Publisher: European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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European Online J. of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
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European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • In-Country Situationers of the Philippine Contributions to the
           Seafarer’s Global Labor Market

    • Authors: Mario Jr. M. Bello
      Abstract: Global indicators suggest that the demand for seafarers will continue to increase in the succeeding years due to the foreseen expansion of international trades across the different economies of the world.  The role of the Philippines being one of the top producing countries of both ratings and officers is salient in addressing this demand in the labor market.  In this study, the different in-country situationers relative to the capacity of the Philippines to supply the expected need of seafarers are examined.  This study utilized the reports from international organizations; the data generated, and issuances by the Philippine government agencies responsible for regulating and supervising the maritime education and deployment of seafarers in the country.  This study establishes that all indicators show that there is an annual decrease in the number of seafarers being produced by the Philippines commencing from the number of individuals who finish a maritime degree to the number of maritime officers who passed the required theoretical examination.
      PubDate: 2022-09-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • The Interference of Mother Tongue in English Language Grammar Classes: A
           Case Study on Grade Six EFL Teachers

    • Authors: Getnet Gidey Takele, Dessie Alemayehu Kibret
      Abstract: The major intent of this study was to explore the interference of mother tongue in EFL grammar classes. Felege Abiot Elementary School was chosen via random sampling method (lottery). In this school in particular grade six, there were three EFL teachers. Three of them were selected with comprehensive sampling technique as to be participants. The study was a case study research design in nature. Classroom observation and interview were used to gather data from participants; the data were then analyzed qualitatively. The result of the study revealed that Amharic (L1) could be sparingly utilized in EFL grammar classes. Additionally, it was found that Amharic was used in occasions when the teachers and their learners failed to apply L2 in explaining idea, comparing and contrasting rules of Amharic and English language, offering instructions and confirming students’ comprehension. However, EFL teachers utilized the rules of Amharic to English language words. On the basis of these, it was possible to conclude that EFL teachers believed the use of L1 in L2 classes positively, but they directly employed the rule of L1 to L2 contexts unsystematically.
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Religiosity Role within the Halal Foods Consumptions’ Antecedents.

    • Authors: Maher Taib Toukabri, Mohammed Mamoun Ahmed Abubaker
      Abstract: This research aims to highlight the determinants of the intention to purchase Halal foods. In the conceptual framework we examine the different antecedents that might affect the consumer intention to choose the Halal foods. For this, we evocate the role of constructs attitude towards Halal certification, consumption habits and the subjective norm. Moreover, we attempt to study the role mediating role of the religiosity in this purchase decision process of the Muslim consumer. The empirical study will be implemented in the Saudi Halal Foods Market. Thus, we interviewed 200 invidious in the exploratory study to purify the measurements of the selected constructs that may contribute in the explanation of the intention to consume Halal. The confirmatory phase require a second sample that count 400 interviewees. The software of the data analyses that we have used were SPSS and AMOS to purify measurements, to test the research hypotheses and to validate the developed model. At the end of this research we hope to characterize and define the most important determinants’ Muslim purchase intention of Halal foods. Therefore, we advance the necessary recommendations to the academicians interesting in this business field and the practices who enquiry to improve theirs offerings and theirs transactions turnover within this emerging consumption sector.  
      PubDate: 2022-09-18
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Assessing Practice and Challenges of University of Gondar Community Based
           Rehabilitation Program to Provide Services for Persons with Disabilities

    • Authors: Wondwosen Mitiku Wolderufael
      Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to assess the practice and challenges of community based rehabilitation (CBR) program of University of Gondar to provide services for person with disabilities in selected districts in Central Gondar Zone of Ethiopia. In order to meet the study objectives descriptive design was employed, and qualitative research approach was used. To this end, both Primary and secondary data were collected and analyzed by using thematic analysis. As a result, qualitative information was collected from a total of 19 interview participants, two focus group discussion and observation of person with disabilities who are found in service delivery areas of the program constituted the primary sources of data. Secondary sources of data were also obtained from review of literature and pertinent documents. The findings of the study pointed out that the involvement of all stakeholders were limited to the implementation of activities of program. The findings also showed that the program provided different rehabilitation services for PWDs including the provision of necessary teaching learning resources, making different facilities of some school accessible, vocational training, startup capital and provision of home to home rehabilitation services such as sign language training, training on social skills and self-care.  
      PubDate: 2022-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • The Analysis of Objectives of Grade 10 English Textbook for Ethiopia Using
           Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy

