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International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2252-8822 - ISSN (Online) 2620-5440
Published by Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Factors affecting the decision to choose a university of high school
           students: A study in An Giang Province, Vietnam

    • Authors: Nguyen Chi Hai; Nguyen Ho Thanh, To Minh Chau, Ta Van Sang, Vo Hoang Dong
      Abstract: It is important to provide high school students with the necessary information for them to consult and make a decision to choose a university. The study aims to identify and evaluate the influence of factors in the decision to choose a university for high school students. The questionnaire survey method was used to collect data from 393 students from eight high schools in An Giang Province, Vietnam. Exploratory factor analysis and linear regression were used to analyze the data. The research results show that students are quite satisfied and quite certain with their decision to choose a university, while there are six important factors affecting the decision to choose a university. Influential factors with decreasing order of magnitude are: i) Factors consulted by teachers, family, friends, and relatives; ii) Factors of future job opportunities; iii) Factors of media activities; iv) Factors of learning conditions; v) Factors of university reputation; vi) Factors belong to the students themselves. The findings of the study show that there is no statistically significant difference between the group of males and females, between grades 10, 11, and 12. Besides, there is a statistically significant difference between students in high schools. The findings of this study have theoretical and practical implications for university admissions in Vietnam. Proposals made to university administrators were discussed. From the research results, we want to help students find the right university, and support universities to improve the efficiency of admissions.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:26 +000
  • The effect of reading literacy to mathematics comprehension of elementary
           school students in Indonesia and Malaysia

    • Authors: Anggit Prabowo; Suparman Suparman, Chong Su Li, Dahlia Janan, Tri Dessy Damayanti
      Abstract: This article aims to measure the effects of reading literacy to mathematical comprehension of fifth grade elementary students both in Indonesia and Malaysia. This article used quasi-experiment with factorial design. Samples included 398 students that consisted of 173 elementary students in Indonesia and 216 elementary students in Malaysia. The data were taken by using three instruments: a test and three questionnaires. A test was used to assess the students’ mathematical comprehension. Meanwhile, the questionnaires were used to measure their reading literacy and motivation to study mathematics. They have been validated by two experts and estimated the reliability coefficient by using the Cronbach Alpha formula. Experts judged the instruments were valid based on the content validity. The reliability coefficient of all of the instruments was more than 0.5 so they were reliable. A descriptive statistical analysis was used to describe the data, while the analysis variant was used to examine the different mathematical comprehension levels of the students based on reading literacy and the motivation to study mathematics. The result showed that there is a difference in mathematical comprehension levels between students that have a high reading literacy level and those with a lower level. Besides that, this study also shows that there is a distinction in mathematical comprehension levels between students which have a higher motivation to study mathematics with students that have less motivation. This study concluded that reading literacy and the motivation to study mathematics have an effect toward mathematical comprehension ability of elementary students.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:26 +000
  • COVID-19 pandemic influence on undergraduate female engineering
           students’ performance in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Sher Shermin Azmiri Khan; Muhibul Haque Bhuyan
      Abstract: This paper explores the impact of the online teaching-learning of the Computer Science and Engineering program’s female students at the Central Women’s University in Bangladesh due to the COVID-19 epidemic. A survey was directed to comprehend the students’ perspectives on online engineering education. The performances of the same students under the same course instructor of various courses as well as of different students under the same course instructor of the same courses before the pandemic and during the pandemic were investigated. After that, this paper analyzed students’ experiences of the evaluation method before and during the outbreak, and then found out the transformation of the students’ concerns regarding online engineering education. The research was based on the student surveys and observations, and their academic performances. All indicators exhibited that the procedure that was implemented had a positive impact on students’ achievement. Students’ involvement, particularly in the core courses that are essential to fulfilling their degrees, had improved. Furthermore, students gained more precise and constructive knowledge from the course teachers during the pandemic, as such the impact on the students’ learning due to the online teaching of Computer Science and Engineering students were positive than before the pandemic.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • Professional elementary teachers in the digital era: A systematic
           literature review

    • Authors: Hamidulloh Ibda; Ibnu Syamsi, Rukiyati Rukiyati
      Abstract: Teachers of elementary school must be professional and have digital skills in Revolution 4.0, and Society 5.0 age progresses. This article includes a thorough assessment of the research on elementary school teachers’ professional competence, professional development, and digital competence. This research is needed to determine what professional elementary school teachers did and why they should be professionals in the digital age. The writing of this systematic review of literature articles was assisted by the Publish or Perish 7, Mendeley, VOSviewer, and Nvivo 12 Plus application. The search for articles in Scopus indexed journals is limited to the last 11 years (2010-2021). From the search results, there were 100 Scopus indexed articles, then articles were selected according to compatible themes into 31 selected articles. Professionals’ teacher, professional development, pedagogical content knowledge, teacher professional development, professional development program, and professional competence are among the findings of the theme/topic. The articles were analyzed according to the topics determined through the NVIVO 12 Plus. This article contributes to subsequent research and becomes a study for the theme of professional elementary school teachers and teacher competence in the digital era.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • Assessment of domain-specific prior knowledge: A development and
           validation of mathematical problem-solving test

    • Authors: Ijtihadi Kamilia Amalina; Tibor Vidákovich
      Abstract: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is a complex problem-solving that depends on the deep structures of domain-specific prior knowledge (DSPK) in mathematics. However, there is a lack of mathematics DSPK tests measuring several mathematics topics in every problem-solving phase in conceptual and procedural knowledge. This study aims to develop a mathematical problem-solving test as a mathematics DSPK test and investigate the content and construct validity. The product of test development is a 30-multiple-choice-item test in six mathematics topics. Every topic underlined all problem-solving phases in conceptual and procedural knowledge in a science or individual context. There were six experts performed the content validity sheets which analyzed using the content validity index (CVI) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The construct validity was examined using the Rasch model from 175 data of 7th grader students in Indonesia (Mage=12.66, SD=55). The result of content validity revealed overall items were valid (CVI≥83) and reliable (α=863; rxx=513). The construct of all items indicated fit (90≤weigheted MNSQ≤1.16) and were reliable (α=74) with various levels of difficulties and six low discrimination items. The recommendation for improvement is emphasized in language aspects. The absence of knowledge of facts could be an improvement for further study.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • Student’s rating of secondary school physics teachers’ classroom
           practice: Implications for teaching and learning

    • Authors: Abiodun Adekunle Bada; Loyiso C. Jita
      Abstract: Evaluation in secondary schools has been left in the hands of school management, administrators, and teachers. Little or no attention has been paid to the concerns of students, who happens to be another important stakeholder in the teaching-learning process. Students’ voices regarding teachers’ classroom practice can have great implications for teaching and learning. This study investigated students’ ratings of secondary schools’ physics teachers with particular reference to teachers’ use of instructional material(s), methods, and classroom management. This study adopted the descriptive survey design, which involved 1,256 physics students randomly selected from the three senatorial districts in Ondo, Nigeria. A researcher-designed questionnaire was used to collect data for this research and the data obtained were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings from this study revealed that physics teachers were rated low in their use of instructional materials and instructional methods. However, physics teachers were rated high in the area of classroom management. This study concluded that the use of good instructional materials and methods while still adopting the best classroom management is crucial to the realization of classroom objectives. The paper contributes to the scholarship on how students’ views of their teachers can have great implications for teaching and learning.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • Distance learning during COVID-19 pandemic: A study of Moroccan university

    • Authors: Habiba Hafa; Badr Hafa, Mohammed Moubtassime
      Abstract: Because of COVID-19, distance learning was adopted by the majority of educational institutions as a strategy to ensure the continuity of education. In Morocco, forcing students to change their traditional learning methods has put them through an unprecedented learning experience. This study aims at investigating Moroccan university students of English experiences with distance learning during the pandemic in terms of readiness, satisfaction and perceived barriers. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researchers relied on an exploratory descriptive approach through a self-developed online questionnaire involving 138 respondents. The results indicate that students’ readiness to engage in distance learning was found to be at a moderate level. Additionally, the participants reported a low level of satisfaction with their experience of distance learning during COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, they preferred face-to-face learning over distance learning. Lack of previous experience with distance learning, lack of needed technology and inadequate internet connection were found to be among the major barriers to distance learning during the pandemic. Furthermore, the respondents expressed concerns on issues related to motivation, interaction and lack of technical skills. The findings of this study were discussed and compared to the findings of other related studies.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • The effect of entrepreneurial education on university student’s
           entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention

