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Darulfunun Ilahiyat
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2630-6069
Published by İstanbul Üniversitesi Homepage  [18 journals]
  • A Review of “Sociology of Religion” Edited by Zuhal Şahin, Asım
           Yapıcı and Sarah Demmrichn

    • Authors: Fatih Baş
      Abstract: Zuhal Şahin, Asım Yapıcı, Sarah Demmrich. Sociology of Religion, (İstanbul: Çamlıca Yayınları, 2021), ISBN: 978-625-8427-01-1
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Review of “Shamāʾil al-Ḥabīb al-Muṣṭafā” by Muhammad
           al-Ya‘qoubi

    • Authors: Mete Gezer
      Abstract: Muhammed el-Ya’kûbî. Şemâilu’l-Habîbi’l-Mustafâ. (İngiltere: Signatora, 2023. 250 s.) ISBN: 978-1-913258-35-1
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Review of “Existential Therapy” by Emmy Van Deurzen and
           Claire Arnold-Baker

    • Authors: Üsame Balıkçı
      Abstract: Emmy Van Deurzen ve Claire Arnold-Baker, Varoluşçu Terapi (çev. Müge Özçelik, İstanbul: Beyaz Baykuş Yayınları, 1. Baskı, 2023). ISBN: 978-625-441-504-3, 171 sayfa.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Review of “Aware of the Whale: An Attempt to Understand the Dichotomy
           of Structure-Agency” by Birsen Banu Okutan

    • Authors: Necmiye Durmuş
      Abstract: Birsen Banu Okutan. Balinanın Farkında: Yapı-Fail Dikotomisini Anlama Girişimi (Ankara: Tezkire Yayınları, 2023) ISBN: 9786059835473
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Review of “Hadith Discussions in Pakistan” by Inam Ul Haq

    • Authors: Şeyma Nur Kurt
      Abstract: İnam Ul Haq, Pakistan’da Hadis Tartışmaları (Ankara: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı Yayınları, Eylül 2020, 428 s.). ISBN: 978-625-7205-03-0
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Opinions, Problems, and Expectations of Participants in Informal Religious
           Education Services for Hearing- and Visually-impaired People

    • Authors: Banu Gürer; Elif Kaya
      Abstract: Disability is a situation and process that includes difficulties in rationalizing and coping with it on the part of individuals with disabilities and their families. It can be said that religion has an important place among the ways used to make sense of the situation in question and to cope with the process. This is because religion is a resource that can provide the spiritual strength needed for people to cope with the situation they are in, by giving answers to people to make sense of the situation they are in. One of the basic elements that bring this function of religion to life is religious education. The main institution that organizes informal religious education activities for people with disabilities in Turkey is the Presidency of Religious Affairs. This study aims to understand the problems and expectations of hearing- and visuallyimpaired individuals who take part in the informal religious education given to people with disabilities in the Qur’an courses in the Presidency of Religious Affairs. The research is structured with a phenomenological pattern. Interviews consisting of semi-structured questions were used to obtain the data. Thirty people, 15 of whom were hearing impaired and 15 visually impaired, participated in the interviews. The data were analyzed with descriptive analysis and content analysis techniques. The results of the research were evaluated in four dimensions: the sources of the religious education of the participants, their coping with disability and the effect of religion, their religious education needs, and their expectations from the Qur’an courses in which they receive non-formal religious education in line with these needs.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Zen and Words: Sacred Texts in the Zen Tradition

    • Authors: Merve Susuz Aygül
      Abstract: The Zen tradition defines itself as a teaching and truth that is beyond words and language. According to Zen masters, Zen truth cannot be explained in words or language, nor can it be understood through the dualistic thought structure. Despite this negative attitude towards words and language, the concept of sacred texts has developed in the Zen tradition, with a rich corpus having emerged. The focus of the article is on the place of sacred texts in the Zen tradition. The article accepts the thesis that, despite the Zen tradition’s negative attitudes toward language and words, the concept of sacred texts exists within it and overlaps with other religious traditions. Just as in other religious traditions, the Zen tradition has texts that are accepted as being sacred. Like any other tradition, however, the Zen concept of sacred texts has also been accepted as having its own unique aspects. In this context, the main claims of the article are that the literature of Zen sacred texts consists of two basic categories with different functions; that even though Zen negates language, it manifests itself through words and gains existence through texts in the minds, lives, and history of its accepters; and that sacred texts are also ritual objects and objects of worship in the Zen tradition.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Reinterpretation of the Ḥanafī Doctrine of Equivalency in the Context
           of the Controversial Marriage of a Mamluk Amīr: Case of Sirāj al-Dīn
           al-Hindī (d. 773/1372)

