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International Journal of Applied Sociology
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2169-9704 - ISSN (Online) 2169-9739
Published by SAP Homepage  [105 journals]
  • Impact of Non-Governmental Organizations in the Rural Community
           Development: A Case Study from the Trans-Himalayan Region of Nepal

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Rahul Karki,Rajesh Bista,Anup Gurung,Om Prakash GurungNon-governmental organizations (NGOs) are recognized as important institutional actors in mobilizing community assets, motivating people and implementing social welfare programs effectively at the grassroots level. This paper investigates the impact of NGOs on the community development strategy in Tangting, one of the underprivileged rural communities in the trans-Himalayan region of Nepal. The survey findings revealed that NGOs opened the door for developmental activities in the village. Prior to involvement of NGOs, villagers were deprived from basic rights such as education, social, health, economic and political opportunities. Disparity between genders, and caste were also high and tenacious in Tangting. Nevertheless, after the involvement of NGOs in the region, the livelihood strategies of the locals changed significantly. Villagers had access to reliable drinking water facilities, electricity and modern communication mediums. Informal education was conducted for illiterate women and the occupational castes were also encouraged to participate in the campaign. Moreover, NGOs created livelihood opportunities for villagers by empowering illiterate women group and disadvantaged groups.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • Historical Manifestation of Ethnocentrism and its Challenges Today

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Kasomo DanielIn this article we have begun by defining ethnocentrism. According to anthropologists, the concept combines the belief that one’s own culture is superior to other cultures, with the practice of judging other cultures by the standards of one’s own culture. Sociologists and social-psychologists extend the term to group attitudes shown by religious, economic, racial, caste and class group within a larger social order. Ethnocentrism is also defined as a feeling that one’s own group has a mode of living, values and patterns of adaptation that are superior to other groups. This leads to a generalised contempt of members of other groups. In conclusion the paper has pointed out that in its extreme form, ethnocentrism may lead to violent cultural conflicts and ethnic cleansing. This is followed by possible solutions to challenges raised in the paper.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • The Process of Proselytism-Enticement-Recruitment of “New Red
           Brigades” Italian Terrorist Organization

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Alessia CeresaThe present research focuses its attention on the proselytism-enticement-recruitment strategy of potential adepts by the Italian terrorist organization named the “New Red Brigades” (RB), composed by the last generation of extremists (year ‘90s). In details the aim is to analyse the psychological impact and the connected processes that act on the mentioned three-steps strategy through the exploitation of New Technology, as well as the sociological effects and results.In few words the intent is to study separately the three main components of proselytism, enticement and recruitment, evidencing at the same time, both the “typology” of adopted technological components and the associated psychological/sociological approach (criminalistics science); as well as answering the topic question “how” from a psychological and sociological perspective, the technological components influence the new potential members of this extreme political Left-wing subversive organization (clinical/forensic criminology approach).
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • An Assessment of Religious Language in Philosophy of Religion

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Daniel KasomoEvery people in history have a concept about God and they refer to Him in several ways. This is the use of religious language. Philosophy of religion is occupied with the problems created by this distinctively religious use of language. The discussion normally centres around two main issues: namely, the special sense that descriptive terms bear when applied to God and the basic function of religious knowledge. The question then is, do those religious statements that have the form of factual assertions (for example, God loves us) refer to a special kind of fact or do they fulfil a different function all together.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • An Assessment of the Connectedness of Mainstream and Independent Churches
           in Africa

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Kasomo DanielChristianity, if it is to be relevant to Africans must be intelligible to the traditional world view. This paper is an assessment of the connectedness of the mainstream and Independent Churches in Africa. As for relations between the historical and Independent Churches, there is every reason to engage in dialogue to reflect theologically on possibilities of cooperation to become mutually involved in the theological training which the Independent Churches are increasingly requesting so as to emerge with a truly African Theology. This will result in a more effective service and more profound Koinonia in the life of the church. This does not mean that I am advocating for a leveling of theologically questionable points. After all, we are speaking of Christian Churches which like every other Church in this world of ours, have their weakness on account of human corruption. But one point is certain and that is in the process of ecumenical cooperation the historical Independent Churches can render service to one another.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • An Assessment of Religious Syncretism. A Case Study in Africa