    • Authors: Dwi Atmono; Muhammad Rahmattullah, Ananda Setiawan, Rochman Hadi Mustofa, Diaz Aziz Pramudita, Titik Ulfatun, Reza Reza, Achmad Mustofa
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to find out the impact of curriculum attendance (CA) and extracurricular activities (EA) on entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and entrepreneurial intentions (EI) in Indonesian students. This research is elaborated using the quantitative method with SEM-PLS to find out the studied phenomena. Decision questionnaires from questionnaires that have been used in previous studies. The questionnaire was responded to by 733 students who had studied entrepreneurship education during COVID-19 pandemic. The results showed that the presence of the curriculum attendance and extracurricular activities had a positive impact on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intentions. Extracurricular activities and entrepreneurial self-efficacy have a positive impact on entrepreneurial intentions. However, the presence of the curriculum has no impact on entrepreneurial intentions. This is the first step for universities and students to realize that the presence of the curriculum needs to be reconstructed in order to have an impact on entrepreneurial intentions.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • A comparing key performance indicator and benchmarks of quality pre-school
           among the agency in Malaysia

    • Authors: Nordin Mamat; Abdul Rahim Razali, Abdul Talib Hashim, Mohd Mahzan Awang, Mohamed Nor Azhari Azman, Nur Fajrie
      Abstract: High quality early childhood education (ECE) enables children to enjoy the experience and have nurturing environment that promotes holistic development. The key performance indicators such as quality pre-school’s environment, teachers and assistant teachers, learning materials have been predicted to produce desirable outcomes. However, the challenge is to identify the predictors that can quantify the definition of a quality teacher. This study uses questionnaire to assess individual perceptions and views on quality key performance indicators of early childhood pre-school center. The study’s findings revealed that the gap analysis related to the qualification of pre-school teachers and ratio teacher-child below the standard. Even though teacher-child ratio in private pre-schools is small because most of pre-schools do not employ assistant teacher as practiced in other pre-schools. Thus, the study found that the performance of children’s abilities in Ministry of Education pre-school and private pre-schools exceeded the national standard of 76.2% National Average of Reading and Writing, and 64.6% National Average of Arithmetic. However, based on benchmark 100% achievement, the screening performance report shown children far left behind. In conclusion, these findings are important to be given attention and remedial action in order the improvement and quality of pre-school achieve the minimum standard.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • Pre-service English teachers’ motivation to pursue a career in teaching
           viewed from speaking self-efficacy

    • Authors: Hartono Hartono; Nani Hidayati, Wiyaka Wiyaka
      Abstract: Previous research on pre-service teachers’ motivation to pursue a career in teaching found different results. Some research found altruistic motivation dominant in determining career decisions, while others suggest extrinsic or intrinsic motivation. The current study extended the topic by relating pre-service English teachers’ motivation to teach to English-speaking self-efficacy. There were 94 pre-service English teachers of different semesters participated in this study. Data were collected with a Likert-type questionnaire. Pre-service English teachers have a high motivation to pursue a career in teaching, and extrinsic motivation was the most dominant motive. The nobility of the profession, sustainability of job demand, inspiration from the teachers, and flexible working hours are among the extrinsic motives. The pre-service teachers also have a high level of English-speaking self-efficacy. However, they still have problems with anxiety, the use of idioms, the use of accurate grammar and vocabulary, and fluency. Between motivation to teach and their speaking self-efficacy lies a significant positive correlation at a moderate level. This moderate level of the relationship suggests that English-speaking self-efficacy is not a determining factor in motivating pre-service English teachers to have a career in teaching. Consequently, some English teachers may have inadequate proficiency in the language they teach.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • Assessment for learning and cognitive process dimensions literacy of
           instructors in English

    • Authors: Semuel R. Olayvar; Christopher Dela Cruz Francisco
      Abstract: The general problem of this study was to determine the literacy level of instructors in English on assessment for learning and cognitive process dimensions in terms of the following parameters such as classroom assessment objective, classroom assessment theoretical basis, types of tests, content, and performance standards and competencies, and cognitive process dimensions. To achieve this aim, the researchers involved five university administrators, 15 instructors in English, and 225 college students during the school year 2020-2021. The questionnaire on the literacy level of instructors in English on the assessment of learning and cognitive process dimensions was utilized. The results were processed using statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS) and presented using appropriate tables and texts. The findings revealed that: first, although instructors in English are utilizing specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) learning objectives, they still have to distinguish between three learning domains; secondly, while instructors in English are excellent in identifying the diversity of students, they have to look for various assessment tools; third, though they have flexibility in crafting learning goals, and assess students holistically, they need to be familiar with levels of cognitive process in achieving profound assessment for learning.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:25 +000
  • Role of social factors, self-efficacy and technological support on the use
           of virtual learning environment among teachers

    • Authors: Noor Lela Ahmad; Rusliza Yahaya, Hariyaty Ab Wahid, Nadhirah Syafiqah Mohd Fazil
      Abstract: Virtual learning environment (VLE) has been introduced in educational institutions such as schools, colleges, and universities to encourage a systematic online teaching and learning platform. This paper aims to examine the effect of social factors, self-efficacy, and technological support on the utilization of VLE in the educational process. A quantitative approach was employed and the data was collected through a set of questionnaires administered to selected respondents. A total of 356 accounting teachers from secondary schools in Peninsular Malaysia were chosen as the samples. A reflective measurement model in partial least square-structural equation modeling was utilized to measure the effect of the exogenous latent variable on the endogenous latent variable. Results indicated that social factors namely (colleagues, administrators, and school culture) significantly affect the use of VLE among teachers. Further, self-efficacy and technological support namely (facilities quality, internet access, and technical support) positively influence teachers to apply VLE during teaching. The quality of technological facilities in schools needs to be developed to promote effective educational processes and motivate teachers to use digital technology. Further, it is strongly suggested that teachers need to be given appropriate training and ongoing support to develop their skills in using digital technology.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • Factors of using e-learning in higher education and its impact on student

    • Authors: Zulherman Zulherman; Farah Mohamad Zain, Siti Nazuar Sailin
      Abstract: This research was conducted to evaluate the adoption of e-learning in higher education and its impact on students. The quantitative research design was used in this study, and the technology acceptance model (TAM) was used with two external variables perceived enjoyment (PEN) and perceived self-efficacy (PSE), to analyze the validity and reliability of items and to test the hypotheses. This study was conducted among 592 undergraduate students who were selected using a random sampling technique. The findings of this study have successfully proven all ten hypotheses. It was evident that the students enjoyed e-learning’s adoption, which had succeeded in increasing students’ motivation to learn, increasing students’ confidence, and expanding students’ knowledge.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • Practical and social interaction justice of online learning during the
           COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Rahmi Ramadhani; Dian Armanto, Fikry Prastya Syahputra, Titim Eliawati
      Abstract: The implementation of learning in the current situation can be carried out using online learning as part of the methodology to answer the educational challenges caused by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The role of technology in the online learning process in previous research studies has made it a major and important factor for successful learning in this emergency situation. This study aimed to investigate a philosophical perspective using the critical realism paradigm regarding the role of technology in online learning practices based on e-learning systems and justice in social interaction in aspects of learning implementation during the COVID-19 pandemic. This was a qualitative method with a critical realism approach. The results indicated that several critical arguments exist to rebalance the role of technology back to its origin, which is not a major factor, but a factor that still requires support from personal factors, personal behavior, and teacher readiness in facing technological developments. The findings of the study can be used to implement technology-based online learning while keeping practical and social justice in mind for both students and teachers.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • The learning environment as a predictor of higher order thinking skills

    • Authors: Mohd Saifulkhair Omar; Mohd Isha Awang
      Abstract: The learning environment is one of the elements that will influence higher-order thinking skills (HOTS). The purpose of this study was to test the influence of the learning environment on HOTS. The researcher selected 82 forms two students from two secondary schools in Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia, as the study sample. The researcher has adopted a set of questionnaires that have been developed by previous researchers and a questionnaire developed by the researcher himself. Multiple regression analysis has found that material environment and cooperation between students’ constructs are predictors of HOTS. Therefore, the Ministry of Education Malaysia as a stakeholder in the education sector in the country is expected to: i) Allocate ample expenditure to purchase and maintain all laboratory equipment and materials and ii) Organize workshops on the maintenance of laboratory equipment and materials for laboratory assistants in high school to ensure they are always in the best possible condition. The researcher suggested that future studies focus on producing maintenance modules for the materials and science equipment for laboratory assistants’ use. It is hoped that with this module, the focus on improving Malaysian students’ HOTS will be easily achieved by 2025.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Malaysian and Indonesian educators in
           tertiary institutions

    • Authors: Chew Chiou Sheng; Khyrina Airin Fariza Abu Samah, Fadilah Ezlina Shahbudin, David Loh Er Fu, Heni Mulyani, Nugraha Nugraha
      Abstract: This study investigated the challenges encountered by educators conducting online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysian and Indonesian higher learning institutions. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to obtain information in this study. The respondents comprised 250 educators from Malaysian and Indonesian higher learning institutions. A self-developed Likert-scale online questionnaire was given to the respondents. The study findings revealed that Malaysian educators faced greater challenges in mental health, time management, and assessments. In comparison, Indonesian educators experienced more challenges in demonstrating compassion to students during online teaching. Educators in both countries encountered poor internet connectivity, lack of interaction and engagement with students, stress, and anxiety. Opportunities created by the COVID-19 pandemic comprise exploring and learning online teaching tools, producing online teaching and learning materials, conducting research, and writing research papers for publication. Recommendations for addressing online teaching challenges and suggestions for future research are also discussed.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • The sustainability of technology-aided leadership adoption among school
           leaders: If it could ever be this real forever

