Journal Cover
Mongolian Journal of International Affairs
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1023-3741
Published by Mongolia Journals Online Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Editorial

    • Authors: Zolboo Dashnyam
      Abstract: No abstract in English
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v23i1.2458
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2022)
  • Pastoral Khans: from Mongolian Steppe to African Savannah

    • Authors: Troy Sternberg, Joanna Roque de Pinho, Batbuyan Batjav
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: The developing field of Mongolian International Studies offers a diverse range of research topics. A review of recent articles reflects an emphasis on geo-politics, particularly evolving relations with its superpower neighbours. Whilst state-to-state engagement with China and Russia predominates, regional countries (Japan, Korea) and the US and Europe are examined within the ‘Third Neighbour’ policy. Trade and economics are also studied, from Oyu Tolgoi and mining to the role of the IMF and international agencies. Currently lacking is a focus on human-driven engagement that reflects Mongolian livelihoods, spirituality and community environments. Such social and cultural dynamics are essential to both pastoral and rural livelihoods and to understanding the nation. In 2020-2022 international academic endeavours enabled Mongolian herder representatives to participate in a global drylands exchange network with dryland residents in thirteen countries. The process provided an exceptional opportunity to present Mongolian perspectives to pastoralists and academics from Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia. This grounded Mongolian livelihoods and situated rural dynamics in a global context. Here we report key engagements and findings as Mongolian herders shared lives and practices in the context of this international pastoral/drylands project. Moving beyond the political/economic rubric, as this project did, delivers a more representative and complete comprehension of Mongolia to the global international studies community.
      PubDate: 2022-10-22
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v23i1.1566
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2022)
  • Mongolian-Russian Border Cooperation: The Role of the Republic of Buryatia

    • Authors: Zolboo Dashnyam, Baatar Tsend
      Pages: 12 - 22
      Abstract: This study has focused on border regions relations and cooperation between the Mongolia and Buryatia. As a border region, Buryatia has a centuries-old history of economic, political, cultural and humanitarian relations with Mongolia.
      Our relations have been successfully developing in all areas, high-level reciprocal visits have become regular, and mutual trust has been expanding.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v23i1.1232
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2022)
  • Multilateral Economic Ties of Mongolia with its Asian Trading Partners in
           period of 2011-2021

    • Authors: Rober Dygas
      Pages: 23 - 39
      Abstract: This article gives insight of main aspects of Mongolian’s economy related to its Asian Trading Partners namely China, India, South Korea and Japan in period of 2011-2021. To give more clarity about the main trading partners of Mongolia there are two countries: China and Russia, but the author focuses only on the Asian trading partners. The main goal is to popularise still not well known economy of Mongolia and to see how it was developed in analysed period of 2011-2022. As the methodology of the research the author used empirical analysis based mainly on Macrobond data which also has access to Mongolian Statistics Office data and also to available world reports such OECD, UNCTAD. Besides that, the article was consulted with Mongolian Ambassador in Poland and it was enriched this way with his best knowledge regarding economy and Mongolia international trade and investment policy. The interesting aspect which was raised by the author in this article was the future state of economy of Mongolia after pandemic of SARSCoV-2 and impact of the restrictions imposed on Russia due to the war on Ukraine
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v23i1.2403
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2022)
  • An Inefficacious Shock Therapy': A Critical Analysis of Mongolian
           Neoliberal Reforms

    • Authors: Zugeerbai Zul, Hyunwook Cheng
      Pages: 40 - 54
      Abstract: This research aims to critically review the development process and connotation of neoliberal reform in Mongolia, which has been implemented since 1991 under the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) program. This paper outlines the historical context of the transition, the so-called shock therapy, and analyzes Mongolia’s economic performance and socioeconomic changes after neoliberal reform, particularly focusing on the free market monetary policy. The policy was a crucial turning point for Mongolia, in which neoliberalism almost eliminated the former socialist planned economy and took a dominant position in the Mongolian political economy. Over the past three decades, successive administrations have implemented various measures based on a free monetary policy promoted by the IMF to obtain foreign loans and aid. However, despite the long-term reforms, thorny issues, such as a sharp currency depreciation, soaring debts, unemployment, inflation, budget deficits, poverty, crime, and corruption, still remain unresolved. In short, Mongolia’s shock therapy transition appears to be inefficacious. The nation may need to develop policies that take into account the characteristics of their economy and are able to stabilize people’s livelihoods.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v23i1.2423
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2022)
  • China`'s Breakout from Encirclement: Belt and Road Initiative

    • Authors: Erdenechimeg Bor, Narantsatsral Enkhbat
      Pages: 55 - 60
      Abstract: China is a country with unique geographic position surrounded by twenty nations big and small (including Taiwan) around its periphery. China`s greatest security concern has always been a strategic encirclement – its neighbors aligning with one another or with strong powers such as the United States to isolate China. How does this sense of encirclement influence China’s strategic behavior' China`s central geographic position between Russia and the United States makes it hard for Beijing to maneuver its foreign policy in the region. Thus, China`s current leader came up with the idea of implementing a project, a modern version of the ancient Silk Road, whose specific function is to link countries of the world by the different types of infrastructure. Emerging as a feature of China`s so-called peaceful development, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a manifestation of its aspiration for connecting itself to the countries of the great Afro-Eurasian landmass by railroads, highways, shipping routes and communication networks. This article portrays the BRI as Chinese strategy of a breakout from encirclement. It argues that China is employing the BRI to pursue its strategic interests of enhancing its influence in its peripheral areas and extending its strategic reach further beyond its traditional periphery by gaining control over strategically important lands and ports.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.5564/mjia.v23i1.2432
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2022)
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Heriot-Watt University
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