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Marine Fisheries : J. of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
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ISSN (Print) 2086-4639 - ISSN (Online) 2460-5824
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  • Application of Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM) to Determine Port
           Waste Management Strategies for African Swine Fever (ASF) Prevention at
           Tanjung Priok Port

    • Authors: Novera Nirmalasanti, Hefni Effendi, Ririn Setyowati
      Pages: 532 - 541
      Abstract: African Swine Fever (ASF) is one of the  infectious diseases affecting swine with high mortality rate. Disease transmission occurs direct and indirect. Indirect transmission through feed, virus contaminated object and swill feeding produced by ships. Ships berthing in the port of Tanjung Priok mostly comes or transits from a country which ASF exist. Among those ships, some discharge their garbage and take over into the final dumping site without any further treatment. There are many institution and a third parties involved in garbage management in the port of Tanjung Priok. This research aims is to identify an obstacle, actors and strategies in managing garbage from the ships to prevent ASF spread in the port of Tanjung Priok using Interpretative Structural Modelling (ISM). The results of this research shows the biggest obstacle in managing garbage from the ships, in order to prevent ASF spread in the port of Tanjung Priok is the absence of standard operating procedures (SOP), The most important actor is Indonesia Port Corporation II and the most important strategy is develop an integrated SOP for ship waste management. is to develop an integrated SOP for ship waste management.  
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.532-541
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Suitable and Available Land for Settlement Development in Cianjur Regency

    • Authors: Nurul Amaliyah Tanjung, Rustiadi Ernan, Widiatmaka
      Pages: 550 - 566
      Abstract: A merging of Jakarta and Bandung metropolitans influence the development of the areas around them. Consequently, people are migrating to the cities caused an increasing population. It leads to experiencing uncontrolled advancement and arising problems. One of them is the raising land demand for settlement development, but the land is limited. Therefore, there is a need to address these particularities. This research aimed to model suitable and available land for settlement development in Cianjur Regency. Multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) and geographical information system (GIS) were collaborated to define the suitability criteria. The analytical hierarchy process (AHP) was employed to set the criteria's weight. Spatial Plan and LP2B were carried out as limiting factors. The result showed that the most crucial consideration came from the disaster. The suitability classes in Cianjur regency are: highly suitable 36%, Suitable 7%, Marginally suitable 44%, and Not suitable 14%. 85% of land in 2018 was available for settlement. Yet it is decreasing becomes 2% in 2030. Therefore, the potential land for settlement development is The different perspectives among developers, academics, and government in determining the most critical criteria for land suitability plays a crucial role in the next Cianjur’s settlement development planning. The implementation of the Spatial Plan can minimize environmental problems such as land conversion. In addition, regarding the new regulation on LP2B, the Spatial Plan has to be updated to synchronize the plan between Spatial Plan and LP2B.
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.550-566
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Systems dynamic modeling on sustainable apples agriculture

    • Authors: Ferdianto Budi Samudra, Santun RP Sitorus, Edi Santosa, Machfud Machfud
      Pages: 567 - 577
      Abstract: History shows the long process of apple plants originating from subtropical regions adapting to Indonesia's tropical climate until its popularity is increasingly marginalized and replaced with other commodities, as evidenced by the decreasing land area, especially in Batu City. Indonesia. In developing and analyzing solutions based on the principles of sustainable development, an integrated and holistic approach is required.  To understand problems and find solutions, we can use Systems dynamics. The purpose of this study is to obtain a policy scenario that encourages sustainable apple farming. Data is collected from the local government and BPS City or Province so that the selected variables follow the specific location. The system approach is used to identify needs, problem formulation, preparation of input-output diagrams, cause-effect diagrams and stock-flow diagrams. A series of scenarios is created and tested through simulation to understand the system's dynamic behavior better and obtain the desired output. The best scenario was chosen, namely by replanting 10% of old plant each year, using integrated agriculture with 3 female and 1 male brooders, reduction of land change with 50% success, Local economic development by integrating tourist ticket and hotels with 0,75 kg apple fruits also increasing health support for students
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.567-577
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Water quality in areas around Galuga Landfill, Bogor Regency, West Java