    • Authors: Mat Rahimi Yusof; Hapini Awang, Mohd Faiz Mohd Yaakob, Mohd Fairuz Jaafar, Mohd Yusri Ibrahim, Pang Lai Chaw
      Abstract: The 21st century has become a challenging moment for all sectors including education. The rapid advancement of technology has brought a huge impact to leadership style among school leaders in Malaysia. Hence, this quantitative identified the level of technology-aided leadership and analyze the behavioral constructs that contribute to technology-aided leadership. A total of 365 questionnaires adapted from the national educational technology standards for administrators (NETS-A) were answered by respondents. statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS) version 26 and Smart PLS 3 were used to analyze the data. Interestingly, the results revealed that the level of technology-aided leadership is high and the six constructs of technology-aided leadership among principals are valid. The constructs are i) Productivity and professional practice; ii) Teaching and learning; iii) Social, legal, and ethics; iv) Leadership and vision; v) management support and operations; and vi) Assessment and evaluation. In general, school leaders should take the opportunity to develop themselves to become high-tech leaders. Meanwhile, the 31 indicators that are verified in this study can be used to evaluate the behavior of technological leadership. Finally, further research is strongly encouraged to enlarge the scope by collecting the data from all Malaysian states to obtain more accurate and generalizable results.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • The statistical thinking skill and adversity quotient of English
           pre-service teacher

    • Authors: Wahyu Hidayat; Sri Adi Widodo, Trisnendri Syahrizal
      Abstract: Statistics is a branch of mathematical study in universities. Statistics courses are not too tricky to master for students in Mathematics education. In contrast, non-mathematics students, such as students of English education, own the paradigm that statistics is a complex subject since they have to apply formulas and substitute those formulas with numbers as a basic knowledge of general statistics course. There are a lot of studies on the statistical thinking skills of a pre-service teacher. However, statistical thinking skills influenced by the adversity quotient factor have not been widely studied. This study aimed to identify and examine the statistical thinking skills of pre-service English teachers based on the dimensions of adversity quotient and statistical thinking ability. This is a quantitative study with a sample of 314 students of English pre-service teachers who took statistics courses for language education and were selected by cluster random sampling technique at a university in Cimahi, West Java, Indonesia. The results showed that based on control, origin, ownership, and endurance positively influenced students’ thinking abilities. However, there is no positive effect between the latent variable of the reach dimension on the students’ statistical thinking ability. The students’ thinking skills tend to be classified at the quantitative level.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • Technology in the educational processes of basic education in Peru

    • Authors: César León Velarde; Maribel Liliana Vega-Infantas, Martin Sabino Gavino-Ramos, Jorge Luis Tipe-Carrasco, John Hebert Acha-Jimenez
      Abstract: This research project aimed to give a perspective on the implementation of technologies in basic education in Peru. How the automation of basic education processes in Peru helps students, parents, teachers, and administrative staff to reduce time, to have better educational quality, and to obtain indicators for the teacher and student. The methodology of the research is a sequence of activities that allow us to design a framework for process technologies in basic education in Peru. Based on online surveys, it was possible to obtain information from people who want a change in the processes of education, such as: having more reach to information with the help of the internet for which mobile applications or web applications are needed, the delivery of evaluations and enrolment via online, taking advantage of technology for the benefit of the student and teachers, and other processes. The research has a qualitative approach. It is also descriptive in scope with the help of other studies or tests conducted. For the creation of this article, we used surveys, scientific journals, and our own experience as practitioners. If we want to improve education, it is necessary to improve educational processes with the help of technology and the internet.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • Rethinking strategy on developing students’ levels of geometric thinking
           in Sokoto state, Nigeria

    • Authors: Muhammad Nasiru Hassan; Abdul Halim Abdullah, Norulhuda Ismail
      Abstract: Geometric thinking skills remained a topical issue in mathematics education. The purpose of this research is to investigate the van Hiele levels of geometric thinking skills of the students in Sokoto state to provide a clear picture of the students’ levels for the appropriate development of learning activities, and better understanding. The study involves three mathematics teachers and 200 students (100 students each of basic and senior secondary school students). The samples of the teachers were purposely selected and students were randomly selected. There were two instruments used in the study; interviews for the mathematics teachers while a van Hiele test for geometric thinking was adopted to collect data for the students’ van Hiele levels of thinking. Thematic analysis (for teachers’ interview), descriptive, and Mann-Whitney U test for the analysis of students’ van Hiele levels of thinking was used. The result shows that all the teachers indicate that the traditional approach is the dominant method used in teaching and learning and that students in the state lack basic skills in school geometry. Also, the result indicated that the majority of students sample among Basic and Senior secondary schools in Sokoto state were operating at level 0 respectively. Furthermore, a significant difference between the two independent groups was found in favor of senior secondary school students. It is hoped that in the future, educational institutions could use the present research as a guide for the development and design of modules, learning activities based on the van Hiele levels to bridge the gap in the state.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:24 +000
  • Reviewing of Indonesian students’ scientific communication skills: A
           structural equation modeling analysis

    • Authors: Khoiriah Khoiriah; Agus Suyatna, Abdurrahman Abdurrahman, Tri Jalmo
      Abstract: To ensure the success of science learning oriented to higher order thinking skills, especially scientific communication skills (SCS), valid and effective instruments are needed. The existing instruments, although helpful, are still too general and have not touched the socio-cultural context. Therefore, we developed an instrument to measure SCS according to the characteristics of students in Indonesia. This study tested the validity, reliability and assumptions of the hypothetical model of the scientific communication skills inventory (SCSI) instrument developed. This study involved 1,287 students in Indonesia. The test was carried out through confirmatory factor analysis with structural equation modelling (SEM) using AMOS version 21. The results of the analysis show that the reliability of the instrument based on Cronbach’s alpha coefficient is 0.720. The convergent validity test detected one item of the oral presentation indicator as invalid and the discriminant validity test confirmed that all instrument items were declared valid. The goodness of fit test shows all scores according to the recommended standard criteria so that SCSI can be used to identify the SCS ability profile of students in Indonesia. For further research, we recommend the development of a learning model that prioritizes the context of social issues to grow students’ SCS.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:23 +000
  • Blended learning: Adoption pattern of online classrooms in higher

    • Authors: Kholid Haryono; Almed Hamzah
      Abstract: This study aimed to describe the patterns of technology usage. Specifically, on the implementation of blended learning (BL) in higher education institutions. The case study explores usage patterns, influencing factors, and success factors. The data sources came from the Google Classroom log activity of 35 departments, consisting of five vocational programs, 28 undergraduate programs, and two professional programs in a university for three years with an average in a semester. A method called the customer window quadrant (CWQ) was utilized to analyze the pattern. In addition, a questionnaire was deployed to measure the teacher’s satisfaction with using the Google Classroom in a blended learning setting. The results show two dominant activities in Google Classroom, namely assigning tasks and quizzes. For the quiz, there were two popular question types, i.e., multiple-choice and short answers questions. The activity of using the Google Classroom has doubled in the three years. Assigning tasks to projects becomes the task in the Google Classroom. The usage patterns of Google Classroom are based on the level of importance. There are three activities considered the most important, namely creating class, topic, and material course. Moreover, the most influencing factors are stability, convenience, simplicity, velocity, and reliability.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:23 +000
  • A study on the implementation of remote learning: Malaysian students’
           struggles and suggestions for improvement

    • Authors: Muhammad Noor Abdul Aziz; Nurliyana Bukhari, Nurahimah Mohd Yusoff, Yusnidah Ibrahim, Abdul Malek Abdul Karim, Mohd Isha Awang, Aspalila Shapii
      Abstract: This study seeks to explore Malaysian undergraduates’ perspectives on the implementation of remote learning in their university during the period of the movement control order (MCO). Since teaching and learning activities have been impacted by the pandemic, it is imperative to consider students’ perspectives on carrying out classes via the online platform as many studies claim that the pandemic has disrupted teaching and learning activities. A total of 1,028 undergraduate students participated in this voluntary study by answering an open-ended survey sent out to their student email addresses during the MCO period that restricted students and lecturers from going to the university. The qualitative responses from the students were critically analyzed for thematic patterns. The four themes emerging from the data provide future teaching and learning plans that should embed self-learning techniques that could aid students if a similar predicament should hit us in the future. Course instructors can use this information to design future lessons that could assist their learners better.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:23 +000
  • Identification of counselor mind process on online counseling

