Publisher: CCSE   (Total: 43 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 40 of 40 Journals sorted alphabetically
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cancer and Clinical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computer and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Engineering Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
English Language and Literature Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Environment and Natural Resources Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Environment and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global J. of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
Intl. Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of English Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Intl. J. of Marketing Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Statistics and Probability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. Law Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Educational and Developmental Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Geography and Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Materials Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Mathematics Research     Open Access  
J. of Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Plant Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Politics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Network and Communication Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Public Administration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Review of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
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International Journal of Biology
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1916-9671 - ISSN (Online) 1916-968X
Published by CCSE Homepage  [43 journals]
  • Stress Factors Affecting the Cryopreservation of Biological Components of
           Seed Virus for Avian Influenza Vaccine Production

    • Abstract: In the past, many studies have been done to cryopreserve biological materials for future vaccine production. Scientists have been using different chemicals as cryoprotectants to preserve their cell lines on which desired viruses can be cultivated. Researchers have always been in search for better molecules to avoid cryoinjury during process of cryopreservation. In the present study, different molecules were evaluated for cryo-potency in preserving master seeds of “Vero cell” line and “Avian Influenza viruses”. Cryoprotectants such as (Dimethyl sulfoxide) DMSO and Glycerol were used in different concentration and evaluated at -80oC and -196oC for different time interval. After 15 days and 30 days of cryopreservation the percentage viability of preserved cells were almost equal at both temperatures whereas, after 60 days, 90 days and 120 days the higher percentage of viability was recorded at -196oC for both Vero cells and Avian Influenza virus.  Different pH levels were set for both samples separately with same time interval and found slightly acidic pH (pH5.5) optimum for cryopreservation of Vero cell line and Neutral pH (pH7) for Avian Influenza virus. DMSO (20%) and Glycerol (40%) showed optimum percentage viability when cryopreserved for 120 days without any ill effect.  
      PubDate: Thu, 19 Oct 2023 14:38:02 +000
       
  • Capability of Workers of the Ant Myrmica sabuleti to Categorize Numbers of
           Elements into Even and Odd

    • Abstract: Categorizing numbers into even and odd is an ability held by humans that has recently been found to be also held by honeybees. We examined whether ants could also make such parity discrimination. Working on the species Myrmica sabuleti, we learned the ants of two colonies to associate 2 black circles with a reward and 5 of these circles with the absence of a reward, as well as learned the ants of two other colonies to associate 3 of these same cues with a reward and 4 of these cues with the absence of a reward. By collectively testing foragers of each colony in a separate tray in front of these cues, it was first verified during three days if they dully learned the ‘correct’ cue. Thereafter, while the ants continued to be trained, foragers of each colony were collectively subjected to nine successive choice tests, each day in front of a pair of cues different from the one used during the learning process. The cues used during these tests differed from those used to train the ants by the number and size of the dots, the cumulative surface of the dots, the perimeter of their area (surfaces and perimeters being maintained equal between the cues) and their layout. A ‘correct’ cue had the same parity (even or odd) as the cue learned during training. The tested ants each time consistently responded to the number that had the same parity as that of the number they learned during conditioning. This sensitivity to the number parity occurred from the number 1 until the number 7. Discrimination between 7 and 8 dots was beyond the ant capability.
      PubDate: Thu, 20 Jul 2023 05:04:44 +000
       
  • Toward a Synopsis of the Challenges Facing Mainstream Interpretations of
           Skin Pigmentation in Humans

    • Abstract: When traditional or mainstream interpretations of skin pigmentation in humans were proposed, not much data were available about the anatomy of human skin in particular and pigment research in general. The most popular and influential thesis put forth to date to justify the evolution of skin pigmentation is the thesis that skin pigmentation grew out of a natural adaptation of Homo sapiens skin to scorching conditions of fiery heat faced with by Homo sapiens individuals in equatorial regions of Africa. It is thereby argued that peak UVR [ultraviolet rays] environments encountered in equatorial/savannah climate caused an eccrine gland production to offset the overheating of skin during the high physical activity of hunting exerted by Homo sapiens persons. However, with human anatomy increasingly becoming the object of scrutiny from various fronts of biology, newer insights have given rise to significant blind spots vis-à-vis traditional explanations of black skin pigmentation. The present paper takes stock of the major challenges afflicting existing characterizations of human skin evolution. Paths for future research of skin/pigment are suggested. The paper aims to lay out a follow-up on and/or synopsis of recurrent challenges that the space of pigment research has accumulated over the years, giving way to long due synergies. In a world supersensitive to racial equality and dignity, the paper furnishes concerned researchers and policy makers with a much-needed contribution to inquiry into dark- and black-skinned peoples.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Jun 2023 13:38:13 +000
       
  • Seed Germination and Seedling Emergence of Lysimachia mauritiana Lam.
           (Primulaceae)

    • Authors: Shin Yoshizaki
      Abstract: Lysimachia mauritiana Lam. (Primulaceae), a biennial maritime plant, is widely distributed in East Asia, the Philippines, Micronesia, Polynesia, and the Indian Ocean. Because of this species’ wide distribution in Japan, we hypothesized that it could germinate and grow even in the bare coastal areas damaged by the tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the seed germination of L. mauritiana under different sowing depths, temperatures, and salinity soil conditions. The highest germination rate was obtained by sowing L. mauritiana seeds near the soil surface, with germination rate decreasing as the seeding depth increased. Lysimachia mauritiana germinated even at relatively low temperatures. Moreover, we found that L. mauritiana seeds could germinate in less than 1% salt water and in salt-accumulated soil, using soil soaked in 5% or 10% salt water. Our results therefore suggest that L. mauritiana seeds could germinate by sowing on the bare soil surfaces damaged by the tsunami.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 Mar 2023 15:29:08 +000
       
  • When Associating Numbers of Elements With Their Time Period of Occurrence,
           the Ants Take Account of the Characteristics of the Elements

    • Abstract: After having shown that the workers of the ant Myrmica sabuleti can associate amounts of elements with their time periods of occurrence and knowing that these ants do not take into account the characteristics of elements when counting but take them into account when adding the elements, we wondered if, when associating amounts with their time periods of occurrence, these ants take or do not take account of the characteristics of the elements. Working on six colonies and using three kinds of visual cues during training and these three cues modified as for their size (small, large), color (blue, yellow) or shape (triangle, star) during testing, we revealed that, when associating amounts of elements with their time periods of occurrence, the ants take into account the characteristics of the elements. We checked if, without changing the elements characteristics, the ants effectively associated the perceived amounts (1 – 3, 2 – 4, 3 -5) of elements (squares, blue circles, triangles) with their time periods of occurrence (8 – 19 o’clock, 20 – 7 o’clock), and they did. We also made a complementary experiment on newly collected colonies using a slightly different protocol, and we obtained identical results which leaded to the same conclusion. So, the present work confirmed our previous results and solved the last asked question on the subject.   
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Feb 2023 14:13:40 +000
       
 
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Publisher: CCSE   (Total: 43 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 40 of 40 Journals sorted alphabetically
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cancer and Clinical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computer and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Engineering Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
English Language and Literature Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Environment and Natural Resources Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Environment and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global J. of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
Intl. Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of English Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Intl. J. of Marketing Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Statistics and Probability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. Law Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Educational and Developmental Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Geography and Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Materials Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Mathematics Research     Open Access  
J. of Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Plant Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Politics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Network and Communication Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Public Administration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Review of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
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School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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