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Indonesian Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2407-5434 - ISSN (Online) 2407-7321
Published by Bogor Agricultural University Homepage  [24 journals]
  • The Effect of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Competency of Entrepreneurship
           on Ornamental Plant Business Performance in Bogor City

    • Authors: Syahroni, Wahyu Budi Priatna, Burhanuddin
      Pages: 199 - 199
      Abstract: The ornamental plant business is a business dominated by MSEs, so it has a vital role in economic development and growth. The largest ornamental plant production centre city in West Java Province is Bogor City. This is an opportunity to develop an ornamental plant business in Bogor City, which can be carried out by entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial competence of ornamental plant entrepreneurs. This study aimed to analyze the influence of entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial competence on the performance of ornamental plants in the city of Bogor. Respondents in this study were ornamental plant entrepreneurs with several 100 people who were determined by the conventional method. Data analysis in this study used the Structural Equation Model (SEM) with the help of AMOS 23 software. The results showed that entrepreneurial behaviour had a positive and significant effect on ornamental plants' performance with a coefficient value of 0,63 and a t-statistic value of 3,52. Besides, entrepreneurial competence also has a positive and significant effect on ornamental plants' performance, with a coefficient of 1,12 and a t-value of 14,61. This means that any increase in entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial competence will improve the performance of ornamental plants in the city of Bogor.
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.199
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • External Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Junior High School

    • Authors: Ersa Lanang Sanjaya, Jimmy Ellya Kurniawan, Stefani Virlia
      Pages: 209 - 209
      Abstract: Several previous studies on entrepreneurial orientation are studied were examined in the bussiness context and show the contribution of internal factors within individuals to the development of entrepreneurial orientation. However, only a few research that focused on entrepreneurship orientation in the context of education, especially for junior high school students in Java Island. This study aims to examine external factors, about authoritative parenting, and creativity climate for the entrepreneurial orientation of junior high school students. The research respondents were 291 junior high school adolescents in Jakarta, Tangerang, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Semarang and Surabaya. Data collection was carried out from August to November 2019. The data were analyzed using multiple regressions. The results showed that there was a significant influence between the authoritative parenting and the creativity climate on entrepreneurial orientation. The role of parents in providing responsible freedom to children allows children to be more courageous in facing risks, innovative, and open to competitive situations. The creative climate at school allows students to express their ideas and get used to solving problems. Keywords: entrepreneurial orientation, authoritative parenting, creativity climate, adolescents, Indonesia
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.209
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • The Model of Green Behavioural Intention Among Women Entrepreneur: A
           Quantitative Study

    • Authors: Asyiffa Fitri Awallia, Melia Famiola
      Pages: 217 - 217
      Abstract: Today, business activities seem to have shifted towards green business with the inception of women entrepreneurs who are more environmentally conscious. This study aims to examine the behaviour construction of women entrepreneurs' intention towards green business in Indonesia. Using a quantitative approach, data were collected from 122 women entrepreneurs using simple random sampling, which were then processed by PLS-SEM. This study found that green behavioural intention among women entrepreneurs in Indonesia reflects their environmental concern with a strong solid vision to create the change. The argument that market rationality will mediate green business behaviour and predicted as a barrier factor to their intention of having business with environmental concerns was not proven. This study argues that women entrepreneurs with green business initiatives in Indonesia belong to the visionary champion type, an entrepreneur who takes themselves as agents of change. Increasing the number of women entrepreneurs with green business initiation in Indonesia will favour Indonesia's future economy and sustainability. The nurture of women's role in spreading knowledge allows them to create their market by educating the market with their green image and offering alternatives. The government needs to pay strict attention and formulate policies on encouraging women entrepreneurs in Indonesia, particularly those starting their business with environmental consciousness. Keywords: women entrepreneurs, green business, behavioural intention, sustainable development goals, Indonesia
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.217
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • Key Actors in DKI Jakarta Entrepreneurial Development Model With The
           Intrepretative Structural Modeling (ISM) Approach

