Publisher: Bogor Agricultural University   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Marine Fisheries : J. of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2541-1659 - ISSN (Online) 2087-4235
Published by Bogor Agricultural University Homepage  [1 journal]

    • Authors: Muhammad Arifnur, Tri Wiji Nurani, Iin Solihin
      Pages: 131 - 142
      Abstract: The Natuna Integrated Maritime and Fisheries Center (IMFC) was established to integrate fish landing, processing, and marketing activities. However, until 2019, the operation of IMFC had not been optimized, hence the objectives of its establishment had not been achieved. This study aims to assess the operational effectiveness of IMFC Natuna and develop strategies for its improvement. The research was carried out by identifying port facilities and capacities that have been built and assessing their operational performance. The strategy for increasing IMFC Natuna's operational activities was prepared using a SWOT analysis. The results show that the facilities at IMFC Natuna have been built completely and are currently in good, clean, and well-maintained condition. IMFC operational performance results from negative gap analysis on fish unloading parameters, namely fish production indicators and ship visits; the parameter of preparation of supplies on ice provision indicator; and marketing parameters on the indicator of the number of fish marketed. The service satisfaction assessment obtained an unsatisfactory rating on the provision of integrated cold storage facilities, provision and marketing services, as well as facilities for fish auctions. Strategies for increasing the operational activities of IMFC Natuna include empowering and improving fishers' skills, making regulations so that trading activities and business activities are centered in IMFC Natuna, inviting investors to develop fisheries investment, and bringing in fishing fleets from outside Natuna. Keywords:       Gap, Natuna, operational, IMFC, Strategy.
      PubDate: 2023-11-23
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.44771
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Delfitri Yanti, Darmawan, M. Fedi Alfiadi Sondita
      Pages: 143 - 156
      Abstract: The difference in fishing gear between traditional and modern fishermen triggers conflicts; for the sustainability of the Pieh Island Marine Tourism Park (TWP) area, efforts are needed to prepare an efficient conflict resolution plan by considering relevant data and information. The study aims to identify conflicts in the Pieh Island TWP area, identify data and information needs to develop conflict resolution, analyze the availability of management data in the Pieh Island TWP, and provide recommendations for data and information collection. The research was conducted in the form of field observations and structured interviews through several questions that have been systematically prepared, as well as focus group discussions (FGDs) with the managers of the Work Unit (Satker) who are directly responsible to the Pekanbaru National Marine Protected Area Workshop (LKKPN Pekanbaru) as the Technical Implementation Unit of the TWP National Marine Protected Area Pieh Island. The results of the study are qualitative and quantitative data through descriptive and comparative methods in the form of identification of the type/nature of conflict in TWP, data and information needed in the preparation of conflict resolution, data and information that is already available and that must be collected, the ability of managers to support technically but financially need additional funds, and appropriate conflict resolution as well as some descriptions of recommendations for collecting data and information in TWP. Keywords:       information needs, management plan, conflict resolution.
      PubDate: 2023-11-23
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.44298
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Diding Sudira Efendi, Karyoto Karyoto, Andi Irawan, Hermawan Gatot Priyadi, Muhammad Nur Misuari, Nunik Mulyandari
      Pages: 157 - 168
      Abstract: One of the challenges in managing small-scale fisheries with limited data is the need for indicators to estimate the stock status and the total allowable catch for sustainable utilization of fish resources. This study aims to estimate the stock status, catch, and optimal fishing effort of the grouper fishery in Saleh Bay, West Nusa Tenggara Province by using the Length-based Spawning Potential Ratio analysis, production surplus model, and bioeconomic approach. Based on the results of this study, it is known that Plectopomus leopardus and Epinephelus coioides are in overexploited condition, while Plectropomus maculatus is in fully exploited status. This study also shows that with a bioeconomic approach, optimal conditions for grouper fisheries in these waters are achieved when the catch is 3,862.1 tonnes per year. The results of this study underline the importance of maximum economic yield-based management as a framework for a fishing quota-based system as an additional instrument in implementing sustainable fishery management in the future. The success of applying the quota system and the total allowable effort is determined by the accuracy of the catch data of small vessels around Saleh Bay under regulatory provisions, supervision and effective law enforcement, the socio-cultural conditions of local communities and the level of compliance with regulations.