    • Authors: M. Ramli; Husni Hanafi, Nur Hidayah, Adi Atmoko, Fifi Khoirul Fitriyah
      Abstract: The internal counselor competence refers to the metacognition skills to manage all their mental experiences and internal conditions. These are in the form of Mind skills. In particular, in the industrial revolution 4.0 and the covid-19 pandemic situation, online counselors face many unpredictable and unfamiliar conditions. This study aims to identify the state of level the counselor's mind skills during online counseling sessions. This research method uses survey research methods of 181 online counselors in various regions in Indonesia. Mind Skills Journal is the instrument used for data collection to assess the four levels of counselor metacognition (Reflective, Strategic, Aware, and Tacit). The analysis used basic statistics and graphs. The results showed the overall score of the Mind skills level was 78.166%, which was in the Strategic Use level. The Mind skills contribution can be counselor self-regulation, counselor assessment, verbalization, information visualization description, causal analysis, and predictive planning. Suggestions based on research results are the need for an alternative to improve mind skills through reflective learning of prospective counselors and reflective supervision activities of counselors in the field.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:23 +000
  • Metacognition analysis of five grade students in elementary school on

    • Authors: Dyah Triwahyuningtyas; Nyamik Rahayu Sesanti
      Abstract: This study aimed to observe student learning activities in terms of number material metacognition. The method is a case study qualitative research. The research subjects were 30 students of the fifth-grade elementary school in Malang. Data collection techniques use tests and interviews by carrying out three stages: planning, monitoring, and evaluation. The results showed that internal and external factors caused 75% of moderate learning difficulties. Internal factors arise due to a lack of understanding of mathematical concepts, lack of thoroughness, and interest in literacy. Meanwhile, the external media used by the teacher was deemed less supportive, and the class conditions were not conducive. Thus, there is a conclusion that internal and external factors cause students’ metacognition analysis.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:23 +000
  • Factors affecting students’ career choices in Morocco

    • Authors: Najia Amini; Youssef Sefri, Mohamed Radid
      Abstract: In a changing socio-economic world, making a career choice has become a complex process that involves many factors. The study is recommended to develop appropriate guiding interventions for career exploration. For this purpose, using a quantitative approach, the study at hand seeks to explain the impact of social context on academic career development. The questionnaire has an internal consistency of about 0.71 and consists of two parts. The first deals with the socio-demographic factor and the second, presented as Likert-type items, contains 17 variables, which are expected to affect students’ career and academic choices. A total of 285 high school students responded to the questionnaire. The study has found that family and teachers’ support, as well as study plans and educational goals, play an important role in students’ career choices. Moreover, using the Mann-Whitney test and the Kruskal-Wallis test, some disparities have been noticed among pupils based on their gender and academic achievement.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:23 +000
  • Learning loss experience and control motive by Zillennial generation in

    • Authors: Bagas Narendra Parahita; Dwi Astutik, Ghufronudin Ghufronudin, Yuhastina Yuhastina
      Abstract: The development of the COVID-19 situation in Indonesia affected particularly education sector in Indonesia significantly when learning loss occurs. The majority of students forced to attend online learning during the pandemic era are Generation Z (Gen Z). Gen Z is viewed as a digital natives group that can adapt quickly to online learning, but independent online learning situations make Gen Z vulnerable to experiencing learning loss. It will be interesting to find out the process of controlling learning loss done by Gen Z as digital natives. This research used a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The main informant consisted of 32 students selected purposively with the criteria of those born in 2000-2008. Few in-depth interviews were conducted offline and the majority of them are conducted online. The finding of research shows particularly that the experience of Zillennial generation group (cohort) with online learning before the pandemic (Because-motives) and during the pandemic can equip them to control learning loss they feel conscious (In-order-to-motive). Another finding leads to the creation of three Gen Z Typications in online learning during the pandemic time including inconsistent, proactive, learning independence, and desperation Typication. Generation Z group exists as one generation consciously experiencing loss of learning during pandemic incidence. 
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:23 +000
  • The instrument development to measure the verbal ability of prospective
           high school students

    • Authors: Muhammad Rais Ridwan; Samsul Hadi, Jailani Jailani, Heri Retnawati
      Abstract: An alternative for determining an accurate major for prospective high school students is not only based on academic scores but also on the results of the scholastic aptitude test (SAT). Verbal ability is an SAT subtest that assesses language management, vocabulary, and problem-solving abilities through a complete language study. This study developed a verbal ability test instrument for junior high school students consisting of the ability of synonyms, antonyms, and analogies. The data was collected from 300 junior high school students in grade nine who took a test with dichotomous data. The data analysis approach used one-order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with correlation factors. The results showed that CFA with correlation factors indicated the construct validity of the instrument was valid with the index criteria value =446.80, df=389, p-value=0.02267, root mean squared error of approximation (RMSEA)=0.022, goodness of fit index (GFI)=0.91, adjusted goodness-of-fit (AGFI)=0.89, and comparative fit index (CFI)=0.98. Then, construct reliability has good reliability with coefficient values for each dimension of 0.93, 0.95, and 0.84. As for the composite reliability of 0.88. It shows that using the verbal ability test instrument is feasible and has a reliable scale to measure the ability of junior high school students.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:23 +000
  • The study of personal factors of adolescents affecting their attitudes
           towards the success and failure of the other

    • Authors: Alexandra Serdakova; Natalia Shustikova, Nikita Kishkin, Marina Asafaylo, Nikolay Kravtsov
      Abstract: The purpose of the research was to study personal factors that can influence the formation of attitudes towards the success and failure of the other in adolescence. The psychodiagnostics techniques used in the study included Beskova’s methodology modified by Dubovskaya and Serdakova, the methodology for diagnosing the level of empathy by Boyko, emotional intelligence test by Hall and Dembo-Rubinstein self-esteem measurement methodology modified by Prikhozhan. There is a correlation between the attitudes towards the success and failure of a peer and personality traits in adolescence. It has been shown that young men and women are frequently characterized by a positive perception of the other, sincere joy and admiration for their success, and sympathy in case of failure and success of the other. A direct correlation was revealed between the level of empathy and a positive attitude towards the success of the other, which confirms the role of the personal factor in the formation of interpersonal relations.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:22 +000
  • Stop bullying: Evidence from an exploratory factor analysis of dominant
           bullying behaviors among Malaysian adolescent

    • Authors: Abdul Hamid Busthami Nur; Nurulwahida Azid, Ruzlan Md-Ali, Siti Jaizah Nakman, Tee Tze Kiong, Yee Mei Heong
      Abstract: Bullying, a recurring aggressive and substantial antisocial behavior characterized by a power imbalance can be destructive, and persistent and causes harm. Bullying is a negative behavior on individuals or groups of individuals who are considered weak that occurs more frequently among adolescents between the ages of 13–16. Bullying in schools is a violence that can result in students feeling threatened and powerless. This study was conducted to identify constructs that measure physical, verbal, anti-social, and cyberbullying. A total of 677 samples from a total of 23 secondary schools in the northern peninsula of Malaysia were involved in this cross-sectional survey research design that used a questionnaire to collect the data. Exploratory factor analysis was used to analyze the data. The results showed that four factors namely, physical bully, verbal bullying, antisocial bully, and cyberbullying were prevalent among Malaysian adolescents. The reliability value for each factor was high, which ranged from .73 to .89. Out of four bullying constructs in the study, physical bullying has the highest factor loading. In conclusion, this study has proven that Malaysian adolescents also face bullying where the most dominant bullying behavior for Malaysian adolescents is physical bullying. The data imply that school leaders, the Malaysian Ministry of Education, and the community should view this matter seriously and Malaysian youths should be educated on the dangers of bullying behavior that can have a negative impact on the development of society as a whole.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:22 +000
  • Are lecturers responsible for students’ academic

    • Authors: Kususanto Ditto Prihadi; Victor Goh Weng Yew, Endah Kurniawati Purwaningtyas
      Abstract: Most studies tend to report that academic procrastination (AP) was caused by students’ internal factors, such as educational self-efficacy, perfectionism, fear of failure, expectancy value belief (perception of the task value), or classroom engagement. Nevertheless, some studies in the past have reported that students’ perception of their educators’ expectancy has significantly predicted their educational efficacy, fear of failure, and perception of the task value. Therefore, we hypothesized that students’ perception of educators’ expectancy predicted the students’ AP, fully mediated by educational self-efficacy, moderated by the expectancy value belief. The data was collected from 361 purposively recruited students from universities in Indonesia and Malaysia who completed the scales of perceived lecturers’ expectancy (PLE), educational self-efficacy (ESE), and expectancy value belief (EVB) and procrastination assessment scale-students (APSS). The data was analyzed by using AMOS-SEM and it was suggested that PLE significantly predicted ESE and APSS. Nevertheless, ESE was not a significant predictor of APSS; therefore, no mediation occurs. Furthermore, the link between PLE and APSS is significantly moderated by the EVB. In other words, lecturers might have played some active role, albeit indirect, in pushing students toward academic procrastination. Further implications, limitations, and suggestions are discussed.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:22 +000
  • Effect of interactive computer simulations on academic performance and
           learning motivation of Rwandan students in Atomic Physics

