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Journal of Selcuk Communication
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2148-2942
Published by Selcuk University Homepage  [6 journals]
  • “Does Anyone Hear Us'”: Representation of Children in Television
           News on Izmir Earthquake

    • Authors: Beste Nigar ERDEM; Açelya KAYNAR
      Abstract: Children's rights have entered the agenda of the world and Turkey in the 20th century. Thus, children's rights have been legally guaranteed by some international regulations, especially the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). In the UNCRC, important functions have been attributed to the media in the protection of children's rights, because the media plays a role in the construction of social reality with the symbolic forms and contents it produces. One of the symbolic forms and contents produced by the media is the news. This study aims to analyze the representation in television news of the two children who were pulled out of the rubble of the Izmir Earthquake on 30 October 2020 and to examine whether children's rights are violated in these news. YouTube was used to choose which television news to include in the research, and 6 news broadcast on SHOW TV, ATV, FOX TV on 2-3 November 2020 were examined with the critical discourse analysis of van Dijk. As a result of the research, it has been determined that the forms of representation and rights violations that we encounter in the news on different topics about children are also present in the earthquake news. In the news, children are reduced to the position of the object of the event, not as the subjects of their own rights. In addition, many stereotypes/myths have been used in the representation of children.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Discussion of Cinematographic Decisions in Lütfi Ömer
           Akad’s Cinema Based on Diyet

    • Authors: Serpil KIREL; Ayten BAŞER YETİMOĞLU
      Abstract: Akad is among the founders of the cinema experience in Turkey. When his filmography is thoroughly examined, his emphasis on Film language and Narrative strategies can be observed. In his film Kanun Namına he positions the camera on the streets and delivers an innovation in storytelling by the use of parallel editing. He handles issues of migration and changes caused by the encounters with the city with a social realistic perspective in his Migration trilogy films: Bride, Wedding and Atonement.In this study the content and statistical analysis methods are utilized in order to comprehend the clues about elements Akad applied while creating his cinematic semantic world and important issues about questioning his work life and relations which are centralized in his filmic narration are conveyed in a cinematic language centered on his film Diyet. The findings from content and statistical analyses method applied to Diyet leads us to the conclusion that Akad predominately uses medium shot scale, camera is on eye level, sometimes applies symbolic narration while visualizing the film language and also it is important for him to create a communication between the audience and the characters by using an alienation effect. It is apparent that Akad is a cinema laborer who meticulously fulfills the responsibility he feels towards providing contribution to the formation of a consciousness about working conditions through his preferences which constitutes the narrative of the film..
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect of FoMO (Fear of Missing Out) on Purchasing Behavior in Public
           Relations Practices

    • Authors: Müge BEKMAN
      Abstract: Technology has been developing rapidly for a very long time, and this development creates new dynamics in all areas of life. Now, there is almost no area independent from the phenomenon of technology and technological tools. In this context, public relations practices also try to influence people’s purchasing behavior through different tools and applications. Since public relations cannot be considered only as a promotional and image activity, the relationship of the issue with purchasing practices is established in this study. On the other hand, people’s buying behavior is influenced by certain methods. The aim of this article is to examine the effect of fear of missing out (FoMO) on developments, which is a new concept in public relations practices, on individuals’ purchasing behavior through the example of Trendyol. In this study, the extent to which the consumer's FoMO on the activities and life experiences of others affects their purchasing behavior is discussed. At the same time, how demographic structure affects purchasing behavior is also examined. The method of the study is structural equation modeling from a statistical point of view. The results of the study show that the increase in the fear of missing out affects purchasing behavior. It has been observed that this does not differ according to gender but differs according to education level and income source.Keywords: Public Relations, Fear of Missing Out (FoMO), Purchasing Behavior
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Indicators of Digital Activism in New Media: A Study on Organizations
           Against Violence Against Women

    • Authors: Zülfiye ACAR ŞENTÜRK; Onur TOS, Ebru DIVRAK
      Abstract: Advances in information communication technologies have enabled activist groups to become interactive. In this context, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), associations, and platforms can effectively utilize the new media platforms Twitter and Instagram in the social movements, announcements, oppositions, and struggles. Especially in Turkey, where violence against women and bad situations such as murder and abuse are on the rise, especially the "Association for Struggle Against Sexual Violence" and "The Girl Alone" platforms appear as organizations that exhibit digital activism movements to draw attention to these issues. In this study, this association and the platform's shares on their official Twitter and Instagram accounts during one and a half months between 1 March and 15 April 2021 were examined. The study aimed to investigate how the Association for Struggle Against Sexual Violence and the Girl Alone Platform use new media in public relations models and determine how they reflect the dialogic communication principles. The code chart prepared for data analysis was created in line with the public relations models of Grunig and Hunt and the dialogic communication principles of Kent and Taylor. In this context, in this study, it is planned to draw a framework from the perspective of public relations regarding the use of new media to the concept of digital activism.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Analysis of the News Published Regarding the Turkish World in the Context
           of Public Diplomacy

