Publisher: Erciyes University   (Total: 3 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Erciyes J. of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of European Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
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Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1018-3655
Published by Erciyes University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • THE OPINIONS OF MIDWIVES ABOUT THEIR COMPETENCE; A QUALITATIVE STUDY

    • Authors: Mine GÖKDUMAN KELEŞ; S.ozlem ALTİNKAYA
      Abstract: The objective of this research was to evaluate the opinions of midwives about their competency. The interview technique, a qualitative research method technique, was used in this phenomenological research. The sample, determined using the maximum diversity sampling technique, consisted of 11 midwives working in the delivery ward of a city hospital in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Data were collected using a semi-structured form by means of individual interviews and voice recordings and analyzed by content analysis. 5 themes, 12 sub-themes and 38 codes were created as a result of qualitative data analysis. In the present study, the midwives reported that the delivery ward environment where they worked was noisy, busy and stressful. Additionally, they stated that they loved their profession and were responsible for the health of the mother and baby. Furthermore, they stated the following as within the competency of midwives; welcoming the pregnant woman, carrying out the admission procedure, performing the first evaluation of the pregnant woman, administering treatment to the pregnant woman, prenatal follow-up, delivering the baby and following up the mother and baby for one hour after birth. The midwives also thought that it would be appropriate for them to be given the authority to admit pregnant women to the delivery ward, write prescriptions and induce labor. The competency areas stated by the midwives are consistent with the competency areas of the Regulation specified in Numbers 29007 and 2014 of Job and Job Descriptions of Healthcare Professionals and Other Professionals Working in Healthcare Services. The knowledge of midwives should be updated through education during undergraduate education and in-service training. Laws involving midwifery and regulations should be made. Compulsory professional liability insurance for midwives should also be included in these regulations.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, DEPRESSION, NUTRITION AND PAIN
           DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC PERIOD

    • Authors: İlyas UÇAR; Caner KARARTI, Anıl ÖZÜDOĞRU, Satuk Buğrahan YİNANÇ, Hatice GÜLER, Emel AKTAŞ
      Abstract: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease that affects the respiratory tract. After the disease was recognized as a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), precautions such as social isolation and curfews were implemented to prevent the spread of the disease. These precautions have affected individuals' physical activity levels, anxiety levels, and eating habits. Reduced physical activity level, emotional changes, and bad eating habits are among the factors that may affect perceived pain. The purpose of our study is to determine the changing basic lifestyles during the Covid-19 disease period and to examine their relationship with the perceived pain level. The study was a quick and large cross-sectional online survey using the Google Forms web survey platform. 1174 volunteers between the ages of 18-65 participated in our study. The survey contained demographic information, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) to determine physical activity levels, Attitude Scale for Healthy Nutrition (ASHN) to evaluate nutritional attitudes, Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale (HADS) for anxiety and depression levels, and The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) to determine perceived pain levels. A moderate correlation was found between insufficient physical activity and neck pain (r=-0.262, p=0.040), back pain (r=-0.254, p=0.048) and low back pain (r=-0.275, p=0.034). On the other hand, a weak correlation was found between depression levels and low back pain (r=0.213, p=0.049). A negative correlation was found between anxiety and depression levels and physical activity level (r=-0.433, p=0.033; r=-0.549, p=0.004) and healthy eating attitude (r=-0.258, p=0.041; r=-0.317, p=0.039). During the Covid-19 pandemic, it is necessary to increase the physical activity levels of the public and to make them aware of the short and long-term negative effects that may occur as a result of changes in basic lifestyles.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • IMPORTANCE AND POTENTIAL MECHANISMS OF GASTROINTESTINAL SYMPTOMS IN
           CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19)

