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Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2147-5652
Published by Selcuk University Homepage  [6 journals]
  • The Mediation Role of Yoga in The Relationship Between Personality Types
           and Anxiety/Depression

    • Authors: Didem TETİK KÜÇÜKELÇİ
      Abstract: This study intends to put forward the results of the mediating effect of yoga on tendency of individuals to anxiety and depression according to personality types. Personality Types Scale (Big5), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Yoga Self-Efficacy Scale (YSES) were used within the scope of the study. A survey was conducted with 165 participants practicing yoga, who were in Istanbul between August-2019 and December-2019, for the study. SPSS 22.00 and AMOS 22.00 package programs were used to analyze the data obtained from the participants. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was applied to each scale within the scope of investigation of the construct validity of the scales. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients of the scales were calculated to perform the reliability analysis. These values are (.786), (.805) and (.875) for Big5, HADS, and YSES, respectively, and each of the scales has a high confidence level. Afterwards, the mediating effect of YSE Scale was investigated with the AMOS program and the results obtained were re-evaluated with the Sobel Test. It appears that yoga has complete mediation effects between HADS and personality types. Yoga practices of people reduce their tendency to anxiety and depression.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Social Reflections of the Employment of Recreation Specialists in Turkey

    • Authors: Elif BİROL; Sefa Şahan BİROL
      Abstract: Recreation specialists are crucial when helping to disseminate recreation to both the needs of the individual and the society. The aim of this study is to examine the increase in employment rates of recreation specialists in Turkey, looking specifically at the economic, social, and psychological dimensions. This research is structured using qualitative research methods and techniques and is designed as theoretical analytical research. A document analysis approach was used when collecting qualitative data, while a descriptive analysis approach was used in the solution of the data. In addition, a reflection on where the research was conducted was discussed within the scope of a potential increase in employment of recreation specialists and the impact it would have on the economic, social, and psychological dimensions of Turkey.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Determination of Awareness Towards Olympic Concepts of National Athletes
           Who Students in Dücze University Sport Sciences Faculty

    • Authors: Ömer SİVRİKAYA; Mensur PEHLİVAN
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the awareness towards olympic concepts of national athletes who students in Dücze University Sport Sciences Faculty. The research is a descriptive research and phenomenological design has been used. In the research, the method of "easily accessible situation sampling" was preferred. The study group of the research consists of nine national athletes from different branches studying at Düzce University in the 2015-2016 academic year. The data were collected using the interview technique. In the research, 11 questions were asked to the participants in order to measure their awareness of the Olympic concepts. The coding process was carried out by examining the data summarized and interpreted in the descriptive analysis in more detail. After the data was encoded, similar data were brought together and themed. As a result, It was observed that the knowledge level of national athletes participating in the study about the Olympics was not at the level expected from elite athletes. In addition to the elite performance training given to national athletes, it has become clear that training to raise awareness about the Olympics has emerged.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The effect of Futsal Training on the Speed, Agility, and Anaerobic Power
           of Male Children Aged 12-14 Years Old

    • Authors: Akın BALCIOĞLU; Bilal BİÇER
      Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of 6-week futsal training on the speed, agility, and anaerobic power of male children aged 12-14 years old. A total of 20 male students from Ayşe Fitnat Middle School voluntarily participated in this study. Their mean age was 13.50±0.51 years, the mean length was 1.61±0.06 meters, the mean weight was 50.23±8.43 kg, and the mean body-mass index was 19.42±2.74 kg/m2. Ten participants were assigned to participate in futsal training, and the other 10 formed a control group. The research was designed as an experiment that included a pre-test and post-test within the control and experimental groups. The experimental group (Futsal) participated in a 6-week futsal training with 3 days a week and an hour a day of practice. To evaluate both groups' physical and motor capacities, length, weight, body-mass index, 20m-sprint test, agility test, vertical jump test, and anaerobic power tests were applied. All statistical analyses were performed by IBM SPSS 23.0 computer program. The level of significance was set as p<0.05. There was a statistically significant difference in the experimental group's pre-test and post-test values in the 20 m sprint test, agility, vertical jump, and anaerobic power measurements (p<0.05). However, no statistical significance was determined in the control group. Post-test results between the experimental and control groups revealed that the experimental group significantly had better 20 m sprint, agility, and vertical jump scores than the control group (p<0.05). Even though there was no significant difference in anaerobic power between the two groups, the experimental group had substantially higher values compared to the control group. As a result, it can be concluded that 6-week futsal training three days a week and an hour a day can improve the speed, agility, and anaerobic power among male children aged between 12 and 14 years old.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of Aggression Levels of Secondary School Students Studying
           in Public and Private Schools, Playing and Non-Sports

