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Journal of Education and Learning
Number of Followers: 12  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2089-9823 - ISSN (Online) 2302-9277
Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Homepage  [18 journals]
  • An Analysis Framework of Portable and Measurable Higher Education for
           Future Cybersecurity Workforce Development

    • Authors: Feihong Liu, Manghui Tu
      Abstract: An educated workforce is essential to government and industry, hence the need to provide a high-quality workforce has been crucial in higher education academic program development. In the cybersecurity field, the situation is not quite satisfactory, the reason comes down to the fact that this new industry is lacking a portable and measurable framework to evaluate the efficacy of the academic programs, thus, to provide the industry with the unified high-quality workforce. In this paper, we aim to come up with a design of an analytical framework for portable and measurable academic programs for future workforce development.
      The ultimate purpose for our research is to develop cybersecurity workforce through the increase of the number of cybersecurity professionals with a 4-year degree, in this project we will develop a seamless pathway for students transferring from 2-year programs such as Ivy Tech Cybersecurity AAS program to a 4-year program such as Purdue University Northwest’s CIT program.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15810
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • LECTURERS’ PERCEPTION ON APPRAISAL SYSTEM IN NIGERIAN UNIVIERSITIES

    • Authors: LAWAL Abubakar
      Abstract: Performance appraisal is very important in the school settings to determine the level of lecturers’ inputs in comparison with the expected outputs. It’s in the light of this, that this study x-rayed lecturers’ perception on appraisal system in Nigerian universities. The study derived its evidence from University of Ilorin and Kwara State University in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive design of survey type. The study population was 300 lecturers’ in both institutions. The sample was arrived at using Krejcie and Morgan table for determining the sample size of the population. Three hundred lecturers’ were selected from both institutions to make a total of 300 respondents for the study. Three research questions were raised and one hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. Researcher-designed questionnaire title, “Lecturers’ Perception on Appraisal System in Nigerian Universities Questionnaire (LPASANUQ)” which was used to collect data from the respondents. Data collected were analyzed using percentage and t-test at 0.05 level of significance. Result showed that there was principle of fairness in the conduct of academic promotion in Nigerian universities, adequate attention was given to the three tripartite mandate of the university in the conduct of academic staff promotion while lecturers’ promotion in Nigerian universities was promptly accompanied with financial benefit. And there was no significant difference in the lecturers’ perception of appraisal system in Nigeria universities based on gender. Based on the findings of the study which stemmed from the data collected and analyzed with the results obtained, the conclusions revealed that there was principle of fairness in the conduct of academic staff promotion in Nigeria was regular, adequate attention was given to the three tripartite mandate of the university in the conduct of academic staff promotion, lecturers’ promotion in Nigerian universities was promptly accompanied with financial benefit. Based on the findings and conclusion, the study recommended that the University administration should sustain the level of fairness in the conduct of academic promotion, maintain the three tripartite mandate of the university in the conduct of academic staff promotion.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15995
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • The Practice Degree of Secondary Schools Principals at Irbid First
           Educational Directorate toward their Administrative and Technical Tasks
           and its Relationship with the Positive Behaviors of Students, from
           Teachers' Standpoint

    • Authors: Bassam Yassien, Najwa Draawsheh
      Abstract: The study aimed to identify the practice degree of secondary school principals at Irbid First Educational Directorate toward their administrative and technical tasks and its relationship with the positive behaviors of
      students, from teachers' standpoint. Study sample consist of (310) male and female teachers who were selected through the simple random method from the (1022) study population members, and to achieve the study objectives, researcher developed a questionnaire as the study tool and was checked to ensure its sincerity and reliability. The study results showed that the practice degree of secondary school principals at Irbid First
      Educational Directorate toward their administrative and technical tasks, from the teachers' standpoint came to a medium degree, while there weren’t any statistically significant differences according to the qualification and experience variables. The results showed that practice degree of secondary school students toward the positive behavior, from teachers' standpoint came to a medium degree, and also showed a statistically significance correlation at level (α = 0.05) between student's behavior toward school and colleagues, and the positive attitude of students as a whole and the practice degree of secondary school principals toward their
      administrative and technical tasks.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15853
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • The Vean Tradition of the Local Wisdom of Indigenous People in Maintaining
           the Sustainability of Life and its Relevance for the Maritime Historical
           Learning (A Descriptive Study at Ohoi Disuk, Southeast Maluku Regency)

    • Authors: Agustinus - Ufie
      Abstract: This study actually describes the vean tradition as the local wisdom of indigenous peoples which has been passed down from generation to generation, even in the midst of the onslaught of modernization. The persistence of indigenous peoples (fishermen) to maintain the local vean tradition amid a variety of lucrative modern fishing gear is a proof that the Ohoi Disuk indigenous people still have concerns about their survival. To discover and explore the various values of vean tradition in the lives of indigenous peoples, a descriptive analytical approach as part of qualitative research was taken. The results of this research indicated that the values of local wisdom were very strong in guiding indigenous people to build social relations between humans, and humans with the natural environment (the sea). For traditional fishermen, protecting the sea is protecting the life, not only today, but the future life of their children and grandchildren, is actually the local wisdom of the Ohoi Disuk indigenous people. The maritime historical learning should explore various local wisdoms such as vean tradition in the life of traditional fishermen (indigenous people), especially regarding the maritime communities in Indonesia, especially the life of traditional fishermen in the Maluku region, so that the younger generation has the sensitivity and identity as the maritime civilized children in the middle modernization currents.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.16401
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Urgency of Adiwiyata School for Education as Sustainable Development