    • Authors: Zinnet Şevval AKSOYALP; Nergiz Hacer TURGUT, Kemal BUHARALIOĞLU
      Abstract: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS‐CoV‐2), the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) agent, poses a serious threat to human health worldwide. The virus is transmitted by droplets and contact and often occurs with fever, cough, and shortness of breath. SARS-CoV-2 not only affects the respiratory system but also causes gastrointestinal system disorders such as diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. SARS-CoV-2 has been detected in fecal samples of COVID-19 patients. Besides, diarrhea may be an early symptom for COVID-19 was suggested. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are treated symptomatically in COVID-19. Consistent with these gastrointestinal symptoms, the gut microbiota balance was disturbed in COVID-19 patients, and opportunistic pathogens were increased while beneficial commensal bacteria were decreased. The gut microbiota may be a new therapeutic target for COVID-19, and these patients may benefit from probiotic treatment. Consequently, gastrointestinal symptoms should be taken into account in COVID-19 patients. In this way, the isolation of patients diagnosed at an early stage may help control the epidemic.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF CONCEPT MAPS IN NURSING EDUCATION ON CREATIVE
           THINKING TENDENCIES AND ACADEMIC SELF-EFFICACY

    • Authors: Çiğdem ÖKTEN; Emine GÜDEK SEFEROĞLU
      Abstract: In the study, it was aimed to determine the effect of the concept map method used in nursing students during clinical practice on creative thinking tendencies and academic self-efficacy. This quasi-experimental study was conducted between March 2020 and May 2020 with the second-year students of the Nursing Department of a Faculty of Health Sciences. The research was completed with 129 students. Before the application, the students were trained about the concept map. Descriptive Information Form, Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (ASES), and Marmara Creative Thinking Tendencies Scale (MCTTS) were applied before and after clinical practice in the collection of research data. Number and percentage, mean and standard deviation and Paired samples t-tests were used to evaluate the data. In addition, Cronbach's alpha value was checked for the measurement reliability of the scale used. It was determined that ASES total score average of the students who used the concept map method during clinical practice was 3.00 ± 0.79 before the application, it was 3.22 ± 0.81 after the application, the total score average increased after the application and there was a statistically significant difference (t = -2.222 p = 0.028). Considering the total means cores of MCTTS, it was seen that it was 3.70 ± 0.53 before the application and 3.66 ± 0.59 after the application and the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). In the study, it was determined that the use of concept map in the clinical practice of nursing students increased students 'academic self-efficacy, but did not cause a significant change in students' creative thinking tendencies. In order to increase the academic self-efficacy of nursing students, the use of a case-based concept tmap can be recommended during clinical practice.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • INVESTIGATION OF THE BALANCE AND LIFE QUALITY OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED
           CHILDREN: A PILOT STUDY

    • Authors: Meltem YAZICI-GÜLAY; Cihangir AÇIK, Çiğdem YAZICI MUTLU
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to examine the balance and quality of life of visually impaired children. Eight visually impaired and 10 children with normal vision aged 8-12 years were included in the study. The age and degrees of vision loss of the children were recorded, and anthropometric measurements were made. The balance of children was evaluated by using "Balance Error Scoring System". Their quality of life was evaluated using the “Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0” for 8-12-year-olds. Both groups’ assessments were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. The statistical significance level was accepted as 0.05 in all tests. The age and anthropometric characteristics of children in both groups were similar (p>0.05). It was found that standing on one leg on a hard/flat floor, to tally hard floor, to tally soft floor, and to tally balance error scores were higher in visually impaired children (p=0.003; p=0.016; p=0.001; p=0.002 respectively). No difference was found in the quality of life assessment of children (p>0.05). On the parental scales, visually impaired children were found to have lower physical health functionality and total paren talassessment scores (p=0.003; p=0.001, respectively). Balance development in visually impaired children may be delayed or progress differently compared to their typically developing peers. The effect of visual information on balance was mostly seen in the ability to stand on one foot on soft ground. This is thought to be related to the fact that dynamic balances skills are more difficult for visually impaired children than static balance kills. 
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • THEORETICAL INVESTIGSTION OF THE EFFECT OF WATER ON SCHİZOPHRENİA IN THE
           CONTEXT OF TWO DIFFERENT NEUROTRANSMITTERS

