Publisher: ACT Publishing Group Ltd (Total: 11 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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J. of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Hematology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Nephrology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Neurology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Ophthalmic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dermatological Research     Open Access  
J. of Tumor     Open Access  
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Journal of Respiratory Research
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2412-2424
Published by ACT Publishing Group Ltd Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Immunohistochemical Analyses of Masson Bodies in Organizing Pneumonia
           Pattern in Interstitial Pneumonias

    • Authors: Yuji Ohtsuki, Jiro Fujita, Yasushi Horie, Mitsuko Iguchi, Atsushi Kurabayashi, Mutsuo Furihata
      Abstract: ABSTRACT To clarify the intimate relationship between the formation of Masson bodies (MBs) and alveolar mouths (AMs), we carried out detailed immunohistochemical analyses of MBs from 17 cases with various kinds of pneumonia. The cases comprised idiopathic or secondary organizing pneumonia (OP). Immunohistochemical analyses revealed the heterogeneous components of each MB in each individual case of pneumonia. Initially, the thin epithelial cells of AMs were damaged by endogenous or exogenous stimuli, and tissue exudate, fibrin, cell debris, macrophages, and aspirated materials from the airway were gradually organized revealing continuity with AMs. The MBs comprised surface alveolar epithelial cells, which were extended by the mitoses of the alveolar epithelial cells including those of AMs, and maturational processes, such as Krebs von den Lungen-6(KL-6) and surfactant protein A( SP-A) positivity, occurred on their surfaces. Blood vessels, mesenchymal interstitial cells, fibroblastic cells, and some inflammatory cells extended into the MBs through the AMs. The MBs contained collagen fibers produced by fibroblasts, but not elastic fibers. Myofibroblasts were concentrically arranged in the MBs, which were connected directly with the AMs, and they transformed into collagen fiber-producing fibroblasts. Therefore, AMs may play an important role in the formation of MBs in OP patterns of (interstitial) pneumonia. Key words:Organizing pneumonia, Masson body, Immunohistochemistry, Alveolar mouths
      PubDate: 2021-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2021)
  • Understanding Nutritional Approaches Towards Preventing COVID-19
           Infections and Disease Progression

    • Authors: Kathryn C Stephens, Vimala Alagappan, Ripal Shah
      Abstract: Nutritional and integrative approaches to health have become more widely researched and a strong area of interest for many patients. Ensuring adequate hydration, sufficient caloric intake and consumption of protein-rich foods is also essential to hasten recovery from Covid-19. Certain foods including arginine and processed foods are best avoided if infected with Covid-19. While vaccine campaigns race to slow infection rates and establish herd immunity, the future risk of Covid-19 is still unknown. A better understanding of which foods to eat and avoid in order to minimize Covid-19 infection risk and possibly disease progression may be important for long-term respiratory health.Keywords: Covid-19, diet, vitamins, minerals, immunity 
      PubDate: 2021-04-27
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2021)
  • Oral Care, Inflammatory Cytokines, and Aspiration Pneumonia in Elderly

    • Authors: Yasuyuki Taooka, Takeshi Isobe, Yukari Tsubata, Megumi Hamaguchi, Shunichi Hamaguchi, Junya Inata, Hiroyuki Ito, Yuki Fukushiro
      Abstract: Aspiration pneumonia is one of the major causes of death for elderly persons. In nursing home-associated pneumonia (NHCAP), micro-aspiration, higher mortality, and antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections are well-known problems. In NHCAP cases, several factors on the host side are related to high mortality. The importance of daily oral care in elderly patients with dysphagia is also well recognized. Silent aspiration of bacteria-containing saliva and salivary pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by interdental plaque and periodontitis might stimulate lower respiratory inflammation and lead to aspiration pneumonia. However, the relationship between micro-aspiration and inflammatory cytokines produced in the lower respiratory tract remains uncertain. In this context, oral care, dental care, and the inhibitory effects of dental care on recurrent aspiration pneumonia in elderly persons will be discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2021)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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