    • Authors: Ayşegül ÇELİK; İbrahim BOZKURT
      Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the aggression levels of secondary school students studying in public and private schools with various sub-dimensions. While the secondary education institutions in Konya constitute the universe of the research, the sample group consisted of a total of 1200 students, 600 male and 600 female, studying in 6 private and 9 state secondary education institutions located in the central districts of Konya. The schools where we conduct our study are secondary education institutions with the status of science high school, anatolian high school, sports high school and vocational high school. Personal information form was used for the socio-demographic information of the students, and the aggression inventory consisting of 30 items and the reliability of which was developed by İpek İlter KiPER was used to determine the aggression levels.For our study, Cronbach's Alpha value was determined as 0.87 for all of the items in the aggression inventory, while the Cronbach's Alpha value was determined as 0.81 for the Destructive aggression sub-dimension, 0.80 for the Assertiveness sub-dimension, and 0.79 for the Passive Aggression sub-dimension. In the examinations made, statistically significant differences were observed between the groups according to school types, gender, grade level and age. As a result; It has been observed that students studying in private schools are more aggressive than students studying in public schools. In general, it was concluded that while assertiveness and destructive aggression were high in the groups, passive aggression was low. In summary, it can be said that sports increase assertiveness and destructive aggression and decrease passive aggression.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Self-Handicapping and Its Value in Sports

    • Authors: Yetkin Utku KAMUK
      Abstract: Self-handicapping can be defined as an effort to voluntarily create excuses that an individual can use in case of potential failure. Self-handicapping behavior, which can be manifested either behaviorally or verbally, helps protecting the self-esteem of the individual in short-term, but causes psychological/social problems if used frequently. Studies on self-handicapping in the literature are generally concentrated in the academic field. The method used in this study was reviewing th original articles related to the topc self-handicapping and sports. There are frequent studies on self-handicapping levels of academic staff, students and teachers. This study was carried out to examine the studies on self-handicapping in the field of sports. The number of studies in the field of sports is limited. In studies investigating which variables were affected by self-handicapping, it was seen that sociodemographic variables did not affect the level of self-handicapping, but there was a controversion in the gender variable because there were conflicting findings regarding the effect of gender on self-handicapping levels. There were also studies reporting that self-handicapping was associated with self-esteem and examined it. It was reported that self-esteem had a negative correlation with self-handicapping, and individuals with high self-esteem tended to have low self-handicapping behavior. In the sports performances, the value attributed by the individual to this performance (competition or performance test) affected the self-handicapping tendency of the athlete. As the importance of performance increased, the tendency of athletes to self-hadicapping also increased. In team sports, athletes' tendency to claimed self-handicapping behavior may lead to negative consequences such as exclusion of athletes from the team. It was concluded that the studies on self-handicapping in sports focused on athletes and referees, but there were no studies investigating the self-handicapping tendencies of coaches. Studies on disabled athletes were limited. It was considered that increasing the number of studies conducted in the field of sports, especially on disabled athletes and trainers, would fill the gap in this field.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Examining the Relationship Between Dynamic Balance Skill and Reactive
           Agility Performance in Karate Athletes

    • Authors: Tuğba KOCAHAN; Hamitcan GÜRASLAN, Banu KABAK, Adnan HASANOĞLU, Bihter AKINOĞLU
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between dynamic balance ability and reactive agility performance in karate athletes. A total of 53 karate athletes, 19 females (35.8%) 34 males (64.2%), (mean age: 18.02 ± 1.60 years, mean height 172.13 ± 7.59 cm; mean body weight 64.83 ± 9.75 kg) were included. Dynamic balance ability was tested in three directions: anterior, posterolateral and posteromedial using the "Y Balance Test" platform. Reactive agility performance was evaluated in a SpeedCourt ™ system in a closed space. Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis was used according to the distribution status to examine the relationship between the variables. Statistical error level was determined as p<0.05. It was determined that there was a positively weak and moderate correlation between the dynamic balance ability of the athletes and their reactive agility performance (r = 0.273 / 0.565, p <0.05). As a result of our study, it was determined that karate athletes with good dynamic balance ability had good agility performance. Having good dynamic balance skill indicates that the athlete has less postural oscillation and more stabilization. We think that this situation will contribute to better reactive agility activities that require constant change of direction. As a result of our study, it is recommended to consider dynamic balance elements in improving reactive agility performance in karate athletes.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Comparison Of Outdoor and Indoor Playground Qualifications of State and
           Private Kindergartens: Case of Malatya Province

    • Authors: Mehmet GÜLLÜ; Ecesu ÖZCAN
      Abstract: In this study, it is aimed to contribute to the determination of the most appropriate spatial dimensions by comparing the dimensions of the indoor and outdoor playgrounds in private kindergartens and public kindergartens in Malatya. In this study, document analysis method was used. When the research findings are examined, it is seen that although there are not specifically multi-purpose halls in public schools other than classrooms, the playgrounds of public kindergartens have large areas where students can engage in activities comfortably compared to private institutions. Again, it has been found that public kindergartens have larger areas in indoor playgrounds compared to private kindergartens regarding quotas, in terms of quota based area measurements.In future research, applying motor skill tests to children studying in public kindergartens and private kindergartens, which have two different service standards, will provide detailed and targeted answers about field competencies from the results achieved.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect of Different Training Methods on Aerobic Performance and Some
           Respiratory Parameters in Young Soccer Players

