Publisher: Science and Education Publishing   (Total: 75 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 75 of 75 Journals sorted alphabetically
American J. of Applied Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
American J. of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Cancer Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American J. of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
American J. of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 62)
American J. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American J. of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American J. of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American J. of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
American J. of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American J. of Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Materials Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American J. of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
American J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Microbiological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Modeling and Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Nanomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Nursing Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
American J. of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
American J. of Water Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Zoological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Applied Mathematics and Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Automatic Control and Information Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Intl. J. of Celiac Disease     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Econometrics and Financial Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Automation and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
J. of Biomedical Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
J. of Business and Management Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Cancer Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Computer Networks     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Computer Sciences and Applications     Open Access  
J. of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Finance and Accounting     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Finance and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
J. of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Geosciences and Geomatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Physical Activity Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Physics and Materials Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Turkish J. of Analysis and Number Theory     Open Access  
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
World J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
World J. of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World J. of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World J. of Organic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
Number of Followers: 40  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2328-398X - ISSN (Online) 2328-3998
Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [75 journals]
  • Blast Loading Resistance of Metro Tunnel in Shale Rock: A
           Coupled-Eulerian-Lagrangian (CEL) Approach

    • Authors: Mohd Shoeb; Mohd. Evan, Mohammad Anas, Mohammad Arif Kamal
      Pages: 106 - 115
      Abstract: The internal blast loading condition in a tunnel constructed in three-layered shale rock has been incorporated using a coupled-eulerian-lagrangian (CEL) approach in this paper. In this research, the three weathered stages of shale were studied, namely minimally, medium, and highly weathered shale in three layers. As we got closer to the earth's surface from the deep beneath, the weathering of the shale rock accelerates. The overburden depth has been changed to integrate several parametric scenarios in an elastoplastic finite element model with dimensions of 60m x 60m x 60m. The presence of 100kg of trinitrotoluene (TNT) as an explosive is expected A 100kg of trinitrotoluene (TNT) explosive is assumed to be suspended in the air at the middle of the tunnel entrance at an equal distance from all sides. To recreate genuine in-situ conditions, the TNT sphere and air inside the rock tunnel were modeled using the CEL approach. Mohr-Coulomb, Concrete Damage Plasticity, and Johnson-Cook constitutive material models were used to mimic the elastoplastic behavior of various materials, including rock, concrete, and steel bars. To make a reinforced concrete liner, a cage of steel bars has been inserted in the concrete liner by interaction constraints. The tunnel was first buried in the upper layer of shale, with a 5m overburden depth. The tunnel's position has also been altered for overburden depths of 15m, 25m, and 35m. Overburden depth and crown displacement are inversely proportional, according to the results obtained in the form of acceleration, velocity, and displacement for rock. Furthermore, the reinforced concrete liner used in this simulation study exhibits no damage in terms of compression, although a small tensile failure is visible in all scenarios.
      PubDate: 2022-07-24
      DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-10-3-1
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2022)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 18.207.157.152
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-