    • Authors: Murat AYHAN; Ali BAYRİ
      Abstract: It is well known that water has crucial importance for daily lives and maintaining healthy lives. In addition to using it as a beverage in daily life, water is also preferred as a treatment element through various methods. In this study, it is focuses on two neurotransmitters, dopamine (C8H11NO2) and serotonin (C10H12N2O), that affect patients with schizophrenia. Three- dimensional drawings of these two neurotransmitters were realized in the gaussian program. The letters formed by the communication of the molecular structure of these two neurotransmitters with water were examined. The electrostatic conduction mechanism of the synapses was investigated by scrutinizing the changes in their bond angles and bond lengths resulting from the interaction of the molecular structure with water. Geometric optimization of the two neurotransmitter structures was done using the LanL2DZ method and TD-SCF information set in the HF (Hartre-Fock) calculation method of the Gaussian 09W program. It was calculated the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) values and the lowest unoccupied molecular (LUMO) values of the molecules formed after the geometric optimization were carried out. In this two constructs, the data obtained after the water-binding was compared with the data obtained before the water binding in the two structures. Water-induced changes in the environment of neurotransmitters were examined. As the bond lengths between atoms in serotonin increase due to interaction with water, the bond angles between atoms generally increase. On the other hand, the opposite situation is observed in dopamine. As a result of the interaction of water and dopamine, the bond lengths of the atoms in dopamine generally increase while the bond angles between the atoms decrease. Because of effects two neurotransmitters on the functioning of brain chemistry are different dopamine and serotonin neurotransmitters work electrostatically reversibly with each other. While the facilitating effect of a sufficient amount of water on dopamine reactions was around 0.401eV, the facilitating effect of water on serotonin reactions was around 3.214eV. Serotonin according to the results of the study, which interacts with a sufficient amount of water, increases its effectiveness approximately eight times more than dopamine.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • DETERMINING THE RISK OF FALLING IN HYPERTENSIVE ELDERLY INDIVIDUALS

    • Authors: Ayşegül ÖZCAN
      Abstract: In this study, determining the risk of falling and falling in hypertensive older people was aimed. This is a cross-sectional study descriptive study. There were 300 older people included in the research sample. The data were collected through a sociodemographic data form and a questionnaire on falling status. The data analysis of the research was conducted through the IBM SPSS Statistics 23 package program and evaluated by using the number, percentage, and chi-square tests. The mean age of the older people is 70.81±5.42(65-85), with 45.7% being women and 40.1% primary school graduates. One out of every three individuals was determined to have a falling history within the last year, 61% of them to fall at home, and about half (44.8%) them to have recurrent fallings. When the risk factors were evaluated, a statistically significant difference between the age, gender, balance problem, auxiliary-tool-usage status factors, and falling cases in elderly individuals was determined to occur (p<0.05). The risk of falling is 3.085 times higher for the elderly individuals having balance problems, and 1.806 times higher for those using assistive devices (OR=3.085, 95% CI: 1.570, 6.061; OR=1.806, 95% CI: 1.035, 3.153). Training and consultation services on balance and muscle strengthening exercises, selection of assistive devices, and home evaluations to prevent fallings should be provided, especially for hypertensive women older people who use assistive devices and have balance problems within these practices in primary health care services.  
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • HEALTH OF ATHLETES AND SPORTS DENTISTRY APPROACH DURING THE COVID-19
           PANDEMIC PROCESS