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Kasomo DanielSince the coming of the Gospel in Africa, the African Christians have not considered it very significant in their lives. In spite of all the missionary endeavours to dismiss belief in occult and superstitions as demonic, these beliefs are a reality in the lives of many Christians in Kenya. While the western churches are grappling with contemporary anti-Christian doctrines such as existentialism, secularism and universalism, atheism among others, the African churches are busy fighting with magic, witchcraft, and spirit possession among others. This is notorious reality and therefore much time and space need to be dedicated towards investigation on the subject. Some people are asking: is it some kind of liberation theology or African spirituality at its best.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • The Ligaments of Culture and Development in Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Olayinka AkanleCulture is the totality of ways and manners people live their lives and make sense of their existences. These existences refer to total being to include spiritual, material, intellectual, emotional, environmental and even response to natural occurrences. Every group and society has cultures that constitute frameworks for their lives and behavioral patterns. Cultural factors affect economic behavior and this is usually, in at least four ways; through its impact on organization and production, attitudes towards consumption and work, the ability to create and manage institutions, and the creation of social networks. Hence, the social and economic performance of nations can only be best appreciated and explained against the background of the prevailing cultural domains. This also has bearing with the prevailing differences in subsisting institutions. Cultural trajectories affect policy formulations and implementations and how they drive growth and development. Social Scientists however sometimes conclude that cultures, especially in diversity, nearly automatically lead to instability and less-development, if not underdevelopment. This paper contends that culture is a force, very dynamic, lethal and is a driver of human growth and development. Against this background, this paper will engage issues that serve as undercurrents of the roles of culture in Nigeria’s development. The paper will also pragmatically explore the roles and undercurrents in manners that demonstrate how they have driven development in the past and how they could lead to development in the country at present and the future. Culture’s development threats and potentials for the nation will be demonstrated and how cultural forces and dynamics could be incorporated into theoretical and empirical models will be shown.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • Impact of ‘Fadama II Project’ on Feed, Food and Poverty in Imo
           State, Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  C. T. Ezeokeke,N. J. Anyanwu,V. M. O. Okoro‘Fadama Project’ is a World Bank assisted program at the grassroots in Nigeria with the University as one of the collaborators. The bulk of the fund came from the World Bank while Federal government secured the loan and State paid counterpart fund and local government paid a token for their benefiting community. The community assessed the loan as cooperatives. Money invested is expected to bring return on investment after a gestation period. Disbursement was in stages tied to payment of counterpart fund, physical structures constructed and an audited account of the previous amount extended. Irrigation ensured pasture and farming all year round which provided food (man), feed (animals) and raw materials (industries). The program created employment and reduced poverty. Storage facilities (silos) and cold rooms were constructed by communities. The projects were owned and managed by the participating communities giving room for sustainability. New and modern farming techniques passed down were accepted. In the past this failed because the farmer was not involved from onset. The farmer due to lack of capital and reluctant to accept new ideas for enhanced production had remained on subsistence.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • A Sociological Analysis of Student-Lecturer Interaction in the Wake of
           Contemporary University Dynamism

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  William BoatengThe fact that effective student-lecturer interaction can impact positively on quality university education has encouraged many universities to embark upon rigorous programs geared towards enhancing such interaction. Many have done so with only the potential benefits in mind, without paying much attention to the contemporary snags surrounding the student-lecturer interaction. This situation is complicated by the recent revelations in the literature indicating a decrease in lecturers time to interact with students outside the classrooms.
      This paper aimed to provide the foundation towards the institutionalization of systematic plan directed at enhancing the student-lecturer interaction. The qualitative research design was adopted for this study. Fifteen lecturers and twenty former students from government assisted universities in Ghana conveniently participated in the study. Both the former students and the lecturers did agree to the significance of student-lecturer interaction in university education. They however held differing stance when it came down to how such interaction should proceed. They both called for the institutionalization of professional counselling units to help students out with the academic matters outside the classroom teaching. The former students made it clear though that such a move should not be a replacement to student-lecturer interaction, but a supplement to it.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • An Analysis of Secular Alternatives to Religion

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Kasomo Daniel,Ombachi Nicholas,Musyoka Joseph,Naila NapooSecular alternatives are not Religions in themselves, but they are presented as ideas or ideologies or lies to which man can commit himself so deepy & unreservedly that they replace religion in him. A person can opt for one of the modern ideologies rather than a religious adherence to give him guidance in life. He will commit himself to such an ideology or with the same dedication & personal commitment as is demanded of a religious believer. The term “ecumenical” in theology today generally refers to the movement which seeks to achieve external unity among the world’s denominationally divined churches. The original meaning of the word (from oikeo: to dwell, inhabit; and oikos: house, household; oikoumene: the whole inhabited earth [Lk. 4: 5]) has lapsed into disuse, as did the later development of the sense of a common basic attitude or into disuse, as did the later development of the sense of a common basic attitude or doctrinal consensus by the “inhabitants” of the surface of the earth or the members of the church. A more modern, comprehensive meaning has since been developed: “ecumenical” means the entirety of the church, which, looking back to its common original traditional and looking forward to its hope, seeks a commonality in doctrine and in the life of faith. The ecumenical movement consists of those Churches which “together seek to know Christ.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • Assessment of Poverty Based on Nutritional and Caloric Contents of Food in
           Greater Wad Medani Locality, Gezira State, Sudan (2009-2010)