    • Authors: Wiwik Okta Susilawati
      Abstract: This research is intended to be understood: 1) the urgency of education as an environmentally sustainable development; 2) the background of implementing the adiwiyata school program at SMP Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta; and 3) the implementation of the adiwiyata school program at SMP Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta. The research used in this research is qualitative research. The research subjects were the chief coordinator of the adiwiyata team, and the teacher. Determination of research subjects is done by purposive sampling technique. Data collection techniques were carried out using interview, observation and documentation methods. This type of data analysis uses the Milles & Huberman model, namely reduction, data display, and drawing conclusions/verification of data. The results of this study are: 1) The concept of sustainable development is related to ethical issues, the discussion of the concept of sustainable development in the future (future) and also focuses on the problem of welfare (poverty). 2) There are a number of things underlying the implementation of the adiwiyata school program at SMP Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta, both the overall background, philosophical, geographical, juridical, both organizational background and 3) To support the growth of the values of attention problems in SMP Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta can use four aspects of the Adiwiyata program, such as environmentally sound policies, implementation of environment-based policies, participatory based planning activities and management of environmentally friendly supporting facilities
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15584
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Respect for diversity in Greek schools and the role of democratic
           educational leadership: a survey of secondary school teachers

    • Authors: Georgios Bestias, Stathis Balias
      Abstract: The theoretical and research interest in issues of diversity in modern multicultural societies is particularly high. Education is aimed at shaping a society in which the new generations will acquire the knowledge and skills that will enable them to share and adopt democratic attitudes and values, the core of which is respect for diversity. Hence, the promotion of respect for diversity is one of the basic and ultimate goals of democratic education in Western societies, particularly in recent years due to the problems of the immigrants’ integration. In this base, respect for diversity can be cultivated at school through the implementation of a well-articulated and collaborative-democratic model of leadership. The results of the research presented in this work examined the attitudes of teachers regarding the promotion of diversity in Greek schools. Through the examination of the four stages of teachers’ democracy scale regarding respect for diversity, the results led to the conclusion that the majority of the participants felt that today's school does not provide sufficient knowledge and appropriate learning methods to promote diversity in the school community. Finally, to implement this research the survey method was used in a sample of 400 secondary school teachers.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.16107
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • UTILISATION OF INTERNET -ENABLE DEVICES FOR ACADEMIC AND RELIGIOUS
           PURPOSES

    • Authors: Abdulganiyu Sebutu, Olaofe Adeyemi, ABDULLAHI AbdulGaniyy
      Abstract: The use of technology is a global imperative due to its contributions to human existence and has enhanced the socio-economic relations globally. Meanwhile, nowadays, social networking seems to become part of the daily life experiences for an increasing number of people.  In this respect, this research work investigates internet utilisation enabled devices for academic and religious purposes among muslim undergraduates, Faculty of Arts, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. The population of the study consists of  all students in the Faculty of Arts, while the target population for the study consists of all Muslim students in the Faculty. Meanwhile (50) Muslim students were randomly selected from each of the seven departments which totaled three hundred and fifty (350)  undergraduate Muslim students. The instrument used to collect data is researcher- designed questionnaire. Two research hypotheses were formulated and  tested using Inferential statistics of Pearson's Moment Correlation Statistics, at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there was significant relationship between internet enabled devices and Muslim student religious practice and academic performance. Therefore, it is recommended that students should create a balance between chit-chatting and academic activities and  more attention should be directed to academic research.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15817
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Empowering a multilingual learning community in Indonesia: It’s
           non-profit, but sharing more benefits

    • Authors: Noprival Noprival, Zainal Rafli, Nuruddin Nuruddin
      Abstract: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore a multilingual learning community management facilitating language enthusiasts in enhancing their foreign languages skills in Jakarta, Indonesia. The method used was an ethnographic study. Data were collected through semi-structured in-depth interviews with the participants and the boards of the community. Also, field notes of what was observed were being written in which we involved as a participant of this community. Five themes that emerged in this research were (1) empowering social media as a communication tool and a language-sharing activity, (2) grouping participants based on language interest, (3) providing language coordinator for each language, (4) creating a multilingual environment in language learning, (5) fostering learner-centred in language learning. Conclusions and implications are discussed as well.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.13257
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • DEVELOPMENT OF THE ISLAMIC CHARACTER THROUGH HABITUATION: CASE STUDY SD
           MUHAMMADIYAH 3 NUSUKAN