    • Authors: Yayat Hidayat, Wahyu Purwakusuma, Sri Malahayati Yusuf, Latief Mahir Rachman, Enni Dwi Wahjunie, Dwi Putro Tejo Baskoro, Aditia Sapto Utomo, Elianah
      Pages: 578 - 586
      Abstract: The research is aimed to analyze leachate, surface water and ground water characteristics around  Galuga landfill site, Bogor District. Water samples had been taken in dry season of 2014 and in the end of rainy season of 2015 from several sites in areas around Galuga landfills which included leachate water, surface water, and ground water.  Leachate, surface water and ground water had   temperature and pH in normal ranges; whereas nitrate and Pb contents were high to very high levels, especially in  site adjacent to waste piles. The concentrations decreased in line with increasing distance from waste piles. Higher content of nitrate in leachate occurred in dry season, but in well water it was found in rainy season. Meanwhile,  Pb content in well water were high, both in dry and rainy seasons. Concentrations of nitrate and Pb in leachate water were higher than wastewater quality standard, so that the leachate water were not safe to be discharged directly to natural water body. The high content of nitrate and Pb caused the well water unsuitable to be consumed without water treatment processing.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.578-586
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Potential of forest plants as foodstuffs in KPHP Unit VIII Muntai Palas,
           South Bangka Regency

    • Authors: Chairullah, Ervizal AM Zuhud, Edy Nasriadi Sambas
      Pages: 587 - 600
      Abstract: Abstract: Plants as forest food sources have potential comparative advantages as alternative resources. The existence of the Production KPH Unit VIII Muntai Palas as a management unit can improve the quality of forest management in South Bangka Regency, Bangka Belitung Islands Province. The purpose of this research was to take an inventory, analyze the utilization and formulate a conservation village development strategy. This research is explorative with the method of determining four village locations (Kepoh, Pasir Putih, Batu Betumpang, and Bencah) and selecting informants by purposive sampling. The results of the study found 33 families, 54 genera, 73 species with a total of 1858 individuals consisting of 1.071 seedlings, 385 saplings, 173 poles and 226 trees. The highest value of species diversity in the medium category was found in Kepoh village, while the species with the highest value of importance (LUVI) differed in each observation village. Kepoh was owned by Sandoricum koetjape Village (LUVI 11.14), Pasir Putih village was mostly inhabitated by Mangifera odorata (kuweni) with a LUVI value of 9.68, Batu Betumpang Village was mostly covered by Nephelium lappaceum (rambutan) (LUVI 11.20) and Bencah village (LUVI 10.84 ) belongs to Garcinia nigrolineata (kandis). The Strength-Opportunity (SO) strategy was applied in the development of sustainable forest conservation villages with the support of the diversity of forest food sources and regional policies as well as opportunities for the development of tourism forests, health forests, educational forests, natural laboratories and investment in natural resources and the environment to realize a sovereign forest conservation village. independent food.   Keywords: AHP-SWOT, food source plantation forest, KPH, LUVI, vegetation analysis  
      PubDate: 2022-01-18
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.587-600
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The Impacts of Application Foaming Agent Following Peat Fire at DesaRimba
           Panjang, District Kampar, Province Riau

    • Authors: Pratiwi Dwi Susanti, Basuki Wasis, Bambang Hero Saharjo
      Pages: 601 - 612
      Abstract: Peat land fire decreases the thickness of peat soil (subsidence) and damage the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil. Forest and land fires extinguishing is usually be managed using water and tend to take a very long time until the fire is completely quenched. Extinguishing using water in a peat land is deemed less effective and less efficient because of the process of fuel temperature reduction that is not directly completed regarding the water evaporation due to the high fire temperature on the surface. Moreover, using a foaming agent from palm oil, is a new method of fire extinguishing. This method was done by extinguishing the fire using a fire extinguisher tool that was filled with a mixture of NF46 0,5 100 L m-² solution. The direct extinguishing was carried out on the plot and the extinguishing time length was analyzed until the fire or smoke on the plot was no longer visible, then being left for a day. Based on the analysis results, the extinguishing using a foaming agent for three months does not damage the ecosystem and even does not have a detrimental impact on plant growth within three months. Besides, extinguishing using a foaming agent can speed up the extinguishing process (3 until 4,6 minute) compared to using water (50 minute).
      PubDate: 2022-01-18
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.601-612
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • SPATIAL MODELING IN SUSTAINABLE PEAT LAND MANAGEMENT BASED ON PEAT
           HYDROLOGICAL UNITS (KHG)

