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Advanced Education
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2409-3351 - ISSN (Online) 2410-8286
Published by National Technical University of Ukraine Homepage  [7 journals]

    • Authors: Derya Uysal, Alper Kürşat Uysal
      Pages: 4 - 14
      Abstract: This study aims to place EFL learners along an affective continuum via machine learning methods and present a new dataset about affective characteristics of EFL learners. In line with the purposes, written self-reports of 475 students from 5 different faculties in 3 universities in Turkey were collected and manually assigned by the researchers to one of the labels (positive, negative, or neutral). As a result, two combinations of the same dataset (AC-2 and AC-3) including different numbers of classes were used for the assessment of automatic classification approaches. Results revealed that automatic classification confirmed the manual classification to a great extent and machine learning methods could be used to classify EFL students along an affective continuum according to their affective characteristics. Maximum accuracy rate of automatic classification is 90.06% on AC-2 dataset including two classes. Similarly, on AC-3 dataset including three classes, maximum accuracy rate of classification is 71.79%. Last, the top-10 features/words obtained by feature selection methods are highly discriminative in terms of assessing student feelings for EFL learning. It could be stated that there is not an existing study in which feature selection methods and classifiers are used in the literature to automatically classify EFL learners’ feelings.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.248091

    • Authors: Oksana Synekop
      Pages: 15 - 24
      Abstract: This study was aimed to check the effectiveness of links between individual and group autonomy of information technology (IT) students who studied ESP at university with the use of differentiated tasks. The mixed type of research was used. The study was held in 2020-2021 academic year and involved 40 IT students of the Physics and Technology Department of National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”. For the purpose of the study we used a three-degree individual autonomy model involving the partial autonomy, semi-autonomy and conditionally full autonomy degrees, and a two-degree group autonomy including the minimum and relatively maximum degrees. Both models were based on the criteria of motivation; goal, content and procedure; control and reflection. The significantly and insignificantly effective links between individual and group autonomy of IT students in differentiated ESP instruction were identified. The relatively maximum degree of group autonomy combined with individual semi-autonomy of IT students, as well as the relatively maximum degree of group autonomy combined with conditionally full individual autonomy of IT students were found significantly effective. In contrast, the combinations of the minimum degree of group autonomy with partial individual autonomy of IT students, as well as the minimum degree of group autonomy with conditionally full individual autonomy of IT students were found insignificantly effective. It was concluded that the promotion of the individual and group autonomy in differentiated ESP instruction should be based on individual characteristics of students.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.258135

    • Authors: Nataliia Odehova, Yuliia Nevska, Viktoriia Perlova
      Pages: 25 - 34
      Abstract: The article presents the results of the experimental enquiry aimed at studying the impact of cooperative learning on improving grammar skills. The research focused on two interaction modes – pair work and group work, which were compared in terms of their potential to address accuracy. The experiment was carried out in the first term of the 2020-2021 academic year (September-October). The participants included 23 third-year students of the Foreign Philology Faculty of H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University and constituted two academic groups, with one being offered pair-work activities and the other working in small groups. The experimental study comprised three phases: pre-experiment testing, teaching, post-experiment testing. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. The results demonstrate the validity of the assumption about the efficacy of pair work and group work in promoting accuracy, at the same time indicating no statistically significant difference between the two modes. The presented evidence suggests that grammar instruction can clearly benefit from incorporating both pair work and group work into classroom practices, however further research might be advisable to maximize the effectiveness of these interaction patterns by refining the procedure involved and improving students’ cooperative learning skills.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.239888

    • Authors: Liliya Morska, Krzysztof Polok , Małgorzata Bukowska , Iryna Ladanivska
      Pages: 35 - 44
      Abstract: Because of the dynamic and rapid development of digital technologies, teachers are facing more than ever challenging issues related to coping with educational innovations. This situation has become ultimately evident under COVID-19 quarantine and the necessity to work remotely. Such requirements induce extra pressure on teachers, which causes excessive stress, often leading to emotional and professional burnout. In our paper, we aim to focus on the types of impact (positive or negative) of digital technologies in relation to foreign language teachers’ age and experience and the level of professional burnout. Specific emphasis is put on the study of coronavirus-related remote learning mode circumstances. To reach the research goal, a mixed method was used, engaging 140 English language teachers from 18 Polish schools, Silesia region, with a questionnaire and a semi-structured interview as the tools used in the quantitative and qualitative stages of the study. The research findings show that even though teachers are ready to integrate technologies in the classroom, they are vulnerable to technical problems which often occur during the lessons, causing the feeling of disappointment, frustration, anxiety, and lowering the efficiency of teachers’ professional performance. The implications of the study suggest that the professional support for teachers in technology use, better working conditions, and equipping language classrooms with good quality digital devices should serve as the best remedy against teacher burnout.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.251587