    • Authors: Habtamu Gashaw Alemu
      Abstract: The problem under this study was analyzing the objectives of Grade 10 English Textbook for Ethiopia. It was particularly targeted on finding out whether the objectives are measurable or not, and evaluating them in terms of Lower-Order and Higher-Order Thinking Skills. The study adopted purely descriptive quantitative research approach. The findings indicated that 85.1% of the textbook objectives are measurable, which are clear and achievable. The remaining 14.9% of the objectives are non-measurable, which are rather general and unclear. Regarding the cognition dimension dominating the objectives of the textbook, this study indicated that 78.47% of the textbook objectives are Lower Order Thinking Skills (LOTS) focused. The remaining 21.5% of the objectives are Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS).Finally, the study recommends textbook developers to make all objectives measurable, and reconsider the proportion of Lower Order Thinking Skills (LOTS) and Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in the objectives they design in Grade 10 English Textbook for Ethiopia. More importantly, the English teachers have to give extra classroom activities related to HOTS.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • A Study of Emotional Intelligence of Teachers in Relation to Gender and
           Teaching Experience

    • Authors: Antara Dey, Nil Ratan Roy
      Abstract: The emotional intelligence of teachers has a very significant contribution to the educational field and helps to create a constructive teaching-learning ambiance. Emotionally intelligent persons are found successful in personal and professional life. Teachers’ high emotional intelligence directly or indirectly helps to all-around development and success of adolescent students. This article mainly attempted to explore the following objectives: to explore teachers' emotional intelligence concerning gender and to know teachers' emotional intelligence irrespective of different teaching experiences like less, medium, and highly experienced groups. Data were collected from 300 secondary school teachers of randomly selected 15 government-aided schools from five districts of West Bengal state in India. Data were collected using multistage sampling procedures. Data were analyzed using t-test and ANOVA. Major findings were female teachers were significantly more emotionally intelligent in relation to the male. Further, the medium-experienced teachers had more emotional intelligence than the low-experienced teachers. Finally, the robust findings indicated that emotional intelligence can be interrelated with other psychological variables and can be used in further studies in different research areas.
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Biological Peculiarities of Landscape Design in Cottage Gardens of the
           Right-Bank Part of Zaporizhzhya

    • Authors: O. V. Kobets, N. P. Derevianko, N. V. Derevyanko, S. V. Davydova, O. Y. Zalevska
      Abstract: The choice of architectural planning, selection of plants, small architectural forms, materials, decor and other elements of landscaping has a certain dependence on the region. Therefore, identifying certain features of the design of gardens in a particular region can be useful for landscape designers who work on that location. The article is devoted to the analysis of design solutions of 5 cottage gardens on the right bank of Zaporozhye. The study was conducted using the method of comparative analysis of master plans for landscaping and landscaping of selected cottages. It is established that all surveyed areas have a flat relief, which eliminates the need for vertical planning. Regularity prevails in the architectural planning of gardens. The planning of the surveyed estates has two directions namely, decorative and decorative-utilitarian. Features of the decorative direction are the variety of ornamental vegetation, the presence of ponds, exquisite flower beds, the use of various garden equipment and decor. For gardens of decorative and utilitarian orientation is characterized by the presence of farm buildings, gardens, fruit and berry plantations, which are formed taking into account the decorative and nutritional qualities. The common features of all surveyed cottage gardens can be considered the emphasized design style, restraint and conciseness in planning and economy due to the successful selection of unpretentious plants and equipment. Landscape designers of the region can be asked at the first stage of planning to do functional zoning of the garden; the range of vegetation to select from local species and well-adapted exotics of small size; from flower beds to choose the easiest to create and care for; reservoirs, vertical and container landscaping are limited.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • A Study on Factors Affecting the Electronic Service Quality in Higher
           Education in Light of Covid-19 Pandemic from Students Perspectives

    • Authors: Arwa Hussein Alawlaqi, Saja Ahmed Albliwi
      Abstract: The study is to investigate the factors that influence the Electronic Service Quality (E-service quality) in higher education institutions in light of Covid-19 Pandemic. Constant development in service quality has become one of the most essential goals for many organizations, institutions in various industries, and for diverse reasons. The COVID-19 pandemic is affecting schools, students, teachers and parents. Education is the major factor in determining the growth of a country, and the changes that will affect the country's development are expected from higher education institutions. Higher education institutions have become global businesses, which must always look for new methods to improve the quality of services. The service quality improvement and development is critically essential issue for organizations, particularly higher education institutions, to satisfy the students' needs for better educational environment that contribute to the achievement of their satisfaction. The service quality improvement and development is critically essential issue for organizations, particularly higher education institutions, to satisfy the students' needs for better educational environment that contribute to the achievement of their satisfaction. Educational institutions like universities and other organizations in the business sector, are recognizing the need to adopt technologies to measure service quality. However, they identified five main dimensions for service quality, including reliability, responsiveness, tangibility, assurance, and empathy that capture access and understanding the customer.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Information and Communication Technology Based Learning: Efforts to
           Improve Student Digital Literacy