    • Authors: Sühan GÜRBÜZ; Osman HAMAMCILAR, Beste İLASLAN HALLAÇ, Ayşen BODUR
      Abstract: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus that emerged in Wuhan, China's Hubei province started on December 31, 2019. The epidemic spread swiftly to hundreds of countries, started with the identification of the first positive case in Turkey on March 11, 2020. Since then, the pauses, postponements, and cancellations of sports activities caused by COVID-19 has risen to a challenge for sports physicians, coaches, and trainers in discerning best practices for a safe return to sports. Sports medicine has a multidisciplinary approach, in which different medical specialties work together during diagnosis and treatment to prevent health problems of athletes with the integration of sports dentistry into sports medicine, it will contribute to the prevention of dental caries, dental erosions, periodontal diseases, malocclusions and temporomandibular disorders, and other injuries, as well as the follow-up and treatment of these disorders. In this review, the overall effects of COVID-19 in the world of sports, the situations that may adversely affect the oral-dental and general health and performance of the athletes during the pandemic, the precautions to be taken against it, and suggestions for returning to play for sports at the end of this process are mentioned.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • FATHERS' EXPERIENCES OF CHILDBIRTH: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

    • Authors: Pelin BAŞKURT; Selda İLDAN ÇALIM
      Abstract: Fathers' participation in the birth is an important event that facilitates the transition to parenthood and increases the interaction with their spouse and baby. Knowing the experiences of fathers at birth is very important for other fathers who want to participate in childbirth and formed wifery care.The aim of this research is to present the results of the research on the experiences of the fathers who have participated in the birth. This study, which is a systematic review, was conducted between November 2019 and January 2020, using the keywords "Father's birth experiences, experiences of parents, experiences of parents at childbirth" by searching Science Direct, Pubmed, and Google scholar databases. This study included 17 studies published in English, open to full-text access, covering the birth experiences of fathers who had participated in the childbirth. It was found that fathers experienced feelings of fear, nervousness, helplessness, confusion, anxiety, and restlessness at birth, as well as emotions such as excitement, pride and happiness. Prenatal education, being informed during the birth process, taking a supportive role and responsibility, and midwife support in home birth and vaginal births had a positive effect on the birth experience of fathers. It was emphasized that the role of midwives is important for fathers to cope with the negative emotions they experience at birth, toprovide adequate support to their spouses, and to have a positive birth experience.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • EVALUATION OF TRANSMISSION DURING ACTIVE DENTAL PROCEDURES DURING THE
           SARS-COV-2 PANDEMIC

    • Authors: İnan KÜREM; Duygu KILIÇ, Taner ÖZTÜRK, Fatma DOĞRUEL, Soley ARSLAN
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to evaluate the measures taken in a dentistry faculty due to the COVID-19 (SARS-Cov-2) pandemic and their application methods and based to create a guide for infection control management in dentistry. After the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, performed in the Dentistry Faculty of Erciyes University were only emergency treatments in the first 3 months (T1) and after this period, normalization procedures and routine treatments (T2) were performed by recruiting patients at much lower capacity than before the pandemic. COVID-19 infection and isolation status of all staff working in the hospital during these periods were recorded. The source of infection that reveals these situations is defined as an internal source (IS) from within the hospital and as an external-source (ES) from contact outside the hospital. In the T1 period, no physician had COVID-19 infection or was put into isolation. In the T2 period, 3 out of 176 physicians had COVID-19 infection due to ES, and a total of 12 physicians, 5 from IS and 7 from ES, were put into isolation. That there were no physicians, who had COVID-19 infection in the T1 and T2 time intervals due to IS, shows that the measures taken in our faculty were sufficient. We think that these rules, which were arranged separately for the needs of each department, in accordance with the pandemic conditions by our faculty's infection board, are an effective guide for dental clinics, oral and dental health polyclinics, hospitals, and dentistry faculties.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF POLYPHARMACY AND CARDIAC RISK FACTORS ON
           BALANCE, FALLING AND FUNCTIONAL INDEPENDENCE IN GERIATRIC INDIVIDUALS