    • Authors: Asep Taryana, Mukhamad Najib, Harianto, Bustanul Arifin
      Pages: 227 - 227
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship is faced with the challenges of environmental dynamics in the TUNA era (Turbulence, Uncertainty, Novelty, and Ambiguity). This paper aims to analyze entrepreneurship development models in DKI Jakarta. The data used in this study are primary and secondary data. This study uses a method with an analytical approach, Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM). The elements and sub-elements in the ISM questionnaire were obtained from discussions with experts, including local government, entrepreneurs, academics, and the community. The output of ISM analysis is the sub-elements' positions in the four quadrants of the diagram and the level structuring based on the follow-up priority. This study found that sub-elements comprised of bank financial institutions (Bank DKI), LPDB, entrepreneurial empowerment volunteers, universities (LPPM), and researchers (lecturers) were included in sector II (dependent). Other sub-elements like DPRD, kasatpel, the business community, non-bank financial institutions, entrepreneurial activists, influential figures, and the public were included in sector III (linkage). There are sub-elements in sector IV (independent), such as governors, mayors/regents, related agencies, business actors, e-commerce, online media, and endorsers. The ISM analysis results show that the sub actor with the highest influence level is the governor. It shows that the governor has a very strategic role in developing entrepreneurship in DKI Jakarta. Keywords: entrepreneur, ISM, entrepreneurship development model, developing entrepreneurship
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.227
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • Entrepreneurial Bricolage to Facing Resource Constraint in Small Industry
           of Brown Cane Sugar

    • Authors: Gusfa Arlian Putra, Muhammad Romli, Yandra Arkeman
      Pages: 237 - 237
      Abstract: Bricolage theory, making do what is at hand, describes entrepreneurs' activities to sustain the business in a penurious environment. It is believed could not only develop the business but also trigger innovativeness, creativity, and sustainability. This research intends to discover how entrepreneurs overcome resource constraints using bricolage. It also aims to find the relationship between bricolage and entrepreneurs' demographic and innovative personality. The study was conducted from April to June 2020 in Central Aceh Regency. Using a survey and questionnaire to collect the data towards 26 entrepreneurs of brown cane sugar reveals that human resource is a significant constraint when running the business, specifically in finding an appropriate and loyal team member. Using bricolage, they refuse to enact with limitation by hiring people from surronding even their family members to work in this business. Meanwhile, many entrepreneurs have the resource at hand in the form of capital and knowledge since they have spent a lot of time working in similar businesses before building their brown sugar. Despite weak correlation, the relationship between variables is positive except for age and education. Bricolage and innovative personality have a weak positive correlation which means that this industry is less innovative. This research also become fundamental literature for similar future research. Keywords: bricolage, resource constraint innovative personality, small industry
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.237
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • Investigating The Antecedents of Consumer Brand Engagement to Luxury
           Brands on Social Media

    • Authors: Angga Febrian, Larasati Ahluwalia
      Pages: 245 - 245
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze the antecedent consumer involvement and brand self expressiveness and brand community identification of the three dimensions of consumer brand engagement (CBE) (cognitive, emotional, behavior) in the luxury brand on social media. The data was collected through an online questionnaire which was filled in by 125 respondents who have experience in buying luxury brands using purposive sampling. The empirical study was conducted using structural equation modeling SmartPls. The results of the study stated that Consumer Involvement has a negative impact, brand self expressiveness and consumer brand identification have a positive impact on dimensions of CBE. Tests were also conducted to see the consequences of CBE, namely an increase in brand image and brand loyalty. Managers of luxury brand companies must increase CBE by utilizing and managing consumers following social media and creating communities to make it easier for consumers to get to know the advantages of luxury brand products. This study is a pioneer, as it extends the consumer engagement model to the social media context luxury brand by adding brand community identification as an antecedent CBE. Keywords: consumer brand engagement, brand image, brand loyalty, luxury brand, social media
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.245
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • Strategy of Business Digitalization of Micro, Small, and Medium
           Entreprises (A Case Study of Cultive Apparel)

    • Authors: Muhammad Faizurrohman, Lukman M. Baga, Siti Jahroh
      Pages: 257 - 257
      Abstract: Transformation needs to be carried out by various scales of business including Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Cultive Apparel is one of the clothing MSMEs that has experienced a decline in business performance since digital development. This study aims to analyze the causes of the gap between actual and expected conditions, identify and map business environmental factors, and formulate digital business strategies. Data analysis use spider web, IFE and EFE analysis (PESTEL and 5 Forces Porter), IE matrix, and QSPM Matrix. The results show a gap in the lack of product promotion activities in the digital. The main strength lies in the product brands that are known by consumers. The biggest weakness is the limited human resources. The greatest opportunities for a price match with suppliers and consumer loyalty. The biggest threat to suppliers who carry out direct retail sales to consumers and price wars. IE matrix shows the company is in quadrant II. Strategies that can be carried out in this quadrant are intensive and integrative strategies. QSPM matrix showed that the company should develop the market. Managerial implications are carried out by improving digital infrastructure, improving operational capabilities, developing market segments, and increasing the intensity of digital marketing. Keywords: business digitalization, fashion, industry 4.0, market development
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.257
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • Competitiveness Position Identification of Indihome Using Service Quality
           for ISP Dimensions and IPCA Method