    • Authors: Roy Ardiansyah, Suharno Suharno, Triyanto Triyanto
      Abstract: The character has an urgency for the development of students, the actual system of strengthening the character is contained in the direction of the Curriculum applied. The purpose of this study is to describe the form of strengthening the character of Islamic elementary school students in SD Muhammadiyah 3 Nusukan Surakarta. This research uses a qualitative approach. The data collection techniques used were participative observation, in-depth interviews, questionnaires, and documentation. Data analysis used is Interactive Analysis Miles and Huberman. The result of the research shows that there are several efforts to strengthen the Islamic character of the students, namely the praying of dhuha at rest, the recitation of Surat Al Fatihah, Asmaul Husna, and Murojoah every morning after praying, the praying of dhuhur and Ashar in school, and habituation habits. 
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.8863
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • STUDY MOTIVATION, ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND COMMITMENT CAREER IN ACCOUNTING
           PROFESSION

    • Authors: Sofik Handoyo
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between students' motivation, academic performance, and career commitment on accounting profession among undergraduate accounting students. The background of this study is based on the phenomenon encountered by accounting undergraduate students whose academic performance is not satisfactory as well as problems related to the completion of the study. Furthermore, high turn-over of the accounting profession has become a cornerstone of this study important to undertake.The sample of the study involved 101 undergraduate accounting students of Universitas Padjadjaran. Purposive sampling technique was used in this study. There are three independent variables investigated in this study namely study motivation, academic performance and commitment carrier in the accounting profession. Intrinsic interest, extrinsic interest, normative belief and conflict anticipation were treated as sub-variables of the study motivation. Data were obtained through an electronic questionnaire using Google Form platform. Descriptive analysis along with bivariate correlation analysis was applied in this study.The results indicate that majority of accounting undergraduate student choosing accounting study program due to intrinsic interest motivation and extrinsic interest motivation and there is no indication motivation influenced by normative belief motivation and conflict anticipation motivation. Intrinsic interest has a positive and significant correlation with academic performance (r=2.17, p<0.01) and academic performance has a positive correlation (r = 0.124) with commitment carrier in the accounting profession
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.9298
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • A Study of Flipped Classroom in Chinese High School
           English Grammar Teaching

    • Authors: Wu Chunrong, Wu Yi
      Abstract: With the rapid development of economic globalization and educational
      informationization, the traditional teaching mode has many drawbacks, which cannot meet the diverse teaching needs. Therefore, a new teaching mode is urgently needed to promote the development of education and teaching. In the context of information technology, the flipped classroom came into being. At present, the research of this teaching mode in English class is gradually increasing, but there is relatively little research on a certain aspect of English teaching, especially the research on high
      school English grammar flipped classroom. This topic is about the in-depth teaching practice, combining the flipped classroom teaching mode with high school English grammar teaching. This paper tries to carry out action research, aiming to explore whether flipped classroom can change the current high school English grammar teaching, improve learning efficiency, cultivate students&#39; self-learning ability and promote teacher-student relationship.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15300
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • South African Twelfth Grade Students’ Conceptions Regarding
           Electrochemistry

    • Authors: Kwaku Darko Amponsah
      Abstract: This current study is part of a large investigation undertaken in the Ximhungwe circuit of the Bohlabela district in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa to explore twelfth-grade students' conceptions regarding electrochemistry. A sample of 10 twelfth-grade physical sciences students from four intact science public high schools was conveniently selected to participate in the study after analysing the results of quantitative data. The sequential explanatory design was used to gather and analyse quantitative data first before gathering and analysing qualitative data for the current study. Thirteen questions in which at least 30% of students showed misconceptions were selected for the interview. The result of the interviews indicated that students in the experimental group (EG) had more accurate concepts related to the function of the salt bridge in galvanic cells and the concept that anodes and cathodes were electrically charged compared to the control group (CG). Both the EG and the CG had the same viewpoints related to oxidation numbers, electrode potential, Emf calculations, and the identity of electrodes in galvanic cells and electrolytic cells when the placement of the electrodes was altered. However, students in both groups had limited knowledge about electrolytic cells, although the CG had more limited comprehension. It was recommended that educators teach concepts as much as they teach algorithms.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.16273
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Curriculum Conceptualization and Development in Ethiopia: Manifestations
           of Progressive Curriculum Orientations

    • Authors: Solomon Melesse
      Abstract: This paper examines curriculum conceptualization and development process in the Ethiopian education system against the perspectives of the notable progressive curriculum theories. To this purpose, the Ethiopian educational policy and curriculum documents are reviewed against progressive curriculum orientations stemmed from Beauchamp, Pinar and McNeil’s classifications of curriculum theories. The conceptualization of curriculum has suffered from dizziness and blurred classifications of theories by different scholars. In spite of the naming differences, value-oriented, child-centered, constructivists, re-conceptualists, social-reconstructionist, and humanist theories are regarded as progressive curriculum orientations. Based on thorough readings of the literature, we came to believe that all these theories emphasize on learners’ interests, needs and backgrounds either as an individual or as a group in the curriculum development process. Thus, the paper analyzes the manifestations of value-oriented, child-centered, constructivists, re-conceptualists, social-reconstructionists, and humanists’ theories in the whole education system of Ethiopia.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.14208
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • GOVERNMENT, SOCIETY, SCHOOL, PARENTS AND STUDENTS FACTORS AS CORRELATES OF
           ACADEMIC DISHONESTY AMONG STUDENTS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