    • Authors: Nurettin KIZILKAYA; Seda SAKA
      Abstract: In the geriatric population, patients' functionality, balance, and falling problems have an important place. On the other hand, the cardiac risk is increased and polypharmacy is very common in geriatric individuals. In our study, it was aimed to examine the relationship of polypharmacy and cardiac risk factors in balance, falling, and functional independence in geriatric individuals. Sixty-four geriatric volunteers who were able to walk independently and communicate verbally were included in the study. Participants' demographic characteristics and cardiac risk factors were recorded. The Joint British Societies Risk Calculation Scale was used to calculate the cardiac risk score. Mini-Mental Status Scale (MMSS) to assess cognitive status, Physical Activity Scale for Elderly (PASE) to assess physical activity level, Functional Independence Scale (FIM) to assess independence in activities of daily living, Berg Balance Scale (BBS) to assess balance, and Tinetti Balance and Gait Test (TBGT) to determine the risk of falling was used. The mean age of the participants was 80.46±8.22, and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.09±14.47. 51.6% of the participants were male and 48.4% were female. In the correlation analysis, a moderately significant negative correlation was found between the polypharmacy values and the FIM, BBS, TBGT, and PASE variables (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant correlation between cardiac risk score and PASE, FIM, BBS, and TBGT (p˃0.05). In our study, it was determined that polypharmacy adversely affected balance, falling, and functional independence in geriatric individuals and cardiac risk score had no effect on balance, falling, and functional independence. It is predicted that taking into account polypharmacy and cardiac risks while planning approaches for balance, falling problems, and functional independence in the delivery of health services in the geriatric population will increase the effectiveness of the applications.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • SCALE DEVELOPMENT FOR EVALUATION OF PALLIATIVE CARE SERVICES IN TERMS OF
           HEALTHCARE EMPLOYEES

    • Authors: Mucize SARIHAN; Dilek ÖZTÜRK, Kürşat YURDAKOŞ
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to develop a scale for the evaluation of palliative care services in terms of health personnel (doctor, nurse, assistant nurse, technician psychologist, and physiotherapist). The findings obtained as a result of the research conducted by Sarıhan (2020) were analyzed in line with the determined purposes. The quantitative method was used in the research. The 24-item “palliative care Management Competence” questionnaires evaluated by health professionals were applied in two stages. A pilot study was conducted on the palliative care clinics of Tuzla State Hospital and Istanbul Okan University Hospital. Then the stability level was examined. In the study, construct validity, item-total correlations, corrected correlations, and item discrimination were examined within the framework of validity of the "Palliative Care Management Competence" scale. The scale consists of 3 factors and 15 items: "Effectiveness of Management and Treatment", "The suitability of physical conditions, materials, and working conditions", and "Personal care of the patient". It has been observed that the 3-factor model proposed in CFA is compatible with the data. It was found that the scale could make consistent measurements with Cronbach's Alpha reliability coefficient α=0.874. A scale was developed on the administrative evaluation of palliative care clinics in terms of employees and added to the literature.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEEN EMOTIONAL EATING AND PERCEIVED STRESS AND
           LONELINESS IN YOUNG ADULTS

    • Authors: Hilal SEKİ ÖZ; Hikmet BAYAM
      Abstract: This research was conducted in a descriptive-relationship-seeking design to examine the relationship between perceived stress and loneliness in by young adults and emotional eating. The data were collected through an online form on June 2nd-30th, 2021 using the random snowball method and 377 people participated in the research. Personal Information Form, Perceived Stress Scale-10, UCLA Loneliness Scale Short Form, and Emotional Eating Scale were used as data collection tools. The analysis was conducted with Mann-Whitney U, Kruskall-Wallis H, and Spearman correlation tests, and Adjusted Bonferroni test for post-hoc analyzes by Kruskal-Wallis H was employed. The perceived stress levels of young adults in women, job seekers, those with lower income than expenditure and those with chronic diseases; loneliness in those whose lower income than expenditure; emotional eating was found to be higher in women, singles, and overweight-obese BMIs (p<0.05). When the subscales of the emotional eating scale and BMI subgroups are compared, it is seen that as the BMI level increases, the scores of being unable to prevent the desire to eat and feeling of guilt increase (p<0.05). It was determined that there is a positive relationship between loneliness and emotional eating (r=.181; p<.001); perceived stress and emotional eating (r=.244; p<.001); perceived stress and loneliness (r=.328; p<.001). Further research is recommended to better explain emotional eating.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • EVALUATION OF THE OPINIONS AND EXPERIENCES OF MIDWIFERY STUDENTS’ ON
           BABY FRIENDLY HOSPITAL PRACTICES

