Publisher: Vilnius University   (Total: 41 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Accounting Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Museologica Lithuanica     Open Access  
Acta Orientalia Vilnensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archaeologia Lituana     Open Access  
Baltic J. of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltistica     Open Access  
Bibliotheca Lituana     Open Access  
Criminological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ekonomika (Economics)     Open Access  
Informacijos mokslai     Open Access  
J.ism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kalbotyra     Open Access  
Knygotyra (Book Science)     Open Access  
Lietuvių kalba     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lietuvos istorijos studijos     Open Access  
Lietuvos Matematikos Rinkinys     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lietuvos Statistikos Darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Literatūra     Open Access  
Lithuanian Surgery : Lietuvos Chirurgija     Open Access  
Nonlinear Analysis : Modelling and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Politologija     Open Access  
Problemos     Open Access  
Psychology     Open Access  
Religija ir kultūra     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Respectus Philologicus     Open Access  
Scandinavistica Vilnensis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Semiotika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Slavistica Vilnensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Socialiniai tyrimai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sociology : Thought and Action     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Taikomoji kalbotyra     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Teisė : Law     Open Access  
Verbum     Open Access  
Vertimo studijos (Translation Studies)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Vilnius University Open Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Knygotyra (Book Science)
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0204-2061 - ISSN (Online) 0204-2061
Published by Vilnius University Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Editorial Board and Table of Contents

    • Authors: Aušra Navickienė
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract:   
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • Pokalbis su pirmąja „Knygotyros“ vyriausiąja redaktore ir ilgamete
           redaktorių kolegijos nare docente Genovaite Raguotiene

    • Authors: Domas Kaunas, Aušra Navickienė
      Pages: 7 - 16
      Abstract:   
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.15388/Knygotyra.2021.76.72
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • Interview with Associate Professor Genovaitė Raguotienė, First
           Editor-in-Chief and a Long-Standing Member of the Editorial Board of
           Knygotyra

    • Authors: Domas Kaunas, Aušra Navickienė
      Pages: 17 - 26
      Abstract:   
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.15388/Knygotyra.2021.76.73
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • The Development of Peasants’ Reading Habits in Courland and Livonia
           in the 18th Century*

    • Authors: Pauls Daija
      Pages: 27 - 50
      Abstract: The article explores the development of peasants’ reading habits over the 18th century in the Latvian-inhabited Lutheran regions of Russia’s Baltic provinces Courland/Kurzeme and Latvian Livonia/Vidzeme. By analysing the transition from intensive to extensive reading patterns, as well as from loud and ceremonial to silent and private reading, insight into the available statistical sources and information from subscription lists is provided and the observations of contemporaries are scrutinized. The views on Latvian peasants’ reading habits expressed by Baltic-German Lutheran parsons Friedrich Bernhard Blaufuß, Joachim Baumann, Christian David Lenz, Johann Friedrich Casimir Rosenberger, Alexander Johann Stender, as well as those published by Johann Friedrich Steffenhagen, are discussed within the context of urban and middle-class reading patterns. While the number of literate peasants in the 18th century was high, reaching one third in Courland and two thirds in Livonia by the turn of the 19th century, the motivation for reading and everyday habits differed, and while extensive reading increased, before the 1840s, the Baltic rural so­ciety did not see a phenomenon similar to the European middle-class rea­ding revolution. The article focuses on differentiating among various types of readers, divided according to their confessional lines (Herrnhutian Brethren or Lutheran Orthodox Church), social stan­ding (reading patterns were different depending on rural professions) or genera­tion (the older generation tended to prefer loud and ceremonial religious reading while the younger generation more often adopted silent, private and secular reading). The collective reading of books has been explored by demonstrating how it allowed combining the reading of books with other activities and also performed a socializing function. The avai­lable sources demonstrate that quiet reading did not replace reading aloud, in the same way that extensive reading did not replace intensive, but all reading practices continued to co-exist alongside each other, creating an increasingly diverse and saturated reading experience.
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.15388/Knygotyra.2021.76.74
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • Motivation to Read' Reading among the Upper-Class Children in Finland
           during the 17th and 18th Centuries

