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Mongolian Journal of International Affairs
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1023-3741
Published by Mongolia Journals Online Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Editorial - Vol.22, 2021

    • Authors: Zolboo Dashnyam
      Abstract: No abstract in English
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1231
  • Financial Integration in the Context of the European Union

    • Authors: Ariunaa Damdinsuren
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: As the world continues to see various facets of financial integration, the topic has sparked a great deal of discussions among policy
      makers and economists. The article analyzes benefits and risks of financial integration in the context of the European Union, which has facilitated global financial integration immensely by creating common currency among European Monetary Union countries and harmonizing regulations across the region. Upon examining main pros and cons of financial integration in detail, I conclude that financial integration can be beneficial in the longrun if corrective and preventive measures are enforced to curtail risks and threats it poses.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1767
  • Mongolia’s Diplomatic Efforts to Join the United Nations and the Changes
           in the Position of the Great Powers

    • Authors: Ulambayar Denzenlkham
      Pages: 15 - 27
      Abstract: This article discusses Mongolia’s 15 years of diplomatic efforts to join the United Nations, the main factors that influenced it, and the changing policies and positions of the Soviet Union, the Kuomintang of China, the United States, and other great powers. Although the Mongolian People’s Republic was able to join the United Nations in 1946, it was influenced by the Soviet Union’s communist position. Since 1946, Chiang Kai-shek’s Chinese policy and position have been a major obstacle. The history of the Republic of China, which existed on the mainland between 1912 and 1949, was the history of the struggle for power between the warlords, the history of the struggle between the Kuomintang and the Communists. In the nearly 40 years since the founding of the Republic of China in 1912, neither the warlords nor the Kuomintang have been able to exercise their sovereignty on the mainland, but they are keen to see Outer Mongolia as part of their territory. The Kuomintang was expelled from the mainland in 1949, shortly after 1946. During the Korean War, initiated by Kim Il-sung, Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong, Mongolia stood firmly behind North Korea, providing both moral and material support. It has not been mentioned anywhere that this resulted in Mongolia’s efforts at the UN being postponed for many years. When Communist China entered the Korean War, the Kuomintang, which fully supported the US-led UN military operation (peacekeeping), not only continuously provoked at the Security Council of the United Nations, but also presented false documents about the MPR - described as “a Chinese territory seized by the Soviet Union” - sending troops to North Korea.
      The United States, which has recognized the status quo of the Mongolian People’s Republic, has made it clear that it has played an important role in the country’s admission to the United Nations. Thus Mongolia’s attempt finally succeeded and it became the 101st state to join the United Nations. As a consequence, Mongolia’s independence has been approved by a recognize of Western powers and it began to emerge out of its isolation, participate in decision of global issues, and cooperate with the international community. However, not only did this opportunity not be fully exploited, but due to the Cold War, Mongolia became a hotbed of ideological competition between the socialist and capitalist systems at the United Nations, the speakers’ rostrum Nevetheless,Post-Cold War, a whole new era of cooperation between Mongolia and the United Nations began.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1768
  • Mongolia’s “Journey” to Join the United Nations in 1946-1961 :
           “Cold War” Factors and Ideological Conflicts of the Great Powers

    • Authors: Batbayar Tsedendamba
      Pages: 28 - 41
      Abstract: The article explores the aspects of the interaction between the USSR and the USA on the Mongolian question within the UN during first 15 years of the Cold war. The author dwells such problems as Mongolia’s contribution to the war against Japanese militarism; the question of the involvement of Ulaanbaatar to the Korean war in 1950-1953; the arguments between Moscow and Washington concerning the package admittance of new members; the reason of the veto power exercised by the Chiang Kai-shek regime; ideological conflicts between two opposing blocs in the United Nations. The first application for Mongolia’s admission to the UN was submitted to Secretary-General Trygve Lie in a letter dated June 21, 1946, signed by Kh. Choibalsan, Prime-Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the MPR. The solution of this issue, however, dragged on until 1961. During this period, the application for admission of the MPR was renewed four times - in 1948, 1955, 1956 and 1957. The Mongolian statement was considered at least 13 times in various meetings of the UN Security Council.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1769
  • New Architecture of Pacific Asia in the 21st Century : Opportunities and
           Challenges for Mongolia and Pacific Russia