    • Authors: Aysun EKŞİOĞLU; Yeşim YEŞİL, Esın TURFAN
      Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to determine midwifery students’ thoughts and experiences of baby-friendly practices in hospitals. The study is descriptive and was implemented between May-June 2019, and 255 students participated. The study data were collected with the face-to-face interview method using the data collection tool to question the participating midwifery students’ characteristics and their views on baby-friendly practices. Descriptive statistics and Chi-Square analysis were used in data analysis. Of the students, 70% knew that the institution they performed their practices was baby-friendly. Of them, 55.3% thought that they were competent enough at providing breastfeeding counseling. Approximately 20% of students have poor knowledge about the baby-friendly hospital and the ten-step principle, and 62.4% about the formula code. The results of our study contributed to the determination of the student's deficiencies in baby-friendly practices that could be eliminated through education and shed light on the problems in the clinic. Healthcare students’ doing internships in baby-friendly hospitals and being involved in baby-friendly interventions provide an extremely important opportunity for them to adopt breastfeeding-friendly practices. 
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • IMMATURE GRANULOCYTES; CAN IT SEPARATE TRUE BACTERIA FROM
           CONTAMINATION'

    • Authors: Filiz ALKAN BAYLAN; Filiz ORAK, Adem DOĞANER, Selma GÜLER, Şermin İNAL, Hatice SAĞER
      Abstract: Immature granulocyte (IG) has been reported to be useful in the diagnosis of sepsis and in distinguishing true bacteremia from contamination. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the role of IG level in distinguishing true bacteremia and contamination from Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CNS) and to compare IG value with previously accepted markers such as WBC (White Blood Cell), procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP). The blood culture CNS positive group was divided into true bacteremia (n = 71, Group I) and contamination (n = 66, Group II). Blood cultures were incubated in the BacT-ALERT 3D Microbial Identification System (BioMérieux, France). Blood culture vials giving positive (reproduction) signals in the device were passaged to appropriate media. Staphylococcal colonies grown on the media were evaluated by Gram staining, catalase, and coagulase tests. Whole blood cell count data were obtained from the Automatic Hematological Auto analyzer (Sysmex XN 3000). We found IG concentration higher in the group with true CNS bacteremia compared to the contamination group, but this elevation was not statistically significant. In addition, WBC, PCT, and CRP values were higher in CNS bacteremia, but WBC and PCT were statistically significant, whereas CRP was not significant. Due to the limitations stated in our study, IG values indicate that there is no discriminating power for CNS with true bacteremia and contamination. In the future, this comparison should be confirmed by a prospective study, taking into account the existing limitations.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • CORONAVIRUS INFECTIONS IN SWINE, LABORATORY AND EXOTIC ANIMALS AND
           COVID-19

    • Authors: Ayhan ATASEVER; Ali Sefa MENDİL, Görkem EKEBAŞ
      Abstract: Coronavirus infections can cause serious diseases that result in death by causing pathological disorders such as hepatitis, reproductive disorders, encephalomyelitis, nephritis, especially respiratory and digestive system in humans and animals. The SARS epidemic that occurred in China in 2002 and the COVID-19 epidemic that emerged in 2019 showed the importance of coronaviruses in terms of public health, on the other hand, studies on the connection between coronaviruses in animals and coronavirus infections in humans are being investigated in detail. In this study, coronavirus infections seen in laboratories, exotic animals, and pigs were examined with an approach within the discipline of Veterinary Pathology, and the importance of COVID-19, which has recently emerged in humans, was emphasized.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • CURRENT PRACTICES ON COVID-19 VACCINES

