Publisher: CCSE   (Total: 43 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 40 of 40 Journals sorted alphabetically
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cancer and Clinical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computer and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Engineering Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
English Language and Literature Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Environment and Natural Resources Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Environment and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global J. of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
Intl. Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of English Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Intl. J. of Marketing Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Statistics and Probability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. Law Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Educational and Developmental Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Geography and Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Materials Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Mathematics Research     Open Access  
J. of Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Plant Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Politics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Network and Communication Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Public Administration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Review of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
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Applied Physics Research
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1916-9639 - ISSN (Online) 1916-9647
Published by CCSE Homepage  [43 journals]
  • Reviewer Acknowledgements for Applied Physics Research, Vol. 16, No. 1

    • Abstract: Reviewer Acknowledgements for Applied Physics Research, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2024.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 May 2024 09:38:40 +000
       
  • Comprehensive Bicubic Formalism of Ordinary and Novel (dm) Particles With
           Substituted Virtual Novel Electron Describing the Bohr Atom

    • Abstract: The particle limiting velocity solutions from the bicubic limiting velocity equation ( Soln, J., 2021.1.2, 2022) have been very useful in carrying out parallel studies of ordinary and novel particles. This study is facilitated with the help of evolutionary congruent parameters, ordinaryz1 ⪯ 1, novel z2 = 1/z1 ⪰ 1 and congruent phase-angle α ⪯ π/2. At smooth matching point z1 = z2 = 1 and α = π/2, there is no physical difference between an ordinary and novel particle as they have the same limiting velocities. At α = π/3 ≺ π/2, they have already different limiting velocities with different other physical characteristics. Ordinary photon γ and novel doubly photon γN are indistinguishable at α = π/2, while at α = π/3 ≺ π/2, they are already physically different. That applies to any other particle, ordinary proton p versus novel proton pN, etc. Through trial and error, one finds that c3 the ordinary particle limiting velocity solution has ratio value of 1 at the comprehensive congruent phase-angle αO = π/5.1 = 0.616 which an ordinary particle of velocity v can satisfy at v ≃ c3, in fact, defining the value of c3. The quantum jump from the ordinary particle comprehensive congruent phase-angle αO to the novel particle comprehensive congruent phase-angle αN = 2αO = 2π/5.1 = 1.232 yields novel particle limiting velocity solution doubly Rc1,3 with ratio value of 1 which a novel particle velocity vN can satisfy with doublyRc1,3 ≃ vN, simply defining the value of doubly Rc1,3. This comprehensive quantum jump with fixed comprehensive congruent phase-angles αO and αN apply to any free and interacting ordinary particle (γ, e, ν,etc.) when connecting to the corresponding free and interacting novel particle (γN, eN, νN, etc.). Concerning the Bohr’s atom, we wish to address the question of negative energy electron e emitting positive energy radiation. To this end we simply substitute e with the virtual novel electron eN with the same radius r and velocity v. This virtual eN, due to the Coulomb potential energy V from the sitting proton p plus the centrifugal force, with the quantized orbital virtual novel electron angular momentum yields the positive virtual novel electron energy in the bicubic formalism. The frequencies of emitted radiation from virtual novel electron is practically the same as from the negative energy electron e.
      PubDate: Sun, 05 May 2024 08:54:30 +000
       
  • Driving Inertial Confinement Fusion With Strong Pulsed Magnetic Field

    • Abstract: Regarding inertial confinement fusion (ICF), the current proposed driving energy sources are mainly laser beams or high-energy particle beams. This paper proposes a new method: Adopting a strong pulsed magnetic field as the driving energy source, explored its action principle, derived all relevant formulas, calculated an example and compared it with existing driving methods.The conclusion drawn is that this method can achieve high energy gain, the required equipment is relatively simple and without the disadvantages of other methods, making it a feasible method.
      PubDate: Sun, 05 May 2024 08:49:47 +000
       