    • Authors: Okan Kadir Yılmaz
      Abstract: According to the classical doctrine of Ḥanafī madhhab of equivalency in marriage law, a man must be equal to the woman he will marry concerning certain elements, which include the absence of slavery and non-Muslims in the past of the person and his ancestors. Therefore, a man who lacks these and other elements of equivalence is considered unequal to a woman who possesses such elements, such that marriage between the two is considered void (bāṭil) under certain circumstances and not binding (lāzim) in others. In the second half of the 8th/14th century, during the Bahrī/ Turk Mamluks period, scholars discussed the validity of a marriage between a high-ranking Mamluk amīr (Amīr Bashtak) and a sister or daughter of the Sultan (Khond Sarah) on the basis of the abovementioned Ḥanafī doctrine of equivalence. Although several unknown jurists argue that the marriage in question is invalid according to the Ḥanafī madhhab, Siraj alDīn al-Hindī, an Egyptian Ḥanafī qāḍī al-quḍāt (chief qāḍī) of the period, wrote a treatise on the subject (Risāla fī masʼalat al-kafāʼah) and defended the validity of the marriage. Hindī’s argument, which used the principles of uṣūl al-fiqh and the method of al‑takhrîj al-fiqhī (legal derivation), included an innovative interpretation of the foundational doctrine of equivalence of the Ḥanafī madhhab that considered the changing political and social structures in the region after the Mamluks’ rule.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Reviving the Legacy: Ancient Egyptian Civilization in Modern Arabic Poetry

    • Authors: Esat Ayyıldız
      Abstract: This article examines the enduring influence of Ancient Egyptian civilization in contemporary Arabic poetry, focusing on the ways poets incorporate elements of Egypt’s ancient past into their literary works to preserve its memory for future generations. The subject, scope, and importance of this study lie in the exploration of the engagement with Ancient Egypt in various aspects, such as celebrating architectural marvels and acknowledging the wisdom and achievements of the civilization that once thrived along the Nile. The purpose of this research is to underscore the significance of the past in shaping present-day literary and cultural expressions, as well as the role of art in the construction of collective identity. The methodological framework involves a close analysis of selected poetic works, paying particular attention to the interplay between different cultural and historical influences, and demonstrating the vitality and adaptability of the Arab poetic tradition. In addition, this study highlights the implications of Ancient Egyptian civilization in contemporary Arabic poetry beyond the realm of literature, emphasizing the necessity of reevaluating the relationship between past and present and fostering a sense of continuity and connection with a shared history.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Fāżil Aḥmad Pasha Collection and Classification of Sciences: A
           Comparative Analyses

    • Authors: Berat Açıl
      Abstract: Analyzing the books preserved in libraries according to the classification of sciences is an alternative way of writing the history of Islamic sciences. This method can reveal the extent to which books belonging to each field of science have been represented in libraries throughout history. Examining libraries from the perspective of the classification of sciences may demonstrate the scholarly production and diversity in the Ottoman Empire, which is famous for its manuscript libraries. Therefore, this article proposes a new method for library and collection studies and aims to contribute to the literature on classifying Ottoman sciences. To achieve this goal, I compare three libraries of the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries, each established by one of the most influential figures of their time. A comparative analysis of the libraries of Maḥmūd Pasha, Ḥabeshī Meḥmed Agha, and Fāżil - Aḥmad Pasha in terms of the classification of sciences reveals the transformation in the sciences represented in the Ottoman libraries from the fifteenth to the seventeenth centuries. Although the sciences belonging to fields such as Qur’ānic exegesis, hadith, and jurisprudence had a high ratio of representation in these libraries, which were designed primarily as madrasa libraries, the number of works related to history and literature increased over time.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Tafsir on the Qur’an’s Discourse Against Hypocrisy

    • Authors: Fereshteh Motamed Langrody; Fathiyeh Fattahizadeh
      Abstract: This study uses Fairclough’s model of critical discourse analysis with regard to 15 ayahs from the Qur’an’s Madani Surahs to delineate how God deals with hypocrites’ claims in order to decode the ideological view of hypocrites’ discourse and improve critical Qur’anic knowledge about hypocrites. This study examines the ideological structures at the descriptive level to reveal the central meanings in the deep structures of these ayahs and to understand the Qur’an’s discoursebuilding methods against hypocrisy. This study is distinguished by its use of an interdisciplinary approach to examine ayahs while also using classical and contemporary interpretations. Based on the data analysis, the Qur’an uses discursive constructions at the descriptive level, including semantic opposition, conditional and negative statements, indirect quotations, modality, active and passive verbs, rhetorical questions, and explicit criticism when dealing with hypocrites to refute and rebuke the discourse of hypocrisy. The exploration of the ayahs’ discourse at the interpretive level reflects the context of the situation at the time of revelation and the psychological element that reflects the presence of hypocritical discourse in society. At the explanatory level, the analysis demonstrates the depth of how the Qur’an confronts the hypocrites’ claims to persuade the audience by constructing religious, functional, and motivational criticisms, as well as by using monotheistic ideology and belief in the afterlife.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Adapting Islamic Law Disputes to Fair Division in Microeconomics: An
           Axiomatic Analysis of Three Problems

