Journal Cover
Akademisk Kvarter / Academic Quarter
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1904-0008
Published by Aalborg University Homepage  [18 journals]
  • Critical discussion on dialogic engagement and various researcher
           positions in research concerning co-creation and co-production

    • Authors: Ann Starbæk Bager, Lone Hersted, Ottar Ness
      Pages: 4 - 22
      Abstract: In this article, we introduce volume two of our themed issue on co-creation and co-production and discuss various basic assumptions related to collaborative research. In collaborative studies in general, dialogue is often highlighted as an important process element with important implications for empowerment for those involved. However, the underlying understandings and implications of dialogic practice are seldom examined in depth. We raise a critical reflexive discussion on different approaches to dialogic engagement and present four high-level discourses guiding organizational scholarship to discuss crucial differences and similarities. Moreover, we outline seven researcher ideal types that reflect diverse degrees of dialogic engagement. Our aspiration is to provide useful insights, models, and questions that can guide participatory scholars in fostering critical awareness of their own position and the sometimes taken-for-granted assumptions guiding their studies.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7247
       
  • Du greier det ikke alene – Samskaping krever komplementære
           kompetanser

    • Authors: Anne Merete Bjørnerud, Vibeke Krane
      Pages: 23 - 42
      Abstract: The project Co-creative Welfare Innovation explored what compe- tencies employees need and developed knowledge of co-creation processes along with vulnerable service recipients. Action research was used to gather data from four cases in three Norwegian mu- nicipalities. Data were analyzed by using thematic analysis. Find- ings indicate that employees working closely with recipients of welfare services need professional support to understand co-crea- tion and develop an own sense of professional confidence. There is a need for methodical competence, local experiential competence and target group competence. The study shows that proper prepa- rations before involving the recipients is essential, along with safe, supportive, collegial unities internally in the services. Co-creation seems to function as a change process bringing forth competence, provided there’s an organizational framework for it. A dedicated co-creation team of employees with complementary competencies seems essential to succeed.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7248
       
  • Gjensidig støtte som forberedelse for samskaping med sårbare
           familier

    • Authors: Lars Ueland Kobro
      Pages: 43 - 56
      Abstract: People in need of support often experience to be well helped when they themselves holds a helping role. Equality and reciprocity are central values in the literature on co-creation and a recognition of such values was implicitly embedded in an initiative we took to- wards an action learning project in Larvik (Norway). An action learning project was aiming towards creating a dialogue between public service receivers and their counterpart public servants in the context of a public social housing support program. In the first phase we emphasized on creating contact and dialogue across the counter. Along the way however, we had to flip our focus in the project. We realized that vulnerable people need to prepare before meeting social service servants on equal basis. The article shows how recipients of social housing service benefit strongly from a pro- cess where they got the opportunity to support each other before participating in a broader co-creating partnership.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7249
       
  • Patientinvolvering og patientaktivisme i medicinsk forskning

    • Authors: Mari Holen, Dixi Louise Strand
      Pages: 57 - 70
      Abstract: This article explores co-production in relation to the development of biomedical knowledge and with primary focus on how patients and publics can play an influential role in producing biomedical knowledge. This is illustrated by three examples of patient activ- ism, or what we call “un-invited” patient involvement, taken from the literature on medical sociology and science studies. Drawing on these examples, we outline different ways in which patients and publics can act not merely as participants who have been invited into research processes by credentialed experts, but as actors, activ- ists and experts in their own right. They can initiate or transform research agendas, build research networks or, even take the lead in knowledge production. In particular, we focus on the strategies through which credibility and authority can be achieved within this medical context and traditional medical ideals of objectivity, neutrality and hard evidence. In closing, we pose new questions and encourage further debate on the role of “uninvited” participation and activism in the co-production of biomedical knowledge.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7251
       
  • Business as usual'

    • Authors: Jonas Thorborg Stage
      Pages: 71 - 85
      Abstract: Co-creation in health research is a rising trend, as funding bodies increasingly favor research that involves citizens in the research process. Furthermore, research strategies, policy documents, and statements from Danish health institutions have begun to highlight the benefits of co-creation in health research. There is an increasing expectation and claim that citizens and users of health research should influence and take part in such research processes. Yet inter- national studies have shown that social position matters for the in- clusion and exclusion of citizens in health research. The article dis- cusses how citizens’ social position may matter for co-creation in health research by drawing on relevant research literature. Further- more, I apply central notions of the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu (e.g., field, capital and habitus) to discuss diverse prerequisites for citi- zens to co-create in health research. This article focuses on the risk in patient and public involvement of reproducing health disparities through co-creation of knowledge.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7252
       