    • Authors: Anna Kyrpa, Olena Stepanenko, Viktoriia Zinchenko, Hannah Udovichenko , Liliia Dmytruk
      Pages: 45 - 52
      Abstract: A rapid increase of available information affects students’ perception of any message and formation of priorities; the period of concentration on one subject is reduced; students prefer concise vivid visual images. Internet memes become a part of students’ daily communication and broadcast today’s cultural and information realities. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Internet memes integration while mastering philological disciplines (for example, English) by Ukrainian students. The authors experimented to check the methodology proposed within one program unit. We conducted the experiment in the 2020-2021 academic year and involved 68 students and 5 teachers of Dnipro Academy of Continuing Education, Donetsk State University of Internal Affairs and Mykhailo Tuhan-Baranovskyi Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade. The authors conducted pre- and post-experimental surveys and informal interviews to compare academic achievements and provided a system of tasks integrating memes. Implementing the experiment, we clarified the dominant way of students’ perception and processing of information and revealed the expediency of integrating memes into teaching English. The authors determined the dynamics of the levels of students’ motivation to learn English through Internet memes integration and established quantitative values of the levels using the method of mathematical statistics. The conclusions emphasize the need to improve teachers’ pedagogical skills, developed critical and creative thinking to integrate memes into educational activities. The authors stress the relevance of the further detailed study of the educational potential of memes in teaching not only philological disciplines but also other subjects of the curriculum.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.235947

    • Authors: Oleksandr Bezliudnyi, Oleh Komar, Anhelina Kolisnichenko, Tetiana Kapeliushna
      Pages: 53 - 69
      Abstract: Currently, higher education system is characterized by the growing role of personal ability to adapt to the challenges of COVID-19 and finding opportunities for further development considering the global changes in all spheres of life. It puts pressure on the institutions in general and academic staff in particular. This paper aims at studying the challenges academic staff of the English Language and Methods of Teaching Department of Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University has faced during the COVID-19 pandemic and staff’s preparedness and consequent adaptation amid new conditions that are constantly appearing because of the pandemic. The article presents a case study research to answer the following questions: What is the level of academic staff readiness to teach under conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic from a diachronic perspective' In what ways has academic staff adapted to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic' The study uses predominantly quantitative and occasionally qualitative analysis to gain insights into our researched issues. The research has shown a steady increase in the number of department lecturers who feel ready for the challenges of online and blended teaching caused by the pandemic and comfortable with their professional competence due to sustainable adaptation to the current situation. The research prospects are clearly seen in the further process of adaptation and professional activities paradigm re-evaluation under the constantly changing global and local conditions as well as researching the issue in a broader context of similar or corresponding cases.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.252683

    • Authors: Marta Gluchmanova
      Pages: 70 - 78
      Abstract: Every year, more and more foreign students are enrolled at the Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies in Prešov of the Technical University in Kosice. For this reason, Slovak Language for Foreign Students was introduced as a compulsory subject in the 1st year of bachelor’s study. The purpose of the paper was to emphasize the teaching of Slovak as a foreign language and thus help to overcome the problems of foreign students in studying professional subjects. The aim is to provide them with suitable tailor-made study material within the blended form of teaching. Slovak language teachers at the Department of Social Sciences and Humanities used mixed innovative methods and forms of study and tried to increase the language and communication skills of students. The paper compares the results of e-exercises and the final e-test of 140 foreign students from different study programmes in the first year of their bachelor study in the winter semester 2021. Slovak language teachers were able to identify students’ strengths and weaknesses based on the results of experimental research. Elimination of the most frequent mistakes will help students to increase the level of technical Slovak language, which they can apply during the study of professional subjects and in future practice in Slovak companies. The university-wide Moodle platform was used for blended learning in teaching Slovak as a foreign language at the Faculty.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.252482