  • Structure of Molecular Water and the 3D Pythagoras Theorem

    • Abstract: Water ice crystals inherently embed in their shape complex hexagonal structures, emerging mostly due to the O-H bond angle 104.5 degrees being close to the 120 degrees found in hexagons. This article explores the possible integration of water molecules into a recently published mathematical architecture called the Universal Gear model. Already published in a mathematics peer-reviewed journal, the Universal Gear is an orthogonally-intertwined construct of Pythagoras theorem driven planes, that all together provide a perfect balance in terms of the three main equations governing three-dimensional existence: zero net sum of lengths, zero net sum of areas and zero net sum of volumes. Computer-aided Design shows how a group of (simplified and realistic) water molecules successfully integrate into the (regular and irregular) version of the Universal Gear. Interestingly the geometric pattern that emerges from the projected field of water molecules integrated into the Universal Gear is a structure already observed in monuments of ancient civilizations. The ambient conditions, in terms of pressure and temperature, where such a structure could appear is not yet known, requiring further research preferably using computational molecular dynamics.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 Apr 2024 11:25:48 +000
       
  • Imaging n-Dimensional Spaces Within m-Dimensional Spaces: An Extension of
           Hinton’s Method

    • Abstract: We derive a Euclidean manifold that is virtually cyclic using a simple equation based on a Euclidean geometry and related to Hinton’s method. The derived equation is simple to understand, but able to project n-dimensional spaces into m-dimensional spaces. In addition, the method produces exact images of rectangular cuboids as elements of a vector space, implying that information is a vector and not a scalar.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Apr 2024 06:25:50 +000
       
  • About a Solution of (∂^3 x^ν)/(∂x^μ ∂x^μ ∂x^μ )=M:\{M=0,M>0\}
           in Tensor Satisfying Binary Law 2

    • Abstract: I have already reported "About a Solution of  in Tensor Satisfying Binary Law". This article is revised edition of the article mentioned above. I reconsidered the article mentioned above and carried out an improvement or complete reform about the insufficient part. I carried out large improvement of the figure in this article.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Apr 2024 06:57:58 +000
       
  • Hamilton-Jacobi Treatment of Singular Systems Using Fractional Calculus

    • Abstract: In this paper, the theory of fractional singular systems is investigated with second-order derivatives. The fractional Hamilton–Jacobi treatment of these systems is examined. The fractional Hamilton–Jacobi partial differential equations (FHJPDEs) are constructed. The (FHJPDEs) can be solved to obtain the fractional Hamilton–Jacobi function. By building the fractional Hamilton–Jacobi function, the equations of motion can be obtained.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Apr 2024 06:55:24 +000
       
  • Supreme Theory of Everything: Deep Mysteries of Thermodynamics

    • Abstract: Everything has emerged from energy and energy is essentially information. It is the problem of sole thermodynamics. (Nonequilibrium) thermodynamics is called a metatheory, a theory of theories. But thermodynamics has to be connected with hysteresis to be more complete, divine, and alive. Because hysteresis has a lot of stunning properties such as memory, cyclicity, singularity, saturation, and so on, thermodynamics can thus be linked through hysteresis to everything: entropy, negentropy, information, spacetime, the arrow of time, and superconductivity. Both thermodynamics and hysteresis are universal. Thermodynamics contains entire information about everything, while hysteresis describes its structure. When the two are combined, a complete theory will be created. The results of my 5-years studies show that among many counter-intuitive ideas and basic partial theories, the law of hysteresis can explain the full physical world. In this paper, to clarify the big picture of everything many separate subjects of thermodynamics are attempted to be summarized based on hysteretic trigonometry.Humanity waits for a united theory of physics. Science has two ways to reach this final result: first, infinitesimally detailed scientific research, and second, the study of general trends. The painful lesson of our centuries of research reveals that when one tries to the more detailed the research result, the deeper we go into the endless confusion of information. Instead, the scientific study of the macroscopic and general levels is radically different, like a view from a high mountaintop: no doubt, crystal-clear, easy to understand, ordered, and including the gateway to detailed research. Additionally, the theory of everything is not as complex as theorists think, but very simple, beautiful, and perfect.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Apr 2024 12:42:15 +000
       
