food and vegetables.
      The type of labour force women were a part of could have also been determined by their marital status. Unmarried, young aged women most often served in convents and older women with families tended to favour short-term work for hire. Trade was favoured most often by married women (or widows), who could sell not just their home-made food products and home-grown fruits and vegetables but also their artisan spouse’s (or parents) produced ware at local market places.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15388/VUIFSMD.2022.2
       
  • The Peasant Self-government in the Lithuanian Country after the Abolition
           of Serfdom: the Backwardness or Progress Factor'

    • Authors: Vilma Vaskelaitė
      Pages: 64 - 83
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to examine the influence of the peasant self-government system, which had been functioning in Vilna and Kovno Governorates since the abolition of serfdom in 1861 (in Suwałki Governorate – since the land reform of 1864) up to the First World War, on the Lithuanian peasant life. The functioning of different self-government structures in the daily life is characterised. The article specifies changes in the peasant opinion towards the system. The essential differences between the peasant self-government regulations in Vilna, Kovno and Suwałki Governorates are highlighted. The effects of the system on the Lithuanian peasant life were ambiguous. On the one hand, it brought some novelties to the country, such as a bureaucracy and a regular management of public affairs. On the other hand, it conserved the communal mentality of peasantry by creating legal conditions for the collegial self-government institutions to restrict the freedom of community members to change their place of living and occupation. The peasant self-government in Suwałki was not based on the estates of the realm, thus it provided better circumstances for the modernisation of peasantry.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15388/VUIFSMD.2022.3
       
  • Lithuania and Italy Economic Relations in the Interwar Period: Changes and
           Tendencies

    • Authors: Rugilė Užusėnaitė
      Pages: 84 - 110
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to study the economic cooperation between Lithuania and Italy during the interwar period and to see the peculiarities of the relations under discussion. The economic cooperation of the countries in question is understood here as the exchange of various goods and products – export and import data are analysed. The passivity of Lithuania and Italy economic cooperation ended at an early stage by the Lithuanian – Italian trade agreement signed in 1927, which guaranteed the application of the most favourable trade. Thanks to this agreement Lithuania and Italy export and import with certain exceptions had an upward trend until 1935. On the other hand, Lithuania had a negative trade balance with Italy until 1939 and the trade turnover of both countries had never reached more than 3 percent of Lithuania’s total foreign trade turnover. Further trade prospects were interrupted by the Second World War.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15388/VUIFSMD.2022.4
       
  • Escape of poetry from the village to the city in interwar Lithuania

    • Authors: Emilija Kilinskaitė
      Pages: 111 - 124
      Abstract: The article examines the thematic transformation of interwar Lithuanian poetry from the countryside to the city in 1918-1940. Based on images and lyrical experiences in interwar Lithuanian poetry, it reviews the changing features of the urban poetry of the time, discusses the city as it is revealed in it; the changing perception of oneself as an individual in the society of the time, the changes in one's environment and community in the face of urbanisation. During the two decades of independent Lithuania, the tension between countryside and urban poetry has come almost full circle: at the beginning of the period, we experience the natural "invasion" of the city into poetry; at the end of the period, the city becomes a commonplace, and the reminiscences of countryside adopt nostalgic feeling.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15388/VUIFSMD.2022.5
       
  • Images of Soviet Lithuania for exile (1959-1990)

    • Authors: Gabija Mukaitė
      Pages: 125 - 144
      Abstract: Those who left Lithuania during World War II were still interested in Soviet Lithuanian news. They received some of the news from letters, newspapers, radio, and television. The aim of this research is to analyse the images of Soviet Lithuania that were created through letters and visits to Lithuania from 1959 to 1990. The object of this work is the images of Soviet Lithuania for exile diasporas. Which was created by different sources of information. The problem of this research is that, there is not a lot of research about the communication by letters between people who stayed in Soviet Lithuania, and their relatives in exile. There is not a lot of research about emigrants who saw Lithuania during visits, and the images of it that they created themselves. The letters from relatives were controlled by KGB, and the messages that contained any sort of negative information about Lithuania, could not reach the recipients. However, occasionally, some letters containing negative information did reach diasporas, and it also painted a picture of the country. Struggles with money and the deficit of goods created the image of a lacking Lithuania, while social guarantees created a progressive image. Ambiguous images of Lithuania were also created through visits to Soviet Lithuania. It was due to different people that the visitors communicated with: thus, official and unofficial images were formed. The official images – shaped by such institutions as KGB – were progressive, while the unofficial ones – formed by the common people – denied some of the progressive images, because many people were suffering from the socialist regime. The governmental institutions were trying to hide these disagreeing images in particular. Consequently, depending on whom the visitors had contacted, they were able to create their own images of Lithuania.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15388/VUIFSMD.2022.6
       
 
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