    • Authors: Gerard Tuyizere; Lakhan Lal Yadav
      Abstract: Physics course is seen by both teachers and students as difficult when it comes to teaching and learning. Thus, there is a need to think of and integrate new and innovative ways of teaching which guarantee students an improved physics conceptual understanding. This study investigated the effect of interactive computer simulations on the academic performance and learning motivation of students. It used a quasi-experimental design with a quantitative approach. The participants were 163 senior five Rwandan students (80 students in a control group and 83 students in an experimental group). The investigation was done on students’ learning in atomic physics using physics education technology (PhET) simulations for the experimental group and conventional teaching methods for the control group. An atomic physics achievement test as a pre/post-test and a questionnaire related to motivation were designed and examined for reliability and validity. Data were analyzed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics. On both test scores and learning motivation, the results show that the experimental group performed better than the control group with noticeable statistically significant differences. This research recommended that the integration of interactive computer simulations can be helpful in teaching and learning physics in Rwanda and future research may focus on the effectiveness of these simulations in the teaching and learning of other science disciplines like Chemistry and Biology.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:22 +000
  • Understanding history, historical thinking, and historical consciousness,
           in learning history: An ex post-facto correlation

    • Authors: Bunari Bunari; Muhammad Rijal Fadli, Asyrul Fikri, Johan Setiawan, Ardian Fahri, Ikfi Muallifa Izzati
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the relationship between historical understanding, historical thinking, towards historical consciousness in learning history. This type of research is ex post-facto with a correlational design. The population is class X high school students in Yogyakarta, with a sample of 177. The side technique uses cluster random sampling. Data collection uses instruments in the form of historical understanding tests, historical thinking tests, and historical consciousness questionnaires. Data analysis was carried out through partial correlation and multiple correlations with a significance level of 0.05, and the prerequisite test analysis used normality, linearity, and multicollinearity tests. The results show that the relationship between historical understanding, historical thinking, and historical consciousness in history learning has a strong and significant correlation. These three components should not be separated from the history learning process so that history learning is more meaningful for its historical values.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:22 +000
  • Factors influencing engineering students for choosing
           techno-entrepreneurship as a career: An implication for better learning

    • Authors: Zachariah John Aviles Belmonte; Pamela Eyre Victoria R. Lira
      Abstract: Techno-entrepreneurship is critical to the growth of society as a useful technique for overcoming youth unemployment. However, the growth of techno-entrepreneurship has been limited with the end outcome being less than satisfying. Hence, the purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the possibility of choosing techno-entrepreneurship as a profession among engineering students in the Philippines. There were 200 engineering students selected by stratified random sampling and the significance of the factors was then determined using Pearson correlation analysis. Based on the findings, students’ likelihood of choosing techno-entrepreneurship as a career was not influenced by their equipment availability but by their e-commerce experience, geographical location, and internet ability. This implies the need for academic personnel and instructors teaching techno-entrepreneurship courses to guarantee students have relevant technopreneur knowledge, skills, and competencies that value students’ creativity and innovation to encourage techno-entrepreneurship as a profession.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:22 +000
  • Factors affecting learner’s satisfaction towards online learning during
           COVID-19 pandemic: A case study of Vietnam

    • Authors: Thi My Hanh Le; Van Ky Long Nguyen, Tien Son Nguyen, Nhu Hoa Vo
      Abstract: Online learning is being considered a new model of knowledge exchange in modern education. In parallel with the incredible impacts of the global pandemic, this is considered an opportunity to promote the development of online learning globally. Therefore, this study proposed a research framework including four factors affecting learner satisfaction towards online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic at a university, which are system quality, service quality, transformational leadership, and self-efficacy. A questionnaire was conducted online to assess which 131 respondents were representative students from two large private universities in Da Nang: FPT University and Duy Tan University. The results from the regression analysis show that three factors have a positive impact on learner satisfaction during COVID-19. This study concludes that students at private universities in Da Nang prioritize system quality as the most significant factor in their satisfaction with the online learning system, followed by transformational leadership and the last one is self-efficacy. Therefore, it can be more strategic for private organizations, developers, software designers, or even transformation-trained trainers to be emphasized to build a system of processes for implementing online learning for students effectively.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:22 +000
  • Design and development of critical thinking learning strategy in integral

    • Authors: Nurul Shida; Abdul Halim Abdullah, Sharifah Osman, Norulhuda Ismail
      Abstract: Difficulty in understanding problem solving is due to the absence of critical thinking. Students lack knowledge in assessing critical thinking during problem solving. Hence, there is a need to study critical thinking infused through a learning strategy to enhance problem solving. Critical thinking (CThink) is a learning strategy designed which combines critical thinking and Integral Calculus. The development process of CThink combines the critical thinking process and questioning for critical thinking using the analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (ADDIE) model. In the learning strategy, questions were applied based on CThink processes which consist of interpretation, analysis, inference, evaluation, explanation, and self-regulation. Besides, different questioning for CThink is presented based on the critical thinking process. CThink has achieved a content validity of 94.12% with a coefficient value of 0.94, and the value is above 70% or 0.70. Based on the result, the contents in the CThink are considered of good validity. From the calculation of the percentage from the expert given score, CThink has achieved the validity measurement for the language of 97.50% with a coefficient value of validity is 0.975, which is above 70 or 0.70. Based on the result, the activities and syllabus used in CThink achieved good validity measurements. The experts concluded that this CThink meets the content of Integral Calculus, in line with the level of polytechnic students, allowing students to think critically to solve problems as well as activities in CThink help to enhance student problem solving.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:22 +000
  • Strengthening character education planning based on Pancasila value in the
           international class program

    • Authors: Maisyaroh Maisyaroh; Sri Untari, Tutut Chusniyah, Maulana Amirul Adha, Dedi Prestiadi, Nova Syafira Ariyanti
      Abstract: Education programs planned and implemented in schools have a great impact on the forming of the student’s character and intelligence. This study aims to describe the planning of management to strengthen character education based on Pancasila values in the international class program at laboratory elementary school (Labschool) Universitas Negeri Malang (UM). Qualitative research with a case study research design is used in this study. The data was obtained through unstructured interviews with principals, teachers, education personnel, school committees, and stakeholder. All information is tested for credibility and validity through triangulation. The results of this study showed that planning activities in character education strengthening programs are divided into aspects of learning and non-learning. The formulation of the school's vision and mission is used as the basis for implementing character education in schools, by adjusting learning characteristics that refer to western education patterns, which are combined with eastern culture as outlined in student character-building activities. The impact of implementing school strategies in strengthening student character is inherent in students’ daily lives, both in the environment where they live and in their school environment, and continues to carry over into adulthood.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • Level of self-esteem: Is there any difference among physical, verbal,
           anti-social, and cyber bullies'

    • Authors: Siti Jaizah Nakman; Nurulwahida Azid, Abdul Hamid Busthami Nur
      Abstract: Bullying is one of the major issues worldwide and is one of the most prevalent school violence. Bullying is a negative behavior toward an individual or group of individuals that are considered weak. Bullying is often associated with self-esteem. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the influence of students’ tendency to be bullies (physical, verbal, anti-social, and cyber) on self-esteem. This study involved 150 secondary school students in the north of peninsular Malaysia. The study also used the cross-sectional survey method by distributing a set of questionnaires to the respondents. The findings of the study found that students who tend to be bullies for the four categories of bullying, namely physical bullying (ß=0.076, t=3.048, p<0.05), verbal (ß=0.080, t=3.052, p<0.05), anti-social (ß=0.084, t=3.055, p <0.05) and cyber (ß=0.046, t=2.815, p<0.05) had a significant influence on level of self-esteem.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • A graduate’s employability study of bachelor of science in
           entrepreneurship of Isabela State University, Philippines

    • Authors: Ma Teresa Silos Alvarez; Eva Uminga Cammayo
      Abstract: The bachelor of science in entrepreneurship (BSE) program is offered to address the needs of learners who want to obtain a degree adapted to their talents and abilities to contribute to the industrialization of the country. To assess transparency, the college has the responsibility to keep track of the success of its graduates and whether their curriculum has affected the person, the society, or the country. The graduate tracer analysis will aid in evaluating the employability of the graduate and define the multiple variables that will act as a framework for optimizing students’ college instruction and facilities. In this tracer study, 69 alumni who graduated from 2013 to 2017 were surveyed using a modified graduate tracer study (GTS) instrument, administered using social media and other digital platforms. The contribution to alumni employability of factors: curriculum, student services, facilities, faculty competence, methods of instruction, and career guidance-were quantified and ranked. Based on the results, the most significant factors contributing to alumni employability were course content/curriculum, student services (training, seminars), and facilities. As such, the researchers recommend strengthening the BSE curriculum, conducting employee training and seminars, and streamlining administrative facilities.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • Relationship between level of scientific creativity and scientific
           attitudes among prospective chemistry teachers