      Keywords: fishing effort, grouper, overfished, quota system.
      PubDate: 2023-11-26
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.47638
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Azwar Anas, Soraya Gigentika, Isnaini Marliana, Muslihuddin Aini, Sitti Hilyana, Nurliah
      Pages: 169 - 181
      Abstract: TWP Gita Nada is one of the water conservation areas in NTB Province whose reef fish resources are used by fishers around the area, especially in zones that are permitted for fishing activities. However, there are indications that the use of the area by fishers causes a decrease in the abundance and biomass of reef fish in TWP Gita Nada. Therefore, it is necessary to research the condition of reef fish stocks in TWP Gita Nada to know for certain about the availability of reef fish resources in the area. This study collected data at 11 fish landing sites around TWP Gita Nada from March 2017 to December 2021. Data were collected using a sampling technique on 35% of the total fish landing activity in TWP Gita Nada. Data consisted of fishing units, fishing operations, fishing areas, catches, fish species, and fish length. Data analysis in this study used a length-based stock assessment approach to identify the condition of reef fish stocks and their utilization status. The results indicated that 271 species of reef fish landed in the TWP Gita Nada waters conservation area were identified from 31 family groups dominated by fish of the species Lutjanus gibbus, Lethrinus ornatus, Acanthurus mata, Naso thynnoides, and Lethrinus rubrioperculatus. Among those four dominant reef fish species, Lutjanus gibbus is in fully exploited utilization status with an SPR value of 0.26 or 26%. Meanwhile, the other three types of reef fish are under-exploited with SPR values above 0.3 or 30%.   Keywords: fishing, Lc, length-based approach, Lm, SPR.
      PubDate: 2023-11-26
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.47024
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Cisilia Querdiola, Rilus A Kinseng, Rajib Gandi
      Pages: 183 - 200
      Abstract: Reclamation can be a source of social changes in fishing communities. This study aims to analyze the social structure, strategies for earning a living, and the level of welfare of the fishing community in Cilincing Fishers’ Village, North Jakarta during the post-reclamation period. The research was conducted using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative data were obtained by distributing questionnaires and then processed using the Paired-Sample T-test and the Wilcoxon Signed Ranking Test. Qualitative data were obtained through in-depth interviews with informants. The results showed that the social structure of fishers in Cilincing remained the same before and after reclamation. In terms of the social associative process, there are significant differences between before and after reclamation. After-reclamation, there has been an increase in various togetherness activities such as cooperation, mutual assistance, and deliberation. In terms of livelihood strategies, some fishers have experienced changes after reclamation, for example by doing side jobs. From the welfare level, both catch and income experienced a significant decline.
      Keywords: fishers, livelihood strategy, reclamation, social structure, welfare.
      PubDate: 2023-11-26
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.46459
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Muhammad Agam Thahir, Cukup Karina Berasa, Muhammad Rizal, Akbardiansyah
      Pages: 201 - 210
      Abstract: Fishers at PPI Lhok Bengkuang, South Aceh Regency, are still unable to obtain subsidized
      fuel oil. This is influenced by the increasing demand and the limited fuel supply at nearby fuel station.