    • Authors: Ufuk İNCE; Feyza SAYIN
      Abstract: Vaccine is a biological product developed by the methods of purifying the pathogenic properties of microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses, which have the ability to cause disease in humans, or by eliminating their disease-causing effects. SARS-CoV-2, from the coronavirus family, which first appeared in Wuhan, China in December 2019, caused the disease COVID-19 and caused a pandemic by affecting the whole world. It has become a very important goal to develop a vaccine to improve the course of the COVID-19 disease caused by SARS-COV-2 and to prevent death from the disease or to reduce mortality rates. Scientists all over the world have been working on vaccine development since the first months of the pandemic and vaccines developed with different methods have been started to be applied against the ongoing pandemic.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • REAL TIME ANALYSIS OF IMPEDANCE ALTERATIONS BY THE NEUROTOXICITY OF
           SCOPOLETIN ON SHSY5Y NEUROBLASTOMA CELLS

    • Authors: Ayşe Kübra KARABOĞA ARSLAN; Aysun ÖKÇESİZ, Leyla PAŞAYEVA
      Abstract: Plant coumarins are important components of the human diet and a number of them are considered to possess chemopreventive and therapeutic properties against cancer. Scopoletin, a natural coumarin component has been shown to inhibit the growth of many cancer cells. In this study, the cytotoxic activity of scopoletin was studied against human neuroblastoma cells SHSY5Y. The activity of scopoletin was evaluated by Sulphorhodamine B (SRB) assay and xCELLigence system. It was demonstrated that scopoletin reduced human SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cell viability. Scopoletin inhibited the growth of the cell line and the IC50 values were 91.82 and 79.19 μM for 48 h and 72 h, respectively. The findings from this study demonstrated that the growth inhibitory and cytotoxic effects of scopoletin on SHSY5Y cells may prove essential in the development of novel treatment regimens for neuroblastoma cancer.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • THE RISK LEVEL OF BREAST CANCER AND HEALTH BELIEFS OF HEALTH PROFESSIONALS

    • Authors: Dilek EFE ARSLAN; Funda TOSUN GÜLEROĞLU, Aybike BAHÇELİ, Semra KOCAÖZ
      Abstract: The study was conducted to determine the risk level of breast cancer and health beliefs of health professionals. This descriptive study was completed with 146 health professionals (137 nurses and 9 midwives) working at a university research and practice hospital. The data were collected with Data Collection Form, The Risk Assessment Form for Breast Cancer, and Breast Cancer Health Belief Model Scale (BCHBMS). The data were evaluated with descriptive statistics, independent t-test and one-way ANOVA test. The average age of health professionals participating in the study is 30.06 ± 6.22 and 69.2% of them perform breast self-examination (BSE). It was determined that 97.2% of health professionals have a low risk in terms of breast cancer. It has been found that those who are university graduates and have a good income, have been trained in BSE during their education, and have done BSE, have higher mean scores from BSE's Self-Efficacy sub-dimension of BCHBMS, which will create a statistically significant difference within their group variables (p<0.05). Training of health professionals about BSE during their education is effective in realizing their desired health behaviors. For this reason, it is thought that adding training on early diagnosis of breast cancer to the vocational training curricula of health professionals will contribute to the development of their positive health beliefs.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • EFFECT OF EXERCISE ON NITRIC OXIDE, INTERLEUKIN-10 LEVELS, CASPASE-6
           ACTIVITY AND SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN HORSES