    • Authors: Wimbi Apriwanda Nursiwan; Chuzairy Hanri
      Abstract: Scientific creativity and scientific attitude are important things that must be passed on in science learning. That is because the level of scientific creativity and scientific attitude could influence the performance in learning. As the same crucial components in learning, this research aimed to study the relationship between the level of scientific creativity and scientific attitudes. This study involved 92 prospective chemistry teachers in Pekanbaru, Indonesia who were selected using sample-simple random sampling. The data was collected through a chemistry scientific creativity test (CSCT) in form of open-ended questions, and a scientific attitude questionnaire. The data further was analyzed using SPSS 26.0 with a calculation of spearman correlation. The result showed that there was no relationship between the level of scientific creativity and scientific attitudes with Sig. 2-tailed=0.193, rs=0.137. It indicated that the level of scientific attitude was not the dominant factor that could influence the level of scientific creativity among prospective chemistry teachers in this study. Thus, this finding could be a consideration for educational stakeholders to explore the dominant factor that affected scientific creativity.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • Leadership role in promoting childhood education: Perception of
           practitioners in Pakistan

    • Authors: Syed Jawad Zareen Shah; Muhammad Imran Yousuf, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Hanif
      Abstract: Early childhood care and education (ECCE) is a significant stage to develop responsible generations. Holistic child development may be possible through a plan of early childhood education (ECE) and early learning. This study is planned to explore the role of school leadership in promoting ECCE in Azad Jammu & Kashmir (AJK), Pakistan. This research study may play a significant role in sensitizing the educationist, practitioners, pedagogical leadership in early learning centers, and political leadership. The study was quantitative in nature. In the first step, a stratified sampling technique was used to select the districts among the three divisions of AJK. In the second step, a simple random sampling technique was used. Self-developed a five-point Likert scale questionnaire was used to collect the data. The study concluded that leadership plays a significant role in promoting ECCE. It is encouraging that educational leadership involves parents in the process of teaching-learning. Learners are happy in the school activities, and academic leadership is planning to minimize the workload of kids. It is recommended that children may be facilitated with better infrastructure.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • Religiosity and misuse of school aid funds: The development of the fraud

    • Authors: Abdul Rohman; Hasan Mukhibad, Ahmad Nurkhin
      Abstract: Fraud is a problem that occurs in various organizations, including educational institutions. This condition is very ironic, educational institutions as institutions are required to teach anti-fraud education, but in fact, the educational institutions themselves are still fraudulent. This study aimed to explain the factors that can influence the principal, treasurer, and school committee to abuse school aid funds. The research sample was 145 principals, treasurers, and school committees for the elementary, junior high, and senior high school levels selected by convenience sampling method. All variables were measured using five Likert scales and analyzed with the multiple regression method. Instrument validity test using Pearson product-moment. This study shows that we found that pressure, internal control, integrity, and religiosity influence fraud. High financial pressures stemming from greed, a luxurious lifestyle, debt, integrity, low systems of control, and religiosity can increase fraud. These results reinforce the importance of schools or education-related regulatory agencies to be able to take policies to form a school environment that encourages honesty, limits teachers to hedonism, has a fair compensation system, and encourages teachers to practice worship, which needs to be done to avoid financial fraud from abuse of school aid funds.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • Students’ perception of emergency remote teaching in the Sultanate
           of Oman

    • Authors: Gengatharan Ramesh; Ramesh Saranya, Al-Harthy Ebtehag, Al-Badowi Khalid, Al-Habsi Zweena
      Abstract: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, educational institutions adopted emergency remote teaching (ERT) practices. In ERT, courses are taught online by teachers who have experience with face-to-face classroom instruction. Students and teaching staff were concerned about the sudden change to ERT and learning practices. Higher education institutions (HEIs) need to understand students’ perceptions of ERT in order to prepare appropriate strategies for online teaching and learning. This study is intended: i) to analyze the students’ perception of ERT and ii) to explore the factors that determine the effectiveness of ERT during pandemic periods. The researchers used an online survey method to collect the primary data by employing a structured questionnaire. They employed the purposive sampling technique for this study. The results of the study highlight the fact that students prefer to take advantage of the available learning opportunities during the pandemic period. This is because they can earn their academic qualifications on time. It is also evident that the sudden transition to online teaching did compromise the efficacy of academic delivery to a certain extent. The study also found that motivation and assessment were crucial factors in determining the effectiveness of ERT during the pandemic period.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • Blended learning model towards vocational students’ learning
           outcomes: A scoping review

    • Authors: Basori Basori; Sajidan Sajidan, Muhammad Akhyar, Wiranto Wiranto
      Abstract: The learning characteristic in the 21st century is the availability of information anywhere and anytime. Blended learning (BL) became the most widely used learning strategy in vocational education. However, the problem is the effectiveness of BL on student outcomes. This scoping review provides an overview of the implementation of the BL model on vocational students. The research questions in this review were: i) What type of BL was taken'; ii) How did the BL model works'; and iii) What was improved in student learning outcomes' The research method adopted the scoping review from Arksey & Markey. From the beginning, the research article data was taken from the Scopus database. The article selection using the PRISMA method obtained 32 articles from 4,298 articles. The results of the review showed that there were three types of BL models. The three types of BL were: i) The flipped classroom model; ii) The station-rotation model; and iii) The self-blend model. BL syntax that teachers most favored in nine ways, but mainly with the syntax: “Face-to-face (F2F) finished, after that online learning for enrichment”. Meanwhile, most of the articles improved learning outcomes in the cognitive domain.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • The effectiveness of implementing student physical perfectness techniques
           for creative thinking development

    • Authors: Tulegen Botagariyev; Aibek Gabdullin, Aiymgul Akhmetova, Zhaxybek Zhunusbekov, Nurbol Saitbekov
      Abstract: Supporting students’ physical development and creativity under the influence of modern globalization is one of the key tasks for today’s science community. The present study aims to develop an individual program of physical and creative development in first- and second-year female students, taking account of their educational and anthropometric characteristics. Students’ level of creative thinking was assessed according to William’s methodology, and a physical education program for experimental group respondents was developed to link the two factors. Consequently, the program’s implementation demonstrated significant changes in the respondents’ creative thinking towards a positive gradation. The number of respondents with low creative thinking scores in the primary follow-up survey increased to an average of 120 students. At the same time, the Chi-square analysis to compare the experimental and control sample in detail indicates that experimental and control sample designs are consistent (χ2=122.77). This study may be used in more in-depth research on the interrelationships between youth’s physical and creative development. Besides, it can also serve as a prototype for implementing associated integrated student development programs at the university.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:21 +000
  • Behavior toward energy: An exploration of high school students’
           perspective in Indonesia

    • Authors: Zulkarnaen Zulkarnaen; Nurul Fitriyah Sulaeman, Atin Nuryadin, Ippei Mineta
      Abstract: Securing universal access to affordable electricity by 2030 is one of the sustainable development goals. Meanwhile, energy consumption efficiency has a vital role in determining the achievement of this goal. Therefore, exploring behavior toward energy is crucial. Energy behavior is often characterized as individual actions that influence energy consumption and understanding of its production. On the other hand, the perspective of the young Indonesian generation is interesting to explore as their country is well-known as a fossil energy producer. In this study, the participants were 475 junior high school students in the ninth grade from four public schools in Indonesia. The questionnaire has 39 items that explore students’ perspectives on their behavior toward energy. The result shows that students’ energy behavior is mainly at a moderate level with no significant difference by gender. Students with experience in informal energy education showed higher energy behavior. The result suggests the urgency of a better quality of energy education, both formal and informal, that supports reinforcement in energy behavior.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • Journey to the south: A case study of a Chinese PhD student in a Malaysian

    • Authors: Zhou Fei; Amran Rasli, Tan Owee Kowang, Goh Chin Fei, Hii Puong Koh
      Abstract: Recent trends indicate that more mainland China students are selecting Malaysian universities to further their studies based on the push-pull model. This study aims to examine their motivation for further studies as well as the obstacles and problems faced by them in Malaysian universities. A case study has been adopted in this study. A purposive sampling technique was employed to identify the right respondent and data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews. The findings of the research revealed that peer recommendation, comparative advantage, cultural similarity, and self-desire for improvement have a significant influence on the mainland Chinese motivation to further their PhD studies at Malaysian Universities. Existing literature has not paid adequate attention to motivational factors that influence China students to select Malaysian universities to pursue their PhD. Furthermore, this research addressed the shortcoming of classic acculturation models that lacks importance given to how the dominant Malaysian majority can be affected by the acculturation orientations of mainland Chinese students. As such, this paper is an attempt to fill up these gaps. This study provides some practical implications for Malaysian universities with better strategic insight to review their research programs and improve the service quality of their research infrastructure.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • Teachers’ attitude towards education for sustainable development: A
           descriptive research