    • Authors: Rayendra Rayendra, Deni Darmawan, Rusman Rusman, Mutiara Felicita Amsal
      Abstract: The rapid increase of knowledge transfers and technology advancement has been global phenomena lately. This, then, can be incredibly important to students as digital natives to have digital literacy competences to conduct their activities. Nowadays, students have high awareness that digital literacy skills are completely crucial to ensure the understanding of digital technologies and information management for their learning, working, and living in digital society. This look at is used to increase a getting to know framework in developing digital literacy abilities to enhance college students' capabilities in a digital society. Experimental research approach with pre-test and post-test models with a manage organization wherein the impact of the statistics and communication technology (ICT) studying version on the extent of virtual literacy of college students majoring in out-of-faculty education. The population in this look at included all students majoring in out-of-faculty education at the Universitas Negeri Padang and the use of random cluster sampling 86 college students have been selected and placed into two experimental agencies and a manage institution. Based entirely on the outcomes of the effectiveness check data, that the significance value (2-tailed) is 0.000 < 0.05, it is possible to conclude that when remedy, there is a significant distinction between the comparison of the digital literacy stage of students in the manipulate magnificence and the experimental magnificence. As a result, experimental elegance students who use a records and conversation technology-based curriculum have greater virtual literacy abilities than students in the manipulate class who use traditional learning. Facts and verbal exchange era-based learning can engage and empower students with studying stories, which is very important to deal with rapid virtual generation. Facts transition encourages people to acquire higher and more relevant skills in society, as well as to increase productivity.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Development of Educational Video Teaching Materials on Covid-19 Issues by
           Prospective Teachers Using the STREAM Approach in Science Education

    • Authors: Sri Maryanti, Sri Hartati, Dede Trie Kurniawan, Rendi Restiana Sukardi
      Abstract: News about Covid 19 spread simultaneously so students need to get scientific explanations from educators. This research aims to develop an educational video that is integrated with STREAM (Science Technology Religion Engineering Art and Mathematics) on Covid-19 issue. It is expected to increase students’ and public’s understanding on the current conditions of the pandemic. The research was mix method that applied ADDIE (Analysis-Design-Development-Implementation-Evaluation) development model. The research presented of how the process of making and assessing the feasibility of the video. The thirty-two educational videos on Covid 19 were made by prospective teachers at one of university in Bandung. They used stop motion animation software. The data were analyzed by involving judgement of expert. The results showed that the video based on the results of expert validation was declared feasible and effective to be used as an educational video. It also showed that the lecturing process with STREAM approach was able to guide students in making a good educational video.
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • A Proposal to Build a Knowledge Management System Based on the Service
           Approach in the Context of Academic Library Digitalization at Jazan
           University - Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Eissa Mohammed Ali Qhal
      Abstract: In the previous decade, most of the major universities and public library systems have switched over to computers. However, almost all these library systems follow traditional implementation approaches which make it very difficult for them to interact with other systems or migrate to emerging technologies. Also, while most of the library systems do provide online, remote and public access catalogues for knowledge but they have still not utilized the power of cutting edge technologies to take complete advantage of the resources of virtual world. The subject of digital library includes online catalogues, real-time databases etc, while being used extensively in many fields, are still relatively unexplored in the academic world. In order to create a system which provides integrative, normative, reliability and inclusiveness with latest features yet remains open for modifications and extensions. It is important to choose an implementation approach which supports interoperability, abstraction and loose coupling of components and resources. Towards this end, Service oriented architectural approach (SOA) has proved to be very successful in fulfilling these needs in several areas. The idea behind this study is to propose a complete digital library and information services based learning environment using the SOA approach to apply for the academic libraries resources of the Jazan University so that gaps in terms of knowledge management as well as other services needs can be fulfilled with a single centralized architecture and framework.
      PubDate: 2022-08-15
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • The Use of Filipino and English as Mediums of Instruction in the Teaching
           of Engineering Courses at the Tertiary Level