    • Authors: Mehmet DEMİREL; Meryem EREN, Meryem ŞENTÜRK
      Abstract: In this study, the effects of exercise on some biochemical parameters as well as nitric oxide (NO), one of the oxidative stress indicators, interleukin-10 (IL-10), one of the main inflammatory cytokines, and caspase-6 activity, one of the apoptosis markers, were determined in 20 Thoroughbred horses. For this purpose, horses were exercised once a day between 11:00 and 13:00for 10 days. Blood samples were taken from the v. jugularis of the animals before and after exercise, and in the serum obtained aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK) enzyme activities, glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, albumin urea, and creatinine, in plasma NO, IL-10 levels and caspase-6 activities were determined. Exercise did not affect serum AST, LDH, CK, plasma caspase-6 activities, IL-10, and serum albumin levels. However, depending on the exercise; although it is between reference values; a decrease in serum glucose levels, an increase in total cholesterol, triglyceride, urea, creatinine, and plasma NO levels were detected. As a result; it was concluded that the biochemical parameters, oxidative stress, cytokine, and apoptosis markers examined in racehorses may vary depending on the duration, type, and intensity of exercise.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • EVALUATION OF DIET QUALITY AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITYLEVELOF OVERWEIGHT AND
           OBESE ADULTS

    • Authors: Ali SAYILIR; Habibe ŞAHİN
      Abstract: Several healthy eating index have been developed to reveal the relationship between diet quality and health. Healthy eating index is one of the indexes evaluating the relationship between diet quality and health. In this cross-sectional study; determination of diet quality and physical activity level of the overweight and obese was aimed. The research conducted with 113 volunteers aged between the 18 and 65, and overweight or obese who applied to lose weight to the Healthy Life Center. The questionnaire in which demographic characteristics and frequency of food consumption investigated was applied. Body composition was determined by anthropometric measurements and some biochemical parameters was evaluated. For physical activity levels International Physical Activity Questionnaire , for dietary quality HEI-2005 scale were used. Of the participants, 30.01 were overweight, 69.9% were obese. 43.3% were male and 67.5% were female with one or more diseases (p˂0.05). While 70.6% of overweight participants were inactive and 29.4% had low activity levels; obese were %69.6 and %29.1, respectively. Mean score of HEI-2005 was 57.3±7.0 in males and 62.3±7.4 in females (p<0.05). In addition, the average waist circumference of individuals categorized as having poordiet quality and needing improvement was 106.6 cm and 97.7 cm, in males and females, respectively (p<0.05). Diet quality and physical activity levels of the overweight and obese participants were low. Supportive health policies should be developed to improve the healthy nutrition and physical activity levels of these individuals.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • THE EFFECT OF LASER POWER AND LAYER THICKNESS PARAMETERS ON THE TENSILE
           STRENGTH AND ELONGATION IN SELECTIVE LASER MELTING PRODUCTION

    • Authors: İkbal LEBLEBİCİOĞLU; Kerem KILIÇ, Mustafa AYATA
      Abstract: The most widely used additive manufacturing method in dentistry is the selective laser melting (SLM) system. The popularity of SLM systems for the manufacture of cobalt-chromium alloy powders is increasing day by day. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of changing the laser power and layer thickness parameters during the production process of Co-Cr metal substructures produced by the laser sintering method on the tensile strength and elongation at fracture of the metal substructure. A total of 120 dumbbell-shaped samples were produced with a diameter of 3 mm and a length of 18 mm. The samples were produced at different layer thicknesses and under different laser powers. For 20 and 30 µm layer thicknesses, 4 different laser powers ranging from 50-200 W were produced with the TruPrint 1000 laser metal fusion system and its mechanical properties were tested with the tensile test. Conformity to the normal distribution was evaluated using the Shapiro-Wilk test. The two-way ANOVA method was used to examine the effects of laser power and layer thickness effects and interaction on tensile strength and elongation values, and multiple comparisons were made with Bonferroni test. The variation of laser power and layer thickness in the SLM manufacturing process partially affects the mechanical properties. While laser power and layer thickness affect tensile strength, laser power affect elongation, and the effect of layer thickness on elongation was not found significant.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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