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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0125-9695 - ISSN (Online) 2338-3453
Published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Back Matter

    • Authors: Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 03:30:14 SE A
       
  • Peran Kader Koordinator Jumantik dalam Sosialisasi Program Gerakan Satu
           Rumah Satu Jumantik (G1R1J) di Kelurahan Patih Galung, Kota Prabumulih,
           Sumatera Selatan

    • Authors: Indah Margarethy; Milana Salim, Marini Marini
      Abstract: The One House One Jumantik Movement Program (G1R1J) involves the family as the smallest social unit in society in controlling dengue fever. G1R1J socialization in Prabumulih City was carried out in 2019, namely in Patih Galung Village. The role of the jumantik coordinator cadre in implementing a program is very important, especially in socialization in the community. This study aims to determine the perception of the jumantik coordinator cadre on the G1R1J and DHF programs that can affect the behavior of the community in implementing the G1R1J program in their environment. Data was collected by means of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. The informants of this research are jumantik coordinator cadres in Patih Galung Village. The data is processed based on thematic analysis with the Health Belief Model (HBM) approach. The results of this study describe the role of the jumantik coordinator in disseminating G1R1J to the community, which is strongly influenced by the presence of community leaders who also act as jumantik coordinators, coupled with the jumantik coordinator's understanding of the concepts of DHF and G1R1J and the benefits of the G1R1J program itself. Lack of response or rejection from some communities can have an impact on the motivation of cadres to carry out their roles. For this reason, external support is needed in the form of assistance either by health workers as a reference source of health information, as well as from regional stakeholders, such as the head of the RT, Lurah or Camat to the jumantik coordinator to maintain the motivation and confidence that has been formed.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 SE A
       
  • Gambaran Tingkat Latihan Fisik Jemaah Haji sebelum Keberangkatan di
           Kabupaten Lumajang, Provinsi Jawa Timur, Tahun 2017

    • Authors: Chandra Rudyanto
      Abstract: Abstract Adequate health condition urgently required by pilgrims because pilgrimage process involves a very heavy physical activity.  Hajj pilgrims with good physical fitness  classified as pilgrims who fulfill health istiţā'ah.  Participation of  pilgrims in a fitness improvement program could be observed through physical exercise behaviour. This study aimed to describe the level of pilgrims’physical exercise in Lumajang District and analyse the relationship between the characteristics, knowledge, and attitudes of the pilgrims with physical exercise.  This research used a quantitative method with a cross sectional design. Primary data collected through a survey from 185 respondents. Data analysis was performed using a statistical test of multiple logistic regression. The results showed that most of the pilgrims (61.8%) had high knowledge of physical exercise. More than 86 % of pilgrims have a supportive attitude towards physical exercise. In conclusion, this study found there was no significant relationship between knowledge and attitudes with physical exercise (p>0.05). Participation in physical exercise of pilgrims showed that 12,9% of pilgrims have a good and very good level of physical exercise. Physical exercise behavior provides an indication of the active participation of pilgrims in hajj health improvement program before departure. It was recommended that the the measurement of the level of physical exercise that took into account the factors of frequency, duration and intensity could be part of the policy on hajj health management in Indonesia.  
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 SE A
       
  • Hubungan Tingkat Penerimaan diri dengan Tingkat Kepatuhan Minum Obat
           Pasien Lupus di Yayasan Kupu Parahita Indonesia

    • Authors: Rizqinda Lailatul Lestari; Tina Handayani Nasution, Ahmad Hasyim Wibisono, Miftakhul Jannah, Ulfi Nur Widiyanti, Elvira Sari Dewi
      Abstract: Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that can become a bio-psycho-socio-economic-culture-spiritual burden for individuals because its complex treatment and management. Self-acceptance and adherence to medication are the keys in lupus management. Purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-acceptance level of lupus patients and their medication adherence level. The study was designed using a correlational study with a cross sectional approach. About 92 lupus patient respondents at Kupu Parahita Indonesia Foundation who went to the Saiful Anwar Hospital Malang were selected using purposive sampling according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Respondents were asked to fill out a modified Acceptance of Illness questionnaire to measure patient self-acceptance level and the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale 8 (MMAS-8) to assess drug adherence level. From the 92 respondents, it was found that 37% had a high level of self-acceptance, 52.2% were moderate, and 10.8% were low. Adherence medication level in 92 respondents showed 51.1% high, 38.1% moderate, and 10.8% low. Spearman test results showed a significant relationship between self-acceptance level and medication adherence level (p=0.001, r=0.355). This value indicates the strength of the weak relationship and the direction of the positive correlation between self-acceptance and medication adherence. Conclusion, the higher of self-acceptance level of lupus patients, the higher medication adherence level.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 SE A
       
  • Hubungan Karakteristik Demografi dengan Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku
           terhadap Pencegahan Covid-19 pada Pasien Rawat Jalan