    • Authors: Joseph Olusola Fehintola
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship, composite and relative contribution of independent variables to academic dishonesty in Oyo state, Nigeria. The study was a descriptive research design of correlational type. The sample of the study consisted of 541educational stakeholdersand society members, parents and students alike that were purposefully selected from Oyo state, Nigeria. The sample was selected using stratified random sampling techniques among strata of the respondents. The instruments used for data collection is: Academic Dishonesty scale which is divided in to seven sections. The first section is demographic information about the participants, section “A” to “F” measures the independent variable and section “G” measures the dependent variable indices of Academic dishonesty variable. The roles ofGovernment, society, school, parents and students’ roles on academic dishonesty respectively have reliability coefficients of 0.75, 0.72, 0.81, 0.67, 0.84 and 0.79respectively. Three research questions were generated in the course of the study. Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression statistical methods were used for data analysis. Results indicated that significant relationship existed between each of the independent variables on academic dishonesty, also significant joint relationship existed among these variables and all the independent variables were potent predictors of academic dishonesty in Oyo state, Nigeria. Among others, it was recommended that more studies on academic dishonestyare needed in Nigeria so that efforts at improving standard of education in Nigeria could be enhanced,
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.16167
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • COMPETENCY IMPROVEMENT NEEDS OF TEACHERS OF BRICK/BLOCKLAYING AND
           CONCRETING WORKS TRS FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN EDO
           AND DELTA STATE

    • Authors: Sunday Bello ABUSOMWAN, Louis OSAIGBOVO, Patricia AHIANTE
      Abstract: This study was designed to determined the Competency Improvement Needs of Teachers of Brick/Blocklaying and Concreting Works for Effective Teaching in Technical colleges in Edo and Delta State. Three research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The target population for the study was 64 respondents made up of 42 BBCW teachers and 22 technologist. A 56 item competencies structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts and a reliability coefficient of 0.74 obtained. Data were collected and analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS, version, 22). Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question while t- test statistic was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that Brick/Blocklaying and Concreting works teachers and technologist need competency improvements for classroom management, planning instructions, evaluation strategies and different types of instruction. It was recommended among others that, BBCW teachers and technologist be exposed to regular workshops, seminars and training for capacity building on areas of needs identified in the study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.16450
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Assessment of Teachers' Dedication, Disicipline, Knowledge and Skills
           in Kwara State Basic Schools, Nigeria

    • Authors: Kamaldeen Olohundare Sulyman
      Abstract: This study was carried out to examine teachers’ dedication, discipline, knowledge and skills in Kwara State basic schools, Nigeria. It adopted descriptive research design of survey type. The population of the study comprised all the 1,591 head teachers, 3,907 assistant head teachers; and 440 principals, 1,112 vice principals and all the students in Kwara State lower and upper basic schools respectively. Multi-stage sampling technique was used for the study. Cluster sampling technique was used to group the Local Government Areas (LGAs) in the State into senatorial districts, while random sampling technique was used to select two LGAs from each of the senatorial districts (Kwara central, Ilorin East and Ilorin West; Kwara South, Isin and Ekiti; and Kwara North, Moro and Kaima) to make a total of six, out of the entire 16 in the State. Stratified sampling technique was used to group the Kwara State basic schools into lower (pre-basic-basic six) and upper (basic seven to basic nine), while random sampling technique was used to select five lower and upper basic schools from each of the sampled LGAs. All the 30 head teachers, 78 assistant head teachers, 30 principals and 71 vice principals in the 60 sampled schools were purposively selected to make a total of 209, while random sampling technique was also used to select 20 basic nine students from each of the sampled upper basic schools to make a total of 120. Researcher-designed questionnaire entitled Assessment of Teachers’ Dedication, Discipline, Skills and Knowledge Questionnaire (ATDDKSQ) was used to collect. The instrument was validated and found reliability coefficient of 0.80. Out of the 329 copies of the questionnaire distributed, only 306 copies were retrieved and used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics of Mean and Standard Deviation were used to answer all the four research questions raised in the study. The findings of the study revealed that teachers’ dedication in Kwara State basic, Nigeria was average ( = 3.06). The study concluded that that the level of teachers’ dedication in Kwara State basic schools, Nigeria was average. Based on the findings and conclusion of the study, it was recommended that teachers in Kwara State basic schools, Nigeria should be more dedicated to their job by regularly preparing their lesson notes, going to the classrooms at the right time, ensuring that the learners have a better understanding of the concepts taught, keeping detailed records of the learners and paying attention to difficulties hindering learners to efectively learn.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.16524
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Effectiveness of Remand Home on Educational Needs of Inmates in Ilorin,
           Kwara State, Nigeria Investigating the available educational programmes
           and qualified teachers in remand homes and how effective were those
           variables on educational programmes of inma

