Publisher: Bogor Agricultural University   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Marine Fisheries : J. of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Sodality : Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan
Number of Followers: 0  

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ISSN (Print) 2302-7517 - ISSN (Online) 2302-7525
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  • Manajemen Konflik dalam Pengembangan Wisata Desa Cibitung Wetan, Kecamatan
           Pamijahan, Kabupaten Bogor

    • Authors: Nia Kurniati, Djuara P Lubis, Rilus A Kinseng
      Abstract: As a community develops, conflicts are inevitable. This case also applies to the Curug Cikuluwung tourism community. This research aims to analyze the conflicts, and how to manage the conflicts. This study used a qualitative approach with a case study method. The results of the study indicate that there are two conflicts that have occurred in the tourism development of Curug Cikuluwung village, namely, the first is a conflict between BUMDes and residents from a neighboring village (Pamijahan Village), the second is a conflict between the core manager of Curug Cikuluwung village tourism and the Cibitung Wetan village government. The first conflict has already had a solution, but the second conflict has no solution yet. The community has practiced community-based conflict management but it has not yet become a solution. Therefore, there is a need for mediation from parties who have authority over village tourism to mediate the conflict parties from the Pamijahan District Government, the Bogor Tourism Office, Bogor Village Community Empowerment office, and or Indonesia Power Company.
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
      DOI: 10.22500/9202136924
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
  • Land Grabbing Pada Masyarakat Sub Urban: Ekspansi Kapitalisme dan Konflik
           Agraria di Telukjambe Barat

    • Authors: Ria Renita Abbas, Endriatmo Soetarto, Nurmala K Pandjaitan, Arif Satria
      Abstract: The development of the area around Telukjambe Barat is under the logic of capital with the continued expansion of capitalism in order to fulfill the interests of large corporations. Opening up new spatial spaces is a must in order to get new markets which in turn have an impact on the marginalization of sub-urban communities. The marginalization is carried out through a land grabbing process or confiscation of land that is owned by sub-urban communities, which are village communities who have occupied their land for a long time. This research uses a case study approach with qualitative research type. The data analysis technique has a critical paradigm which includes the interpretation, empirical and dialectical stages. Sources of research data were obtained from primary data by making observations, in-depth interviews with informants and supported by secondary data from various research results and relevant documents. The result of the research shows that the expansion of capitalism that is prevalent in urban spaces has also undermined the existence of sub-urban communities in rural areas, so that change the structure of villages as agricultural areas into industrial and urban areas.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.22500/9202135107
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2021)
  • The Development Strategy of Community-based Homestay Tourism Business in
           Raja Ampat Regency, West Papua Province

    • Authors: Selna Adesetiani, Lala M Kolopaking, Eriyatno Eriyatno
      Abstract: Raja Ampat is one of the regencies in Papua that has accelerated the development of tourism activities due to its biodiversity. The tourism potential of Raja Ampat impacts the transformation of social change from fishing tribes to sustainable ecotourism management communities. This study aims to analyze: 1) potentials, constraints, and needs for developing a community-based Homestay business of the indigenous people of Raja Ampat; 2)  outsiders’ intervention as well as financial  access; 3) and the direction of community business development for homestay owners in Kampung Yenbuba and Kampung Arborek, Raja Ampat. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach with a constructivism paradigm. The data collection techniques were done by applying the methods of observations, interviews, documentation, focus group discussions, and secondary data collections. The result showed that by managing a Homestay business in Raja Ampat, there was a significant increase in terms of the economy compared to when people worked as fishermen. The intervention from various parties such as the government, Non-Governmental Organizations, and the private sectors are very influential in implementing community-based tourism business development. Thus, there is a need for development directions in gaining access to various available resources and the participation of external parties  to increase human resource capacity, access to finance, connectivity, and digitalization.
      PubDate: 2021-12-23
      DOI: 10.22500/9202136386
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2021)
  • The Grassroots Innovation of Customary Forest Management: A Case Study of
           Kulawi-Marena Community in Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi

    • Authors: Ari Wibowo, Martje Leninda Palijama, Pande Made Kutanegara, Eko Cahyono, Mardha Tillah
      Abstract: The Kulawi-Marena community is one of the communities with customary law units located in Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi.They have inhabited the area around the forests of the Lore Lindu National Park (TNLL) long before Indonesia became a country. The Katuvua customary law system is a mechanism for effective natural resource management in preserving forests and ensuring social order, rather than the governance applied by national park managers. The writing of this article is based on research conducted by the author with the Indonesian Institute for Forest and Environment (RMI) with the support of FAO funds in 2018. Qualitative methods were used in the data collection process through Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), in-depth interviews, and Focus Group Discussions (FGD). This article describes the customary forest management practices by the Kulawi-Marena community based on the Katuvua customary law system. Furthermore, this article shows that this practice is a form of grassroots institutional innovation that reflects "sodality" according to the understanding that has been formulated by Prof. Tjondronegoro which in this case is for the context of people outside Java. This kind of grassroots innovation in forest management based on customary law can be used as a lesson for efforts to resolve agrarian conflicts around conservation areas.
      PubDate: 2021-11-24
      DOI: 10.22500/9202135204
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2021)
  • Utilization of Village Websites for Development: Actor-Network Theory