    • Authors: Tuija Laine
      Pages: 51 - 71
      Abstract:  In the early modern Finland, the Catechisms were the only literature intended for children. Otherwise, the children from all classes had to read adults’ literature. Finland was a part of Sweden until 1809 and the reading of Swedish literature was possible especially among the upper classes and even the common people in the Swedish-speaking western coast. Three case studies of Finnish upper-class children from the 17th and the 18th centuries tell us about children’s reading habits, attitudes to reading and reading motivation in this situation. Richard M. Ryan’s & Edward L. Deci’s theory of self-determination has been used as a theoretical basis for this study. It highlights the combination of three basic psychological needs as means to motivation: autonomy, competence and relatedness. Autonomy was the most limited during the 17th century and emerged step by step towards the end of the 18th century. Relatedness would depend on circumstances in the family. If the family led an active social life, it would also reflect in the reading habits of the household members. All the children in this research belonged to the upper class, so they could read, and they studied diligently. Therefore, they felt competence. The relatives exhorted them in studying, which still increased their self-confidence. Motivation was mostly external at the beginning, but in some cases it gradually grew towards internal motivation. According to these cases, upper-class girls were freer to read what they liked than boys. Comparing to boys they were less educated, but at the same time they experienced less pressure to make progress in literary reading. If the domestic duties permitted, they would be able to use their free time for reading fiction. Boys had to concentrate on thinking about their future careers and subjects relevant to that.
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.15388/Knygotyra.2021.76.75
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • Lithuanian Catechism for Rural Schools (1795). Circumstances of its
           Compilation

    • Authors: Žavinta Sidabraitė
      Pages: 72 - 92
      Abstract:  Researchers constantly add new items to the bibliography of Lithuanian publications published in East Prussia in the last decade of the 18th century. The initiatives of publishing in local languages of that period were driven by the reforms of the Church and schools carried out by the Prussian authorities while the Enlightenment was coming to an end and the ideo­logy of regional particularism was continuously growing in the country. As can be seen from newly discovered archival documents and already recorded bibliographic information, at least four publications dedicated for primary Christian education were published in Prussia in 1795, namely, the New Testament, the psalm book, the semi-secular reading textbook The Friend of Children (Kūdikių prietelius), and the catechism for rural schools. The editions of the New Testament and Kūdikių prietelius are recorded in the Lithuanian bibliography, however, nothing has been known about the mentioned editions of the psalm book and the catechism so far. The circumstances of their publishing are analysed in the article.
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.15388/Knygotyra.2021.76.76
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • Educational Activities of Wilhelm Andreas Rhenius (1753–1833) in
           Klaipėda and the First Lithuanian Translations of English Religious
           Literature

    • Authors: Inga Strungytė-Liugienė
      Pages: 93 - 113
      Abstract:   In the first half of the 19th century, the international interdenominational organization the Religious Tract Society in London provided financial support for the publication of religious books in the native languages of the people of the Kingdom of Prussia: German, Polish, Sorbian and Lithuanian. The branch of the Prussian Religious Tract Society established in Klaipėda, an important trading city of the time, took care of the translations of short books into Lithuanian along with their publishing and distribution. Wilhelm Andreas Rhenius (1753–1833), the inspector of the Bachman’s estate, the follower of the Moravian movement, who managed compilations, worked for the Klaipėda branch. This article aims to reveal the ties of Rhenius, the member of the Society, with the international organization in London, and his participation in educational activities in Klaipėda. Lithuanian translations of religious English texts patronized by the Religious Tract Society in London are also discussed, including an anonymous small volume book, The Warning Voice (Graudénimo Balsas, 1818), published in Tilsit, the Prussian Lithuania, in 4,000 copies, and the collected sermons Sixteen Short Sermons (Sźeßolika trumpi Kalbesei, 1820, Tilsit) by the British author Thomas Tregenna Biddulph (1763–1838), the minister of St. James’s Church in Bristol.
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.15388/Knygotyra.2021.76.77
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • How to Become an Author: The Poet Isa Asp and Her Childhood Fascination
           with Writing for Magazines