    • Authors: Heru Muryawan; Dian Yusnita, Muyassaroh Muyassaroh
      Abstract: Abstract Education is one of the factors that influence a person's knowledge, thereby increasing human attitudes and behavior for the better. Public knowledge about Covid-19 is very important so that prevention of Covid-19 can be done to reduce the number of incidents. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between education level and knowledge, attitudes and behavior of patients on the prevention of Covid-19. This study is a descriptive analytic study on patients aged 18-66 years in the outpatient installation of Merpati RSUP Dr. Kariadi in June 2020 using a validated questionnaire. The number of samples determined was 186. Sampling was carried out by consecutive sampling. Data analysis with Chi Square test. Significant results if p<0.05. There were 186 respondents, the lowest was 15 years and the highest was 66 years. It was found that the level of education was not related to knowledge (p=0.397) and attitude (p=0.148). There is a relationship between education level and behavior (p=0.003). There is a relationship between knowledge and behavior towards the prevention of transmission of Covid-19 with a value of p=0.025. Behavior is related to attitudes towards preventing the transmission of Covid-19 (p<0.001). Keywords: Covid-19 prevention, knowledge, attitude, behavior. Abstrak   Pendidikan merupakan salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi pengetahuan seseorang sehingga meningkatkan sikap dan perilaku manusia menjadi lebih baik. Pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai covid-19 merupakan hal yang sangat penting agar pencegahan Covid-19 dapat dilakukan untuk menurunkan angka kejadian.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui hubungan tingkat pendidikan denagn pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku pasien terhadap pencegahan covid-19. Penelitian ini bersifat diskriptif analitik yang dilakukan pada pasien usia 18 – 66 tahun di instalasi rawat jalan merpati RSUP Dr. Kariadi bulan juni 2020 dengan menggunakan kuesioner yang sudah divalidasi. Jumlah sampel yang ditentukan sebanyak 186. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara consecutive sampling. Analisis data dengan uji Chi Square. Batas kemaknaan p<0,05. Hasil penelitian di dapatkan 186 responden umur terendah 15 tahun dan tertinggi 66 tahun. Didapatkan tingkat pendidikan tidak berhubungan dengan pengetahuan (p=0,397) maupun sikap(p=0,148). Terdapat hubungan antara tingkat pendidikan dengan perilaku (p=0,003). Terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan perilaku terhadap pencegahan penularan Covid–19 dengan nilai p=0,025. Perilaku berhubungan dengan sikap terhadap pencegahan penularan Covid–19 (p<0,001).    
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 SE A
       
  • Kemajuan Penelitian Pemodelan Prediksi Demam Berdarah Dengue menggunakan
           Faktor Iklim di Indonesia : A Systematic Literature Review

    • Authors: Mamenun Mamenun; Yonny Koesmaryono, Rini Hidayati, Ardhasena Sopaheluwakan, Bambang Dwi Dasanto
      Abstract: Since discovered firstly in 1968, number of cases and areas affected by DHF in Indonesia has been increased. In 2019, dengue cases have found in all provinces within 481 districts/cities (94%). Our research is conducted to analyze the current status and gaps of climate relationship and its modeling to DHF in Indonesia. A systematic searching of literature was carried out through the search engine PubMed and Google Scholar. The method includes determining questions, publication period, keywords, and criteria of literature. Thirty-two literatures have been selected according to the criteria. The study area has covered all provinces in Java, Bali and West Nusa Tenggara, several locations in Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, while the eastern region has still limited study. Spatial and temporal variations were used predominantly at the city with monthly data scale. Relationship analysis between DHF cases and climate/non-climate has been used the Spearman’s and Pearson’s correlation. DHF prediction modeling involves dominant climate parameters such as rainfall, temperature, humidity and non climate parameters using linear/non-linear relationships and static/dynamic models. Climate model development needs to be improved with a narrower spatial resolution and shorter time scale, elevation, mobilization, regional climate, and climate change scenarios to get appropriate model on a specific location.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 SE A
       
  • Kajian Sistem Informasi Tuberkulosis di Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya
           Berdasarkan Pendekatan Sistem

    • Authors: Rizka 'Afifatussalamah; Fariani Syahrul
      Abstract: Sejak tahun 2009 surveilans TB di Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya sudah memanfaatkan sistem informasi tuberkulosis terpadu (SITT). Evaluasi sistem informasi TB diperlukan agar dapat memberikan informasi untuk memecahkan masalah TB secara tepat di Kota Surabaya. Tujuan kajian ini adalah menggambarkan sistem informasi TB di Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya berdasarkan input, proses, dan output. Informan adalah pengelola program TB di Dinas Kesehatan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dan studi dokumen. Analisis data dilakukan dengan USG (Urgency, Seriousness, and Growth) untuk menetapkan prioritas dan Fishbone untuk menentukan akar penyebab masalah. Hasil kajian menunjukkan masih adanya ketidaklengkapan pengisian pada SITT, ketersediaan tenaga dan sarana sudah sesuai,  jaringan internet yang ada masih belum stabil, pedoman yang digunakan sudah sesuai. Tercatat 63 Puskesmas yang ada di Surabaya telah melakukan pencatatan dan pelaporan TB, namun baru 42% Rumah Sakit yang sudah memiliki MoU dengan Dinas Kesehatan yang melakukan pencatatan dan pelaporan TB. Pengelola program masih mengalami kesulitan dalam analisis data TB. SITT yang digunakan saat ini belum bisa memenuhi semua kebutuhan pencatatan dan pelaporan TB terutama dalam analisis data.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 SE A
       
 
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