    • Authors: Maria Charlene P. Melegrito
      Abstract: This quasi-experimental research aimed to determine which language is more effective in teaching engineering courses at the tertiary level in selected universities. The research compared the performance of the experimental and control groups by utilizing a different language as the means of instruction. The Controlled Groups utilized the English language and the Filipino language for the Experimental The majority of the participants consisted of 135 Engineering students from four universities in Manila; 65 for the Controlled Group and 70 for the Experimental Group preferred English as their medium of instruction. Despite a strong preference for English, the Filipino language is still used as a strategic competence, especially when seeking clarifications. When it comes to concepts taught in English, the language barrier becomes an issue, and the Filipino language becomes the most accessible option when direct guidance and clarification are needed. Moreover, the two groups achieved a notable improvement in the pretest-posttest, in favor of the Experimental Group. On the other hand, the t-test revealed no significant difference in the performance of the two groups; the result shows that anything before and after the intervention had little effect on students’ comprehension including the motivation and the ability to achieve their desired goals. The research, however, was limited to engineering education, with implications for other disciplines. Similar studies may be conducted on a broader range of topics and at different educational levels. Revisiting the curriculum to evaluate the inclusion of language and skill development would be essential.
      PubDate: 2022-08-15
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Evaluation of the Biological Activities of Two Macro-Algae Collected from
           the Red Sea of Jeddah

    • Authors: Bothinah Alaidroos, Maram Aliskandrani, Magda M. Aly, Nagah Abdulwasa, Samyah Jastaniah
      Abstract: Marine algae were used in many biological applications. Two marine algal samples, Halimeda tuna and Dictyota dichotoma, were collected from Obhur region, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, washed with water, dried and extracted with methanol. The antimicrobial activities were conducted against some pathogenic bacteria. The results showed that the extracts of both Halimeda tuna and Dictyota dichotoma were active against at least one of the tested organisms. The highest antimicrobial activities of the extracts Halimeda tuna and Dictyota dichotoma were against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumonia. On contrast, both Halimeda tuna and Dictyota dichotoma showed weak inhibition against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii. Moreover, the mixture of the two algal extracts showed excellent inhibition for all the tested bacteria. In addition, a toxicological experiment was conducted for the two algal extracts using Artemia salina as test organism. No toxicity was found for the two tested methanolic extracts.   Furthermore, moderate antitumor activity was recorded for the two tested algal extracts against two cell lines, MCF-7 (breast cancer) and HepG2 (hepatocellular carcinoma) using in vitro MTT and Neutral Red assays. Also, the chemical analysis of each algal extract was carried out. In conclusion, these algal extracts inhibited some pathogenic microbes and can be used as antimicrobial agents.  In conclusion, the two collected macro- algae showed antibacterial activities specially against Salmonella which contaminate food, thus the powder or the extracts of these two algae can be used safely as food additive.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • The Effectiveness of Experience and Teaching Methods on Evaluating
           Performance of Faculty Members – Statistical Study

    • Authors: Samah Anwar Abbas, Amani Mustafa Ghazzawi, Abeer Hassan Ali
      Abstract: Evaluating the performance of faculty members working in educational institutions has become one of the significant concerns in the field of teaching. With the aim of improving the promotion process of the faculty members, the current study aims to analyze the two important factors namely teaching experience and the methods of teaching. Previous studies have discussed that certain factors like renewing the contract of the faculties and their service period will be considered while making the decision process of faculty promotion in the educational institutions. Therefore, this study will examine the factors that affect the evaluation process of faculty members.  The study also examines to what extent the experience of teaching staff and their teaching methods will impact their performance as teachers in educational institutions. For this, the researcher adopted the statistical method - Pearson correlation and independent-measures t-stat for measuring the effectiveness of the hypothesis proposed in the study. Furthermore, this study concentrates on conducting experiments, based on the average faculty member evaluation of three ratings, which include student, head of the department, and HR. Results of the study indicated that the variable ‘teaching method’ is found more significant and correlated to the average faculty member evaluation, while the variable ‘faculty experience’ has not have a significant and strong correlation with the average rating of faculty member performance evaluation.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Mobile Assisted Learning: Impact on Students’ Reading Comprehension
           and Belief

    • Authors: Getnet Gidey Takele, Mihretie Kibret Awoke, Dessie Alemayehu Kibret
      Abstract: This study made an attempt to examine the effect of teaching students through mobile assisted language learning (MALL) on their reading comprehension performance and belief. In the study, 79 second year English language linear students in Gondar College of Teachers’ Education were taken as participants of the study comprehensively since their size was manageable. Among those, 40 of them were control group and 39 were experimental group. For this effect, the study used quasi-experimental research design. Data were collected via tests (pre and posttests) and questionnaire. The data collected using the pre and posttest were analyzed quantitatively using the independent samples t-test. The questionnaire data were analyzed quantitatively via frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. The results of the study divulged that MALL brought difference between the experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). Particularly, with the help of the interventions provided the majority of the EG showed high level of progress in their reading comprehension performance and got affirmative belief towards the use of MALL in reading lessons. However, the CG remained constant. Based on the findings drawn, it was recommended that MALL should be practiced to maximize the students’ reading comprehension performance in EFL reading classrooms.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Visual Thinking Skills in Solving Geometry Problems Based on Learning
           Style: a Grounded Theory Study