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Rabab. O. Taha,Nagat A. M. Elmulthum,Haydar E. Babikir,Mudathir A. AhmedHighlighting the importance of accessibility of poor people to nutritious food, this study aimed at estimating the incidence, depth and severity of poverty in greater Wad Medani locality in Gezira state, Sudan. Data on food and non food consumption was collected by means of questionnaire from a sample of 169 households. The study was based on two income poverty lines. One is based on food consumption items that provide the recommended calories, ignoring the nutritional aspects. However, the other one is based on food consumption that considers both income and nutrition. The estimated poverty lines were used for estimation of incidence, depth and poverty in Greater Wad Medani locality, Gezira state, Sudan. The analysis was done using income and expenditure as welfare indicators. Results obtained indicated that the poverty line income estimated on the basis of caloric contents only was equal to 62.2% of the poverty line income estimated on the basis of caloric contents and nutritious food. Results obtained indicated that incidence, depth and severity of poverty were higher when we used poverty line incomes (Line one) compared with results obtained using poverty line incomes(Line two) In addition, results obtained proved that, incidence, depth and severity of poverty were higher when we used income as welfare indicator compared to results obtained when we used expenditure as welfare indicator, a results which may be attributed to the fact that people usually underestimate their incomes. Based on the above results, emphasizing the importance of nutrition and access of poor people to nutrition and recommended calories, we recommend that consumption and hence estimation of poverty line incomes to be based on food consumption items that contains essential nutrients and at the same time provide the recommended calories. In addition, polices to empower poor and vulnerable households, aiming at improving their access to nutritious food, through the provision of microfinance are highly recommended.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • Demographic Influences on Rural Households’ Saving and Investment: A
           Study of Rural Households in the Ho Municipality of Ghana

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Amu Manasseh Edison KomlaThe main objective of the study was to explore the demographic characteristics of household heads in rural Ho Municipality and to find out how these demographic characteristics affect the savings and investment behaviour of the said household. The population used for the study was rural families in the Ho Municipality of the Volta Region of Ghana. The sample size of 160 households was drawn from the population using the multi-stage cluster sampling technique. Frequencies, percentages and correlations were used to present the demographic characteristics and correlation was used to establish relationship between the variables. The findings showed that there was a direct positive relationship between age of household head and insurance, knowledge of savings and insurance and family size and difficulty in savings. There is however a negative relationship between age of household head and savings and investment, income level and insurance and savings. It was concluded that there is s mixed influence of family characteristics on the family’s savings and investment behaviour. The findings have important policy implications for rural poverty alleviation among households in developing countries. Based on these findings it is concluded that demographic characteristics of rural families in the study area in one way or the other, have some influence on the households’ saving and investment behaviour.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
  • Historical Survey of the Concept of Ecumenical Movement its Model and
           Contemporary Problems

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:International Journal of Applied Sociology,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Kasomo Daniel,Ombachi Nicholas,Musyoka Joseph,Naila NapooThe term “ecumenical” in theology today generally refers to the movement which seeks to achieve external unity among the world’s denominationally divined churches. The original meaning of the word (from oikeo: to dwell, inhabit; and oikos: house, household; oikoumene: the whole inhabited earth[Lk. 4: 5]) has lapsed into disuse, as did the later development of the sense of a common basic attitude or into disuse, as did the later development of the sense of a common basic attitude or doctrinal consensus by the “inhabitants” of the surface of the earth or the members of the church. A more modern, comprehensive meaning has since been developed: “ecumenical” means the entirety of the church, which, looking back to its common original traditional and looking forward to its hope, seeks a commonality in doctrine and in the life of faith. Movement toward unity or cooperation among the Christian churches. The first major step in the direction of ecumenism was the International Missionary Conference of 1910, a gathering of protestant. Several Protestant denominations inaugurated a Life and Work Conference (on social and practical problems) in 1925 and a Faith and Order Conference (on church doctrine and governance) in 1927. After World War II the World Council of Churches (WCC) was established; the International Missionary Conference joined it in 1961. The Roman Catholic church also has shown strong interest in improving interchurch relations since the Second Vatican Council (1962 – 65) and, with the patriarch of Constantinople, has lifted the excommunication of 1054. The Eastern Orthodox church was active in the movement since 1920 and joined the WCC at its inception. The more conservative or fundamentalist Protestant denominations have generally refrained from involvement. Another important factor in 20th-century ecumenism was the creation of united churches that reconcile splintered sects, such as the United Church of Christ (1957) and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (1988).
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:19:41
       
 
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