    • Authors: Sari Wulandari, Agus Achmad Suhendra, Putra Fajar Alam
      Pages: 269 - 269
      Abstract: Two major Internet Service Provider (ISP) players, namely Indihome and Firstmedia, experienced a significant increase in traffic. On the other hand, there has been a decline in service quality, due to a spike in the volume of internet usage. The objectives of this study are (1) to identify the strengths and weaknesses of Indihome's fixed broadband services using IPA, (2) to determine the competitive position of Indihome relative to First Media based on Importance Performance Competitor Analysis (IPCA) mapping, (3) to compare the results of evaluating the quality of IPA and IPCA services. The results showed that Indihome has weaknesses in all indicators of Network Quality, 2 indicators of Customer Service & Technical Support (CT6– the ability of CS to resolve complaints, CT3 – CS has product knowledge), and 1 indicator of Security & Privacy (SP1 – security of customer personal data) while the advantages are in 2 indicators of Customer Service & Technical Support (CT2 – completeness of technician installation tools, CT5 – speed of complaint handling), 2 indicators of Security & Privacy (SP2 – transaction data security, SP3 – transaction system security), 1 Information Quality & Website Support indicator (IW4 – channel availability diverse communications), and 1 indicator of Customer Service & Technical Support (CT1 – technician uniform attributes). In addition, the IPCA matrix shows that Indihome's Competitive Position is on the CT2, CT5, IW2 indicators - various payment methods, IW5 - up-to-date information, SP2, and SP3. Based on the comparison of IPA and IPCA data, it is known that there are indicators that perform well when assessed internally but that performance is not better enough when compared to competitors, namely CT1 and IW4. Keywords: internet service provider, service quality, importance performance competitor analysis, competitive position
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.269
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • The Reasoned Action Approach to Growth Intention to Increase Small And
           Medium Enterprises: A Conceptual Framework

    • Authors: Annuridya Rosyidta Pratiwi Octasylva, Yuliati Lilik Noor, Hartoyo, Agus W Soehadi
      Pages: 282 - 282
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship plays an important role in the economy, among others, in reducing the unemployment rate and improving the economy of a country. However, this was not accompanied by the interest of entrepreneurs in increasing their business. Even though interest is the main predictor in shaping the behaviour and performance of a business. This article aimed to provide literature on what factors can shape an entrepreneur's interest in developing his business. In answering the objectives of this study, a literature study was carried out on the articles about interest in developing a business published in the 2010-2021 period and contained in a bibliographic database. Based on the results of the study, four factors could strengthen the interest in entrepreneurs developing their business, namely: attitude, descriptive norms, injunctive norms and perceived behavioural control with the theoretical approach of reasoned action approach, which are known to be better at predicting behavioural interest because the variables used are more detailed. This research is not only useful for entrepreneurs to increase their demand to develop their business but also useful for related stakeholders to support the increase in-class promotion of MSME actors. Keywords: attitude, descriptive norm, MSME, injunctive norm, perceived behavioural control
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.282
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
  • Alternative PSS Business Models of ESCO: Towards an Innovative New Model

    • Authors: Eka Sudarmaji, Noer Azam Achsani, Yandra Arkeman, Idqan Fahmi
      Pages: 296 - 296
      Abstract: Product System Service (PSS) was an excellent way to create new customer value under hyper-competition. Both product and service components were not used individually but in integrating product, service, and system and their valid combinations. This paper investigated the case study and was performed between June 2019 and April 2020. The is study aims to explore the introduction of the study's purpose of exploring the company was introducing the latest PSS model in its own " Energy Saving Company (ESCO) model" with its capitals in Indonesia. This new business model was able to tap potential business opportunities in the energy-saving industry. The study used these three methods – Soft System Methodology (SSM), General Morphological Analysis (GMA) & Business Model Canvas (BMC). In this paper, the authors performed SSM to reduce the gap that exists in the real world. GMA and BMC as other tools to ensure collaboration to form the new business model. The result showed that through PSS, the company could develop their own "ESCO model" under Energy Saving Agreement (ESA) or Energy Saving Performance Contract (ESPC), which was known as "saving back arrangement financing." By adopting PSS, the company could gain a competitive advantage since there was increasing demand for energy and limited supply in Indonesia; hence there was a vast, untapped opportunity in the energy-saving industry. Keywords: BMC, Case study, ESCO, Morphological, PSS, SSM
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.17358/ijbe.7.3.296
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2021)
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