Publisher: Mattioli 1885 srl (Total: 9 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

Showing 1 - 9 of 9 Journals sorted by number of followers
European J. of Oncology and Environmental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Bio Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 1)
La Medicina del Lavoro     Partially Free   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.765, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Practical & Conceptual     Open Access  
Confinia Cephalalgica et Neurologica     Open Access  
Medicina Historica     Open Access  
Mediterranean J. of Hematology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (SJR: 0.506, CiteScore: 1)
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La Medicina del Lavoro
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.299
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Partially Free Journal Partially Free Journal
ISSN (Print) 0025-7818
Published by Mattioli 1885 srl Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Commentary to “Mortality from bladder cancer in dyestuff workers exposed
           to aromatic amines: a 73-year follow-up” by C. Ciocan et al.

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      Authors: Benedetto Terracini, Catalina Ciocan, Alessandro Godono, Enrico Pira, Nicolò Franco, Carlo La Vecchia, Eva Negri, Paolo Boffetta
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Zero excess risk from exposure to genotoxic carcinogens: how long does it
           take after exposure cessation'

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      Authors: La Redazione
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.23749/mdl.v113i5.13735
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms among young
           orthopedics during the surgical practice: an intervention study

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      Authors: Barbara Cacciatori, Raffaele Schiattarella, Francesca Larese Filon
      Abstract: Background: Work-related muscle-skeletal symptoms (WRMS) represent a substantial social and economic impact on the way of work and have a high incidence in surgeons. In the literature, several studies address the impact of WRMS in surgeons performing gynecological, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery, but there are no studies in the field of orthopedic surgery. This pilot study aims to assess the effectiveness of a preventive program to reduce pain. Methods: All workers filled in a standardized questionnaire, and postoperative pain in the operating room was quantified using a numeric scale (NAS). The intervention group followed ergonomic principles in the operating room supervised by a physiotherapist and specific physical exercises before and after surgery. Data were analyzed using the statistical program STATA rel. 14.0. Results: Twenty-one surgeons were assigned to intervention groups and thirty-three to controls. At baseline, the two groups were homogeneous for anthropometric factors, and controls were older and with higher work seniority. Pain perception resulted in high in both groups in many body districts. At follow-up, after three months, the intervention group significantly reduced pain perception in all body districts for the lumbar back, knees, ankles and feet (p<0.05). In the control group, pain perception increased in all body districts investigated. Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of WRMS in young orthopedic surgeons, and we demonstrated the effectiveness of a preventive program through targeted ergonomic education and exercises for the most affected body districts.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.23749/mdl.v113i5.13212
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Incidence of malignant mesothelioma and asbestos exposure in the
           Emilia-Romagna region, Italy

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      Authors: Lucia Mangone, Cinzia Storchi, Carmine Pinto, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Isabella Bisceglia, Antonio Romanelli
      Abstract: Background: The aim of this study is to describe the incidence of malignant mesothelioma (MM) and asbestos exposure in an Italian region in the period 1996-June 2021. Methods: The study included cases with microscopic confirmation and those with instrumental confirmation. For each case, information on sex, age, tumour site, morphology and date of diagnosis was collected, along with details of exposure to asbestos. Results: 3,097 cases of MM (2,233 males and 864 females) were registered: 90.8% with microscopic confirmation. A total of 2,840 cases involved the pleura (92%), 230 cases the peritoneum (7%), and a small number of cases the pericardium and testis (9 and 18, respectively). Most cases (78.0%) occurred after 65 years of age, while only 1.5% concerned individuals with age < 45 years. The standardized incidence rate for the entire period (adjusted to the 2000 Italian standard population and calculated per 100,000 person-years) was equal to 3.9 in males and 1.4 in females, and the trend showed an increase with age in both sexes. Concerning asbestos exposure, 79.7% of cases were exposed (86.7% males and 60.1% females). In 70.3%, exposure was occupational (83.4% males and 33.2% females), while 20.7% of females and 0.8% of males had familial exposure. Building construction, rolling stock manufacture/repair and metalworking were the most prevalent economic activities associated with occupational exposure. Conclusions:This study offers an overview of MM in an Italian region characterized by high incidence and high exposure due to its particular production activities.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.23749/mdl.v113i5.13312
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Long-term COVID symptoms, work ability and fitness to work in healthcare
           workers hospitalized for Sars-CoV-2 infection