    • Authors: Sofia Kotilainen
      Pages: 114 - 134
      Abstract: In this article the author explores the early development of the identity as a writer of a Finnish-speaking poet Lovisa (or Isa) Asp (1853–1872). She wrote her lyrics in the Finnish language in the 1870s, and she is regarded as the first 19th-century female Finnish poet (whose works were published in Finnish). She began writing poetry (initially in Swedish) as a teenager and started her literary career as a contributor to children’s magazines. Asp began her studies at the Teacher Training College in Jyväskylä in autumn 1871 with the aim of working as an elementary school teacher, but she also dreamt of becoming an established writer someday. Unfortunately, her early death meant that most of her poetry remained unpublished until the 21st century. The author investigates what kind of literature Asp read and why she was able to read extensively as a child in the remote Finnish-speaking countryside at a time when Finnish-language literature for children was scarce and still only nascent and being developed for nationalistic reasons; in those decades, most of the books and publications were still written in Swedish. The author analyses in particular the gendered experiences of reading (and writing) in the life of a young girl and woman from the countryside, because in those days most of the authors were men living in towns. A special focus of the article is on the texts that she wrote and edited for children’s magazines. The author studies her autobiographical sources using a biographical method and considers what kind of literature and libraries inspired her career as an early female poet. National poet Johan Ludvig Runeberg and poet and historian Zacharias Topelius, the major Fennoman authors, were the literary models for the young Isa Asp. Their works inspired her to write and to aspire for a career as a poet and author, an occupation that was then still rare for a woman. Writing for children’s magazines was a crucial stage in her career, and her identity as a writer was strengthened by the opportunity to have her poems and short tales published. Also, writing for these handwritten as well as published magazines made her dreams visible and encouraged her to pursue them with effort. All this shows that her development as a writer was a deliberate, goal-oriented process. The publication of her poems and obtaining the community’s approval of them were important for the young poet. The encouragement to pursue a career in writing that Isa with her literary gifts received as a child from her immediate surroundings helped her to achieve her dreams, which in the end turned out not to be impossible to realise.
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.15388/Knygotyra.2021.76.78
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • The Genesis and Development of Children’s Libraries in the Independent
           Republic of Latvia (1918−1940)

    • Authors: Jana Dreimane
      Pages: 135 - 165
      Abstract: The article is dedicated to one of the “blank pages” in the historiography of Latvian libraries − the beginnings of children’s departments in public libraries and independent children’s libraries, from the idea, its implementation and the first twenty years of operation in the independent Republic of Latvia (1918−1940). As there are no academic or popular publications on this topic, the so-called historical method is used in the research, which allows the reconstruction of the emergence and development of Children’s departments in public libraries and children’s libraries in the context of the library sector’s development in Europe and the United States. The main base of the research: press articles and books of the respective period, as well as documents in the National Archives of Latvia on the children’s departments of Rīga public libraries. The study shows that the ideological justification for free children’s libraries in Latvia was the same as in Russia and Sweden: the public’s desire to protect children and young people from the harmful effects of “pulp” literature (at that time even the term “dirty” literature was used) and to offer them “good” books instead. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, Latvia lacked the main precondition – a network of free public libraries, within which children’s departments in public libraries or independent children’s libraries could be organised. The first children’s department in a public library was only opened in December 1919 in Liepāja (the largest city in Latvia’s Kurzeme region), thanks to the enthusiasm of publicist and politician, library manager Voldemārs Caune and his conviction of the need for such a service. Until the Soviet occupation, it was the only children’s department at a public library in the province. The situation in the capital Rīga was different. Here, the first children’s department aimed at reducing the “book famine” was established by the State Library of Latvia in February 1922, but soon other organisations became involved in the provision of library services to the younger gene­ration. During the first period of independence of the Republic of Latvia, ten Children’s departments were opened in the public library system and at least ten more children’s libraries were opened by charity organisations in different city districts. The encouragement of Caune and like-minded enthusiasts, mostly members of the Latvian Social Democratic Workers’ Party (Hermanis Kaupiņš, Teodors Līventāls, Emma Kalniņa, etc.) also played an important role in their establishment, as did the municipality’s readiness to provide the necessary financial support. Although the Liepāja and Rīga children’s libraries were used very actively, insufficient state and local government funding for libraries hindered the establishment of special library services for children in the rest of Latvia. Thus, until the Soviet occupation in 1940, a network of children’s departments at public libraries and children’s libraries was created only in Rīga. The Soviet occupation saw a new phase in the development of children’s library services, as the establishment of children’s departments at public libraries or separate children’s libraries became mandatory throughout Latvia.
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.15388/Knygotyra.2021.76.79
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
  • Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data

    • Authors: Aušra Navickienė
      Pages: 318 - 322
      Abstract:   
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2021)
       
 
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