Publisher: Liceo de Cagayan University   (Total: 4 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Advancing Information Technology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advancing Nursing Research     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Asian J. of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Advancing Nursing Research
Number of Followers: 40  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2094-9537
Published by Liceo de Cagayan University Homepage  [4 journals]
  • EDITORIAL POLICY

    • Authors: - -
      PubDate: 2013-01-20
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • GUIDE FOR AUTHORS

    • Authors: - -
      PubDate: 2013-01-20
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • A Study on the Fecal Contamination of Cagayan de Oro River along the
           Upstream (Barangay Bayanga) and the Factors Affecting Contamination,
           August 2008 – March 2009

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Joey A. Aquino, Naifa A. Dimaporo, Wences Eileen A. Lagahit, Earl Christian M. Ragrag, Michael C. Tan, Gercil D. Ganas
      Abstract: The main objective of the study was to determine the extent of fecal contamination in the Cagayan de Oro along Barangay Bayanga. The study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009. Taking samples of the river was used to identify the presence of fecal coliform in the three different sampling periods done every first week of the month as well as confirm the presence of the indicator organism Escherichia coli in the water samples. A survey was also conducted to determine the possible factors that contributes to the fecal contamination of the river. Multiple Tube Fermentation Technique (MTFT) was used to determine any presence of the said microorganism. It is used in five different sampling periods done every four weeks. Five tubes per dilution was the process used in getting the accurate result. The total fecal coliform values computed showed fluctuating average MPN score from all the samples which exceeded the standard acceptable value set by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) at 1000 fecal coliform organism/100ml. Bayanga shows a high mean MPN value of 2400 fecal coliform/100ml, followed by a decrease in amount which was 2400 fecal coliform/100ml. The presence of E. coli was also confirmed indicating fecal contamination of the water samples. There are factors that can contribute to river contamination: Disposing animal wastes into the river; Comfort rooms that drain wastes directly into the river, and people who discard human wastes into the river.   Keywords - Fecal contamination, E. coli, Cagayan de Oro River, Barangay Bayanga
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • A Study on the Fecal Contamination of Cagayan de Oro River along the
           Downstream (Bonbon) Sampling Sites and the Factors Affecting Contamination
           August 2008 – March 2009

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Francis Eric B. Bicar, Kyla Katherine T. Perez, Arnel John L. Rondina, Lanie Rae Y. Seeto, Kwen Zee Bern C. Tautho, Corinne Jewel P. Valenzuela
      Abstract: The main objective of the study was to determine the extent of fecal contamination in Cagayan de Oro River along the sampling site of Barangay Bonbon. The study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009. The Multiple Tube Fermentation Technique (MTFT) was used to identify the presence of the three parameters namely, Total Coliform, and Fecal Coliform, in the 3 sampling periods done every first week of the month as well as confirm the presence of the indicator organism Escherichia coli in the water samples. A survey was also conducted to determine the possible factors that contribute to fecal contamination of the river. The total fecal coliform values computed showed fluctuating average MPN score from all the samples which exceeded the standard acceptable value set by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) water quality guidelines at 1000 fecal coliform organisms/100 ml. The results showed consistent high values of Total coliform counts of 16,000 MPN/100mL for the fecal coliform count the first sampling showed the highest MPN value of >16,000MPN/100mL while the third sampling showed the lowest value of 3,500MPN/ 100ml. The E. coli value revealed that the first sampling has the highest MPN value of >16,000MPN/100ml while the second sampling showed the lowest MPN value of 1,700MPN/100ml. The presence of E. coli was also confirmed indicating that all sampling sites were fecally contaminated. The factors that may have contributed to the river’s fecal contamination were: (1) underutilization of sanitary toilet facilities for those who have access to sanitary toilets, (2) absence of sanitary toilet facilities, and (3) livestock owners who channel their livestock manure to drain into the river.   Keywords - Fecal contamination, E. coli, Cagayan de Oro River, Barangay Bonbon
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • Compliance on the Non-Smoking Ordinance and the Clean Air Act Among
           Nursing Students of Liceo de Cagayan University

