Publisher: Vilnius University   (Total: 38 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Accounting Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access  
Archaeologia Lituana     Open Access  
Baltic J. of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltistica     Open Access  
Criminological Studies     Open Access  
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Informacijos mokslai     Open Access  
J.ism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kalbotyra     Open Access  
Knygotyra (Book Science)     Open Access  
Lietuvių kalba     Open Access  
Lietuvos istorijos studijos     Open Access  
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Literatūra     Open Access  
Lithuanian Surgery : Lietuvos Chirurgija     Open Access  
Nonlinear Analysis : Modelling and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Politologija     Open Access  
Problemos     Open Access  
Psychology     Open Access  
Religija ir kultūra     Open Access  
Respectus Philologicus     Open Access  
Scandinavistica Vilnensis     Open Access  
Semiotika     Open Access  
Slavistica Vilnensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Socialiniai tyrimai     Open Access  
Sociology : Thought and Action     Open Access  
Taikomoji kalbotyra     Open Access  
Teisė : Law     Open Access  
Verbum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Vertimo studijos (Translation Studies)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Psychology
Number of Followers: 0  

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ISSN (Print) 2345-0061 - ISSN (Online) 1392-0359
Published by Vilnius University Homepage  [38 journals]
  • Beck Scales (BDI-II, BAI, BHS, BSS, and CBOCI): Clinical and Normative
           Samples’ Comparison and Determination of Clinically Relevant Cutoffs

    • Authors: Neringa Grigutytė Vita Mikuličiūtė Karolina Petraškaitė Antanas Kairys
      Abstract: This article aims to evaluate 5 Beck scales – Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Beck Suicidal Ideation Scale (BSS), and Clark–Beck Obsession-Compulsion Inventory (CBOCI) – comparing clinical and normative samples, and to determine clinically relevant cutoffs. The clinical sample consisted of 242 persons aged 18–74; 39 percent were men and 61 percent were women. The normative sample consisted of 1296 persons aged 18–95; 44 percent were men and 56 percent were women. In order to compare the estimates of the normative and clinical samples of the Beck scales, a paired data study sample was formed – 230 participants from the clinical and normative groups each. The clinical sample was divided into four groups according to the primary diagnoses: 107 (46.5%) patients were diagnosed with mood (affective) disorder (F30–F39), 38 (16.5%) with neurophysical stress and somatoform disorders (F40–F49), 51 (22.2%) with disorders due to the use of psychoactive substances (F10–F19), 34 (14.8%) with high risk of suicide (X60–X84; Z91.5; R45.81). 27 percent of patients had comorbid diagnoses. The results show high internal consistency of the Beck scales in all samples. The discrimination abilities of all five Beck scales are good; the cutoffs for each Beck scale in four clinical groups are estimated. Both the total clinical sample and the 4 clinical sample groups had significantly higher BDI-II, BAI, BHS, BSS, and CBOCI scores than the normative sample. In conclusion, the Beck scales alone are not sufficient for making a decision about the clinical diagnosis.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Effect of Employee Agility and Self-Efficacy on Innovative Behavior at
           Work

    • Authors: Agnė Dzimidienė Dalia Bagdžiūnienė
      Abstract: In order for organizations to remain competitive and successful in the contemporary business environment, one of the fundamental prerequisites is innovative behavior of employes. Therefore, research analyzing the organizational and personal factors of this behavior is relevant, in which increasing attention is paid to the agility of employees. In general, agility can be described as a person’s ability to adapt quickly and efficiently to normal or new work situations, accept changes and respond appropriately to them. The study aimed to determine the relationship between employees agility, self-efficacy, and innovative behavior in the organization and to evaluate the mediating role of self-efficacy for the relations between agility and innovative behavior. The cross-sectional survey was conducted in the sample of 172 employees. 78% of them were women, the average age of the participants was 33.8 years. Scales measuring employee agility, innovative behavior and self-efficacy were applied in the study. For this study, a Lithuanian employee agility scale consisting of twenty items was prepared. The results were processed using correlational, regression, and mediation analysis. Main results: firstly, more expressed employee agility and self-efficacy predicts their higher involvement in innovative behavior, and secondly, self-efficacy acts as a mediator for the relationship between agility and innovative behavior. The importance of the employee’s personal characteristics – agility and self-efficacy – in predicting innovative behavior was confirmed, and the role of self-efficacy as a mediator for the relationship between agility and innovative behavior was revealed. Theoretical and practical implications of the study results are discussed.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Unique Cost of Human Eye Gaze in Cognitive Control: Being
           Human-Specific and Body-Related'