    • Authors: Viktor Larin
      Pages: 42 - 53
      Abstract: The article attempts to compare the geopolitical conditions of Mongolia and Pacific Russia contemporary development considering both of them as integral parts of a common space of Northeastern Eurasia. The author highlights several fundamental trends that crucially influence the situation in the region and which, among other factors, entail the strengthening of regional multipolarity by growing the independence of individual players, including Mongolia. According to the author, Pacific Russia and Mongolia can hardly find the worthy place in American or Japanese concepts of Free and Open Indo-Pacific, Chinese “belt and road” initiative or the Russian Greater Eurasia project. Being economically less developed parts of Eurasia, Mongolia and Pacific Russia are at the same time are the most politically stable segment and promising areas of the continent for the application of financial and human capital, intellectual resources and scientific and technological achievements, self-fulfillment of people and implementation of ideas. So they have to use their advantages to meet the challenges of their development. 
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1770
  • On Some Developmental Trends for The Russian-Mongolian Relationships

    • Authors: Naumkin Vitaly Vyacheslavovich
      Pages: 54 - 60
      Abstract: This article made available for publication is compiled on the basis of a report presented at the International Science Conference that took place on September 2nd, 2021, in the city of Vladivostok (Russky Island). It deals with the ordinary and megatrends reflecting the specific aspects in relation to the current stage of the Russian-Mongolian bilateral relationships. Such trends include, for example, diversification of external ties or orientation towards multidimensional collaboration. It is asserted that, throughout the century-old history of close interaction between Russia and Mongolia, since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two states, there have been a lot of epoch-making events and developments of landmark nature, which up to date constitute the meaningful elements of historic memory for our peoples, defining the overriding megatrend of our mutual understanding and affinity that bears a sustainable character, defying any influence of the political and economic environment factors.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1771
  • Mineral Resources of Mongolia as a Driving Force of the Country

    • Authors: Davaasuren Avirmed
      Pages: 61 - 66
      Abstract: This article covers the concept of mineral resources, the definition of scientists as a factor in the development of the country, the use of natural resources in developed countries, as well as the focus on human development, the historical development of Mongolia’s mineral sector and the sector. For example, in 2009 the Government of Mongolia signed an agreement with the Canadian company “Ivanhoe Mines” to develop the “Oyu Tolgoi” copper and gold deposit, a list of strategically important mineral deposits announced by the Government of Mongolia, and mineral resources. The contribution of the sector to the social and economic development of Mongolia, the rapid development of countries with low mineral resources such as Southeast Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore, the geographical and climatic, foreign and domestic “Mongolia has a vision for sustainable development In order to achieve the goals set out in the “Mongolia 2030” and “VISION 2050” long-term vision of Mongolia’s development, it is necessary to implement development policies and planning tailored to its specific needs.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1772
  • “One Belt One Union” : Cooperation of Russia and China, and
           Mongolia’s Foreign Policy

    • Authors: Munkhjargal Dorjsuren
      Pages: 67 - 80
      Abstract: The “2015 Joint Statement on Cooperation between Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and the Silk Road Projects” signed by Russia and China opened the bilateral cooperation among “Eurasian Economic Union” which consists of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, and Kyrgyzstan, and “One Belt One Union” of China (5+1). “One belt One Union” and “Eurasian Economic Union” separately, are the Political projects of Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping, acting as a new form of cooperative mechanism, and considered to have great impact on regional economic integration. The world is now watching whether these two nations are partners or rivals. For Mongolia, every action and decision made by the “One Belt One Union” is important as it influences our future development. This article intends to identify the cooperation of the two great nations which has major influence on Mongolia, and Mongolia’s foreign policy towards the cooperation.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1773
  • Third Neighbor Policy Concept in Mongolia’s Geopolitics

    • Authors: Bayasgalan Sanallkhundev
      Pages: 81 - 98
      Abstract: Since the 1900s when Mongolia fought for its independence, it was looking for an ally or a supporter on which it could rely on. One of the options was third neighbor. During the dramatic times Mongolia tried to approach Japan, as the closest possible country to have relation, and the U.S. as a country somehow caught its attention, to establish, if not diplomatic, at least trade relation. Third neighbor policy is unique, as it is associated only with Mongolia due to its unique geographic location. Looking for third neighbor, it is important for Mongolia to maintain balance between two big neighbors, and to have relationship with other developed countries. But the U.S. saw Mongolia not only as a young and a good example of democracy, and strategic partner, but also possible “ally” which lies between Russia and China. Third neighbor policy is not just an ordinary policy in foreign policy; it is a concept which is important for Mongolia, for a country which is sandwiched between two big nuclear Powers. With changing international environment Mongolia’s strategic importance never left behind. Here will be discussed that Mongolia’s third neighbor policy cannot be limited just with foreign policy or relationships with other countries. But it could have broader meaning from geo-strategic perspective, depending from international politics. I am arguing that third neighbor policy is more than just a foreign policy, it is a concept.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1774
  • The Past and Present State of the Saint Petersburg School of Classic

    • Authors: Irina Fedorovna Popova
      Pages: 99 - 104
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v22i1.1775
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