    • Authors: Tetiana Zubenko, Anastasiia Gavrylenko, Tetyana Zhyvotovska, Nadiia Vasylieva
      Pages: 79 - 87
      Abstract: Based on a prior study by Zubenko and Shwedel (2019), the present study investigated the possible effects of repetition (repeated exposure) on the incidental acquisition and retention of 120 English target words by 51 Ukrainian-speaking ESL learners at a Ukrainian university. The hypothesis was that regular repetition of vocabulary while incidental listening would have a significant and positive effect on students’ vocabulary acquisition and performance. The paper examines the results of the implementation of spaced repetition of L2 vocabulary strategy of the second-year students who were covering the same vocabulary they learned during the experiment in the previous year. 7 audio lessons were created for increasing the long-term retention of target vocabulary in the students’ memory. Participants (N=51) were second-year Ukrainian university students majoring in English as a second language (ESL) at the age of 17-19. They were assigned to three groups, one experimental and two comparison. The optimal result based on the interval of repetitions influences the vocabulary recall and retention. Students who used the spaced L2 vocabulary acquisition strategy (SVAS) outperformed on the End-of-Experiment test 84,1 versus 80,6 for the Comparison group. The results prove that spaced L2 vocabulary acquisition strategy is an efficient part of enriching new vocabulary. The findings indicate that implications of this research are connected with the spaced vocabulary acquisition strategy as an effective tool for learning new lexical units by ESL learners while incidental listening to the audio dictionary lessons. Thus, the study results open up new possibilities for the teachers and learners to consider implementing audio dictionaries and similar tools as assets for efficient vocabulary learning.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.250501

    • Authors: Victoriia Berezenko, Olesya Cherkhava, Yulia Musiienko
      Pages: 88 - 96
      Abstract: The article is devoted to the problems of foreign language education in linguistic universities, namely to promoting the students’ linguistic competence, which has been the most urgent in mastering the language as a means of communication. The research prompts the standards to progress the grammatical competence. In the current study, we make a hypothesis that, in contrast to traditional teaching approach, the communicative approach is supposed to be more effective in teaching grammar and helps students to master the language and upgrade their linguistic competence in comprehending and processing spoken and written texts and become professionals after graduating the University. In the experiment two groups of students were involved: one using traditional approach to learning grammar at the classes and the other practising communicative language teaching approach. In total 79 bachelor’s degree students of Kyiv National Linguistic University (Ukraine) took a tentative course in grammar. The current study testifies the effectiveness of the communicative approach to studying grammar structures as a way to develop the linguistic competence of students and to help them to acquire proficiency level for achieving success in real communication.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.224016

    • Authors: Michael Estremera, Sherill Gilbas
      Pages: 97 - 107
      Abstract: Despite longitudinal studies conducted along written and oral codeswitching linguistic prevalence considering ESL context, none of the ensuing studies has attempted to propose a theory delineating the preceding occurrence committed by L2 interlocutors which add to the novelty aspect of this paper. The quantitative analysis redounds to the formation of philosophical data on the constructive aspects associated to codeswitching occurrence in ESL classroom despite its adverse impressions in the context of pedagogy. This paper predominantly explores codeswitching from L1 to L2 in a multifaceted milieu as it has hidden purposes and functions along the channels of communication. For instance, codeswitching for equivalence (Mam the villain in the story is “masama”, because uhmmm…. She done bad thing to the main character). After careful scrutiny, the study emphasizes that the highlighted linguistic prevalence should uncover its positive aspects for communicative competence sake. The paramount goal must always be the understanding of the text and glitches along the channels of communication must be deemed secondary. This practice has functions and purposes in the context of the interlocutors of the language itself. They do such for clarity, emphasis, emotion expression, and equivalence for the most part. The role of ESL teachers counts a lot to bring the students to a high level of communicative competence. L1 shall serve as a bridge to reach L2 fluency.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.257173

    • Authors: Olha chaikovska, Alla Bodnar, Valentyna Spivachuk
      Pages: 108 - 114
      Abstract: A high percentage of bachelor test-takers who failed the unified entrance examination test in 2021 demonstrated the lack of adequate reading strategies such as contextual guessing for improving exam performance. The study aims at evaluating the use of contextual guessing strategy during extra-curriculum EFL classes as a way to improve students’ unified entrance examination performance. The present study also examines the impact of word formation as a component of contextual guessing strategy and the effectiveness of contextual guessing with online vocabulary application in exam preparation. A quasi-experimental design was employed which involved 24 third-year students from different departments of Higher Educational Institution "Podillia State University" in 2020-2021. The quantitative research method was employed to assess the effectiveness of using contextual guessing to improve students’ test performance using the mean score formula. Additionally, we produced a test statistic based on the ranks (Mann–Whitney U-criterion). The results showed that the experimental group that was taught the strategy of guessing unknown words with the help of word-formation processes, and contextual clues, in particular, and applied the vocabulary platform for fixing and retaining guessed words had higher results than those who were taught unified entrance examination tests with the help of the grammar-translation method. Based on Mann–Whitney U-criterion we have statistically significant evidence to conclude that contextual guessing significantly affects EFL learners’ test performance in experimental and control groups. The guide on word formation was designed during the experiment.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.252372

