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Chimères
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ISSN (Print) 2471-1438 - ISSN (Online) 0276-7856
Published by U of Kansas Homepage  [20 journals]
  • Comment l’intertextualité devient chez Beigbeder une arme
           cynique '

    • Authors: Louise Kari Mereau
      Abstract: Frederic Beigbeder est un romancier français connu pour ses romans cyniques. Dans chacun de ses romans on trouve une utilisation récurrente de l’intertextualité. Que ce soit dans les paratextes des chapitres ou dans les bons mots rieurs de ses narrateurs, elle permet à la narration de s’inscrire dans une contemporanéité (1990-2010), une culture (occidentale) et une ligne de pensée (souvent critique de sa société). Dans cet article nous allons étudier comment l’intertextualité participe à l’élaboration du discours cynique. Le cynisme contemporain peut être résumé en deux courants qui s’affrontent, faisant de sa définition une tâche compliquée : soit l’on dénonce et l’on veut améliorer la société, soit on utilise les défauts de la société pour son plaisir personnel, ce qui conduit le plus souvent à un certain nihilisme. Dans les deux cas, le cynique doit s’extraire de la société pour mieux en appréhender les différentes facettes. Une condition est donc commune : le cynique a besoin de se marginaliser pour exister en tant que tel. L’intertextualité chez Beigbeder renforce la moquerie cynique – elle lui permet de tourner en ridicule l’amour, les échecs de ses narrateurs et les préjugés – mais elle peut aussi participer à la construction de la critique cynique – les narrateurs de Beigbeder condamnent les dérives de la surconsommation, de l’industrie de la mode. Allant plus loin, la métatextualité permet à ses narrateurs d’étoffer son cynisme jusque tomber dans une critique nihiliste de la société contemporaine.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Rhetoric of Assimilation, Integration, and Belonging in Khadi Hane's
           Des Fourmis dans la Bouche

    • Authors: Patoimbasba Nikiema
      Abstract: Twenty-first century francophone African literature has greatly been influenced by the transnational turn, which shattered the walls between nation-states, and opened the African writer and his protagonists to new experiences. As a result, the new literary space not only redefined the place of the African writer by allowing him to explore new literary territories, but also led him to question the relational problem that stemmed from the presence of the African exiles and diaspora in the West. While postmodern critics, such as Edward Saïd, explore the exilic experience in terms of loss and represent it as a rift and a never-recoverable situation, Afropean novelists mostly narrativize the existing link between the African exiles/diaspora from the perspective of belonging, raising therefore the problematic question of their place and Identity in Western societies. Exploring that presence of Africa in the West, Senegalese writer Khadi Hane, centers her 2011 novel, Des Fourmis dans la Bouche, on the vivid depiction of the uncertain and peripheral life of exiles/diaspora in France. Hane capitalizes on her protagonist’s Parisian experience in order to subtly open on the challenging Afropean presence. This paper therefore argues that Hane’s novel calls for the recalibration of contemporary dialogues on encounters, integration and assimilation within the French society and its omnipresent discourse on multiculturalism. Expanding on Pap Ndiaye’s notion of “blessure identitaire”, Axel Honneth’s ideas on “atteinte à la dignité”, as well as Du Bois’ conceptualization of double consciousness, this paper examines the exile’s memory and projection in France, while also proposing that Hane’s narrativization of double consciousness and dislocation participates in carving out new diasporic perspectives that mainly lead to a subtle reconsideration of the home country.   
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Frances métisses, Frances métèques'

    • Authors: John Sannaee
      Abstract: France’s particular notion of citizenship and national belonging not being a priori related to ethnicity makes it on the surface open to national subjects of all backgrounds. However, the demands of integration require a de facto effacement of the expression of native cultures in favour of a performance or realisation of prescribed or perceived ‘Frenchness’. This has been a source of difficulty, division and even trauma for many immigrants to France; overcoming this division and staking a place in contemporary France considered valid without annihilating one’s sense of belonging to a distant ‘home’ country or culture forms a central concern for many immigrant-origin writers and artists. In this article, I examine the techniques used to negotiate and express a sense of multiple or mixed belonging in the recorded work of spoken word recording artist and novelist Gaël Faye and the rapper-poet Abd al Malik, considered through notions of départenance (Rosello), disidentification (Rancière and Esteban Muñoz) and métissage (both as fact and theoretical angle). How does the œuvre of Faye and other immigrant-origin lyricists both perform and construct identifications, belonging and a sense of home that does not refuse Frenchness but seeks to open it up in order for those of immigrant origin to create their own homes within it' Author Information: John Sannaee Doctoral candidate at l’Université Paris VIII Vincennes-Saint Denis Maître de langue at l’Université Paris Dauphine 86b rue de Seine, 77250 Veneux-les-sablons, France john.sannaee@hotmail.com
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • L’intertextualité dans Les Tribulations du dernier Sijilmassi,
           stratégie d’écriture et symbole de crise d’identité culturelle

    • Authors: Imane-Sara Zouini
      Abstract: Fouad Laroui's novel Les Tribulations du dernier Sijilmassi is built on a network of winks to the great classics of French and Arabic literature. This article intends to study the aspects of intertextuality in Fouad Laroui’s novel, whether they are quotations or allusions to other literary texts according to Gérard Genette's model. Thus, we propose to examine, first of all, the manifestations of the intertextual games used by the author as a writing strategy in this novel, in order to demonstrate, then, how the intertextuality game aims also to highlight an identity crisis of the main character.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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Publisher: U of Kansas   (Total: 20 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 18 of 18 Journals sorted alphabetically
American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Auslegung : A J. of Philosophy     Open Access  
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chimères     Open Access  
European J. of Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Exceptional Children     Open Access  
Issues in Language Instruction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Melittology     Open Access  
J. of Montessori Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Russian American Studies (JRAS)     Open Access  
Kansas J. of Medicine     Open Access  
Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics     Open Access  
Merrill Series on The Research Mission of Public Universities     Open Access  
Novitates Paleoentomologicae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Slavia Centralis     Open Access  
The Compass : Earth Science J. of Sigma Gamma Epsilon     Open Access  
University of Kansas Law Review     Open Access  
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JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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