    • Authors: Rasheed Adewuyi Shofiu
      Abstract: Investigating the available educational programmes and qualified teachers in remand homes and how effective were those variables on educational programmes of inmates were major focused of this research in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria, specifically gender and ages of inmates were used as moderating variables. This study used descriptive survey.108 inmates and 28 teachers were sampled for this study using simple random sampling technique. A researcher’ designed questionnaire was used for data collection while data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of percentage, mean and rank order to answer the research questions while research hypotheses were tested using inferential statistics of t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that remedial education, primary and secondary education, recreational education, guidance and counselling education, vocational education, private study class, health education, reintegration education, moral/religious education, among others are the educational programmes available for inmates at Remand Homes in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria; majority of the teachers in remand homes in Ilorin are qualified, there was no significant difference in the effectiveness of educational programme on the inmates at the Remand Home based on gender and age. It was concluded that remand homes are highly effective in the provision of remedial/correctional education, primary and secondary education, guidance and counselling education to inmates in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.14981
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Kwara Central Undergraduates’ Percieved Influence of Peer Pressures on
           Youths Involvement in Menace of Kidnapping

    • Authors: Rasheed Adewuyi Shofiu
      Abstract: This study examined Kwara central undergraduates’ perceived influence of peer pressure on youths’ involvement in menace of kidnapping. This study was a descriptive survey. The population for this study was all undergraduates in Kwara Central Senatorial District. The target population was undergraduates from university of Ilorin and Alhikmah University, 500 students were randomly selected. A researcher design questionnaire was used for data collection while data collected were analysed using frequency and percentage, mean, standard deviation (SD), ranking t-test and one-way analysis of variance. Research hypotheses were tested with the use of independent t-test and also one-way analysis of variance at 0.05 level of significance. Findings  revealed that peer pressure influences youth involvement in the menace of kidnapping in Nigeria; there was no significant difference in the influence of peer pressure on youth’s involvement in menace of kidnapping as perceived by undergraduates based on gender. based on academic level and based on school type. The study recommended that parents should regulate their wards associates, School management and guidance counselors should orientate students on consequences of bad friends, development of  task force against kidnapping, to reduce the trends and occurrence of kidnapping in our society. It was concluded that peer pressure can trigger youths’ involvement in menace of kidnapping in Nigeria,
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15025
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Intercultural Education in Kosovo: A Longitudinal Case Study

    • Authors: Cameron White
      Abstract: This longitudinal qualitative study was conducted with KosovoPhD students over a 3-year period who engaged in an ongoingintercultural education project at the University of Pristina’sFaculty of Education in Kosovo. The purpose of this article is todeepen the understanding of intercultural education with Kosovoas a critical case study. The research question is: What are Kosovoeducators’ perceptions, knowledge, skills, and dispositionsregarding intercultural education' The data included pre andpost open-ended surveys, one on one interviews, and follow upinterviews regarding intercultural education during thelongitudinal experiences. The findings of the study suggest theneed to contextualize the issues of intercultural education andintegrate local to global connections in relevant teaching,research, and service.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15042
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF ICT TOOLS AMONG LECTURERS AND BUSINESS
           EDUCATION STUDENTS IN KWARA STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ILORIN

    • Authors: Oluwalola Kikelomo Felicia
      Abstract: The paper assessed availability and utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) tools among the Lecturers and Students of Business Education. Descriptive survey research  design was adopted  for the study.  The population for the study comprised 300 level Business Education students and all Business Education lecturers in Kwara State Colleges. Simple random techniques were used to select 110 students and 20 lecturers of the Department of Business Education.  Two research questions guided the study and one null hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was ensured using pilot test technique and this yielded reliability co-efficient of 0. 86. Data related to research questions were  analyzed using mean and standard deviation while the hypothesis formulated were tested using inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that ICT supportive tools were available for teaching and learning Business Education in Kwara State College of Education Ilorin. Therefore there was no difference perception of lecturers and students on availability of ICT tools should be for teaching Business Education. It was recommended among others that ICT tools for teaching and learning Business Education are used always and training such as seminars and workshop should be organized for ICT support staff on the college.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.14476
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • LECTURER’S JOB COMMITMENT AND QUALITY GOAL ACHIEVEMENT IN STATE COLLEGES
           OF EDUCATION IN NORTH CENTRAL GEOPOLITICAL ZONE, NIGERIA

    • Authors: LAWAL Abubakar, ABDULKAREEM Adedayo, SULYMAN Olohundare
      Abstract: As part of the quality assurance process in educational institutions, the indispensability of lecturer’s job commitment to the realisation of institutional goals cannot be underestimated. Hence, this study examined lecturer’s job commitment and quality goal achievement in State Colleges of Education in North Central Geopolitical Zone of Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive research design of correlation type. Random sampling technique was used to select three (Kogi, Kwara & Niger) out the six States in the geopolitical zone while purposive sampling technique was used to select six out of the 10 State Colleges of Education in the selected States. Proportional sampling technique was used to select 289 out of the 1,144 lecturers in the selected Colleges of Education; 299 principals and 363 head teachers of public basic schools out of the 1,331 and 6589 respectively in the selected States. “Lecturer’s Job Commitment Questionnaire” (LJCQ) and “Goal Achievement Questionnaire” (GAQ) were used to collect data. Pearson product-moment correlation statistics was used to test the hypotheses generated. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between lecturer’s job commitment and goal achievement in the State Colleges of Education in North Central Geopolitical Zone of Nigeria with (r=.519, p < .05). Based on the findings and the conclusion of the study, it was recommended that state governments who are the proprietors of the Colleges should continually motivate lecturers to make them exhibit high level of job commitment which would facilitate effective actualisation of the institutions’ goals.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15693
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Availability and utilization of ICT tools among lecturers and business
           education students in Kwara State College of Education, Ilorin