    • Authors: Joshith Vazhayil Peedikayil; Vrinda Vijayan, Thiyagu Kaliappan
      Abstract: Teachers are the torch bearers of sustainable development, promoting social change and maintaining balance between two important concepts development and sustainability. They have a pivotal role in promoting education for sustainable development (ESD) perpetuating social change leading to progressive development and a futuristic growth in the society. ESD is one of the millennium development goals acknowledged globally and need to get practiced widely. Teachers play prominent role in inculcating the knowledge, spreading values, and enriching skills that are needed for sustainability to cope with the change in attributes of workplace. The central theme of the study was to determine the attitude of high school teachers concerning ESD. For this, the normative survey method (N=150) was used to collect data. The data were collected by an attitude scale entitled “ESD attitude scale”. This investigation examined teachers’ attitude towards ESD based on teachers’ gender, subject of teaching, and type of management of the institution. To achieve the objectives of the study, item-based assessment with percentage analysis, t-values and F-values were calculated. Research findings showed that teachers have a favorable attitude towards ESD. Gender and management of the institution were not found to change attitudes towards ESD of high school teachers, whereas the subject of teaching was found to change the same. With these pieces of evidence from the present study, educationalists can reform the existing high school education system for sustainable development.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • Physical and psychological violence victimization scale in adolescents
           dating: Confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch model

    • Authors: Suci Musvita Ayu; Erni Gustina, Liena Sofiana, Yuniar Wardani, Moh Irma Sukarelawan
      Abstract: This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of physical and psychological violence victimization (PPVV) scales in adolescent dating. The PPVV scale consists of 37 items (17 items of physical violence and 20 items of psychological violence), with a 4-point Likert rating scale. A total of 682 students met the inclusion criteria as respondents (88.56% female, 11.44% male). Respondents are in the age range of 15-24 years and from the first year of college to the fourth year. The results showed that two items did not fit statistically, and six were biased toward the respondent’s attributes. The average difficulty level of the item is higher than the respondent’s ability level. The PPVV instrument developed shows unidimensionality. Meanwhile, the four rating scales used have not shown satisfactory performance. They need to be simplified into three scales. However, analysis of the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch model shows that the PPVV scale has a good factor structure and psychometric properties as a measuring tool. So, the PPVV instrument can be used by future researchers by eliminating PhyV11 and PhyV16 and using a three-level rating scale.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • The enjoyable online learning model for vocational students during
           COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Endang Mulyatiningsih; Sri Palupi, Prihastuti Ekawatiningsih, Ambar Rizqi Firdausa, Zalik Nuryana
      Abstract: The COVID-19 outbreak has forced all courses to be carried out online. This study aims to explain the characteristics of an enjoyable online learning model based on the platform, the content, and the learning strategy for vocational students. Data was collected using closed-ended and open-ended questionnaires which were responded to by 110 students in 2019/2020. The closed-ended questionnaire revealed the most preferred learning elements, and the open-ended questionnaire was to clarify their reasons. The data were arranged sequentially from the quantitative data to the qualitative data. The results of the study showed that: i) The preferred online platforms were Moodle, Google Meet, and WhatsApp. They like Moodle because the content is well structured, Google Meet is easily accessible, and WhatsApp is their daily routine application; ii) The learning content consists of two to three resources namely: 6-10 pages of papers, 11-15 pages PowerPoint, and 6-10 minutes videos. Too much content causes a heavy learning burden; iii) Most students preferred the blended learning strategy. The synchronous lectures for 60-75 minutes can motivate them because they can interact with lecturers and other students. Asynchronous lectures are more flexible that can be done anytime and anywhere so that the students become more independent in their learning.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • Perspectives of Malaysian academics on the preparation of fourth
           industrial revolution for Construction Technology Program

    • Authors: Murni Fahirah Mahmud; Muhamad Afzamiman Aripin, Nur Hidayah Junaifi, Nur Hazirah Noh Seth, Al Amin Mohamed Sultan
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the perspective of Construction Technology academics from Malaysia vocational colleges on implementing the aspects of the industrial revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0). It was achieved by determining the degree of leadership support for vocational colleges, implementation of IR 4.0 components by academics, readiness for both generic and IR 4.0-related technical skills. This study was conducted using a survey method (cross-sectional study) where data collection and research findings were done only once during this study was conducted by applying the questionnaire method. The sample was chosen from among 408 academics from 42 vocational schools in Malaysia using Fisher's Formula. By choosing to work with a 95% confidence level, a standard deviation of 0.5, and a confidence interval (margin of error) of ± 5%, this study requires 198 samples for a better data findings and analysis. From 198 instruments distributed, only 45 instruments managed to be collected and analyzed due to limitation during global pandemic. The findings of this study were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 20 by taking the mean value of each variable studied. The results of the study showed that the average mean score for each of the overall objectives of the study was at a high level which is between the mean ranges of 3.98 - 4.38. This shows that the level of implementation and readiness from the perspectives of vocational college academics in Malaysia in the field of Construction Technology is at a high level.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • Exploration and verification of fourth industrial revolution generic
           skills attributes for entry-level civil engineers

    • Authors: Fathiyah Mohd Kamaruzaman; Roszilah Hamid, Azrul A. Mutalib, Mohamad Sattar Rasul, Marlissa Omar, Mohd Fakhrul Azizie Mohd Zaid
      Abstract: The fourth industrial revolution (4IR) requires the workforce to be equipped with new skills when existing skills need to be upgraded or improved because they are no longer in line with technological advancement in 4IR. Thus, it is crucial to determine what the new skills or 4IR skills are that can help the future workforce obtain a job after graduation. This study aimed to explore and verify the attributes of nine 4IR generic skills (GS4IR) for entry-level civil engineers in Malaysia by using a qualitative approach. An interview session was conducted with five senior engineers in the civil engineering (CE) field and three experts (two engineers in CE and one lecturer in CE faculty) for reliability data verification. The interview data were analyzed using coding analysis and presented in a matrix table. The results show 76 items identified as attributes of nine GS4IR constructs. Next, the verification of the constructs and attributes of GS4IR was obtained from Fleiss Kappa's reliability analysis to determine the overall approval index. The results of the analysis revealed an overall Kappa coefficient value of 0.61, which indicates a good level of agreement. The findings of this study consist of 58 attributes for nine constructs of GS4IR approved after the inter-rater reliability among the experts. The findings from this study are beneficial for the development of a framework of 4IR generic skills for civil engineering graduates as guidance to instill new skills in producing future engineers.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • Exploring curiosity and critical thinking skills for prospective biology

    • Authors: Nurdiana Nurdiana; Hunaepi Hunaepi, Muhammad Ikhsan, Hadi Suwono, Sulisetijono Sulisetijono
      Abstract: Curiosity and critical thinking as one of the characteristics and skills developed in the goals of Indonesian education and 21st-century learning. Curiosity is a driving force for intrinsic motivation to explore behavior and gain new understanding and knowledge through observation. Curiosity and critical thinking skills are the needs of every individual to explore sciences such as biology. This study’s aim is to explore the curiosity and critical thinking skills of prospective biology teacher students. This research is a qualitative descriptive study with a survey method. The sample of this study amounted to 150 students who were taken using purposive random sampling. Curiosity data was collected using science curiosity in learning environments (SCILE) and critical thinking skills were collected using the developed instrument. The data obtained were analyzed using the partial least square program to determine the contribution of gender to scientific curiosity (SC) and critical thinking skills. The results of the analysis show that gender contributes directly to critical thinking skills through SC on the stretching indicator. In general, SC needs to do research to find out the contribution of each critical thinking.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • The symbolic thinking ability of kindergarten students in central Aceh
           through Montessori games based on gender

    • Authors: Elfi Rahmadhani; Septia Wahyuni, Lola Mandasari
      Abstract: Student’s cognitive abilities can be developed early, including thinking logically and symbolically and problem-solving using various methods. Therefore, this quantitative descriptive research aims to determine the symbolic thinking ability of kindergarten students through Montessori games based on gender. The subjects of this study were 112 kindergarten students from eight schools in the Central Aceh district who were selected by random sampling. Data processing techniques include editing, coding, scoring, and tabulation. The analysis was carried out using a frequency table with guidelines for assessing child development. Data were obtained from tests, observations, and interviews. Based on the analysis, it is known that the symbolic thinking abilities of male and female students are at the level of developing as expected. There are still students at the beginning to develop and undeveloped levels for both male and female students in this ability. There are differences in ability between male and female students, especially in indicators: i) Mentioning numbers 1-10 and ii) Counting and matching numbers with number symbols. While on the indicator of recognizing vowel and consonant symbols, there is no difference in ability between male and female students.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:20 +000
  • Personality traits, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial
           intention among vocational students