    • Authors: Aysel ÇETİNKAYA; M. Özgür SEÇİM
      Abstract: Mass media is one of the primary environments in which public diplomacy, which is seen as a way of creating a positive image of the peoples and intellectuals of different countries and cultural attraction between countries, is maintained. Online news platforms, which are among these tools, are at the center of news production and distribution activities at the international level. While online news platforms allow the execution of journalism activities beyond the boundaries of time and space with their network infrastructure, they are preferred by the readers for reasons such as speed, the structure that allows interaction, easy accessibility and variety of content.The aim of this study are to reveal the framing of the news in Turkmen, Uzbek, Kyrgyz and Kazakh on the TRT Avaz’s website in the context of public diplomacy. In the content analysis for the news in four languages on the TRT Avaz’s website; It has been concluded that general news frames are about human and place interest and responsibility, and news about political/military and cultural public diplomacy are mostly included. In addition, the news intensely conveys monologue and short-term developments to disseminate information about countries.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Semiotic Analysis of Collective Memory Construction in Digital Games

    • Authors: Asiye Ceren BAŞAL YILDIZ
      Abstract: Collective memory is reconstructed through ceremonies, rituals and festivals. These practices can be assumed to be repeated via remembering which bond the societies within the indicators of the past and the present. From the fashion of clothing to places and spheres; from the cultural concept of food and beverages to anatomopolitic practices, all play a different role in reconstructing the concept of collective memory. Remembering is one of the practices that brings the past to the present and this is the way to keep the past alive. The past is remembered through literature, news, films, television serials and games, and it is also reminded through media contents. The rituals of remembrance can be performed in digital spheres as well as physical places. Digital games are assumed to be one of these digital spheres. Starting from this point of view, a digital game called – “The 1979 Revolution Black Friday”, in which the Iranian Islamic Revolution is revived, is examined in this study to reveal how the collective memory of Iran and Iranian Revolution is being constructed. Based on Roland Barthes’ denotation and connotation conceptualizations, the game has been analyzed semiotically in 4 categories: These categories are; daily life, religion, politics and media. In this digital game, it is seen that the Revolution process is being reconstructed through collective memory with prominent indicators of Iran’s daily life practices, religious roots and the political structure of that society.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Textual and Visual Correspondence Between the Novel and the Film: The
           Epistolary Narrative of Love, Simon

    • Authors: Özgür ÇALIŞKAN
      Abstract: Love, Simon (2018) is an American comedy-drama film directed by Greg Berlanti and based on Becky Albertalli's novel Simon vs. the Homo Sapiens Agenda (2015) about the email correspondence between Simon and another male student from his high school. Digital correspondence and Simon's voiceovers form the backbone of the storytelling. Comparing the book and the film, with a particular focus on the written form of communication and the narrator's inner voice, one can observe differences between the textual and visual forms, especially when considering the narrative line. This paper examines how the novel as a text centered on digital correspondence is transformed in the film adaptation. The paper aims to reveal how the role of the narrator changes from novel to film in the context of Plato's mimesis and diegesis. The similarities and differences between the use of text through the narrative line are analyzed within the scope of adaptation theory and poststructuralist textual analysis, and the transformation of mimetic and diegetic epistolary storytelling into diegetic and non-diegetic speeches, sounds and visuals in the film universe. As a result, it has been revealed that the film has mega-textual features in the context of adaptation and correspondence, that it has been adapted to the film without losing the characteristics of the story through intertextuality, that it stands at a point of transmission, that it successfully visualizes the anonymity in correspondence, and that it carries the plot and the identity of the characters to the visual dimension.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Virtue Signaling: A Conceptual Framework

