Publisher: UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang   (Total: 13 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 13 of 13 Journals sorted alphabetically
Alchemy : J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
De Jure: Jurnal Hukum dan Syar'iah     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
El-Harakah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
el-Hayah     Open Access  
El-Hikmah     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
EL-MUHASABA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurisdictie Jurnal Hukum dan Syariah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal NEUTRINO     Open Access  
LiNGUA : Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
MADARASAH Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Dasar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
MATICS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SAINSTIS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ulul Albab     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Alchemy : Journal of Chemistry
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2086-1710 - ISSN (Online) 2086-1710
Published by UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Free-Radical Scavenging Activity (FRSA) of Secondary Metabolite Extracted
           from Indonesian Eucheuma spinosum

    • Authors: Nurul Inayah, Masruri Masruri
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: IIndonesia is the biggest country in the production of red seaweed of Eucheuma spinosum. The red seaweed has bioactive compounds that have a potential activity such as phenolic compounds as well as carrageenan and pigments. This paper reported phytochemical analysis of E. spinosum harvested by a local farmer in Sumenep Island, East Java and free-radical scavenging activity (FRSA) derived from 2,2’-diphenyl-1-picrylhdrazyl (DPPH) for several organic solvents. For extraction, dried powder is added with 5.0 mL of various solvents following by ultra-sonication assisted extraction for 30 minutes. The extract was separated by centrifugation for phytochemical analysis and radical scavenging evaluation. The prospecting of dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, and n-hexane extracts indicated the potency for radical scavengers. Alkaloids, terpenoids, and saponins were secondary metabolites that indicated the presence in the extracts. The best IC50 value was presented by ethyl acetate extracts (384,86 ppm) with 38.78% for 50 ppm, while IC50 values of n-hexane, methanolic, dicloromethane extracts were 410.12, 677.76 and 685.08 ppm, respectively. Keywords: Eucheuma spinosum, phytochemical analysis, radical scavenging activity
      PubDate: 2021-04-08
      DOI: 10.18860/al.v9i1.10970
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Ekstraksi Zat Warna Alami dari Kayu Bakau (Rhizophora mucronata) dengan
           Metode Microwave Assisted Extraction

    • Authors: Yuyun Yuniati, Maulidya D. Cahyani, Ifra Novidayasa, Pantjawarni Prihatini, Mahfud Mahfud
      Pages: 7 - 14
      Abstract: Dyes are widely used for various manufacturing processes. However, the high use of synthetic dyes has resulted in pollution and health problems. To overcome this problem, one way that can be done is to return to using natural dyes. Natural dyes can be obtained from various plants, one of which is the Indonesian mangrove plant (Rhizophora mucronata). This research has succeeded in extracting natural dyestuffs from mangrove bark using the microwave-assisted extraction method. Mangrove wood extraction was carried out with solvents, namely distilled water and ethanol 96%, which was optimized based on the ratio of sample mass to volume of solvent and extraction power. The results showed that qualitatively the mangrove extract contained tannins, flavonoids, and quinones as compounds that gave chocolate color. The color resistance of mangrove extracts is very strong in textiles under alkaline conditions. Based on the results of extraction optimization, the optimum conditions were obtained at a ratio of 0.067 g/mL of 96% ethanol at 380 watts of power, with a yield percentage reaching 53.053%. Keywords: extraction, mangrove wood, microwave Zat warna banyak digunakan untuk berbagai proses manufaktur. Namun, tingginya penggunaan zat pewarna sintetis mengakibatkan pencemaran dan masalah kesehatan. Untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut, salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan adalah kembali menggunakan zat warna alami. Zat pewarna alami dapat diperoleh dari berbagai tumbuhan, salah satunya tanaman bakau Indonesia (Rhizophora mucronata). Penelitian ini telah berhasil melakukan ekstraksi zat warna alami kulit kayu bakau dengan metode microwave-assisted extraction. Ekstraksi kayu bakau dilakukan dengan pelarut yaitu akuades dan etanol 96% yang dioptimasi berdasarkan rasio massa sampel–volume pelarut dan daya ekstraksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara kualitatif ekstrak kayu bakau mengandung tanin, flavonoid, dan kuinon sebagai senyawa pemberi warna coklat. Ketahanan warna ekstrak kayu bakau sangat kuat pada bahan tekstil pada kondisi basa. Berdasarkan hasil optimasi ekstraksi, kondisi optimum didapatkan pada rasio massa sampel-volum pelarut sebesar 0,067 g/mL dan daya sebesar 380 Watt sehingga diperoleh persentase yield mencapai 53,053%. Kata kunci: ekstraksi, kayu bakau, microwave
      PubDate: 2021-03-30
      DOI: 10.18860/al.v9i1.11038
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Poly (Anthranilic Acid-Co-Formaldehyde) untuk
           Adsorpsi Ion Pb(II)