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      Authors: Marco Mendola, Marco Leoni, Ylenia Cozzi, Andrea Manzari, Fabio Tonelli, Francesca Metruccio, Luca Tosti, Vera Battini, Isabella Cucchi, Maria Cristina Costa, Paolo Carrer
      Abstract: Background: COVID-19 can affect the persistence of symptoms and work ability (WA), hence the fitness to work of healthcare workers (HCW). We describe the effects of COVID-19 in hospitalized HCWs of a large Hospital in Lombardy and their implications on WA and fitness to work. Methods: Fifty-six HCWs of Fatebenefratelli-Sacco Hospital have been hospitalized for COVID-19 since March 2020. Clinical and fitness-to-work data were acquired from Occupational Health Surveillance Program. A structured questionnaire was administered to 53/56 HCWs 18 months after infection to investigate Long-COVID symptoms and WA. Results: Symptoms most reported at recovery (rhino-pharyngeal swab-NPS-negative) were exertional dyspnea (86.8%), asthenia (86.8%), arthro-myalgia (71.7%), sleep disorders (64.2%), resting dyspnea (62.3%), cough (56.6%). 69.6% underwent evaluation at out-patient clinics experienced in Long-COVID. Ten months after recovery, symptoms related to physical well-being decreased while memory and anxiety/depression were more persistent. At recovery, the WA score decreased from 10 to 8, and then an improvement from 8 to 9 was noted during the survey. At the return-to-work examination, fit-to-work judgements with restrictions increased from 31.4% to 58.7%; then, a slight decrease in the rate of judgements with restrictions was observed at the survey’s time. Conclusion: Post-COVID-19 symptoms can persist for a long time and could impact WA and fitness-to-work of HCW. Adequate health surveillance protocols should guarantee the health protection of HCW with persistent disorders after COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.23749/mdl.v113i5.13377
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
  • The simultaneous exposure to heat and whole-body vibration on some motor
           skill functions of city taxi drivers

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      Authors: Seyed Zahra Aghamiri, Mohsen Aliabadi, Maryam Farhadian, Rostam Golmohammadi, Masoud Shafiee Motlagh
      Abstract: Background: Driving requires sensory-motor abilities in unpredictable and complex driving scenarios. This experimental study aimed to investigate the combined effects of exposure to whole-body vibration and heat on motor skill functions of city taxi drivers. Methods: This study was conducted using a driving simulator on 30 male taxi drivers. The drivers were exposed to five exposure conditions set by a single or combined exposure of two air temperatures (24 and 30 °C) and two vibration levels (0.5, 1 m/s2). Motor skill functions, including body balance, hand grip strength, and perceived fatigue, were measured using a force plate, dynamometer, and Borg CR-10 questionnaire. Results: The separate exposure to heat did not modify balance and hand grip strength, but its combined exposure to vibration affected balance and grip strength. The effect sizes of heat, vibration, and heat + vibration on balance were respectively 0.003, 0.23, and 0.441. Vibration exposure made the most significant mean differences in hand grip strength compared with the other scenarios. The separate effect of heat on drivers’ perceived fatigue was comparable to vibration. The combined exposure to heat and vibration aggravated the perceived fatigue associated with exposure to heat and vibration alone. Conclusion: Vibration mainly affects the driver’s postural equilibrium, handgrip strength, and fatigue. The heat exposure alone did not have any remarkable effects on the balance responses and handgrip strength; however, it significantly increased the drivers’ perceived fatigue. Exposure to heat can aggravate the effects of vibration on motor skills with a synergistic interaction.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.23749/mdl.v113i5.13432
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Ocular health among industrial workers: a prevalence study of foreign body
           injury, refractive error, dry eye, pterygium and pingueculae