  • Fractional and Unitary Electric Charges I: Classical Foundations of
           Quantum Effects

    • Abstract: Numerical value of the atom’s electrical/electromotive charge emerges naturally upon expressing its definitive e-m oscillation frequency ν as an exponent of eight, 8ν  (‘octave quantum’). This simple procedure realizes, for each element, accurate values of the established quantum numbers. It is revealed that unlike others, the spin quantum number ±½ is not an ‘octave quantum’, it actually turns out an exponent of a field coupling that manifests atomic mass. Octave quanta of frequencies of atoms of the second and third (invisible unknown) elements of nature’s chemical periodicity, “blackton” Bl and “boston” Bs, (8⅓, 8⅔)  manifest observational fractional one-third 1/3  and two-third 2/3  electrical charges normally associated with ‘quarks’. Based on the concept of ‘octave quantum’ the author uses periodic arrangement of the chemical elements to present a unique account of established quantum numbers, it facilitates a deeper insight into factors responsible for unusual valences commonly encountered among transition elements. It is concluded that the ease with which the procedure reproduces established quantum numbers strongly suggests an intrinsic classical origin of observational quantum characteristics.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Apr 2024 01:46:14 +000
       
  • Variability of the Magnetospheric Convection Electric Field (MCEF) Under
           Shock Activity During the Solar Cycle 24

    • Abstract: In the present work, we have analyzed the statistical variability of the MCEF under shock activity during solar cycle 24 as a function of the different phases of solar cycle 24 and as a function of the seasons. We compared the MCEF under shock periods with that under quiet periods. Solar cycle 24 recorded an average MCEF value of 0.28816888 mV/m, i.e. an average value of 0.26399935 mV/m for the ascending phase, 0.2961038 mV/m for the maximum phase and 0.28652747 mV/m for the descending phase. The minimum quantitative deviation from quiet activity observed is 59%. Seasonally, the highest MCEF values were recorded in Summer and Winter, and the lowest in Autumn and Spring. The corresponding mean values are 0.32707785 mV/m, 0.30966472 mV/m, 0.27061512 mV/m and 0.27020401 mV/m respectively. The minimum quantitative deviation from quiet activity observed is 66 %. This study showed that in most cases magnetic reconnection occurs on the night side between 1800 UT and 2400 UT.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Apr 2024 01:45:01 +000
       
  • Photonically Projected Atoms: A Paradigm Shift in Atomic Physics

    • Abstract: This paper presents the discovery of photonically projected atoms, first observed serendipitously during the development of a smartphone-based technique for material identification through reflected light measurements. Upon illuminating samples with ≥75,000 lumen from a light-emitting diode, we observed exact atomic projections emanating from charged particles within the sample. Analysis determined that protons within each atom bond with and re-emit contacted photons. After proton emission, a spatial lensing effect enlarges the projections of the photons to a diameter of 0.5 mm when measured 1 mm from the surface. The smaller 1⁄3” sensors and pixel size of smartphone cameras provide a better resolution of the fine structural details compared with larger digital camera alternatives. Through seven years of imaging analysis under various conditions, fundamental insights emerged on atomic architectures, particle interactions, and the role of space, empirically revising mainstream quantum theory. This research aims to disseminate recent advancements in the direct visualization and updated modeling of atomic projections to enable ongoing physics discoveries through this accessible technique.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 06:52:59 +000
       
  • Five Errors that Have Never Been Discussed Over the Theory of Special
           Relativity