    • Authors: Anwar Anwar, T. Turmudi, Dadang Juandi, Reni Wahyuni, M Muntazhimah
      Abstract: This study seeks to determine students' visual thinking skills in solving geometric problems based on learning style inventory. The qualitative approach with the grounded theory research method was used. The research participants consisted of 61 students who were given a learning style inventory questionnaire, and 4 students were selected from each learning style category, namely converger, diverger, assimilator, and accommodator. Data collection techniques included learning style questionnaires and task-based interviews. The findings indicated that assimilator and converger students had good visual thinking skills in solving geometric problems and could explain logically every step they used while accommodator students had problems explaining logically at the planning and implementation stages of problem-solving. Meanwhile, diverger students could visualize the problem only at the stage of understanding the problem. At the next stages, they had difficulty in explaining logically, and the problem-solving process was not appropriate.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • (Review article*) Permaculture: Smart Growth Strategies and Management for
           Juniper Forest

    • Authors: Faiza Akhtar, Safder Shah Khan, Moghira Badar, Yasir Niaz, M Saleem Akhtar, F. Batool
      Abstract: Permaculture creates an integrated system by incorporating those parameters which are often viewed as separate entities such as smart growth, low-impact development, habitat protection, complete streets, and other initiatives. Its gives better planning options and give policies a line of coherence and directions which provides basis for the real concept of sustainability. Presently in Pakistan, forest management policies suffer from a number of drawbacks and especially the Juniper forests in Pakistan are under constant pressure due to natural as well as anthropogenic pressures. To conserve the Juniper Forest Ecosystem a proposed Smart Growth Strategies based on Permaculture’s principles are designed to protect the Ziarat Juniper Forest that offers an unequivocal vision and strategy to gain valid sustainability in forest management.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Development of an Animal Microbiota Online Web-Based System Basilio:
           Bacterial Assemblages and Species Identity Library Online

    • Authors: Gary Antonio C. Lirio, Ryan V. Labana, Armin S. Coronado, Julieta Z. Dungca, Claire B. Salvedia, Joan Christine O. Adajar, Francis G. Balazon
      Abstract: Zoonotic diseases caused by infectious microorganisms transmitted from animals to humans, are becoming a greater threat to global health security. With the massive amount of data on animal microbiota and zoonosis research that recognize the pivotal roles of microorganisms in animal physiology and human health, it is necessary to process and present the data and make them accessible to researchers, educators, and to those involved in microbiota and zoonotic infections studies. The Bacterial Assemblages and Species Identity Library Online (BASILIO) is a web-based bacterial system and database that was created to curate data from various research publications on isolated bacteria from a variety of animal species worldwide. The system focuses on the presentation of animal and bacterial taxonomy, with an emphasis on the abundance of bacterial diversity in the animals studied and the classification of bacteria according to their pathogenicity. The project gathered data on animal microbiota from published studies in reputable peer-reviewed journals. AGILE development approach was utilized to develop the information system iteratively. Unit, system, and acceptability testing were used to execute test plans. The BASILIO web-system was evaluated using ISO 9126 standards and found to be functional, usable, reliable, efficient, portable, maintainable, and usable. The BASILIO in its current state, fills in the need for a database dedicated to fast access to information on pathogenic bacteria found in animals. Future developers are proposed to adopt the BASILIO system and incorporate other data management tools and algorithms to create a more complex and robust system.
      PubDate: 2022-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • E-learning and the Development of L2: the Case of EFL Visually-impaired

    • Authors: Radwa Elshemy, Fahad Alzahrani
      Abstract: The number of visually-impaired students (VIS) enrolled in higher education institutions worldwide is increasing. In the second language (L2) classroom, a range of barriers and challenges have been reported to encounter by VIS. With the global demand to shift many schools and colleges to online learning and teaching, the challenges of VIS have begun to increase. This study aims to explore the experiences of VIS in learning and studying English as a foreign language (EFL) in the realm of online education. Guided by three main research questions, this study adopts an exploratory sequential mixed method design, and the examination is based on a thematic analysis of eight semi-structured student interviews that were followed by online surveys. Results indicated that the online environment could be advantageous for learning, yet VIS encountered considerable challenges during the online mode and was confronted with multiple language learning barriers related to the language instructor, the online environment, and remote assessment and methods. For example, the highest barriers to language e-learning related to the instructor were incompetency in e-teaching and learning and assistive technology, followed by the lack of appropriate assessment tools and methods. Accordingly, a few language skills were targeted and developed. Furthermore, prior training and degree of impairment were the most important indicators affecting EFL learning and development during e-education. The findings could help to develop a strategic plan for successful learning experiences and the implementation of appropriate tools and assessment methods in e-learning.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Preparedness of SUCs in CALABARZON in the Implementation of Flexible
           Learning in the New Normal

