Publisher: Vilnius University   (Total: 41 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Accounting Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Museologica Lithuanica     Open Access  
Acta Orientalia Vilnensia     Open Access  
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access  
Archaeologia Lituana     Open Access  
Baltic J. of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltistica     Open Access  
Bibliotheca Lituana     Open Access  
Criminological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ekonomika (Economics)     Open Access  
Informacijos mokslai     Open Access  
J.ism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access  
Kalbotyra     Open Access  
Knygotyra (Book Science)     Open Access  
Lietuvių kalba     Open Access  
Lietuvos istorijos studijos     Open Access  
Lietuvos Matematikos Rinkinys     Open Access  
Lietuvos Statistikos Darbai     Open Access  
Literatūra     Open Access  
Lithuanian Surgery : Lietuvos Chirurgija     Open Access  
Nonlinear Analysis : Modelling and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Politologija     Open Access  
Problemos     Open Access  
Psychology     Open Access  
Religija ir kultūra     Open Access  
Respectus Philologicus     Open Access  
Scandinavistica Vilnensis     Open Access  
Semiotika     Open Access  
Slavistica Vilnensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Socialiniai tyrimai     Open Access  
Sociology : Thought and Action     Open Access  
Taikomoji kalbotyra     Open Access  
Teisė : Law     Open Access  
Verbum     Open Access  
Vertimo studijos (Translation Studies)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Vilnius University Open Series     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
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ISSN (Print) 1392-1487 - ISSN (Online) 1392-0561
Published by Vilnius University Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Sexual Harassment Experience, Gender Harassment and Body Objectification
           Effect on Disordered Eating Tendencies

    • Authors: Monika Aleksė, Kristina Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė
      Pages: 8 - 27
      Abstract: Various research on sexual harassment and gender harassment confirms the adverse effects on a person's physical and emotional health (Shrier, 1990), but so far, little is known about the impact of sexual harassment and gender harassment on one's body objectification and links to disordered eating behavior. Sexual harassment and gender harassment are not only based on gender stereotypes but also play an essential role in supporting gender norms in society by regulating what is seen as acceptable and unacceptable behavior, and appearance for gender. According to the theory of body objectification (Fredrickson, Roberts, 1997), both forms of gender discrimination can induce attention to one's body and appearance, which ultimately can lead to reduced satisfaction of one's body (Szymanski et al. 2011). Since body dissatisfaction is one of the leading causes of eating disorders (Brechan, Kvalem, 2015; Cruz-Sáez et al. 2018), it is important to have a better understanding of sexual harassment and gender harassment relationship with body objectification and disordered eating behavior. The study aims to assess the relationships between sexual harassment and gender harassment experiences, body-objectification, and disordered eating behavior tendencies. 181 (23 males, 158 females) aged 18-38 (M=24.12) participated in this research. Sexual Harassment Experience Questionnaire (Fitzgerald et al. 1998) was used to measure both Unwanted Sexual Attention (Cronbach α – 0,893) and Quid Pro Quo sexual harassment (Cronbach α – 0,876), and Gender Harassment experience (Cronbach α – 0,868). Objectified Body Consciousness Scale (McKinley et al. 1996) was used to measure body objectification: Body Shame (Cronbach α – 0,825) and Body Surveillance (Cronbach α – 0,804).  The Eating Attitudes Test (Garner et al. 1979) was used to evaluate disordered eating behavior tendencies: Dieting (Cronbach α – 0,924), Bulimia and Food Preoccupation (Cronbach α – 0,725) and Oral Control (Cronbach α – 0,714). The results revealed significant sexual harassment and gender harassment experience differences between genders showing that women report significantly higher results of all forms of sexual harassment and gender harassment than men. Data analysis also revealed a statistically significant relationship between higher results of sexual harassment, gender harassment experience, and more pronounced disordered eating tendencies and higher body objectification. Data analysis has shown that gender harassment experience is a significant prognostic factor for higher body surveillance and body shame results, more frequent dieting.
      PubDate: 2021-04-14
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.92.47
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • Sexual Harassment Discourse in News Portal delfi.lt: 2017-2018

    • Authors: Lijana Stundžė
      Pages: 28 - 45
      Abstract: The definition of sexual harassment is mostly based on its legal regulation and is stated to be one of the forms of discrimination based on sex. However, such designation does not reveal social, psychological, economic, etc. sides of this phenomenon. Therefore, this article pays a lot of attention to the analysis of the phenomenon of sexual harassment, based on the insights of Lithuanian and foreign scientists, examines its forms, causes, consequences, and provides statistical information. As there are no scientific insights into the representation of sexual harassment in the media in Lithuania, research insights from foreign researchers are presented. This article presents an exploratory study of the representation of sexual harassment on the news portal delfi.lt, conducted during the analysis of 2017- 2018 publications. The aim of the article is to analyze the peculiarities of the representation of sexual harassment on the delfi.lt news portal. The research found that the topic of sexual harassment appears on the news portal only in the context of certain events, in this case the #metoo movement; there is a lack of analytical publications that would cover a broader context than the statement of facts; the experience of potential victims is presented as an individual problem.
      PubDate: 2021-04-14
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.92.50
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • The Rhetoric of Lithuanian MeToo Discourse