      The purpose of this study is to calculate the amount of diesel fuel distributed to fishers, the service
      capacity of the fuel station at PPI Lhok Bengkuang, and the amount fuel supply. Data were collected
      through observation and direct interviews with fishers who buy fuel regularly, which are then analyzed
      using simple math. The results of this study show that 125 L of diesel fuel were subsidized subsidies
      for 4 months, with a monthly average requirement of 31.92 liters. Fishing vessels with a size of 1–10
      GT consumed most diesel fuel ranging from 85 to 285 liters. The tank capacity of the fuel station is
      20,000 liters, and to fullfil the demand, diesel fuel is delivered 1-2 times per month. Keywords: fishing vessels, fishing port Lhok Bengkuang, fuel, subsidized diesel
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.46035
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Tri Wiji Nurani, Prihatin Ika Wahyuningrum, Rianti Dyah Hapsari, Nurani Khoerunnisa, Eko Sri Wiyono, Iin Solihin, Mokhamad Dahri Iskandar, Sugeng Hari Wisudo
      Pages: 211 - 224
      Abstract: Kabupaten Kebumen memiliki potensi sumberdaya ikan yang besar dengan posisi wilayah perairan yang langsung berhadapan dengan Samudera Hindia. Kondisi saat ini, aktivitas perikanan sudah berlangsung dengan baik dengan adanya 7 tempat pendaratan ikan dan 1 pelabuhan perikanan pantai. Nelayan masih mengalami kendala dengan keterbatasan prasarana di pelabuhan, sarana kapal/perahu yang masih berukuran kecil, cuaca dan gelombang besar pada saat musim barat, keberadaan ikan yang bersifat musiman, dan belum memiliki kemampuan untuk dapat mendeteksi keberadaan ikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mendeskripsikan kegiatan yang telah dilakukan saat ini; (2) menentukan faktor kekuatan dan kelemahan internal, serta peluang dan ancaman eksternal; (3) menyusun strategi peningkatan aktivitas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi ikan utama di Kabupaten Kebumen yaitu lobster, layur, dan bawal putih. Ketiga komoditi ini merupakan komoditi ekspor. Secara umum produksi dan nilai produksi dari ketiga komoditi tersebut terus mengalami peningkatan pada periode pada 2017-2021. Strategi untuk peningkatan aktivitas perikanan yaitu pengembangan teknologi dengan menggunakan kapal yang lebih besar, peningkatan sumberdaya manusia, diversifikasi pengolahan produk, dan peningkatan kapabilitas nelayan terkait dengan pengelolaan keuangan dan pemasaran.
      PubDate: 2023-11-29
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.45008
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Muhamad Riyono Edi Prayitno, Abdul Rahman, Muhammad Romdonul Hakim
      Pages: 225 - 236
      Abstract: Capture fisheries in Pangandaran Regency, West Java are dominated by small-scale fishers. As many as 98% of fishing vessels in Pangandaran are under 5 GT. The small fishing vessels restrict Pangandaran fishers from operating further outside the Pangandaran Bay. As a result, the fishing pressure around the bay increases. This study aims to analyze the fishing grounds distribution of Pangandaran fishers.  The selection of fishing locations was carried out using the participatory mapping method by asking fishers to show the fishing location on the map provided. A total of 163 respondents from 4 different fish landing bases were interviewed to obtain data on fishing positions and dominant caught fish. The results showed that the fishing grounds of Pangandaran Regency fishers are divided into Pangandaran Bay (east coast) and Parigi Bay (west coast) with the highest concentration of fishing grounds in the western part of both bays. Fishers choose this location because it is safer from waves and blocks the target fish that migrate from west to east. There were 25 species of fish caught by Pangandaran fishers, but only 13 species were dominant with Trichiurus savala and Pampus argenteus being at the top. The results of this study are expected to be the basis information for determining policies to develop the fishing capacity of coastal fisheries in Pangandaran to offshore, hence it can reduce fishing pressure in the coastal waters. Keywords:       fishing ground, artisanal fisheries.
      PubDate: 2023-11-29
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.44236
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)

    • Authors: Rini Sahni Putri, Indra Jaya, Sri Pujiyati, Syamsul Bahri Agus, Mahfud Palo
      Pages: 237 - 247
      Abstract: This article presents various literature related to flying fish from 1930 to the present, which are shown in the form of aspects of biology, distribution, fisheries, and utilization of Current Technology in Flying Fish Research. This study was conducted through a systematic search and review of various articles, books, dissertations, and theses that discuss flying fish. Literature studies related to flying fish are important to provide   more complete information required to maintain the sustainability of their resources. This study shows the classification, type, spawning process, body shape, ability to glide in the waters, distribution, fishing technology, and current technology in various researches. Keywords:       biology, distribution, flying fish, fisheries
      PubDate: 2023-11-29
      DOI: 10.29244/jmf.v14i2.45755
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2023)
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Heriot-Watt University
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