    • Authors: Turmudi Turmudi, Yatin Suwarno, Sri Lestari Munajati, Jaka Suryanta
      Pages: 613 - 620
      Abstract: Utilization of peatlands becoming more massive from time to time. On the other hand, efforts are needed to ensure the sustainability of peatland functions for the environment. In an effort to support the sustainability of peatland functions, spatial modelling with the basis of KHG is needed to facilitate its management. This study aims to provide input on the optimization of peatlands based on KHG to be used for the community, while maintaining its sustainability. The method used is spatial analysis that covered data KHG, Land Unit, Soil, Ground water level (GWL), Rainfall data. The results of the study show that KHG helps to more focus on determining the AOI (Area of interest) to be researched. The inputs needed for research based on KHG, are:- KHG analysis of: 1. land unit; 2. Rainfall data, 3. GWL data, 4. Soil data. that can identify KHG areas that need attention to be managed properly:the tidal peatland, and the peat dome for conservation efforts. Analysis of KHG with rainfall and GWL, it can be obtained the months (February and November) which function as controls on the success of management through the GWL value. 
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.613-620
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Forest and Peatland Fire Severity Assessment at Siak Regency, Riau
           Province using Sentinel-2 Imagery

    • Authors: Fakhri Sukma Afina, Lailan Syaufina, Imas Sukaesih Sitanggang
      Pages: 621 - 630
      Abstract: Siak Regency, Riau Province is one of the most forest and land fire-prone regencies in Indonesia. Most of the fires occur in peatland areas which contributes to the transboundary haze pollution in the region. Despite limited studies, fire severity assessment is an essential step in post-fire activities to estimate ecological impacts and economic impacts and law enforcement.  This study aims to estimate fire severity using Sentinel-2 imagery at Siak Regency, Riau Province. The methods applied Normalized Burn Ratio on Sentinel-2 Imagery as an identification model based on reflectance value for 2019 imagery. The study revealed that burned areas in Siak Regency could be classified into four fire severity classes: low fire severity, moderate-low fire severity, moderate-high fire severity, and high fire severity. High fire severity was found mainly at Sungai Apit and Mempura Districts.
      PubDate: 2022-02-03
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.621-630
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Sustainable analysis of integrated cajuput oil business development as a
           sustainable forestry multi-business at PT Inhutani I

    • Authors: Titik Ernawati, Lailan Syaufina, Hariyadi
      Pages: 631 - 637
      Abstract: One of the consequences of deforestation is the spread of critical land both inside and outside the forest area. Agroforestry or intercropping is developed to provide benefits and improve welfare for the community, and to optimize the results of a form of sustainable land use to ensure and improve food needs. Eucalyptus is one type of plant that is suitable for forest land rehabilitation because of its ability to live on marginal lands. The purpose of the study was to assess the feasibility of eucalyptus oil business and formulate business sustainability development from seven aspects/feasibility parameters, which are namely: (1) legal aspects, (2) social, economic and cultural aspects, (3) market aspects, (4) management and human resources, (5) risk management aspects, (6) technical aspects, and (7) financial aspects. Meanwhile, to find out whether the eucalyptus business activity as a whole can be sustainable, and its development model, a sustainability analysis was carried out using the cobweb (Amoeba) method. Within the framework of sustainability, eucalyptus concessions must make changes and innovations (Estimated business feasibility on a planting area of 5,200 ha obtained a Net Present Value (NPV) of Rp. 950,734,956,062, - with a discounted interest rate of 12% shows that the eucalyptus oil industry will get a net profit of Rp 7,076,409,779,281, - BC Ratio of 12.56, Interest Rate of Return (IRR) of 55%, Payback Period in the 5th year 4 months shows that in a period of 5 years and 4 months from the investment can be returned from business revenues. The results showed that the seven aspects/parameters were declared feasible and continued with a sustainability analysis and concluded that the eucalyptus oil concession was declared sustainable.
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.631-637
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Public and Private Sector to Zero Deforestation Commitmen in South Sumatra