    • Authors: Rhodora S. Crizaldo, Jake Raymund F. Fabregar, Jovan B. Alitagtag
      Abstract: The study was an attempt to provide an assessment on the level of preparedness of state universities and colleges (SUCs) in CALABARZON in the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal. The study also looked into the significant differences between the perceived assessment of the faculty members and students on the SUC’s level of preparedness on the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal; priority areas/skills which the SUCs should consider and strategies which may be proposed in the implementation of flexible learning. This study utilized mix-method of research design. Responses were obtained using a researcher-made questionnaire and were interpreted using statistical tools such as Mean and Mann-Whitney U Test. The findings revealed that the level of preparedness of SUCs in CALABARZON in the implementation of Flexible Learning in the New Normal was verbally interpreted as “Prepared” as perceived by both faculty and student respondents. It was further revealed that there is a significant difference between the assessment of the faculty members and students on the SUC’s level of preparedness on the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal.  The corpus of data revealed 10 themes that account for the priority areas/skills vis a vis strategies for the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal from the perspectives of the faculty and students of SUCs in the region. The themes could be summarized into 10 thematic areas that are crucial in the implementation of flexible learning in the new normal: 1) student competency; 2) health and well-being; 3) student support and information; 4) course design; 5) pedagogy; 6) professional development; 7) assessment; 8) organization; 9) resources, and 10) school-community partnerships and linkages. These themes led to a knowledge creation of Flexible Learning Framework in the context of higher education in the new normal.  There is need for SUCs to strengthen the implementation of flexible learning that entails opportunities to reshape education; learning delivery and the operation of educational institutions.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Effectiveness of Digital Literacy Training to Improve Early Childhood
           Education Teacher’s Competence

    • Authors: Sudarti Sudarti, Rusman Rusman, Dadang Sukirman, Cepi Riyana
      Abstract: In the digital era, students are interested to use computers in their learning activities. To fulfil this need, teachers need to improve their digital literacy competencies to enable them to seize the digital media for teaching and learning activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of digital literacy training in improving teachers’ competence of Early Childhood Education in Pontianak City, West Kalimantan Province. Their digital literacy competencies cover their ability to use digital media, search for information sources via the internet, deal with hypertext guidance, evaluate information content and prepare online-based knowledge. The training was carried out for 2 days and it delivered task "Project Teaching" for the trainees. This study used a pre-experimental method with One Groups Pretest-Posttest Design. The sample used was 55 teachers from various regions in the city of Pontianak by using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected using techniques like interviews, observation and pretest-posttest. The data were analyzed by applying quantitative approach, namely the inferential statistical test assisted by SPSS 25. The results showed that the average pre-test score was 46.27 and the post-test average score was 88.91. The results shows that digital literacy training is effective in improving the teachers’ competence. The effectiveness of this digital literacy training is supported by the available facilities and infrastructure and support from their respective institutions.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Evaluating the Suitability of Literary Texts in Grade 10 English Text Book
           for Language Classrooms Daniel Belay Wubie

    • Authors: Yitayew Shebabie Mekonen, Yibeltal Degwale Tegegne, Daniel Belay Wubie
      Abstract: Literary texts increase the learners’ proficiency of integrated language learning as they enable the learners to apply all macro and micro skills. This study evaluated the suitability of literary texts in grade ten English for Ethiopia textbook for language classrooms. The evaluation was made from two aspects-from the learners’ aspect (learners’ literary experience, linguistic proficiency, cultural background, level of understanding, age, interest) and from the text itself (the texts’ content, topics, themes, language, accessibility, free of bias). The study employed descriptive design which involves qualitative research method. Document (textbook) analysis was used as the main tool for gathering data. The result of the evaluation indicated that most of the literary texts do not consider the learners literary experience, cultural background, language competence, age and understanding level. Curriculum designers consider all the students in the country in general and classrooms in particular as if they had equal exposure to literary texts. The literary texts are not considering the students’ cultural background since almost all of the texts are written by foreign in foreign contexts. However, the literary texts are relatively good in relation to language skills aimed to be improved, their length, contents, topics and themes.
      PubDate: 2022-07-29
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • The Revitalization of Oral Traditional Ngendau Dayak Kenyah Based on
           Creative Industries