    • Authors: Elsa Destriapani, Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo, Dwi Sadono
      Abstract: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is one of the determinants of village development. The presence of ICT is an enabling condition to accelerate the development process in rural areas. This study aimed to analyze using village websites for development based on the perspective of Actor-Network Theory in Warungbanten Village, Cibeber District, Lebak Regency, Banten Province. The method used in this research is qualitative with case studies. Data were collected by in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. The technique of determining informants is done with a snowball (snowball). The results show that the use of village websites involves actors, occurs through translation which consists of a problematization stage beginning with complaints and the village head's desire to open access to public information. The next stage of interest is when the Head of Finance, ICT Volunteers, Banten Journalists, and local village assistants support the expectations of the village head. The enrolment stage is a division of roles in making the website so that it is connected to the Open SID community. Lastly, mobilization is when warungbanten. id has been used as the official website of the Warungbanten Village. Based on the translation process, the actors involved are classified based on their interests and influences, consisting of key players, subjects, context setters, and crowds. The effect of using village websites is to open access to village information, manage village data well to be more transparent, help communities promote local products, and get various awards.
      PubDate: 2021-11-11
      DOI: 10.22500/9202137657
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2021)
  • Livelihood Resilience of Floating Market Traders in Banjarmasin : a Gender
           Lens of Livelihood Sociology

    • Authors: Dhea Dasa Cendekia Zairin, Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Bayu Eka Yulian
      Abstract: The floating market is a unique marketplace compared to other marketplaces, because the trading activities take place by boat on the river. The difference in boat sizes owned by men and women traders can indicate different socio-economic status of the traders. In order to improve the economic status, household members usually take up a number of additional activities to meet various needs. Various sources of income may be gained from trade and non-trade sectors. This research is a quantitative research supported by qualitative data. The data collection used questionnaires as a tool for gaining quantitative data and in-depth interviews for obtaining qualitative data. The purpose of this research is to analyze the structure of household income of the traders, the mechanism of adaptation to survive, and the factors that support the achievement of livelihood resilience of male and female floating market traders household. The results of this study indicate that female floating market traders are the important breadwinners in the household. In addition, with all the limitations, women traders’ adaptability to achieve livelihood resilience is better than male traders. The ability to use their own resources is the key to achieving livelihood resilience for women traders of floating market.
      PubDate: 2021-09-08
      DOI: 10.22500/9202134839
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2021)
  • Actors’ Construction in Building Social Harmony in Tamilouw, Seram
           Island, Maluku Province

    • Authors: Alce Albartin Sapulette
      Abstract: The Conflict in Maluku on January 19th, 1999 affected the harmony of life of the Moluccas universally. As a result, the people of Maluku live segregated in their respective communities. However, there are still groups of people who continue to live in harmony within the framework of diversity, namely the Tamilouw people on Seram-Maluku Island. The social harmony found in Tamilouw which is multi-ethnic and multi-religious is inseparable from the role of actors, and the workings of a systematic social structure. This study aimed to find out how the actors construct in the frame of diversity to achieve social harmony in the daily lives of Tamilouw people. The discipline approach used was the sociology of knowledge, using the reality construction theory of Peter Berger and Luckmann. The research paradigm used was constructivism with a qualitative approach. Key informants were religious leaders, indigenous leaders, community leaders, indigenous people and migrants. Data collection was carried out using observation, interview, and documentation techniques. The techniques of data analysis was the data flow analysis model according to Miles & Huberman. Based on the research findings, data analysis and discussion, it can be concluded that: Social harmony maintained in Tamilouw, Seram-Maluku Island, is the result of the integration of four main actors, namely religious leaders, traditional leaders, government figures and youth leaders. These four actors have a network or bond of trust, work strategies and rules of prevailing norms.
      PubDate: 2021-07-23
      DOI: 10.22500/9202131995
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2021)
  • Actor Contestation in Village Fund Management

    • Authors: Rizky Trisna Putri, Sofyan Sjaf, Ekawati Sri Wahyuni
      Abstract: Village funds are sourced from the central government budget which is trasferred directly to the village government. This direct transfer takes place after Law No. 6/2014 or also known as The Village Law. This larger village fund can only be accessed by the village government if it follows the rules set by the central government so that the actor in the village will use their assets to accomodate their interests related to village fund management. This study aims to explain the contestation of actors in managing village funds in two villages. This study uses a qualitative method with a case study approach conducted in Suko Village, Probolinggo Regency and Sukadamai Village, Bogor Regency. The results of this study are the village head is the actor who plays the most role in managing village funds using symbolic asset which is the position of the village head. This asset is the strongest because it has legitimacy from the state to be able to make decisions related to the village fund management.
      PubDate: 2021-07-10
      DOI: 10.22500/9202132531
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2021)
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Heriot-Watt University
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