    • Authors: Kexin Li Aitao Lu Ruchen Deng Hui Yi
      Abstract: This study investigated the eye gaze cost in cognitive control and whether it is human-specific and body-related. In Experiment 1, we explored whether there was a cost of human eye gaze in cognitive control and extended it by focusing on the role of emotion in the cost. Stroop effect was found to be larger in eye-gaze condition than vertical grating condition, and to be comparable across positive, negative, and neutral trials. In Experiment 2, we explored whether the eye gaze cost in cognitive control was limited to human eyes. No larger Stroop effect was found in feline eye-gaze condition, neither the modulating role of emotion. In Experiment 3, we explored whether the mouth could elicit a cost in Stroop effect. Stroop effect was not significantly larger in mouth condition compared to vertical grating condition, nor across positive, negative, and neutral conditions. The results suggest that: (1) There is a robust cost of eye gaze in cognitive control; (2) Such eye-gaze cost was specific to human eyes but not to animal eyes; (3) Only human eyes could have such eye-gaze costs but not human mouth. This study supported the notion that presentation of social cues, such as human eyes, could influence attentional processing, and provided preliminary evidence that the human eye plays an important role in cognitive processing.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Relationship between Psychosocial Factors and Affiliate Stigma in
           Parents of Children with ADHD: Systematic Literature Review

    • Authors: Marija Aušraitė Kristina Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to identify the psychosocial factors which are related with affiliate stigma in parents of children with ADHD through a systematic literature review. This review includes English publications from 2008 to 2022, which present the results of quantitative studies on the relationship between psychosocial factors and affiliate stigma in parents of children with ADHD. According to eligibility criteria, 7 articles were included in the review. The results showed that higher parental affiliate stigma is associated with lower parents’ psychosocial functioning (higher expressed depression, anxiety, lower self-esteem). It was also found that higher parental affiliate stigma is related to unfavorable behavior towards a child (higher expressed negativity/ less constructive parenting). The results also showed that higher parental affiliate stigma is associated with more expressed child's difficulties (ADHD symptoms/ internalizing and externalizing difficulties).
      PubDate: Mon, 19 Dec 2022 12:26:53 +000
       
  • Stress Factors Among Grade 2 Teachers: Links to Classroom Activities and
           Teacher Interaction Styles

    • Authors: Gintautas Šilinskas Saulė Raižienė
      Abstract: This study involved a comparison of the prevalence of two work-related stressors (job-related issues and information and communications technology [ICT] use) and three situational stress factors (COVID-19, geopolitical concerns, and economic conditions) among 40 Grade 2 teachers in Lithuania. Also investigated were associations between the stress factors, the frequency of classroom activities (literacy and mathematics), and teacher interaction styles (affection, behavioral, and psychological control). A total of 40 Grade 2 teachers answered online questionnaires in April–May 2022, a period defined by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the recent (2–3 months prior) start of the Russo–Ukrainian war. The results showed that, of the five stress factors examined, the highest levels of stress expressed by teachers were related to the geopolitical situation, which scored significantly higher than work-related stress factors (job-related issues and ICT use). The results also indicated that all stress factors except geopolitical situation were associated with behavioral and psychological control, suggesting that teachers who report higher levels of stress apply more controlling interaction styles when teaching their second graders. Moreover, the findings revealed that the frequency of classroom activities and the positive dimension of the interaction style of teaching (i.e., affection) were not related to any of the stress factors.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Nov 2022 10:11:48 +000
       
  • Psychometric Properties of Work–Family Enrichment Self-Efficacy
           Scale: Lithuanian Version