    • Authors: Rika Istianingrum, Sumiyadi Sumiyadi, Iskandarwassid Iskandarwassid, Tedi Permadi
      Abstract: Ngendau is an oral song from the Dayak Kenyah ethnic group in East Kalimantan. Ngendau is sung simultaneously by the performers in a performance of traditional events and daily life. The existence of the oral tradition began to be unknown to the younger generation of the Dayak Kenyah community. Therefore, there is a need for efforts to revive the oral tradition of ngendau so that it does not become extinct. This study aimed to revitalize the oral tradition of ngendau of the Dayak Kenyah community based on creative industries, namely by making documentary films. The creative industry in Indonesia has begun to be echoed to create the creativity of the creative young generation. The method used in this research was ethnography. Field data were obtained using observation techniques and in-depth interviews with informants. This research aimed to revitalize the Dayak Kenyah oral tradition in a documentary by empowering indigenous Dayak Kenyah women in Rindang Benua Hamlet, East Kalimantan, and creative actors in the form of a documentary East Kalimantan as a form of creative industry process. Revitalizing the ngendau oral tradition by making documentary films is one of the best efforts and provides benefits for the Dayak Kenyah community so that the younger generation can see and understand the oral tradition.
      PubDate: 2022-07-28
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Thinking Skills of ABM Senior High School Students of Philippine State

    • Authors: Emejidio C. Gepila JR., John Paul S. Agulto, Althea Kate F. Fetalcorin, Sophia E. Elgario
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the level of thinking skills of Accountancy and Business Management Senior High School Students of Philippine State University and tries to find out the relationship between thinking skills level and the age and sex of the respondents. The study used the descriptive-correlational method of research. The methods involved range from the survey which describes the status quo, the correlation study which investigates the relationship between variables, to developmental studies which seek to determine changes overtime. The descriptive method was utilized to describe the thinking skills level of the ABM Senior high school students. The correlation was employed in investigating the relationship between the thinking skills level of the respondents and their demographic profile limited only to age and sex. The researchers used a Test questionnaire in gathering the data needed to evaluate the thinking skills level of the respondents. Based on the findings, it was concluded that most of the respondents acquired low level thinking skills in Anderson and Krathwohl Taxonomy. It was also concluded that there was no significant relationship between the level of thinking skills of the respondents and their demographic profile. With the conclusions, it was recommended that school administrators may initiate faculty enrichment program to enhance teaching strategies geared towards the development of thinking skills. Teachers should expose students to different skills activities which will help the students to develop their thinking skills.
      PubDate: 2022-07-28
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Character Traits Oriented Learning Material Model as a Strategy to
           Strengthen The Character for Early Childhood

    • Authors: Dian Sudaryuni Kurnia, Andoyo Sastromiharjo, Yeti Mulyati, Vismaia Damaianti
      Abstract: This research is motivated by the results of observations with teachers about the phenomenon of children's character building through story that is inconsistent with the development of children ages 5-6 years. It is assumed that the stories that have been used by the teacher do not contain character traits. Thus, this study aims to develop a story model for building early childhood characters. The focus of the character traits in the story being developed, among others: honesty; environmental care, and caring for others. This study uses a research and development model. The analysis process uses a qualitative descriptive analysis of the results of observations on teacher responses as users. The steps are: potential and problems, data collection, product design, design validation, design revision, product testing. This research resulted in a product in the form of 3 stories entitled: Janji Kardosi, Cerita dari Samudra, and Pipit dan Elang. Book eligibility uses 2 criteria, instructional criteria and presentation criteria. The validation is carried out by academics (media expert tests) and practitioners in the field of early childhood education. Meanwhile, the readability of the three stories was carried by 6 teachers at RA Al Marhamah and RA Annur Cimahi City.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Perceived Effects of COVID-19 Crisis on Budget Consumption of Filipino