    • Authors: nur indah ristiana, Herry Purnomo, Yulius Hero, Benny Okarda, Dyah Puspitaloka, Made Sanjaya
      Pages: 638 - 652
      Abstract: To address deforestation, South Sumatra Goverment was committed to be the frontrunner in attaining Green Growth 2017. All economic activities related to land use must comply with the regulations. The private sector supports them with some initiatives by several certifications as their commitment toward zero deforestation (ZDC). However, from the land cover data, South Sumatra Province is one of the highest forest cover loss in Indonesia followed by increasing economic activities. This study aims to explain commitments of the public and private sectors in complying toward zero deforestation. We conducted interviews with relevant agencies and collect the data regarding interventions and initiatives. This study used compliance theory to analyze the commitments of both sectors. The results showed that the public and private sectors in South Sumatra have shown their commitment with the type of treaty-induced compliance. The compliance showed how the commitment is integrated into policies, aligned public and private governance arrangements, and a good environmental quality change by reduced deforestation rate. This showed that one of the ZDC’s objectives is at least halve the rate of loss of natural forests globally by 2020 has been implemented by both. Thus, they strive to end natural forest loss by 2030.
      PubDate: 2022-02-21
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.638-652
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Mobile Application for Data Acquisition in Integrated Forest and Land
           Fires Patrols

    • Authors: Dhani Sulistiyo Wibowo, Imas Sukaesih Sitanggang, Ikhsan Kurniawan, Wulandari
      Pages: 653 - 661
      Abstract: Hotspot is one of the indicators of forest and land fires which is usually checked in the field through an integrated patrol program by a team formed by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK). The findings from these patrol activities are usually reported through texts posted in the chat group media using the WhatsApp application. This method is, however, considered ineffective in presenting information queries from the patrol data. Therefore, this research aims to develop a mobile application to record data retrieved during forest and land fire patrols in the Sumatra region. The prototyping system development method was applied and this includes analyzing the needs of the user, designing and modeling the prototype, coding the system, testing the system, and system usage. Moreover, the Ionic 3 framework was employed in the system development through the application of the API from the back-end module. The application was integrated into the Google Maps Application Programming Interface (API) and the system was tested using the Blackbox method to show the features in the system function effectively.
      PubDate: 2022-02-18
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.653-661
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The Role of Stakeholders in Conseravation Governance in The Upstream
           Bedadung Watershed

    • Authors: Jenitra Milan Petrina, Idah Andriyani
      Pages: 662 - 676
      Abstract: The upstream of the Bedadung watershed is a catchment area. Now Bedadung watershed does not function optimally because of illegal logging and the change in function of protected forest to production forest. There was an increase in erosion, landslide, and flood. This research aims to identify conservation activities and Identify the roles of stakeholders in governance upstream Bedadung watershed. The result of the first purpose is conservation activities in the fourth Sub-watershed with exploratory, descriptive analysis: (1) Jompo Sub-watershed (coffee plants, teak plants, and terraces), cover crops, DAM controller, (2) Antrokan Sub-watershed such as durian terracing, use of organic mulch, sengon plants with elephant grass, (3) Rempangan Sub-watershed, such as planting cover crops, coffee, and lamtoro terracing, (sengon, coffee, and terrace), reforestation with matoah, sengon, durian, avocado, petai, guava, (4) Rembangan Sub-watershed, such as grass strips, cover crops, (lamtoro, coffee, and terrace). The results of the second purpose are to identify roles, relationships, influence, and strength of stakeholders in the implementation of conservation governance using The Four Rs analysis and stakeholder strength analysis. The position and function of each stakeholder managing the upstream Bedadung Watershed, namely (1) LMDH and KTH as (Subject), (2) Branch of the Jember Regional Forestry Service, Perum Perhutani, and BPDAS Brantas Sampean as (Key Player), (3) Dinas Environment of Jember Regency, Bappeda Jember, Department of Public Works Bina Marga of Jember Regency, and Department of Agriculture of Jember as (Context Setters), (4) Brantas Sampean Watershed Forum as (Crowd).
      PubDate: 2022-02-18
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.662-676
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Production of Bioplastics Made from Organic Waste with Addition of Tapioca
           Flour and Glycerol

    • Authors: Sri Widyastuti, Rhenny Ratnawati, Nurmasyta Sylviana Priyono
      Pages: 677 - 684
      Abstract: Bioplastic is a plastic that can be decomposed because it can return to nature. This study aims to examine the optimal composition for the of bioplastics with various compositions of raw material. Comparison of the composition of waste banana peel:tapioca flour:glycerol, respectively 1:10:7,5 (sample A) and 1:13:11,25 (sample B). The ratio of the composition of waste rice:tapioca flour:glycerol in sample C and D is 1:10:7,5 and 1:13:11,25, respectively. Bioplastics are processed by using a composite of banana peel or rice waste which is dried to a moisture content of 70%. 30 mL of distilled water was added to the bioplastic and heated until thickened. The bioplastic is molded in a baking sheet while it is still hot and in an oven at 117˚C, then cooled at room temperature. The optimal composition of bioplastic is found in sample B with a biodegradation test value of 58% and contains bioplastics with functional groups O-H, C-H, C=O, C=C, C-O and =C-H in the FTIR test results. The quality standard values ​​for the tensile strength test and elongation test at break in sample B have values ​​of 10.9 MPa and 29%, respectively.
      PubDate: 2022-02-18
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.677-684
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of The Physico-Chemical Properties of Pond Cibuntu, Bogor
           Regency, West Java