    • Authors: Siska Ela Kartika, Muhammad Bachri Amran
      Pages: 15 - 25
      Abstract:  Besides having a positive impact, rapid industrial development also gives a negative impact in the form of industrial waste causing environmental pollution. Lead is one of the heavy metal ions that become a primary indicator of pollution according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). The determination of lead directly in environmental samples is often difficult because of the very low concentration of metal ions and the matrix interferences. Therefore, preconcentration techniques that can simplify the matrix are required. Ionic exchange resins, functionalized chelating resins, and ion imprinted polymers are mostly used to preconcentrate the trace elements. Poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde) is polymer synthesized by mixing anthranilic acid, formaldehyde, and HCl. The poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde) was characterized by FTIR and SEM analysis. Characterization results indicate that polymerization reaction has been formed indicated by the vibration of the CH2 bridge. Poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde) has a relatively smooth surface with pores. The batch method was applied. The maximum adsorption for Pb(II) ions was 16.37 mg/g at pH 5 with a contact time of 10 minutes. Keywords: poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde), adsorption, lead Selain memberikan dampak positif, perkembangan industri yang pesat juga dapat memberikan dampak negatif berupa limbah industri penyebab pencemaran lingkungan. Timbal merupakan salah satu ion logam berat yang menjadi indikator primer pencemaran menurut United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Penentuan konsentrasi timbal secara langsung dalam sampel lingkungan seringkali sulit dilakukan karena terdapat pada konsentrasi renik dengan matriks yang rumit. Oleh karena itu, teknik prakonsentrasi yang dapat menyederhanakan matriks sangat diperlukan. Resin penukar ion, resin pengkhelat, dan ion imprinted polymers banyak digunakan untuk prakonsentrasi unsur renik. Poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde) merupakan polimer yang disintesis dengan cara mencampurkan asam anthranilat, formaldehida, dan HCl. Karakterisasi poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde) telah dilakukan menggunakan FTIR dan SEM. Hasil karakterisasi mengindikasikan bahwa reaksi polimerisasi telah terbentuk yang ditunjukkan dengan adanya vibrasi CH2 bridge. Poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde) memiliki morfologi permukaan yang relatif halus dan berpori. Metode yang digunakan untuk mempelajari kemampuan adsorpsi adalah metode batch. Kapasitas adsorpsi poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde) terhadap ion Pb(II) adalah 16,37 mg/g pada pH 5 dengan waktu kontak 10 menit. Kata kunci: poly (anthranilic acid-co-formaldehyde), adsorpsi, timbal
      PubDate: 2021-03-30
      DOI: 10.18860/al.v9i1.11476
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Aktivitas Antibakteri Membran Nanokomposit Kitosan/Nanopartikel Perak