    • Authors: Tadas Vadvilavičius Aurelija Stelmokienė
      Abstract: Valid and reliable research methods are needed to assess the work–family enrichment self-efficacy. Two cross-sectional studies were conducted to test the psychometric properties (internal consistency, convergent and/or structural validity) of the Lithuanian version of the work–family enrichment self-efficacy scale. Results revealed that the Lithuanian version of the work–family enrichment self-efficacy scale had high internal consistency. Adequate convergent validity was confirmed by statistically significant positive relationships between work–family enrichment and its dimensions, job satisfaction, and general self-efficacy. Finally, structural validity was confirmed by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, that revealed that one factor explained data well. The results of the research confirmed that the Lithuanian version of the work-family enrichment self-efficacy scale was suitable for further research.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Oct 2022 09:49:03 +000
       
  • Editorial Board and Table of Contents

    • Abstract: -
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Without Straying from Philosophical Origins and the Reality of Life.
           Interview with Eglė Rimkutė

    • Authors: Junona S. Almonaitienė
      Abstract: Interview of Junona Almonaitienė, a graduate of Vilnius University, with associate professor Eglė Rimkutė, a teacher and researcher at the same university from 1966 till 2006, who’s carrier was mainly related to cognitive psychology and methodology of psychology. The interview reveals her subjective approach to various methodological problems of psychology, the nature and shifts of the approach, and her personal efforts to develop a more comprehensive, realistic, sociocultural psychology. As the interlocutors practically collaborated in planning and discussing research during one of the time periods covered here, the subjective experiences of both, related to local as well as more general methodological problems in psychology, are analyzed retrospectively. The entire interview can be seen as a practical effort of writing a microhistory.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Oct 2022 06:21:43 +000
       
  • Engaged, Exhausted or Indifferent' Study Environment Factors and
           Doctoral Students’ Well-being

    • Authors: Arūnas Žiedelis
      Abstract: Creating decent conditions for doctoral students is a challenge that higher education institutions do not always manage to cope with. This tendency is also indirectly seen in the indicators of the well-being of doctoral students. The purpose of this study was to distinguish different well-being groups of doctoral students and to identify predictors of belonging to them. 633 doctoral students from various fields of science participated in the study, and were asked to answer questions about their study engagement, exhaustion, and the main study environment characteristics (demands and resources). The applied cluster analysis revealed that according to study engagement and burnout, four groups of doctoral students’ well-being can be distinguished, i.e., successful, exhausted, burned-out and indifferent doctoral students. Regression analysis made it possible to distinguish four study environmental characteristics that differentiate different groups of doctoral students’ well-being. Fewer opportunities for development, lack of support from the dissertation supervisor, higher study load, and more frequent encounters with conflicting expectations were associated with a lower probability of belonging to the group of doctoral students of the highest well-being. The results show that the antecedents for the well-being of doctoral students should be sought in the institutional environment, which facilitates or complicates the implementation of the tasks. The article also discusses suggestions based on the research results to improve the process of training doctoral students.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Oct 2022 06:08:03 +000
       
  • “What do you Mean by Masculinity'”: Comparison of Answers of Men
           with and without Suicidal Thoughts

    • Authors: Dovilė Grigienė Greta Guogaitė Said Dadašev Jurgita Rimkevičienė Paulius Skruibis Danutė Gailienė
      Abstract: Male suicides are often associated with masculinity norms that encourage certain behaviours that increase the risk of suicide. For example, research shows that restricted emotionality, avoidance of seeking help and self-reliance are associated with higher suicide risk. However, these pre-formulated aspects of masculinity do not necessarily reflect men’s subjective opinions of what masculinity is to them. Researchers argue that it is important to consider personal views about what masculinity is, not only stereotypes about masculinity. The aim of this study is to reveal and compare the subjective opinions about the masculinity of men with and without suicidal ideation. 281 men answered the open-ended question during the survey: “What does masculinity mean to you'”. The answers were analyzed using a content analysis method. We transformed qualitative data into quantitative and compared them statistically between two groups: men with and without suicidal ideation. It turned out that men with suicidal thoughts were more likely to mention that masculinity is the control of emotions, intelligence, and decision-making. Men without suicidal thoughts were more likely to mention family and caring for it as essential aspects of masculinity. The results showed that certain aspects of masculinity might be related to higher risk for suicide, but the study also revealed the masculinity that might be a source of coping.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Oct 2022 06:01:27 +000
       
 
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