    • Authors: Aiman Ibrahim, Siti Aisyah, Ira Akhdiana, Lukman, Aldiano Rahmadya, Novi Mayasari
      Pages: 513 - 523
      Abstract: Pond Cibuntu is one of the urban ponds located in Bogor Regency, West Java Province. With a maximum surface area of 2.11 ha and maximum depth of 1.20 m, the pond serves as retention pond and recreational fishing. Ponds in urban areas can be disturbed due to siltation, land conversion, and anthropogenic activities that can influence the physico-chemical conditions of the waters. The aims of this study was to evaluate the physico-chemical properties of the Pond Cibuntu as basis for freshwater ponds management. This study was conducted from September to December 2018 at five observation stations. The results of this study showed that the parameters of water temperature, TDS, pH, DO, and total phosphorus still meet the class III of water quality standards according to Government Regulation Number 82 of 2001. The value of total nitrogen and total phosphorus indicates Pond Cibuntu which is eutrophic to hypereutrophic.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.513-523
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Monitoring Slope Creep Motion using Multi Temporal Interferometry
           Synthetic Aperture Radar in Semarang, Indonesia

    • Authors: Jamhur Jamhur, Vina Nurul Husna, Willy Hermawan, Deha Agus Umarhadi, Ratna Jayanti, Salsabila Faizah Kamila, Zulfikar Ardiansyah Fajri, Muhammad Taqy
      Pages: 524 - 531
      Abstract: Landslide is one type of slope movement, where the slope movement includes creep. Although creep movement does not have an impact on the risk of loss of life, this creep movement takes place constantly and  invisible which has an impact on economic losses. In this study, a time-series monitoring was carried out from 2018 to 2020 to see the movement of the slopes in the study area using the Multi-Temporal Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (MTInSAR). A time series method from Sentinel 1A/B data, which includes Trangkil Sejahtera Housing (PTS), Soegijapranata Catholic University (UNIKA), and 17 August 1945 University (UNTAG) in Semarang City, Indonesia. The results of data processing indicate that there are slope movement in the target location, namely Trangkil Sejahtera and Selorejo Housing (southwest of UNIKA). Based on BPBD 2021 data, landslides occurred in the Trangkil Baru Housing Center (to the north of PTS) and the Garang River landslide channel west of Selorejo. This shows that there is a link between crawling in 2018-2020 and landslides in 2021. Although the use of satellite data has some drawbacks, the results can be taken into consideration in building an early warning system and reducing losses due to landslides.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.524-531
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Spatial Distribution and Landscape Characteristics of Flores Hawk-Eagle
           (Nisaetus Floris) Habitat in Flores Island

    • Authors: Syartinilia -, Raja Mohd Kris Setiawan
      Pages: 543 - 549
      Abstract: Flores Hawk-Eagle (FHE, Nisaetus floris) is one of the endemic and keystone species that was rarely studied among other eagles. The study on the FHE is currently experiencing limited information for estimating their distribution area. Therefore, the FHE habitat distribution is required as the essential information for developing the strategies and conservation action. The objectives of this study were to identify the spatial habitat distribution and analyze the characteristics of the habitat. Minimum convex polygon (MCP) and kernel-density estimation (KDE) 95% was combined with the land cover map for delineating the patch habitat of FHE. Slope, elevation, and land cover were used as environmental variables. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) combine with GIS were used for characterizing the landscape habitat. The results showed that there were eight habitat patches with a total area of 1.132 km2. Six principal components were retained from PCA analysis which explained 71.96% of data variance. Habitat characteristics of FHE describe its requirement for nesting and hunting activities for principal components 1 to 4, while for flight activity related to principal components 5 and 6. Forests and savannahs become the main habitat preference for both nesting and hunting activities. Results of this study will be supported as baseline information for developing conservation strategies and action for FHE.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.543-549
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
 
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