    • Authors: Veysel BÖGE; Suleyman PATLAR
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of different training methods on aerobic performance and respiratory parameters in young soccer players.For this purpose, fourty healthy young male soccer players participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 16,72± 1,09 years, their average height was 172,45± 5,56 cm and their body weight average was 62,79± 8,91 kg. The study protocol was approved by the Selcuk University Faculty of Sport Sciences Ethics Committee. Different training methods applied in the study were applied in addition to routine training programs 3 times a week for 8 weeks. Fourty soccer players who participated in the study were divided into 5 groups as the control group (CG), small sided games (SSG), transition in SSG (TSSG), high intensity interval training (HIIT) and low intensity continuous training (LICT) groups. Three measurements were made for aerobic performance (VO2max), lactate levels and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). And also, two measurements were applied for respiratory parameters.As a result, significantly increased the VO2max levels of the other groups except the SSG group. LICT significantly decreased lactate levels. RPE were found to be significantly higher in the HIIT in all three measures. It provided significant increases in forve vital capacity (FVC) and the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) levels of LICT and HIIT groups. There was a significant decrease in the FEV1/FVC levels of the LICT and the peak expiratory flow (PEF) levels of the HIIT. As a result, different trainings applied for eight weeks significantly improved aerobic performance and decreased lactate levels. It resulted in different changes in RPE levels and respiratory parameters.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Process Assessment of Fencer's Parents within the scope of the
           Covid-19 Normalization Steps

    • Authors: Yusuf BARSBUĞA
      Abstract: The objective of this study is to measure and construe the opinions of the parents of athletes who are actively participating in competitions in our country and who are licensed by the Turkish Fencing Federation for the 2019-2020 season, regarding the organizations to be planned and the issues to be paid attention, within the scope of the Covid-19 normalization steps. The study group comprises 410 parents in total who take place on the list of licensed athlete parents of the Turkish Fencing Federation in 2019-2020.An online data collection form was used as a data collection tool in this study, which was structured through the qualitative research method. The survey form, which was drawn up by the researcher by taking expert opinion, consisting of a total of nine questions, and devised to learn the opinions of the participants on the subject matter of the study, includes multiple-choice and open-ended question types. In this study conducted in collaboration with the Turkish Fencing Federation, the respondents answered the questionnaire online via the website of the respective federation and took part in the study voluntarily. Consent regarding the study was presented in the “Remarks'' section of the form to the participants for approval. In the analysis process of the data obtained, the data analysis program called MAXQDA Analytics Pro 2018 (Release 18.2.4) (Professional Data Analysis Software for Qualitative and Mixed Methods) was used. While closed-ended questions were summarized by indicating percentages, the content analysis method was used in the process of analyzing open-ended question and answer reports. The data obtained were visualized with the help of frequency tables and code maps. Finally, some of the opinions of the participants, which were coded, were directly conveyed by interpreting the findings obtained through the tables and code maps. For this study, an approval was received from the Ethics Committee for Non-Invasive Clinical Research of the School of Sport Sciences of Seljuk University.It was determined as a result of the study that the Covid-19 pandemic that poses impacts on the entire world affects the attitudes of parents of athletes to participate in organizations. In the activities planned to be organized, the sub-codes like attending without an audience, open-air competitions, provision of spaciousness and ventilation means in the selection of a competition hall, and risk approval notification are classified. In addition, arrangements for the priorities of the parents of athletes in the organizations to be held within the scope of the Covid-19 normalization steps of the respective federation were ensured by presenting the Turkish Fencing Federation with the report drawn up as a result of the study.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Determined of Relationship Between Team Cohesion and Effective
           Communication Skill Levels in Volleyball Players

    • Authors: Burkay CEVAHİRCİOĞLU; Ebru ŞENEL, Kaan KARAKUŞ
      Abstract: The aim of this research is the determined of relationship between team cohesion and effective communication skill levels in volleyball players. In the study, a descriptive relational survey model was used. The study group consists of 193 athletes, as 143 females and 50 males. For the " Group Environment Questionnaire,", " Scale for Effective Communication in Team Sports" and personal information form were used as data collection tools. In the analysis phase; it was determined that the data showed normal distribution, Independent Sample T-Test, One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test was applied for comparisons between groups. The relationship between Group Environment and Effective Communication levels was determined by Pearson's Analysis. The analysis results showed that; there was no significant difference according to gender, position and year of sport in the Group Environment Questionnaire. There was significant difference according to marital status in the Group Environment-Task. In the Scale for Effective Communication in Team Sports; There was no significant difference according to gender and position. There was significant difference found according to age and marital status variable in the effective communication. There was significant difference according to year of sport in discrimination-negative conflict scores. As a result of the correlation analysis, there was a positive and moderate relationship between team cohesion with effective communication. However, it was determined that there was no significant correlation between team cohesion and sub-dimension scores and discrimination-negative conflict scores. In this regard, it is foreseen that the cooperation of club technical members-athlete and including in-club social activities will be a supportive factor.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
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