    • Authors: Nihal PAŞALI TAŞOĞLU; Sema ÇAĞLAYAN
      Abstract: Virtue signaling, which has become popular over the last few years, is originally derived from signal theory and refers to a pretentious behavior associated with unreliable signals. This term is the behavior of individuals or organizations to announce their dubious well-intentioned thoughts and beliefs in real life, in an easy way, face-to-face or through various media, with the aim of being perceived in a sensitive, virtuous and responsible manner in the eyes of the society. In this study, it is aimed to define the concept of virtue signaling in detail, to determine how this concept is exhibited in various applications, thus to expand the Turkish literature. The literature review technique was used in the study. As a result of the research, it has been understood that the virtue signaling behavior is exhibited through many common activities carried out under three main categories as individual, organizational and political. The concept of virtue signaling has passed into Turkish as a slang usage. The authors of this study suggest the use of another phrase that is thought to be more appropriate to use both in daily life and in the academic field, and which will not overshadow the careful use of the Turkish language. Since it is a new term, the scope of studies on this subject is limited. In the Turkish literature, however, there are no studies dealing with this term comprehensively. This study, which is prepared as a compilation, is expected to contribute to the domestic literature.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Analysis of Disinformation and Bot Accounts Under the Hashtag
           #Darbeyehayir (Nocoup)

    • Authors: Semra DEMİRDİŞ
      Abstract: Existing research on fabricated content on social media demonstrates the use of Twitter as a means to disseminate manipulative content (through bots and other means). This article examines Twitter content under the hashtag #darbeyehayir (NoCoup) and provides information about the spread of online manipulated content, specifically related to disinformation and social bot accounts’ features under the hashtag. This study looks at the content created and posted through Twitter during the failed coup attempt that occurred on 15th July 2016 in Turkey The aim of the study is to examine disinformation content within 10,953 tweets that were disseminated to influence online conversations around the ‘coup’ attempt. The study applies a quantitative approach by using the software programme of Discover Text. Examination of Twitter content at that time showed that the protests following the coup attempt were often reported in the form of disinformation, which includes manipulated and fabricated content. Tweet content that included disinformation demonstrated that Twitter users shared information related to events with no sources or explanation. In addition, the tweets containing disinformation were retweeted by others who probably accepted the disinformation as real. The analysis of Twitter content suggested that bot accounts were likely created to manipulate and deceive Twitter users by spreading false information or news under the hashtag.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Traditional Media in Risk Communication: Analysis of Newspaper News on the
           Sample of Earthquake Disasters

    • Authors: Ali Murat VURAL; Hatun BOZTEPE TAŞKIRAN, Süleyman TÜRKOĞLU, Mehmet SARI, Taylan MARAL, Recep Kutluay KESKİN, Emre KOPARAN, Betül YÜNCÜOĞLU, Mehmet GÜLNAR, Mahmut Enes AĞCA, Hülya ŞAHİN, Türkay Türkan ÜNLÜ
      Abstract: The media, which plays an important role in shaping citizens' knowledge of natural disasters and perceptions of risk, is an integral part of risk and disaster management. Risk communication activities carried out through the media concerning earthquakes, -which are one of the highest risk factors that Turkey is exposed to- determine the nature of important social and communicative processes. The fact that the news media is among the main sources of reference for risk information requires an investigation of the media as a means of risk communication. Based on this perspective, in this study content analysis was applied to Istanbul and Izmir earthquake news through the sample of Sabah, Hürriyet, Sözcü, Posta, Milliyet and Türkiye newspapers with the highest circulation based on the data of the Basın İlan Kurumu (Press Advertising Agency) (2021). Within the scope of the study, qualitative research was carried out between the time period when the earthquake was not on the country's agenda and the periods when the disaster occurred and took an important place on the agenda. The study found out that, the media directed almost all of its attention to the earthquake only after the occurrence of it. In addition, the actors who gave explanations and information about the earthquake varied according to the social effects of the earthquake. In the context of risk management, it has been also concluded that the forms of news about earthquakes have similar frameworks.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Place in the Past, a Moment in the Present: An Analysis on the
           Experience of Going to the Cinema in Eskişehir in the 1990’s with Oral
           History

    • Authors: Melek ÖZKAR
      Abstract: From 1895 until today, many people have had the experience of going to the cinema. It can be said that this experience is lived by adhering to instant decisions and sometimes to a program. The experience of going to the movies varies by day, week, month, and especially year. This variable structure can be understood with an oral history study, which can reveal the memories of going to the cinema. The aim of this study, which was carried out within the framework of the oral history method, is to reveal the perceptions of the cinema venues and their experiences of going to the cinema by reaching the memories of the people who had the experience of going to the cinema in Eskişehir in the 1990’s. The problem of the study is to determine within the framework of which common themes these experiences are mostly lived. The study is important in that it conveys the experience of going to the cinema in Eskişehir in the 1990’s, based on the discourses of the people who had this experience, and that such a study for Eskişehir has not been included before. In the study, a total of 24 people were interviewed, and their experiences of going to the movies in those years were examined. As a result of the examination, it has been understood that there are important cinema venues that do not exist today, but that were the pioneers of socialization in those years, and that the situations specific to the 1990’s were included in the memories of going to the cinema.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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