    • Authors: Eglė Gabrėnaitė, Monika Triaušytė
      Pages: 46 - 64
      Abstract: The great spread of the phenomenon of MeToo, a global movement promoting the publicity of the facts of sexual harassment, has also received a response in Lithuania: anonymous stories in blogs have grown into a provocative discourse that has attracted a great deal of attention. The aim of the research presented in this article is to characterise the discourse of MeToo in terms of rhetorical expression that has not been discussed yet: to identify and elicit the dominant elements of rhetorical argumentation. The empirical research was conducted using the method of rhetorical analysis that allows distinguishing and defining in rhetorical categories the models characteristic to rhetoric appeals. The method of rhetorical analysis combined with directed content analysis, as well as with critical discourse analysis. Following the methodology of provocative narrative research, it was analysed the material published at the time of maximum intensity and involvement in the discourse, such as testimonies, publications, interviews, and comments of women who have been subjected to sexual harassment. The results of rhetorical discourse analysis allow us to discuss the culture of accusation in which the normalization of victim condemnation is prevalent, and logical reasoning gives way to prejudice-based emotional appeals.
      PubDate: 2021-05-11
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.92.51
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • For Peculiarities of Representation of Women's Roles and Their
           Changes in Women's Magazines: Case of the Magazine Moteris

    • Authors: Daiva Siudikienė, Lijana Stundžė
      Pages: 65 - 89
      Abstract: For a long time, the patriarchal tradition of portraying a woman as stereotypical has been established, confining her to traditional roles in the family and society. Media publications often become the main source of constructing attitudes and beliefs in society. The peculiarities of portraying women in the media are an important means of constructing women's self-awareness. The purpose of this article – to introduce the research conducted to investigate the peculiarities of representation of the women‘s roles in the women's magazines and their transformation. For implementation this research it has been chosen the largest monthly magazine for the Lithuanian women „Woman“ and the issues have been chosen published in 1990, 2000, 2010 and 2018 to fulfill the qualitative and quantitative content analysis. The transition from the Soviet system to the capitalist society is characterized by transformation of values, the search for national identity, the establishmen the new models of relations in the society, the establishmen to the lifestyle characteristic to the capitalist society, etc. The images presented in the media draw the attention of individuals and shape the public's perception of what a woman should be and what responsibilities are assigned to her.
      PubDate: 2021-07-02
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.92.52
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • Use of Illegally Distributed Books in Lithuania

    • Authors: Vincas Grigas, Arūnas Gudinavičius, Emilija Černevičiūtė
      Pages: 83 - 99
      Abstract: This study seeks to reveal the attitudes of the Lithuanian adult population on using digital books and illegally distributed books and seeks to provide possible solutions to Lithuanian publishers and other institutions combating this phenomenon. A quantitative survey of 322 respondents was conducted. The analysis of the results was based on the Technology Acceptance Model, the theory of self-efficacy and the theory of planned behaviour. The results show that the ability to use digital technologies encourages the use of digital books. The perception of digital books as having value reduces the tendency to download them from illegal distribution channels. Legislative regulation does not have a significant impact on the intention not to use digital books from illegal distribution channels. It is likely that a negative assessment of the phenomenon in the immediate environment will have a greater impact on refusing to use illegally distributed books. In order to compete with illegal distribution channels, the channels for legally distributed books need to be more convenient and provide more content.
      PubDate: 2021-06-11
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.91.53
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • The Comparative Analysis of Sexual Violence and Harassment at the piloting
           Universities of Cyprus and Lithuania

    • Authors: Virginija Šidlauskienė, Rasa Pocevičienė
      Pages: 90 - 117
      Abstract: The sociocultural contexts of higher education institutions form the background for gender-based violence in professional structures and environment of academia. The article presents the comparative analysis of sexual violence and the reasons for its (non-)disclosure at the universities in Lithuania and Cyprus. The findings of focus group interviews conducted within the framework of the Ending Sexual Harassment and Violence in Third Level Education (ESHTE) project, co-funded by the European Union, have been summarized in the present research. The focus group participants from each partner university involved university teachers, administrative staff, counselors and university students. The research was conducted during a 3-month period between 2017 and 2018. The main aim was to investigate university staffs’ and students’ experiences in the disclosures of the cases of sexual violence and harassment (SVH) in university environment and campus, as well as their awareness of  existing procedures and policies in handling the cases of SVH. Their personal experiences, attitudes and beliefs of SVH, as well as any suggestions they have towards the improvement of disclosures of SVH are discussed in the article.
      PubDate: 2021-07-02
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.92.53
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • Participatory Heritage On Social Networking Sites: The Discussion of Main
           Theoretical Concepts