    • Abstract: We discuss special relativity from the following five aspects that none of them was discussed before:1. Einstein discussed special relativity extensively using a system that was not a relative system.2. The synchronous transfer rule defined by Einstein is wrong.3. The physical model (rays in inertial motion relative to a rigid rod) used by Einstein to derive the special theory of relativity was wrong, and the resulting mathematical model (Lorentz transformation, etc.) was also incorrect.4. Countless contradictory calculation results caused by passive relativity.5. Why did Einstein repeatedly emphasize that there is no “relative system that maintains absolute simultaneity'” Why people cannot find a relative system maintaining absolute simultaneity before' We proved countless relativistic systems maintain absolute simultaneity.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Feb 2024 02:17:26 +000
       
  • Development of Patented Autonomous Quantum Gravitational Electric Energy
           Generator Prototypes

    • Abstract: After quantum physics modelling of Gravitational interaction from hypotheses, we performed experimental confirmation experiments of predicted increased Faraday’s induction. Brief and low energy electric discharges were made, at room temperature, into partially superconducting Graphite based devices, patented and named “emitters”, inserted in series with the primary low inductance of a transformer. The high voltage secondary inductance of that transformer was connected to a capacitor, so the secondary current oscillated during several milliseconds.We Measured the global energy efficiency of Faraday’s induction, during each electric discharge into the emitter of the primary circuit. We also measured evolution of the peak primary discharge current, and of its derivative, versus the initial charge voltage. We observed systematically a much larger than 100% energy efficiency. That energy efficiency increases with the primary discharge energy. The peak discharge current is observed to be much larger than predicted by Ohm’s Law, and the discharge current derivative is also observed to be much larger than classically predicted.Same experiments, performed with “normal conductive devices (control)”, gave energy efficiencies much lower than 100 %, independent of the stored energy. And their peak discharge currents and derivatives followed Ohm’s Law.From these confirmations of predicted results, we proposed and tested successfully concepts of Autonomous electric Generators prototypes, extracting their energy from the cosmological Gravitational quantum field. Their industrial use into electric vehicles should preserve Earth fossil energy resources, as well as reduce the detrimental climate effects of greenhouse gases emissions. Hypotheses are suggested to explain the observed experimental facts.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Feb 2024 02:15:43 +000
       
  • Tensor Satisfying Binary Law for the Equation Including the Trigonometric
           Function

    • Abstract: I already reported that A;ν;σ;λμ=∂3Aμ∂xν∂xσ∂xλ+⋯ must be expressed in A;ν;ν;νμ=∂3Aμ∂xν∂xν∂xν=A if A;ν;σ;λμ=∂3Aμ∂xν∂xσ∂xλ+⋯ was tensor satisfying Binary Law. I reported that Aμ=Sinxν was established from the search result of the property of this ∂3Aμ∂xν∂xν∂xν=A
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Feb 2024 02:13:25 +000
       
  • The Incorrectness of Special Relativity and an Understanding of Time

    • Abstract: This paper has analyzed the original paper of special relativity of Einstein carefully. It was found that the derivation process of the theory based on a fatal logic error of physics, which indicates that the theory of special relativity lacks a correct theoretical basis, combined with the analysis of its conclusions, inference and experimental verification, the conclusion is that special relativity is a wrong theory. With the incorrectness found in special relativity, the four-dimensional space-time derived from it then lost the foundation, so, the understanding of time almost only can go back to before the appearance of special relativity. Thus, based on previous concepts and experiments, this paper re-understood the nature of time.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Feb 2024 12:57:26 +000
       
  • Elastic Cross Section for the Reactions 235U(n, n) and 238U(n, n) at Low
           Energies Using Woods-Saxon and Coulomb Potentials

    • Abstract: The elastic cross section for neutrons by Uranium atoms is calculated for the reactions 235U(n, n) and 238U(n, n) in the regime of low energies using Coulomb andWoods-Saxon potentials. The parameters used in the calculations were chosen by comparison with experimental data previously published by reducing chi-square. Using the same parameters in the equations the ratio 238U/235U is calculated. The results are shown next to the experimental data to illustrate the agreement of the model in the range of energies from 1.5 keV to 1.0 MeV .
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Feb 2024 12:53:58 +000
       
