Publisher: U of St Andrews   (Total: 3 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 3 of 3 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ethnographic Encounters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Terrorism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
North Street Review : Arts and Visual Culture     Open Access  
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Journal of Terrorism Research
Number of Followers: 19  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2049-7040 - ISSN (Online) 2516-3159
Published by U of St Andrews Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Book review: 'How terror evolves: the emergence and spread of terrorist
           techniques', by Yannick Veilleux-Lepage

    • Abstract: Yannick Veilleux-Lepage explores how terrorist techniques are adopted, changed, adjusted and abandoned over time, using the history of aircraft hijacking as a case study. He employs a refreshing and original approach to tracking the processes of aircraft hijacking over time, treating the development of terrorist techniques as analogous to Darwinian evolutionary thought. The book provides a novel outlook on the origins of terrorist techniques, their evolution, and development. The argument is convincing and sound throughout, and well-illustrated to ensure that the book is not just a highly informative read but an engaging one too. This book will be refreshing to experts and rewarding for novices in the field. Published on 2022-11-02 12:07:18
  • Haunting pebbles

    • Abstract: With the land art performance Haunting pebbles, I wanted to denounce the violence of border crossing in eastern Europe through the lens of hauntology. The use of an artistic performance allowed me to work on time that is passing by. This moment was the waiting for the revenant: both a spectre and the coming-back movement of a spectre — all linked to death, sea and institutional violence. Published on 2022-09-22 10:23:15
  • STAGES Introduction

    • Abstract: For now, this Special Issue is one of a kind. Each piece grows directly out of the cross-institutional network between the University of St Andrews (STA), the University of Glasgow (G), and the University of Edinburgh (E)’s Security studies (S) programmes. Together, we have created the acronym STAGES to capture these ongoing collaborations. In August 2018, we, as a small group of colleagues working at each contributing university started to discuss how our master students can learn more about security beyond the confines of their separate classrooms. As Jorge M. Lasma writes, ‘In many cases, classrooms have slowly come to be seen as the only domains for learning. Other forms and channels of learning and knowledge are viewed with suspicion and sometimes even discouraged for fear of higher costs’ (2013, p. 369). Challenging this idea, we set out to create a collective project to allow different students, with their own unique opinions and viewpoints on security, to meet one another to share their ideas in open, honest and lived ways. Published on 2022-09-15 08:24:28
  • Why have the People’s Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of
           Vietnam been able to create and sustain maritime militias'

    • Abstract: Providing a unique comparison of the maritime militias of the People’s Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, this study analyses why these two countries were able to create and sustain maritime militias, and their importance to hybrid warfare. By studying the history, organisation, ideology and the economic support provided to these maritime militias, it highlights the similarities between the countries’ systems, and how this has allowed for their creation and subsequent maintenance. Based on my findings, I have hypothesised that in order for a country to create and sustain successfully a maritime militia it must have a history of “people’s war” and a highly centralised state. Published on 2022-09-06 11:16:37
  • Spaces of desecuritisation: understanding changing audiences within

    • Abstract: Securitisation theory is at the centre of understanding how an issue becomes accepted as a threat. A concept that has received considerably less attention is “desecuritisation”, the withdrawal of securitisation. This article examines the audience in different types of desecuritisation strategies, where a more comprehensive understanding of the audience is lacking. In considering multiple spaces of desecuritisation, this article focuses on the audience’s active role in enabling desecuritisation and, as a result, develops a more comprehensive understanding of the audience. In this way, this article suggests a more thorough theoretical understanding of one of the fundamental puzzles within desecuritisation: how and when desecuritisation occurs. The theoretical development concerning the audience is conducted through engaging with a wide range of theories on spatiality, the everyday and the broader critical field of securitisation theory. Instead of what has previously been the case, where the audience was thought of as a passive, static and binary receiver of a (de)securitisation move, the audience in this article is theorised as changing and dynamic. This view of the audience has implications for securitisation theory in general, and for desecuritisation theory in particular. Envisioning the audience as an active part in shaping the conditions of desecuritisation provides a theoretical understanding of how securitisation’s logic of particularisation, the distinctive separation between threat and referent object, can be loosened and, eventually, abandoned. Ultimately, this article contributes to the literature on desecuritisation by refocusing attention on the audience and theorising it as an important and enabling actor in the interactive game of desecuritisation. Published on 2022-09-06 11:16:11
  • Peak water not to blame in the escalation of Peruvian socio-environmental