    • Authors: Oluwalola Kikelomo Felicia
      Abstract: The paper assessed availability and utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) tools among the Lecturers and Students of Business Education. Descriptive survey research  design was adopted  for the study.  The population for the study comprised 300 level Business Education students and all Business Education lecturers in Kwara State Colleges. Simple random techniques were used to select 110 students and 20 lecturers of the Department of Business Education.  Two research questions guided the study and one null hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was ensured using pilot test technique and this yielded reliability co-efficient of 0. 86. Data related to research questions were  analyzed using mean and standard deviation while the hypothesis formulated were tested using inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that ICT supportive tools were available for teaching and learning Business Education in Kwara State College of Education Ilorin. Therefore there was no difference perception of lecturers and students on availability of ICT tools should be for teaching Business Education. It was recommended among others that ICT tools for teaching and learning Business Education are used always and training such as seminars and workshop should be organized for ICT support staff on the college.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.15818
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Academic Planning Functions as a Predictor of Goal Achievement in Colleges
           of Education in Kwara State, Nigeria

    • Authors: Saheed Oyeniran
      Abstract:  Academic Planning Unit is a very important organ of Colleges of Education. The performance of its functions determine to a greater extent, the achievement of the goals of Colleges of Education in Nigeria. It is against this background that this study was carried out to examine academic planning functions as a predictor of goal achievement in Colleges of Education in Kwara State. The study adopted a survey research method to establish the nexus between academic planning functions and goal achievement in the Colleges.  A sample size of 421 out of 1,668 staff was determined using the research advisors (2006) edition at 95.0% confidence level. The sample size of 421 was made up of 147 academic staff and 274 non-academic staff using stratified and proportionate sampling technique.  Two questionnaires were designed to gather relevant data for this study. The questionnaires were:  Academic Planning Functions Questionnaire (APFQ) and Goals Achievement Questionnaire (GAQ). The data collected were analysed using Smart PLS software. The finding of the study showed that programme accreditation, information processing and monitoring functions are predictors of goal achievement in colleges while programme initiation, internal quality assurance, resource projection and financial planning functions are not predictors of academic planning function in the colleges. Based on the findings, recommendations were made on the need to improve the academic planning unit for improved goal achievement in the Colleges.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.14658
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Institutional Development and University Lecturers’ Effectiveness in
           Kwara State, Nigeria

    • Authors: Abdulrahman Sayuti Omosidi, Abdulrahman Sayuti Omosidi, Khadijat Olatinuke Issa, Afusat Titilayo Alabi, Murtala Abdulyaqin Tukur, Lawal Abdulmumin Abubakar
      Abstract: This study was a correlational research which investigated the relationship between institutional development and university lecturers’ effectiveness in Kwara State, Nigeria, Nigeria. The population of the study comprised all lecturers in the four universities in Kwara State, Nigeria. Specifically, three universities that have produced graduates in the years covered, that is, (2013-2015) were used for the study. Proportional sampling technique was used to select 620 lecturers out of 2011 in the universities. A researcher designed questionnaire titled “Questionnaire on Institutional Development in the Universities in Kwara State, Nigeria” (QIDUKS) was used for data collection, while “Lecturers’ Effectiveness Proforma” (LEP) was used to collect three-year final year results of graduates (2013-2015). The QIDUKS was validated by four experts in the Department of Educational Management and three from other departments. Test re-test method was used to ascertain the reliability of the instrument, the correlation coefficient of 0.75 was obtained. 620 copies of the research instruments were personally administered and 607 were retrieved by the researcher in the sampled universities. Two research questions raised were answered with the descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation, and graduates results, one main hypothesis and four operational hypotheses formulated were analyzed using inferential statistics of Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation Statistic at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there was a significant positive relationship between institutional development and university lecturers’ effectiveness in Kwara State, Nigeria with the calculated r-value of .410 which is greater than the critical r-value of .195. The study recommended that the university management should ensure effective and adequate provision of human and non-human. Equally, university authorities should ensure proper maintenance and development of the university resources.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.13598
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Relationship between Parenting Styles and Identity Foreclosure among
           Secondary and Preparatory School Students: Mediating Role of Parental
           Attachment