    • Authors: Oksana Zabolotna, Natalia Gut , Iryna Shcherban
      Pages: 115 - 120
      Abstract: The university curriculum plays a role in motivating students to take up research. This 2-year action research explored the curriculum in English for Academic Purposes (EAP) and its influence on student further engagement in research work. The data were collected from University Master's students through two questionnaires given to them before and after studying the course. An explanatory framework for the course characteristics that affected students’ attitudes towards research focused upon the students’ profile (the students’ age, gender, major and language proficiency), career orientation and research orientation. The shift in students’ attitudes reinforced the complexity of factors that influenced their motivation to take up research after graduation. The authors draw a conclusion that future interventions to address issues with the Academic English course to raise the interest of University students should deal with restructuring the course in a way that the student should have more contact hours. The analysis of learning materials designed for the EAP course shows that most of them introduce students to theory- and research-informed perspectives and guide them in putting theory to use in real-world contexts which would be impossible in 30 contact hours as in the analysed case. Moreover, it should be linked to the students’ school practice and their small-scale research in real classroom settings.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.256236

    • Authors: Natalia Mykytenko, Marta Fedorchuk, Olena Ivasyuta, Nataly Hrynya, Andriy Kotlovskyi
      Pages: 121 - 131
      Abstract: The paper is focused on the intercultural communicative competence as an integral part of vocational training of journalism students. The aim of the paper is: 1) to define the intercultural communicative competence dimensions; 2) to outline the ways of development of intercultural communicative competence of journalism students; 3) to find out the attitudes of journalism students to intercultural communicative competence development; 4) to assess the levels of journalism students’ intercultural communicative competence and develop recommendations for its development. A mixed research design was employed which involved 14 ESP teachers and 26 bachelor students of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv during the autumn trimester of 2021. The study shows that the students are fully aware of the necessity to develop intercultural communicative competence. Based on the survey of the ESP teachers, we outlined the dimensions of journalism students’ intercultural communicative competence development and suggested the ways of building intercultural communicative competence in journalism students. The levels of assessment of intercultural communicative competence of journalism students were outlined and defined. The final results indicate that journalism students whose study was more practice than theory oriented (group 1) showed better learning outcomes than those who were mostly focused on the acquisition of theoretical knowledge (group 2). Methodical guidelines for ESP teachers were developed.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.261521

    • Authors: Olga Verhovtsova, Olga Ishchenko, Dilşah Kalay, Yana Tikan
      Pages: 132 - 142
      Abstract: The study aims to investigate the higher education students’ and teachers’ perception of using literary text in the foreign language course; to evaluate learners’ progress in the foreign language communicative competence throughout the experiment period; to outline the policies and strategies of using analytical reading in the English class, which lead to increasing motivation to learn foreign languages with a focus on literature. The study involves 85 Bachelor’s degree students and 35 teachers from linguistics and translation departments of three universities: Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, National Aviation University, Kütahya Dumlupinar University during the spring term in the school year 2021/2022. The students from these universities were using analytical reading in foreign language learning during this term. The quantitative research method allowed us to assess the students’ progress in the development of their foreign language analytical reading skills, that included the understanding of the culture of foreign language, literary and aesthetic skills, vocabulary and foreign language skills, critical thinking and problem solving, inferential and interpretational skills. The qualitative research method was used to interpret the data of the experiment. Three questionnaires were employed as an instrument to assess teachers’ and learners’ perceptions of using literary texts in foreign language teaching/learning; to monitor the development of student’s skills in analytical reading. The students-philologists involved in the research increased their motivation to learn English as a foreign language through literary texts and showed progress in the development of analytical reading skills up to 16%. The results obtained can be implemented into the practice of foreign language teaching as literary texts enriched the language input in the classroom and stimulated language acquisition, and analytical reading involved students-philologists emotionally challenging their imagination and creativity.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      DOI: 10.20535/2410-8286.259803
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