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Ginalou Arabiana, Vanesa Aleria, Christian Benedict Baltazar, Anna Marie Estiva, Rambo Pardilanan, Lorraine Poligrates, Antonio Lorenzo Rodano
      Abstract: The study, which was conducted at Liceo de Cagayan University, delved into an analysis of the compliance on the nonsmoking ordinance and the clean air act among the Nursing students of Liceo de Cagayan University. It focused on the three major points: (1) the profile of the respondents in terms of sex and educational level; (2) the extent of compliance of the respondents on the non-smoking ordinance and the clean air act in terms of place of smoking, persons identified to comply the no-smoking sign; and (3) the significant difference on the extent of compliance of respondents when they were grouped according to sex and educational level. In answering these problems, the researchers used the descriptive survey method design. The method was further used to determine the extent of compliance with the non-smoking ordinance and the clean air act of Cagayan de Oro City among students of Liceo de Cagayan University, College of Nursing. The analyses yielded the following results: on the aspect of the respondents’ profile, there were 45 males and 55 females from the various levels of the College of Nursing. The extent of compliance is done often times and suggests that the dissemination of this provision has reached certain levels of acceptance by the public and the amount of violation seems to be negligible. There is no significant difference on the extent of compliance when respondents were grouped by sex and educational level. In conclusion, we say, that due to the policy of the University by which smoking is strictly prohibited, the answers of the respondents are mostly seldom because of the effective implementation of the University with regard to the no-smoking policy.   Keywords - Extent of Compliance, non-Smoking Ordinance, clean Air Act, nursing Students, Liceo de Cagayan University
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • Preliminary Analysis of Microbial Growth in Deep Fried Chicken Skin Sold
           Along R.N. Pelaez Boulevard

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Irene P. Acaylar, David Paul S. Buenafe, Joanne C. Galang, Kimmy G. Latar, Jan Rhey C. Mayad, Rollesa V. Wabe
      Abstract: This study, which was conducted at CEDAR, delved into the cooking and selling practices, and analysis of microbial growth of deep fried chicken skin sold along R.N. Pelaez Boulevard, Cagayan de Oro City. It focused on four major points: (1) The process of preparation, cooking and selling of deep fried chicken skin; (2) The kinds of microorganisms present in deep fried chicken skin; (3) The possible diseases that these microorganisms may cause; and (4) Determine the compliance of vendors selling deep fried chicken skin. In answering these problems, the researchers used the descriptive type of research design. The method that the researchers use was the heating process next is the media preparation and lastly the transfer of microorganism following the protocol that the laboratory has. These method used were to determine the microorganisms underlying in the deep fried chicken skin, including the different diseases that these microorganisms caused. The analysis yielded the following results: Test 1- No Growth after 24 hrs. of incubation; Test 2- Gram (-) Bacilli ; Test 3- Final Report: Gram (+) Cocci. In conclusion, as observed from the study, the preparation, cooking and selling of deep fried chicken skin needs improvement in terms of complying with sanitary and hygienic considerations so that food borne illnesses would be prevented. Basing on the results that the researchers found, there are microorganisms living in a deep fried chicken skin that causes several diseases that are harmful to human health like respiratory problems, urinary problems, gastrointestinal problems, diarrhea, emesis, and food poisoning.   Keywords - Preliminary analysis, microbial growth, deep fried chicken skin, R.N. Pelaez Boulevard
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • Preliminary Analysis of Microbial Growth in “Bupis” (Cow’s Lungs)
           Sold Along Rodolfo N. Pelaez Boulevard Carmen, Cagayan De Oro City

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Jhulia Camille S. Aribal, Shaney May P. Nacaytuna, Joshua B. Portus, Ma. Jessa G. Tonducan, Renzjullanie C. Valmoria
      Abstract: This study was conducted to identify the possible bacteria present in the street food patronize by the public. It focused on three major points: (1) Describe the process of preparing, cooking, and selling “bupis”; (2) Examine the kinds of microorganisms present in “bupis”; (3) Determine the possible diseases that these microorganisms may cause; and (4) Determine the extent of the vendors compliance with requirements in selling “bupis”. In answering these four major problems, the researchers used the experimental design. The method was further used in determining the possible diseases, which could be contributed by the microorganism being identified. The analyses yielded for the following results: (1) The ingredients that composed the “bupis” were bought from Carmen Market early in the morning since the prices of cow’s lungs and spices value were more reasonable. They created their own sauce, making used of cornstarch, banana ketchup, brown sugar and coloring. First, they would mix the cornstarch, water, banana ketchup, brown sugar and coloring into a bowl and mix them well. Second, they would place it into a desired container. The marinated “bupis” were then transferred to a pan with cooking oil. When cooked, the “bupis” were skewered using a bamboo barbecue stick. The cooked “bupis” were placed in a covered plastic waiting for customers to buy. If bought for take out, the food is wrapped in a plastic. If bought to be eaten immediately, the customer was allowed to dip the “bupis” to the provided sauce to enhance its palatability. As observed by the researchers, these vendors did not handle the food properly and did not wash their hands every time they would exchange money with the customers. Also, they stated that if they had unsold “bupis”, they would take back to their supplier, place in the freezer and reheat them the next day. (2) There were no microorganisms detected in “bupis” in the first trial, but then in the second and third trials, gram-positive bacilli were detected. (3) The probable disease that the microorganism can cause were botulism, clostridium perfringens food poisoning, and endocarditis. (4) “Bupis” vendors did not comply with any standard measures on operating a food business. Keywords - “Bupis”, Preparing, Cooking, Selling, Microbial Growth
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • A Study of Fecal Contamination of Cagayan de Oro River Along the Upstream
           (Lumbia) and the Factors Affecting Contamination, August 2008-March 2009