    • Authors: Burak Doğan; Sinan Ertemel
      Abstract: This study explores the intersection of microeconomic theory and Islamic jurisprudence. We analyze three legal disputes from Islamic history that can be conceived as fair division problems in microeconomics. The solutions proposed by jurists of that time are scrutinized and compared with answers posited by classical division rules. The effected comparisons highlight the similarities and differences between Islamic and conventional economic resolutions. We use the axiomatic approach to define generalizable rules based on the solutions offered by eminent Islamic jurists Abu Hanifa and Abu Yusuf. Our analysis reveals that Abu Hanifa’s methodology and the concede-and-divide rule are identical. Moreover, Abu Yusuf’s approach mirrors the constrained Ibn Ezra rule. We examine the principles characterizing the concede-and-divide and Ibn Ezra rules and find these doctrines compatible with Islamic tenets. In conclusion, our study connects Islamic law with microeconomic theory through its unique exploration of legal disputes perceived through the lens of fair division problems. Our findings contribute to the scholarly understanding of how established division rules can be adapted to align with Islamic values and how Islamic allocation methods can be illustrated using an axiomatic approach.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determining Taftāzānī’s madhhab: Insights after the
           Decline Paradigm

    • Authors: Navid Chizari
      Abstract: Modern scholarship has largely rejected the decline paradigm, allowing for the evaluation of the Islamic intellectual tradition on its own terms. Rather than viewing the commentary tradition as a sign of decline, scholars have sought to understand the different literary genres and their functions. However, a gap has emerged between the insights gained from works published in Anglo-Saxon languages and those published in Arabic and Turkish. This paper presents insights from recent works published in the Muslim World on the commentary tradition, focusing on the concept of taqrīr and how it helps to solve an issue regarding the debate surrounding Saʿd al-Dīn al-Taftāzānī’s madhhab in fiqh and kalām. The conclusion of the investigation argues that al-Taftāzānī should be considered an Ashʿarī in kalām and Shāfiʿī in fiqh based on a careful reading of his works in the context of the commentary tradition.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Concealment and Disclosure of Love in Classical Poetry -A Comparative
           Study of Arabic and Turkish Poetry-

    • Authors: Muhammed Faruk Çakır
      Abstract: When classical Arabic and Turkish poetry is viewed from a broad perspective, these two important representatives of Muslim literature in the East share many similarities in terms of poetic meter and verse forms, literary genres, and themes. This research focuses on the theme of “concealment and disclosure of love,” which is one of the most common subjects on which Arab and Turkish poets write. We aim to shed light on classic Arabic and Turkish poets and the similarities between their poetry in this work. According to the narratives, the lover (poet) hides his love because he fears being condemned. However, the fire of love that burns in his heart causes him all kinds of problems, and the secret of love that he hides becomes apparent, sometimes through tears, sometimes through heartache, and sometimes through physical weakness and yellowness of the face (fever). Despite the fear of being exposed, this state of the lover who betrays himself has been the subject of many poems, and the signs by which poets reveal their secret state of love have been compared to a whistleblower in both literary traditions.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Celebrated Transcendence: al-Māturīdī’s Resolution of the
           Determinist-Libertarian Dichotomy regarding Human Free Will

    • Authors: Kayhan Özaykal
      Abstract: This article attempts to systematically set out al-Māturīdī’s theory of free will and human action. To this end, firstly, a presentation is given of his refutations of both his main rivals, determinists and libertarians, as represented by the Jabriyya and Muʿtazila, respectively. The following section then presents those arguments al-Māturīdī offers in direct support his own theory. These arguments are discussed in terms of different possible interpretations and are used as the basis for an analysis of his theory that maps out its overall framework by listing its main concepts and principles. By this means, key terms such as power and free will, as denoted chiefly by the Arabic terms qudra and quwwa, and ikhtiyār, are clarified. In the third and final section of this study, questions regarding the specifics of al-Māturīdī’s theory of human agency in relation to divine creation are addressed, and some problems are identified as fundamental. A resolution is undertaken with aid from Aristotle’s metaphysics and J.L. Mackie’s analysis of causation in order to determine exactly what human power consists of and how it relates to the effects with which al-Māturīdī says it is connected.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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