    • Authors: Demeke Wolie Ambaye
      Abstract: The purpose of this research was to examine the mediating role of parental attachment in the relationship between parenting styles and adolescents’ identity foreclosure. To meet this objective, 375 adolescent students were drawn from secondary and preparatory schools in Debre Markos town using proportionate stratified random sampling technique considering schools, students’ sex and grade levels as strata. With this objective, the study was employed correlational design. Adapted self-report questionnaires for parenting styles, parental attachment and identity foreclosure were used to collect the data from respondents. Path analysis via linear regression was employed to determine the path coefficients of the variables under study. Then, based on Baron and Kenney’s requirements of single mediation, simple and multiple linear regressions were made to determine the value of the four paths. Furthermore, the existence of significant mediation via parental attachment was tested using Sobel’s test for each path diagrams. Results revealed that parental attachment positively and partially mediated in the relationship between authoritative parenting style and identity foreclosure. Nevertheless, authoritarian parenting style did not have an indirect effect on identity foreclosure via parental attachment but significant and positive direct effect on identity foreclosure. Future research is recommended to extend the present study using other participants in another place.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.13770
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • HUMAN RELATIONS AND ITS INFLUENCE ON LEADERSHIP STYLE AMONG HEAD OF
           DEPARTMENTS IN NORTH-EAST UNIVERSITIES, NIGERIA

    • Authors: Munza M, Sara S, Okereke E
      Abstract: The drive for efficiency and innovation in businesses, economy and organization has given rise to a new approach in the way and manner in which employees and organizations are managed. Leaders are required to have an understanding of how to lead people around them, they need to have good human relation and most importantly keep their followers motivated. The main objective of the study is to assess human relations and its influence on leadership style among Head of Departments in North-East universities, Nigeria. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. Population of the study comprised of 521 head of departments in North-east universities. The sample size of the study was 104 Head of Departments in North-east universities. Descriptive statistics of frequency and percentages was used to describe the demographic characteristics of the respondents. Mean and standard deviation (SD) was used to answer the research question. Inferential statistics of Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMC) was used to test the formulated hypothesis at 0.05 alpha level. Result of the study revealed that sociability is positively correlatedwith effective leadership among Heads of Departmentsin North-East, universities of Nigeria. It was recommended that there is a need to include sociability among criteria used in the selection of Heads of Department in the universities.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i4.16442
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Establishing the capacity of applying information technology in teaching
           history and geography for undergraduates of Department of Primary
           Education, Tay Nguyen University

    • Authors: Nguyen Manh Huong, Le Thi Thuy An
      Abstract: The competence to apply information technology in teaching history and geographyparticularly and in training broadly is one of the most important professional capacities ofteachers in primary schools to demand the new requirement of the fourth industrialrevolution and the real innovation of Vietnamese education. For that reason, thatproviding undergraduates of Department of Primary Education the competence ofexploiting information technology is suitable and necessary in the educational conditionof both Vietnam and over the world. This paper, therefore, focuses on some issues of theconcept of ability to apply IT, the necessity to establish this capacity for undergraduatesof Departments of Primary Education in teaching history and geography (via the casestudy of undergraduates in Tay Nguyen University) and proposals to improveundergraduates’ capacities effectively. The competence to apply information technology in teaching history and geography particularly and in training broadly is one of the most important professional capacities of teachers in primary schools to demand the new requirement of the fourth industrial revolution and the real innovation of Vietnamese education. For that reason, that providing undergraduates of Department of Primary Education the competence of exploiting information technology is suitable and necessary in the educational condition of both Vietnam and over the world. This paper, therefore, focuses on some issues of the concept of ability to apply IT, the necessity to establish this capacity for undergraduates of Departments of Primary Education in teaching history and geography (via the case study of undergraduates in Tay Nguyen University) and proposals to improve undergraduates’ capacities effectively.
      PubDate: 2020-05-08
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i2.14928
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Barriers to Education and Learning: Security and Safety factors in Nigeria

    • Authors: Muhammad Alkali
      Abstract: In Nigeria right to education is one of the fundamental rights recognized and guaranteed in international and regional instruments. Nigeria as a signatory to most of the human rights instruments is expected to ensure the effectiveness of the implementation of the relevant provisions of the conventions that guarantee right to education. Provision of education in Nigeria, therefore, ought to be as of right; and should, therefore, be available and accessible to the Nigerian children as a proof of the protection of the said right. Barrier to education and learning can be a serious factor against access to education and learning. School and Center security and safety is an extremely important issue in barriers to education and learning, especially in light of recent kidnappings and Boko Haram threats in the country. School officials and administrators should begin to take a pro-active approach to their schools&#39; safety through a variety of different tools and methods that analyze potential risks. Keeping a school secure and safe is a very important task that should not be taken lightly. There are many ways to increase safety of schools and minimize risks of attacks and other dangers. The importance of having a safe and secure learning environment for the academic development of Nigerian students and learners cannot be overemphasized.
      PubDate: 2020-05-08
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i2.14222
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Enrichment Program in Improving the
           Learning Performance of Deaf-blind Students in an Achievement Test: A
           Single Group Experimental Study