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      Authors: İbrahim Ethem Ay, Murat Demirezen, Yiğit Şenol, Ayşen Til
      Abstract: Background: Workplaces play a critical role in developing ocular diseases, owing to the risk of accidents. This study aimed to evaluate the ocular health of industrial workers by determining the prevalence of foreign body injury, refractive error, dry eye, and pterygium/pingueculae, as well as the factors influencing these diseases. Methods: This study involved on-site examinations of workers from an industrial area hosting marble processing factories and metal sectors. Data such as refractive error, foreign body injury-related corneal nephelium, pterygium/pingueculae presence, and Schirmer test-assisted dry eye evaluation were all collected. Results: The average age of workers was 35.78±10.05 years, with a female-to-male ratio of 20:220. The majority of workers had completed primary school (56.3%), smoked >1 cigarette/day (57.6%), and did not use any assistive devices for bodily functions (88.3%). On average, working hours/week were 55.07±8.79, and working years were 5.99±7.00. Dry eyes were found in 31 (22%), and 35 (34%) marble and metal workers, respectively (p=0.042). 11 (7.9%) marble workers and 29 (28%) metal workers had foreign body ocular injury-related corneal nephelium (p=0.0001). Furthermore, pterygium/pingueculae were revealed in 17 marble workers (12.3%) and three metal workers (3%) (p=0.009). Conclusions: Ocular health is essential, and routine ocular health screening in industrial workers, as well as workplace safety measures, should be implemented to prevent potential occupational accidents.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.23749/mdl.v113i5.13350
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Developing a Decision Aid Tool for selecting pen-paper observational
           ergonomics techniques: a quasi-experimental study

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      Authors: Abdolhamid Tajvar, Hadi Daneshmandi, Mozhgan Seif, Hossein Parsaei, Alireza Choobineh
      Abstract: Background: A significant error that may occur during ergonomic risk assessment and invalidate assessment reliability corresponds to technique selection. This study aimed to develop a new tool called the Decision Aid Tool (DAT) to reduce pen-paper observational technique selection errors. Methods: This quasi-experiment before-after study was performed in three phases. In the first phase, the participants’ skills in technique selection were examined by showing them 20 videos of different single-task jobs. In the second phase, the DAT was designed using pen-paper observational techniques. Finally, in the third phase, 115 occupational health specialists included in the study through purposive sampling of experts evaluated the tool’s efficacy. Results: The results of the first phase showed that 62% of participants made an error in selecting the proper technique. The mean and standard deviation scores from the first and third phases were 11.4 ± 6.59 and 39.01 ±1.89, respectively. The mean scores increased significantly after using DAT, and 97.5% of participants could correctly select task techniques. Conclusions: The efficacy of DAT was confirmed in a quasi-experimental before-and-after study. Using DAT increases the participants’ ability to choose the correct technique. The DAT can be functional for practitioners to select the pen-paper observational techniques correctly under the purpose of assessment, the body areas, and the characteristics of the task to be assessed.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.23749/mdl.v113i5.13361
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
  • Updated estimates of excess total mortality in Italy during the
           circulation of the BA.2 and BA.4-5 Omicron variants: April-July 2022

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      Authors: Gianfranco Alicandro, Alberto Giovanni Gerli, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Stefano Centanni, Carlo La Vecchia
      Abstract: Background: The impact of new lineages and sub-lineages of Omicron on total and excess mortality is largely unknown. This study aims to provide estimates of excess mortality during the circulation of the Omicron variant in Italy updated to July 2022. Methods: Over-dispersed Poisson regression models, fitted separately for men and women, on 2011-2019 mortality data were used to estimate the expected number of deaths during the Covid-19 pandemic. The excess deaths were then obtained by the difference between observed and expected deaths and computed at all ages and at working ages (25-64 years). Results: Between April and June 2022, we estimated 9,631 excess deaths (+6.3%) at all ages (4,400 in April, 3,369 in May, 1,862 in June) and 12,090 in July 2022 (+23.4%). At working ages, the excess was 763 (+4.9%) in April-June 2022 and 679 (+13.0%) in July 2022. Conclusions: Excess total mortality persisted during the circulation of different lineages and sub-lineages of the Omicron variant in Italy. This excess was not limited to the elderly population but involved also working age individuals, though the absolute number of deaths was small. The substantial excess found in July 2022 is, however, largely attributable to high temperatures. At the end of the year, this may translate into 30 to 35,000 excess deaths, i.e. over 5% excess mortality. This reversed the long-term trend toward increasing life expectancy, with the relative implications in social security and retirement schemes.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.23749/mdl.v113i5.13825
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 5 (2022)
       
 
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