  • Dual-Sided Rotor Design for Performance Boost of Synchronous Reluctance
           Motors in Electric Vehicles

    • Abstract: Increasing environmental awareness is pushing the design of electic motors to favor none rare-earth solutions (i.e., without permanent magnets), and one such example is the SyncRM 2 (or concentrated-coiled SRM2) being proposed for the electric hybrid automobile Toyota Yaris. Following on an already established line of research on this topic, this article proposes a new design that re-assigns most of the magnetic material in the stator to the rotor—resulting in the Dual-sided SyncRM (a variant of the SRM2). The detrimental effect (caused by the extra gap) of slightly reducing the aligned inductance is overwhelmingly outweighed by the beneficial effect of drastically reducing the unaligned inductance. Extensive back-to-back FEMM analysis was conducted, where the recomputed SRM2 matches previous research, providing confidence to the favorable predictions of the Dual-sided SyncRM. Both performances are compared, with the venue being available for download on an open-source database. A realistic photo-rendered three-dimensional model is displayed and also available. An important outcome is the Dual-sided SyncRM torque (and power) increased by 29% (with respect to the SRM2), achieving a saliency ratio of 10 and an efficiency boost to 91% (at the rated operational speed of 1200rpm).
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Feb 2024 12:49:01 +000
       
  • Simple Estimation of the Trapping Height in Optical Tweezers

    • Abstract: The trapping height is an important quantity that influences the parameters measured by optical tweezers such as the stiffness, the force and stability of the trap. In this paper, we propose a simple method using video microscopy and based on tracking of particles positions in the axial and radial directions. The positional fluctuations in the axial direction were used to estimate the trap height and determine the trap stiffness using Boltzmann statistics. This method makes it possible to obtain simultaneously the trap stiffness and the trap height. The entropy values of the information for each image allowed us to validate this method because of the relation which exists between it and the axial displacements. Note that this method is simple and quick to determine the height of the trap if it has not been estimated at the start or during the measurement.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Feb 2024 12:14:50 +000
       
  • Neutral Electron (e°) or Neutrino (ν): e° ≡ ν

    • Abstract: In order to solve the Neutron decay mass gap problem, Pauli proposed a precise solution. The brilliant idea of a 3rd particle came to Pauli (fully shared by Fermi) to compensate the energy-mass gap that emerged from the disintegration of the neutron, or negative b decay (bd-): N® P + e-.The basic requirements originally requested by Pauli and Fermi for the new particle, later called neutrino, are essentially three: it is electrically neutral and it must have the same mass and spin of an electron. Hence, if the mass of the neutrino (n) corresponded to that assumed by Pauli and Fermi, the βd- mass gap problem would be brilliantly solved.However, the current upper limits of the mass of the n are < 2eV.Here we show that a clear incongruity comes out: the mass attributed to the n will never be able to solve the energy gap problem of the βd- : it takes ≃ 250,000 n to compensate the energy-mass gap. Unless we consider, instead of n, another particle, probably still unknown, as the 3rd particle of βd-. To find a solution, we hypothesized the existence of an electron with no electric charge: a neutral electron (e°).
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Feb 2024 12:02:17 +000
       
 
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Publisher: CCSE   (Total: 43 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 40 of 40 Journals sorted alphabetically
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cancer and Clinical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computer and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Engineering Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
English Language and Literature Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Environment and Natural Resources Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Environment and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global J. of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
Intl. Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of English Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Intl. J. of Marketing Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Statistics and Probability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. Law Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Educational and Developmental Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Geography and Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Materials Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Mathematics Research     Open Access  
J. of Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Plant Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Politics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Network and Communication Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Public Administration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Review of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
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