    • Authors: Ernie Cortez Avila, Cleotilde L. Crescini, Gracia Jarabejo Abin
      Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the effects of the COVID19 crisis on the Budget Consumption of Filipino Families during the Enhanced Community Quarantine in some regions of Luzon, the Philippines, using the descriptive-inferential research methods. 237 Filipino families were the respondents of this study. It determined the families' profile, daily spending, and its test of significant difference before and during the Luzon-Wide Enhanced Community lockdown; the perceived effects of COVID19 Crisis on Budget Consumption; and its test of significant difference. It was revealed that: majority came from Region 5, from a family with 1 or more family members are government employee, student, with only one family member is working with irregular source of income, with an average combined monthly income of less than P10,000, and living together with 4-6 persons at home; the average daily consumption of the respondents before and during COVID19 crisis was within P100.00-P500.00; there was a highly significant difference in the daily spending of Families before and during Luzon-Wide Enhanced Community lockdown; they Moderately Agree that  Food consumption expenses; quantity of consumption of goods; income supplements were affected; and realized the importance of savings; they Agree that the COVID19 crisis changed their budget consumption preferences;  and Fairly Agree that they incurred loans and borrowings due to the Luzon-Wide Enhanced Community lockdown; there were significant difference on the Perceived Effects of COVID19 Crisis on Budget Consumption of Filipino Families among the regions, source of income and average combined monthly income of the family.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • The Conceptualization of the Study of Social Justice: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: David Seetsa Makateng
      Abstract: To understand the nature of social justice as a concept one has to subscribe to the historical background of social justice and its relevance up to this day. The nature of this paper is to reveal the origins of the concept of social justice which stem from the religious context by an Italian philosopher named Luigi Taparelli. Social justice as a foundation of human rights is also presented in this paper. This paper attempts to explore on the following research questions, ‘what is social justice'’ what is the importance of social justice in the society' The main objective of this study is to discover the importance of social justice as the foundation of human rights account. This paper also substantiates the core message of principles of social justice in the society. Methodology adopted is exploratory and interpretive and data collected from various sources, books and journals in line with social justice. Ultimately, real solutions depend on new ideas that better reflect fundamental values social justice the paper concludes by putting forward the four types of justice.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Predictive Accuracy of Social Comparison, Five Big Factors of Personality
           on Mood Contagion among Social Networking Users of Universities students

    • Authors: Mahmoud Ali Moussa, Abdullah Khretan Alenezi
      Abstract: The study aimed at Predictive Accuracy of Social Comparison, Five Big Factor of Personality in predicting of Mood Contagion among Social Networking Users of Universities students. The sample consisted of 288 students from volunteers' university stage students. The scales application was performed electronically by the google form platform. The study depended on a correlational approach. The paper used the Mood contagion, five big factors of personality in social networking scales, then the study produced the social comparison scale. The findings proved that two factors Neuroticism and Extraversion had positive effects on mood contagion. Finally, the social comparison had a positive effect on mood contagion.
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2022)
  • Electronic Management Systems and their Effective Role in Supporting
           Employee Performance in King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh: An Empirical

    • Authors: Uthman Musa Aqeeli
      Abstract: This study aimed at examining and analyzing the impact of the application of the electronic management system on the performance of employees in King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh. It sought to identify the reality of the application of the electronic management system in King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh from the point of view of the working employees, and the role of this application in the development of administrative performance in King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh. As well, it tried to depict the most influential electronic management system on the performance of the working employees, the viewpoint of the employees working in King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh, and finally, the existence of a statistically significant correlation between the electronic management system used and the performance of the employees working in King Fahd City in Riyadh. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher opted for the descriptive approach. In this study, the researcher targeted the employees working in King Fahd Medical City, using an electronically distributed questionnaire. The number of this questionnaire respondents was (150) responses. The researcher designed the study questionnaire consisting of four main axes, including (54) phrases. The answers were subject to the Five-point Likert scale. The study reached many results, the most important of which are that the employees of King Fahd Medical City strongly agreed that the medical city has electronic systems programs in order to save and retrieve data with a mean of (4.740) and a standard deviation of (0.469). The results also indicated that the electronic management systems used in the medical city contribute to the speed of work completion with a mean of (4.413) and a standard deviation of (0.667), and that electronic management systems contribute to facilitating the process of control and follow-up with a mean of (4,393). Moreover, among the results of applying electronic management systems to employees’ development in King Fahd Medical City was that paper transactions were dispensed with and the focus became on the electronic system with a mean of (4,620) and a standard deviation of (0.526).​​ As well, electronic management systems contributed to making contact among the administrative departments with a mean of (4,440) and a standard deviation of (0.629). The study also found that there is an effectiveness of the electronic systems used, through the presence of statistical significance at the level of (0.000). The results showed that the most effective electronic management systems on the performance of employees were the electronic transactions system, followed by the performance management system (PMS). Finally, the study recommended the need to adopt the use of Electronic systems in medical institutions, abandoning paper systems and replacing them with an electronic system.
      Issue No: Vol. 11
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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