    • Authors: Sahar Zaien, Abdallh H Elqahtani
      Abstract: This single group experimental study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of an Enrichment Program delivered todeaf-blind students. It evaluated the improvement in the achievement test marks of the deaf-blind students before and after the Enrichment Program. A single group pretest and posttest experimental study design was adopted for this study. The sample size was small due to the low number of students with multisensory impairment of deafblindness. The findings revealed that there is a statistically significant difference in the pre-enrichment program assessment test and post-enrichment program assessment test marks of the deaf-blind students at p < 0.05. However, no significant difference was seen in the post-enrichment program assessment test and follow-up assessment test. These findings suggest that the Enrichment Program delivered using multiple communication strategies such as Tactile Sign language and body schemas significantly improves the learning process in the deaf-blind students.
      PubDate: 2020-05-08
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i2.15038
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • The Relationship between Servant Leadership and Organizational Citizenship
           Behavior at University of Gondar

    • Authors: Shimelis Mesfin, Matebe Tafere Gedifew
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between servant leadership andorganizational citizenship behavior (OCB) at University of Gondar. 240 teachers were selectedfrom 696 using disproportional stratified sampling technique while 5 five college deans wereselected through comprehensive sampling technique. Questionnaire and semi structuredinterview were used to gather the data. The quantitative data were analyzed using bothdescriptive and inferential statistical analysis techniques while the qualitative data was analyzedthrough narration. The result of one sample t test indicated that the grand mean scores ofservant leadership (3.62) was higher than the expected mean value (3) at (t = 31.294, df = 239).In the same way, the mean score of OCB (3.32) was higher than the expected mean value (3) at(t = 14.074, df = 239). This implies that servant leadership and OCB were more likely exhibitedin the work place. According to correlation analysis, except emotional healing and putting theinterest of subordinates first which had no significant relationship with OCB, servant leadershipdimensions had significant relationship with OCB. The results of standard regression revealedthat 7.4 % of OCB was explained by a combination of seven dimensions of servant leadership ata significant model at F (7, 232) = 2.652, p= .012. The result of independent sample t- testrevealed that statistically significant mean differences was not observed between male andfemale respondents in perceiving OCB at (t = 1.209, df = 238, p &gt; 0.05). The result of two wayANOVA also indicated that significant differences were observed among teachers in perceivingOCB due to teaching experience at F (2,234) = 7.763, p &lt;.05, and educational qualification at F(1,234) = 8.746, p&lt;.05. Significant difference was also observed between teachers due to theinteraction of effect of teaching experience and educational qualification at F (2,234) = 7.435, p&lt; .05. Accordingly, it is possible to conclude that servant leadership had significant relationshipwith OCB at University of Gondar which signals the need for further strengthening theleadership practice in a way that promotes the institutionalization of servant leadership andOCB cultures so that other similar higher educational institutions can benchmark it.
      PubDate: 2020-05-08
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i2.15105
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Effects of Laboratory Teaching On The Academics Performance of Biology
           Senior Secondary School Students In Hadejia LGA of Jigawa State

    • Authors: AbdulRahaman Ibrahim Ishola
      Abstract: This study examined the effects of Laboratory teaching method on the AcademicPerformance of Senior Secondary Biology students in Hadejia LGA of JigawaState. A Quasi experimental pretest and post test design was employed for thestudy with a sample of 30 students used which are selected using purposivesampling technique. A self-constructed Biology Achievement Test (BAT) based ontwo (2) Biology Topics and using SSCE practical questions as a guide was used fordata collection. While the experiment group was taught using Laboratory teachingapproach, the control group were taught using lecture method for a period of threeweeks. The data collected were analyzed using mean score and t test statistic toanswer the 2 Research questions and hypothesis raised in the study. The resultsshowed that the Experimental group performed better with higher means post testscore in the BAT and the male score is also found to be higher than that of thefemale students. Based on the findings it was recommended that the scienceteachers should always make use of laboratory method for the students duringpractical’s, more efforts should be made to devote more hours to laboratory workand the Biology laboratory should be made more functional by making all thenecessary apparatus, specimen, chemicals, equipment and other materials availablesufficiently for students’ use.
      PubDate: 2020-05-08
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i2.15106
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Internet utilisation enable devices for academic and religious purposes
           among Muslim undergraduates, Faculty of Arts, University of Ilorin,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Abdul Ganiyu Salman Sebutu
      Abstract: The use of technology is a global imperative due to its contributions to human existence and has enhanced the socio-economic relations globally. Meanwhile, nowadays, social networking seems to become part of the daily life experiences for an increasing number of people. In this respect, this research work investigates internet utilization enable devices for academic and religious purposes among Muslim undergraduates, faculty of Arts, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. This study employed a descriptive survey research design to determine the internet utilization enable devices for academic and religious purposes among Muslim Undergraduates faculty of Arts, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. The population of this study consists of a total of all students in the faculty of Arts, University of Ilorin, while the target population for this study consists of all Muslim students in the faculty of arts, university of Ilorin. Meanwhile (50) Muslim students were randomly selected from each of the seven departments which totaled three hundred and fifty (350), undergraduate Muslim students. The instrument used to collect data for this study is questionnaire. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested using Inferential statistics of Pearson Moment Correlation Statistics, all at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there was significant relationship between internet-enabled devices and Muslim student religious practice and academic performance. based on the findings, it is recommended that students should create a balance between chit-chatting and academic activities and more attention should be directed to academic research.
      PubDate: 2020-05-08
      DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v14i2.13989
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2020)
       
 
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