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Rubie Ann E. Cagampang, Xyza Y. Enerio, Andrew Joseph T. Flores, Karen S. Oraliza, Nomarlean Jan S. Talingdan
      Abstract: The main objective of this study was to determine the extent of fecal contamination of Cagayan de Oro River along Barangay Lumbia. The study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009. Taking samples of the river was done to identify the presence of fecal coliform in the 3 different sampling periods done every first week of the month as well as confirm the presence of the indicator organism Escherichia coli. The water samples were collected approximately 25 meters from the sides. Proper collection procedures were followed in order to obtain accurate analytical results. The Multiple Tube Fermentation Technique which consisted of the Presumptive Phase, Confirmed Phase, and Completed Phase. A survey was also conducted to determine possible factors that contribute to fecal contamination of the river. In Barangay Lumbia the results showed a high mean MPN value of 3,500 fecal coliform/100ml, followed by an increased value of 5,400 fecal coliform/100ml, and a decreased value of 1,300 fecal coliform/100ml. The total coliform values computed showed fluctuating average MPN score from all the samples which exceeded the standard acceptable value set by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources water quality guidelines (DENR) at 1000 fecal coliform organisms/ 100ml. The results revealed that the river near Barangay Lumbia is fecally contaminated. It indicates a threat to the residents in the area since it is infested with many bacteria and other types of microorganisms which could lead to diarrhea and other types of diseases. The factors that may have contributed to the river’s fecal contamination were: the improper disposal of animal manure in the river, the number of comfort rooms having no appropriate drainage allowing it to directly drain into the river, and the discarding of human wastes on the river for those who don’t have comfort rooms.   Keywords - Fecal contamination, E. coli, River, Barangay Lumbia
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • A Study on the Fecal Contamination of Cagayan de Oro River Along
           Downstream (Barangay Kauswagan) and the Factors Affecting Contamination,
           August 2008-March 2009

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Marichu B. Magdale, Marie Grace U. Noderama, Janesa J. Rubino, Joanne Q. Salise, Ruel Ian A. Tuquib, Mark Henry T. Udang
      Abstract: The main objective of the study was to determine the extent of fecal contamination of Cagayan de Oro River along Barangay Kauswagan. The study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009. The Multiple Tube Fermentation Technique (MTFT) was used to identify the presence of Fecal Coliform in the 3 different sampling periods done every first week of the month as well as confirm the presence of the indicator organism Escherichia coli in the water samples. A survey was also conducted to determine the possible factors that contribute to fecal contamination of the river. The Total Fecal Coliform values computed show fluctuating average MPN score from all the samples which exceeded the standard acceptable value set by the department of Environment and Natural Resources water quality guidelines (DENR) at 1000 fecal coli form organisms/ 100ml. Barangay Kauswagan show a high mean MPN value of 16000 Total Coliform Count/100ml in the first and second sample, followed by a decrease in amount which was 9200 Total Coliform count/100ml in the third sample. The Fecal Coliform Count on the first sample was 2400MPN/100ml, 16000MPN/100ml in the second sample and 2400MPN/100ml on the third sample. The E. coli count on the first sample was 2400MPN/100ml; 16000MPN/100 on the second and 2400MPN/100ml on the third sample. The presence of Escherichia coli was also confirmed indicating fecal contamination of the water samples. The factors that may have contributed to the river’s fecal contamination were: Animal manure disposal into the river for those household respondents who have farm and domestic animals, the number of households who have comfort rooms directly draining to the river, and improper human waste disposal into the river for those who don’t have toilet facilities. Keywords - Fecal Contamination, Escherichia coli, Cagayan de Oro River, Barangay Kauswagan
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • Preliminary Analysis of Microbial Growth in Grilled Chicken Barbeque Sold
           in Cogon Market