    • Abstract: Over 1.5 billion people rely on more than 46,000 non-polar glaciers across the world for potable water, irrigation, industrial and hydropower usages. The melting of non-polar glaciers and its effects on socio-environmental conflicts are understudied in the rapidly expanding field of climate conflicts. Contrary to existing theoretical models, this article found that the Santa River Basin (SRB), having reached peak water, did not directly increase the number or length of the area’s socio-environmental conflicts. The article identified and examined 23 socio-environmental conflicts in the Peruvian Ombudsman’s monthly reports between 2004 and 2019. Instead of peak water, five other escalation variables were identified: violence, upstream–downstream dynamics, multiple stakeholder cooperation, decrease in the quality/quantity of water and the utilisation of roads for protests. Published on 2022-09-06 11:15:53
  • Framing the U.S. news media as a threat: President Donald Trump’s
           securitising move

    • Abstract: While securitisation theory sees that the news media can be both a securitising actor and audience, the existing literature has not explored cases where the media are framed as the threat. This article illustrates how former President Donald Trump framed the U.S. news media as a threat, and argues that this constitutes a securitising move. Discourse analysis informed by framing theory is applied to a sample of tweets posted by Trump. These examples illustrate how Trump has continuously framed the media as a threat, highlighting the referent object as being a threat to the truth, the people and the country, thereby undertaking a securitising move. Published on 2022-09-06 11:15:34
  • Profiling the President: explaining Donald Trump’s nationalistic foreign
           policy decisions using Leadership Trait Analysis and Operational Code

    • Abstract: How does an individual leader’s personality and beliefs shape a country’s foreign policies' Donald Trump has promised to put America First by disrupting the liberal international system in favour of a nationalistic isolationism. His violation of international norms and close friendship with rogue leaders have led many to question his psychological fitness to be president. The research on foreign policy analysis lacks a systematic examination linking the personalities and beliefs of leaders to the hyper-nationalistic policies they adopt. This article conducts at-a-distance content analysis, specifically Leadership Trait Analysis and Operational Code Analysis, on US President Donald Trump in order to explain four puzzling nationalistic foreign policies.  Published on 2022-09-06 11:15:05
  • Children in power: are children entitled to the right to stand for public

    • Abstract: This article seeks to address the gap in the literature concerning the right to stand for office by establishing that all children are entitled to run for elections. Following a thorough review of the literature on children's participatory rights, this article identifies children's representation as a leading factor in legitimising democracy. Furthermore, it addresses concerns regarding children’s competence and practicality issues to guarantee that the realisation of this right does not result in an immoral outcome. Finally, deliberative democracy is considered as an alternative to representative systems, where children can influence policy-making without requiring their assimilation into the adult world. Published on 2022-09-06 11:14:40
  • The Islamic State: constructing identity and articulating propagandistic
           discourse through intertextuality and recontextualisation

    • Abstract: This paper examines the discourse of the Islamic State (IS) as a terrorist group claiming Islamic authenticity and the right to establish khilafa. The analysis of multimodal texts produced and posted online by this group shows how their discourse uses intertextuality and recontextualisation to authenticate their political practice in religious terms, and how they employ strategies of horizontal and vertical propaganda to maintain control and hegemony, and instil fear and terror in the lives of civilians and belligerents alike. The analysis shows that in order to survive, their discourse shifts positions in response to needs, desires and antagonistic social realities. The discussion of these shifting positions reveals the political foundation of their alleged religious discourse and shows how this will change in the course of history. Published on 2022-03-29 14:24:02
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