    • Authors: Ingrida Kelpšienė
      Pages: 100 - 119
      Abstract: The field researching cultural heritage communication on social networking sites, is still developing its theoretical foundations, while participatory heritage, as one of the newest concepts born in this field, is still lacking its grounded conceptualization, especially emerging from practice-based research studies. This theoretical study suggests to integrate different theoretical considerations that derives from cultural heritage studies, social networking sites research and theory of participation, and proposes to refine the concept of participatory heritage believing that the primary understanding of the context as “participatory” lies not in the environment itself, but in the activity that takes place in it. Therefore, I offer that participatory heritage could be understood as a new shift in cultural heritage practice that emerge through collaboration and communication of people on social networking sites.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.91.54
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • Audience and Revenue Concentration in Lithuanian Media Markets
           (2008–2019)

    • Authors: Deimantas Jastramskis, Giedrė Plepytė-Davidavičienė
      Pages: 120 - 135
      Abstract: The article examines the change in audience and revenue concentration in the Lithuanian television, radio, internet, and newspaper markets in 2008–2019, as well as discusses the factors that determined the changes in media concentration and market structure. The study revealed that without any special measures to regulate media concentration in Lithuania, all four media revenue markets (television, radio, internet, and newspapers) have become highly concentrated. In terms of audience (circulation) concentration, the concentration of newspaper and television markets was divided between un concentrated and moderately concentrated areas, the radio audience was moderately concentrated, and the audience of internet news websites was highly concentrated. The results of the analysis show a tendency for audience concentration in media markets to be generally lower than income market concentration. Therefore, when legally defining a dominant position in media markets, it is recommended to set a lower value for audience share than for revenue market share.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.91.55
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • Activities Online and Compulsive Internet Use in Primary School-Aged
           Children: Whether and How it Has Changed during the COVID-19 Pandemic'
           

    • Authors: Roma Jusienė, Rima Breidokienė, Ilona Laurinaitytė, Vilmantė Pakalniškienė
      Pages: 136 - 151
      Abstract: There has been a growing concern among researchers about the use of various information technologies with screens and the Internet by children and adolescents over the past decade. Researchers are concerned that such type of activities can have negative consequences for mental health. Recent studies reveal that Internet use and screen time increased due to the quarantine restrictions, lockdowns and therefore distance education during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims: 1) based on parental reports, to find out the changes in screen time, the online activities and the compulsive Internet use (CIU) of 10-11 years old children during the quarantine due to the COVID-19 pandemic; 2) to determine the links between children’s CIU and the screen time, online activities, children’s gender and their parents’ education. The results of this study showed that screen time was longer and children’s CIU scores were significantly higher in Spring 2020 if to compare to Autumn 2019. Boys were reported to have higher CIU scores than girls. Children’s CIU was significantly predicted by overall screen time and online activities for entertainment, especially when during quarantine.
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.91.56
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
  • Corporate Communications in Contribution to Addressing Environmental
           Problems: Case Study of an Indonesian State Oil Company

    • Authors: Yasir Yasir, Nurjanah Nurjanah, Nova Yohana, Samsir Samsir
      Pages: 152 - 174
      Abstract: This study aims to explain the corporate communication of state oil companies through CSR in contributing to overcoming the problems of peatland fires and coastal abrasion. This research uses a qualitative approach with case studies. Research findings indicate that Pertamina’s CSR communication targets farmer groups in dealing with peatland fires, namely establishing good relations, strengthening farmer group institutions, and connecting with other stakeholders or groups. Meanwhile, to overcome coastal abrasion, Pertamina empowers fishing groups in meetings, provides training and develops innovations to conserve mangroves. CSR communication to overcome the problem of forest fires and abrasion is carried out by developing ecotourism through community-based tourism (CBT). CSR activities are carried out with a limited area scale, so that it seems only for publication and corporate imagery. However, the company’s communication with CBT can be an effective communication model in making people aware of protecting the environment. The Peat Arboretum and Mangrove Education Center are not only tourist destinations, but also a medium of communication for environmental education for the community. Environmental communication is not only directed to the local community, school students, and youth, but also to visitors, for media coverage and discussions on social media. Corporate environmental communications must be integrated with communication channels and stakeholders to support sustainable environmental development.
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.15388/Im.2021.91.57
      Issue No: Vol. 92 (2021)
       
 
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