    • Authors: Doni Notriawan, Nesbah Nesbah, Gustria Ernis, Muhammad Adeng Fadhila, Risky Hadi Wibowo, Reza Pertiwi, Vinolla Ilfanisari
      Pages: 26 - 31
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to make and test the antibacterial activity of chitosan/silver nanoparticles nanocomposite membranes. Nanocomposite membranes were synthesized by chitosan with pluronic using acetic acid as a solvent. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized using the green synthesis method and the makasar fruit (Brucea javanica L. Merr) peel extract as a bioreductor. The silver nanoparticles were composited with a chitosan/pluronic mixture and printed on a glass plate. Nanocomposite membranes were characterized using the FTIR spectrophotometer and the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Nanocomposite membrane were tested for antibacterial activity against Escherechia coli. The UV-Vis spectra showed the formation of silver nanoparticles which were indicated by the absorption at 454 nm and the absorbance value of 0.405. Characterization using FTIR showed no new functional groups formed in the composites of chitosan and pluronic. SEM results showed the difference between the chitosan membrane and the nanocomposite membrane. The surface of nanocomposite membrane showed uneven compared to the chitosan membrane. Nanocomposite membranes have antibacterial activity to inhibit E. coli growth.   Keywords: nanocomposite, chitosan/silver nanoparticles, antibacterial Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuat dan menguji aktivitas antibakteri membran nanokomposit kitosan/nanopartikel perak. Membran nanokomposit dibuat dengan mensintesis kitosan dengan pluronik menggunakan pelarut asam asetat. Nanopartikel perak disintesis menggunakan metode green synthesis dengan ekstrak kulit buah makasar (Brucea javanica L. Merr) sebagai bioreduktor. Nanopartikel perak dikompositkan dengan campuran kitosan/pluronik dan dicetak di atas plat kaca. Membran nanokomposit dikarakterisasi menggunakan spektrofotometer FTIR dan scanning electron microscope (SEM). Membran nanokomposit dilakukan uji aktivitas antibakteri terhadap Escherechia coli. Spektra UV-Vis menunjukkan terbentuknya nanopartikel perak yang ditandai adanya serapan pada panjang gelombang 454 nm dan absorbansi 0,405. Karakterisasi dengan FTIR menunjukkan tidak adanya gugus fungsi baru yang terbentuk pada komposit dari kitosan dan pluronik. Hasil SEM menunjukkan adanya perbedaan antara membran kitosan dengan membran nanokomposit. Permukaan membran nanokomposit terlihat tidak rata dibandingkan membran kitosan. Membran nanokomposit memiliki aktivitas bakteri sehingga dapat mengambat pertumbuhan bakteri E. coli. Kata kunci: nanokomposit, kitosan/nanopartikel perak, antibakteri
      PubDate: 2021-03-30
      DOI: 10.18860/al.v9i1.11146
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Analisis Kadar Arsen (As) pada Sayur Kubis Hijau (Brassica oleracea L.)
           Pasca Erupsi Gunung Sinabung

    • Authors: Boby Cahyady, Muhammad Taufik, Suharman Suharman
      Pages: 32 - 36
      Abstract: ount Sinabung has had an impact on the lives of surrounding farmers after the eruption. One of the negative impacts is the exposure of plants and animals around them to dangerous chemical compounds, especially heavy metals. This work aimed to analyze the levels of arsenic (As) in green cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) which was exposed after two months of the eruption. The sampling method was done using a simple random sampling technique at five points. The digestion process was carried out using hydrochloric acid and nitric acid. Arsenic analysis was performed using the atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) at 193.7 nm with vapor hydride generation accessories. Concentration of arsenic exposed to green cabbage at five sampling points was 0.4102, 0.4936, 0.4501, 0.6425, and 0.6534 mg/Kg. The results obtained were lower than the maximum limit of arsenic contamination in vegetables, namely 1.0 mg/Kg based on SNI No. 7387:2009.Keywords: arsenic, Brassica oleracea L, AAS, SNI, Mount SinabungGunung Sinabung memiliki pengaruh kepada kehidupan petani di sekitarnya pasca erupsi. Salah satu dampak negatifnya adalah terpaparnya tumbuhan dan hewan di sekitar terhadap senyawa kimia yang berbahaya, khususnya logam berat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kadar arsen (As) yang terdapat pada sayur kubis hijau (Brassica oleracea L.) yang terpapar setelah dua bulan erupsi. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling di lima titik. Proses destruksi dilakukan dengan menggunakan asam klorida dan asam nitrat. Analisis arsen dilakukan dengan menggunakan atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) pada panjang gelombang 193,7 nm yang dilengkapi vapour hydride generation accessories. Kadar arsen yang terpapar pada sayur kubis hijau pada lima titik pengambilan sampel berturut turut sebesar 0,4102; 0,4936; 0,4501; 0,6425, dan 0,6534 mg/Kg. Kadar arsen yang diperoleh lebih rendah dari batas maksimum cemaran arsen dalam sayuran yakni 1,0 mg/Kg berdasarkan SNI No. 7387:2009.Kata kunci: arsen, Brassica oleracea L., AAS, SNI, Gunung Sinabung
      PubDate: 2021-03-30
      DOI: 10.18860/al.v9i1.11108
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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