    • Authors: Halimatun Saadiah Juhari; Normala Ismail, Samsilah Roslan, Zeinab Zaremohzzabieh
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship in technical and vocational education is a current and relevant topic. While the role of entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and personality traits as determinants of entrepreneurial intention (EI) has been extensively studied, the role of ESE and personality traits as determinants of vocational students’ EI is still poorly understood. Thus, this study employed ESE and big five personality traits to explore the determinants of EI among vocational college students. This study’s survey had a sample size of 162 technical vocational education and training (TVET) college students, enrolled in technology in automotive, technology in welding, and technology in refrigeration and air conditioning programs. Data were analyzed using Pearson Correlation and Multiple Linear Regression. The results indicate that apart from neuroticism, openness to experience, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extraversion were positively associated with EI. The results also confirm that ESE is a predictor of EI. Going forward, the article intends to contribute to a better understanding of ESE and personality traits that influence vocational students’ EI, as well as provide some important insights into the unique aspects of TVETs that empower youth to actively participate in micro-entrepreneurial initiatives. This study encourages academics and policymakers to reconsider the approach used in entrepreneurship education in the vocational setup.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:19 +000
  • Exploring organizational management of extrovert school leadership

    • Authors: Syed Kamran Ali Shah; Muqaddas Butt, Ayaz Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Zeeshan, Aatika Aziz
      Abstract: The study aimed at determining the personality traits of extroversion and introversion of school leadership and evaluating their organizational management in Federal Government Educational Institutions (FGEIs). A quantitative research design along with a positivist paradigm was followed. The total population consisted of 68 school principals and 592 teachers of FGEIs in the Gujranwala, Fazaia, and Lahore Regions from which 54 principals and 381 teachers were selected using a random sampling technique. Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) was deployed to collect information about personality traits and data regarding organizational management, the researchers used a self-developed questionnaire. Pearson correlation r and t-tests were deployed for inferential stats. The results showed that extrovert school leaders perform their duties well as they hold a clear concept of the vision and mission of the organization, set up an accepted procedure to plan short-term and long-term goals, share responsibilities with all stakeholders following their skills, and ensure the smooth functioning of the school with the help of all stakeholders. In comparison, introverted school principals show less interest in the organizational management of their schools. Moreover, organizational management of school leadership has a positive correlation with the personality trait of extroversion and a significant difference can be seen in organizational management of an extrovert and an introvert school principal. It was recommended that the performance indicators and standards of school principals should be effectively communicated to school leadership. Introvert school leadership should be provided with the necessary psychological training to reduce this shortcoming of personality.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:19 +000
  • Student’s higher-order thinking skills and collaboration skills in
           online learning during pandemic

    • Authors: Adilah Afikah; Eli Rohaeti, Jumadi Jumadi, Riki Perdana
      Abstract: Higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) and collaboration skills are critical for all students, starting from early to senior high school. This study aimed to describe HOTS and collaboration skills in online learning according to gender, type of school, and grade level. This research was descriptive quantitative by explaining and comparing the results of the questionnaires given to students. The respondent of this study was 331 students who were obtained randomly from junior and senior high school in Indonesia. The results showed students’ HOTS in online learning; the mean score of the students was 3.82 (moderate). While collaboration skills, the mean score of the students was 3.95 (moderate); collaboration skills domains are positively related to HOTS. According to gender, type of school, and education level, there was no significant difference between students’ HOTS and collaboration skills. Based on these findings, teachers can teach to maximize learning, even though it was online, to improve HOTS and collaboration skills in online learning. This can also influence the policies to be taken by higher education to equip prospective educators to adjust themselves in providing learning to students in different conditions and situations.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:19 +000
  • In what ways students’ socio-economic status affecting academic

    • Authors: Muhammad Abduh; Edi Purwanta, Hermanto Hermanto
      Abstract: Due to the rapid development and dynamics of education, parents are becoming increasingly focused and concerned about their children’s education. Parents have a significant influence on students’ academic performance (AP) based on various perspectives, one of which is socio-economic status (SES). A systematic literature review is required to provide an overview for educators and policy makers in Indonesia to address problems that arise in students’ AP due to SES factors. However, there are limited research studies that systematically review the literature on SES in regards to students’ AP. This study was guided by the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) review protocol employing two databases: Scopus and Google Scholar, regarding students’ SES and student AP. There were 316 articles were screened and 51 articles that met the predetermined criteria were obtained. This study performed content analysis to codify, organize categories, and develop themes. Based on the thematic analysis, this study grouped three main themes: SES based on student roles, SES based on teacher roles, and SES based on family roles. This review contributes to the existing literature by providing direction for further research and as a catalyst for developing new literacy related to SES in education.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:19 +000
  • Effectiveness of STEAM-based blended learning on students’ critical and
           creative thinking skills

    • Authors: Agnesi Sekarsari Putri; Zuhdan Kun Prasetyo, Lusila Andriani Purwastuti, Anti Kolonial Prodjosantoso, Himawan Putranta
      Abstract: The critical and creative thinking skills of Indonesian students are relatively low from countries in the Malay family such as Malaysia and Singapore. This research aims to improve students’ critical and creative thinking skills through the use of Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, Mathematics (STEAM) based blended learning. This research is a quasi-experimental study using a nonequivalent pretest-posttest control-group design. The sample consists of 180 junior high school students in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The samples in this study are 90 experimental class students and 90 control class students selected by random sampling cluster techniques because the selected samples come from individual groups or clusters. The instrument in this study consists of six questions in the form of essay questions. Test questions are analyzed using the gain score test and Kruskal-Wallis with SPSS 22. The results show steam-based blended learning can improve critical and creative thinking skills on all indicators with medium to high categories. The improvement of students’ critical and creative thinking skills in experimental classes is higher than that of the control class. In addition, there are differences in learning outcomes between control classes and experimental classes. STEAM-based blended learning can be an alternative for teachers to solve the problem of low critical and creative thinking skills.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:19 +000
  • Gender disparities in Universiti Teknologi MARA students’ mental
           wellness: A comparative study

    • Authors: Syarifah Norhuda Syed Wahid; Azwan Shah Aminuddin, Hazlin Hasan, Khairunisa Nikman, Nurfarawahidah Badruesham
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected the wellbeing of people worldwide, especially the younger population, primarily students, who are ill-equipped to cope with the new norm. The need to adapt to the new learning methods has created greater difficulties. Previous research stated that altered life routine and upsetting life events have led to psychological disorders like depression, anxiety, and stress, with females experiencing higher degrees of disorder. With the objectives to further investigate the escalating students’ mental wellbeing issues, the researchers focused on gender comparison among Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) students. There were 1,931 students from all UiTM campuses answered Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21) questionnaire online to test their levels of depression, anxiety and stress while attending online distance learning (ODL) classes. Descriptive and independent t-test analyses were performed using IBM-SPSS AMOS version 24 software. The result indicated that both genders’ levels of depression and stress were normal but most females experienced an extremely severe anxiety level. There also existed significant differences at 5% level of significance between the genders for anxiety and stress disorder levels. The findings are hoped to provide relevant authorities a better understanding on the appropriate intervention approaches focusing on gender to alleviate the COVID-19 impacts and prevent potential declines in the students’ wellbeing.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:19 +000
  • Hoax behavior tendencies among Indonesian students: An analysis during the
           COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Afdal Afdal; Miftahul Fikri, Neviyarni Neviyarni, Mega Iswari, Indah Sukmawati, Firman Firman, Yeni Karneli, Mardianto Mardianto, Rezki Hariko
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the hoax behavior tendencies among Indonesian students during the pandemic, viewed from the aspects of analytical thinking, basic science knowledge, trust in news sources, satisfaction, and action. A total of 633 male and female students from Indonesian universities were sampled used a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected through the hoax tendency behavior scale (HTBS) on 30 questions using a Likert scale. Then, the data were analyzed descriptively to evaluate the hoax behavior tendencies in adolescents during the pandemic, which the results revealed to be in the medium category. Therefore, the analytical thinking skills of adolescents need to be improved, as 31.75% and 2.53% were in the low and very low categories. The study showed that adolescents with an average age of 20 years spreading hoaxes were motivated by basic knowledge of science, trust in news sources, satisfaction, and action. However, there was no significant influence of gender, parental income, and areas of residence, such as rural, urban, and suburban, on those that exhibit hoax behaviors.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:19 +000
  • The effectiveness of Moodle among engineering education college students
           in Indonesia

    • Authors: Muhammad Amin; Abdul Muin Sibuea, Bima Mustaqim
      Abstract: The selection of learning media in accordance with the subject will greatly affect the interest and response of students in attending learning. In addition, during the COVID-19 pandemic, learning is conducted online, many students are not serious and are not interested in attending learning. Therefore, it is necessary to have media or online lecture platforms that can attract students’ attention, so that students can follow and be interested in learning. The purpose of this study was to look into the impact of Moodle on the research methodology performances of college students in Indonesia. Its goal was to investigate college students’ reactions to Moodle as an innovative online platform. This study included 86 Indonesian college students who sat in a single intact group. Based on the quantitative data, the study used a quasi-experimental design and a one-group pretest-posttest design. A test and a questionnaire were used to collect data. According to the study’s findings, Moodle improved Indonesian students’ research methodology performance. Students were excited to use Moodle because of its simplicity, usefulness, and accessibility. Moodle’s effectiveness in other contexts should be investigated in future research. This study confirmed Moodle's dependability in broader contexts.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 07:53:18 +000
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