  • At lykkes i fællesskabet

    • Authors: Søren Frimann, Lone Hersted, Anne Søbye
      Pages: 86 - 98
      Abstract: Developing Co-creative Leadership As an alternative to hierarchical top-down management, leadership that encourages co-creation, participation and dialogue has become important because organizations nowadays need continuously to navigate and solve complex problems to thrive under rapid changing conditions and contexts. However, it is not an easy task to develop co-creative leadership. In this article, we initially explain the emergence of co-creation as a dialogical, collaborative and practice based approach to leadership. We then explain how action research based on dialogue and democratic participation can be a framework to develop co-creative leadership. The article is based on qualitative research material from a 4-year action research project in a public institution for people with special needs. The development of co-creative leadership through action research is illustrated through case material where a group of managers are engaged in developing co-creative and dialogically based ways of leading in their own department in collaboration with employees and colleagues from other departments in the institution
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7253
       
  • Det oversete samskabelsesfelt i den digitale branche

    • Authors: Sofie Lanng Gulstad
      Pages: 99 - 116
      Abstract: Co-creation is typically a strategic choice based on the desire to position the company in the industry or, for the simple reason, to gain access to valuable knowledge (Ojasalo 2003). No matter what reasons lies behind, the company, including the management team, is aware that external factors and knowledge to some extents are “implemented” in the company. However, this awareness does not apply to all types of co-creation in an organizational context: In the digital industry, co-creation on subject-specific social media such as GitHub often takes place without management’s knowledge of it; as an uncontrolled parallel process to other co-creation initiatives.
      Based on qualitative data and from a critical discourse analytical perspective, the article elaborates how subject-specific social media is constituted in relation to co-creation in the digital industry. The argument is to contribute to a deeper insight of digital co-creation. Including the potentials and points of attentions.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7254
       
  • Frontmedarbejdere som professionelle samskabere

    • Authors: Nanna Møller Mortensen
      Pages: 117 - 134
      Abstract: Co-production is a process in which frontline employees collaborate with service users to develop welfare, remodel public service delivery to improve quality, and create self-efficacy for service users. The service users thus become – at least in theory – equal partners, who are assigned great responsibility for planning, implementing and evaluating public welfare services.
      In this account, the role of frontline employees is reframed as complementary to and supportive of the empowered service users. This article investigates the (new) role ascribed to frontline employees as professional co-producers by focusing on the dilemmas and pressures they may experience during the implementation of co-production. The article emphasizes the importance of frontline employees and organizations building relational and interpersonal capacities to bring service users and other stakeholders together for a common goal in situations of interdependence.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7255
       
  • Key factors in facilitating collaborative research with children

    • Authors: Rita Karoline Olsen, Frode Stenseng, Øyvind Kvello
      Pages: 135 - 148
      Abstract: User involvement in research has gained increased attention in recent decades. However, there is a lack of studies involving children as co-researchers, and particularly uncertainty regarding how to facilitate this type of collaboration. In this study, we explore children’s experiences of being part of a co-creation process in research in light of self-determination theory. By participating in a collaborative research project focusing on empowerment in educational support services, four girls aged 13–14 were interviewed about their experience as co-researchers. Using thematic analysis, three overarching elements were identified as significant in the co-creation process: (1) a sense of freedom to explore (autonomy); (2) a sense of significant contribution (competence); and (3) a safe social context (relatedness). These findings illuminate factors that promote children’s active participation in collaborative processes with adults. Potential challenges are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7256
       
  • Samskabelse mellem frontmedarbejdere og udsatte grupper

    • Authors: Maja Müller, Marianne Staal Stougaard
      Pages: 149 - 162
      Abstract: Co-production in its ideal sense, involves new roles for front-line workers and citizens. The potentials and barriers for the development of new roles for socially vulnerable citizens through co-production within social work has been discussed in the literature. Still, the consequences of these new roles, and in particular their transferability to other social work contexts has not been adequately investigated, why this is the aim of the article. Data are based on two qualitative case studies of co-production involving a Danish-Somali women’s association and the users of a Drop-in center for socially vulnerable citizens, respectively. The analysis is conducted through a lens of selected theoretical notions from Goffman’s role theory. It shows that although the citizens acquire new roles transcending the traditional professional-client relation, this only takes place within the concrete social situation of the specific co-production process and are not easily transferable to other contexts with other social actors.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7257
       