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Samh Joseph M. Alegrado, Sally P. Bagolbol, Bernie Bert P. Espares, Taira Britt L. Ladoroz
      Abstract: The study, which was conducted at Cogon Market, Cagayan de Oro City, delved into a preliminary analysis of microbial growth in grilled chicken barbeque sold in cogon market. It focused on the three major points: (1) Describe the process of preparation, cooking and selling of grilled chicken barbeque; (2) Examine the kinds of microorganisms present in grilled chicken barbeque; (3) Determine the probable diseases that these microorganisms can cause; and (4) Determine the compliance of vendors selling grilled chicken barbeque. In answering these problems, the researchers used the experimental design. The experimental method was further used to determine the bacterial growth found in grilled chicken barbeque samples in three different barbeque stations. Each sample was tested in three trials done at Cedar laboratory with corresponding results. The concerns of this study was to determine the process of preparation, cooking and selling of grilled chicken barbeque, the identification of the kinds of microorganisms present in grilled chicken barbeque, the diseases they cause if microbes infecting the person and the compliance of vendors selling grilled chicken barbeque. The analyses yielded the following results which were gram negative diplococci, gram negative coccobacilli, gram negative bacilli, gram negative rods, and gram positive cocci. The microbes that most likely contaminated the samples were Moraxella catarrhalis causes respiratory tract infection; Haemophilus influenzae causes cellulitis, osteomyelitis, epiglottitis, and joint infections; Salmonella typhi which is typhoid fever; Shigella species (invasive diarrheal disease - dysentery); E. coli (diarrhea, urinary tract infection); Campylobacter jejuni(enterocolitis); Helicobacter jejuni(gastritis, peptic ulcer) Streptococcus, and scarlet fever; and Staphylococcus aureus, skin and wound infections, and urinary tract infections. And the researchers also found out that vendors were not able to have a business permit as well as the compliance of sanitary permit which is very important in the selling process. In conclusion, as observed from the study, the preparation, cooking and selling of grilled chicken barbecue needs an improvement in terms of complying with sanitary and hygienic considerations so that food borne illnesses would be prevented in the future.   Keywords - Preliminary Analysis, Microbial Growth, Grilled Chicken Barbeque, Cogon Market
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
  • A Study on the Fecal Contamination of Cagayan de Oro River Along the
           Upstream of (Barangay Dansolihon) and the Factors Affecting Contamination,
           August 2008 – March 2009

    • Authors: Lesley C. Lubos, Sergen H. Arellano, Vincent Chris L. Casinillo, Jesse James D. Evangelio, Yshrael Jhon F. Macahilas, Joseph Benedict F. Ranque, Anna Lisa C. Yano
      Abstract: The general objective of the study was to identify the degree of fecal contamination in Cagayan de Oro along Barangay Dansolihon. The study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009. Taking of water samples in the river was used to identify the presence of fecal coliform as well as confirm the presence of the indicator organism Escherichia coli in the water samples in the 3 different sampling dates done every first week of the month by the use of the Multiple Tube Fermentation Technique (MTFT) which comprises 5 tube dilution for accurate basis of outcome. A random survey was also conducted to determine the possible factors that contribute to fecal contamination in the river. The total fecal coliform values in the results showed fluctuating average MPN score from all the samples which above the standard acceptable value set by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Water Quality Guidelines at 1000 fecal coli form organism/100ml. In Dansolihon the results showed a slightly high mean MPN value of 3500 fecal coliform/100ml, followed by a huge decrease in amount which was 490 fecal coliform/100ml. The presence of E. coli was also confirmed indicating fecal contamination of the water samples. The factors that may have contributed to the river’s fecal contamination: the disposal of animal waste of chickens, pigs, cows, the number of comfort rooms which directly drain in the river and human wastes which are directly disposed into the river for residents without comfort rooms.   Keywords - Fecal contamination, E. coli, Cagayan de Oro River, Barangay Dansolihon
      PubDate: 2013-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
       
 
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