  • Ledelsesudvikling i et samskabende aktionsforskningsprojekt

    • Authors: Charlotte Reimert Munch
      Pages: 163 - 179
      Abstract: Based on the paradigm of social constructionism, this study includes a team of nine leaders who are involved as co-researchers in a narratively inspired action research project, with the aim of co-creating new opportunities within the notion of relational leading (Cunliffe and Eriksen 2011; Hersted and Gergen 2013; Hosking 2010).
      The article examines transcribed excerpts from a dialogical process in the “start-up phase” and discusses how the action researcher’s (the author’s) attention – inspired by relational ethical approaches (McNamee 2019) – can support future processes of co-creation
      Through empirical analysis, the author focuses on action research in her own organization and highlights the attention paid to the insider action researcher’s ethical approach, as well as how to co-create dialogue.
      The study emphasizes how attention paid to ethical concerns in the dialogical process can expand the knowledge-building process through co-creation and help understand how a curious and exploratory approach to the facilitation of dialogues could support future processes of developing leadership in practice.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7258
       
  • Mellem nærhed og specialisering

    • Authors: Tine L. R. Johansen
      Pages: 180 - 196
      Abstract: Coordinated care is part of a discursive turn towards a more patient-centered healthcare system. Coordinated care are defined as “The delivery of services by different care providers in a timely and complementary manner” (Langberg, Dyhr, and Davidsen 2019, 6). However, this easily overlooks the work that doctors put into involving patients, updating colleagues in other sectors and creating coherence with patients (Uijen et al. 2012). The article uses ethnographic co-creation as a method to examine doctors and general practitioners cross-sectoral collaboration on early diagnostics from a clinical everyday life perspective. Bakhtin’s dialogue theory and Foucault’s power/knowledge concept, provide an analytical framework to analyze collaborative practices. The article contributes with detailed knowledge of how relational strategies are used to handle cross-sectoral tensions. Furthermore, the article illustrates the co-creation of knowledge across a communication theoretical and biomedical perspective. 
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7259
       
  • Kan civilsamfundet skabe mulighedsrum for samskabelse af viden til gavn
           for det fælles bedste'

    • Authors: Kirsten Baggesgaard Seeberg, Lars Holmboe
      Pages: 197 - 209
      Abstract: Bringing knowledge of people with lived experience of mental distress at stake in developing psychiatric services has increased. The challenge thou are, that experienced knowledge is not recognized being as valid as professional knowledge. We will investigate how civil organizations can play an active role in developing communities of practice to underpin recovery processes of vulnerable people. By looking at capabilities, we look at what people are capable of, what interest and resources each person holds and what it takes to become participants of new communities of practice. Being a participant seems to strengthen a feeling of being a person of value and to be the driver of your recovery process, which is important knowledge for society to include in the strive of co-constructing ‘the common good’. So, what happens if we invite these people into co-construction of knowledge, practices, and policies for the sake of the ‘the common good’'
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7260
       
  • Strategisk samskabelse på biblioteker

    • Authors: Christian T. Lystbæk
      Pages: 210 - 226
      Abstract: Co-creation has emerged as a way in which organizations combine strategic product development and strategic customer relationship building. This article takes a relational approach to co-creation and presents two typologies that can serve to facilitate strategic leadership of constructive collaboration between the parties in co-creation.
      The first typology concerns the strategic alliances in co-creation. It differentiates between the parties collaborating as a ”club of experts”, a ”crowd of people”, a ”community of kindred spirits” and a ”coalition of parties”.
      The second typology concerns the strategic agendas of co-creation. It differentiates between the creation of “ideas”, “designs” and “practices”.
      Taken together, these typologies show why there is no one best practice in co-creation, but different options and opportunities. Hence, co-creation requires on-going attention to and dialogue about the best fit between the key aspects of co-creation: The purpose, the participants, the processes and the product.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7261
       
  • Dialogisk aktionsforskning med samskabende processer om, hvordan sang og
           musik kan integreres i kulturen og hverdagslivet på plejehjem

    • Authors: Aase Marie Ottesen
      Pages: 227 - 242
      Abstract: The article is based on an ongoing action research project at a nursing home. Relatives, employees, and the manager are involved as co-researchers in dialogue-based and co-creative processes, where it is investigated and worked on how song and music can become an integral part of the culture and everyday life for the residents living at the nursing home.
      An action research process is unfolded and put into perspective with focus on: “What co-creation can be, how it can take place and what it can contribute to”. A dialogical action research approach characterize the research and it is designed based on the research circle tradition. Methodologically, thematic analysis is used. As a result of the thematic analysis, the following significant themes are presented: 1) Dialogue provides interplay, counterplay and interaction; 2) Proximity to practice through using video and 3) Reflections “in” and “on” actions in practice.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.54337/academicquarter.vi24.7262
       
 
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