Journal Cover
Conjuntura internacional
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1809-6182
This journal is no longer being updated because:
    the publisher no longer provides RSS feeds
  • Relationship between Health Belief Model constructs and smoking behavior
           among school-age adolescents in Indonesia: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Gisely Vionalita, Devi Angeliana Kusumaningtiar, Dudung Angkasa
      Pages: 140 - 146
      Abstract: Background: Programs aimed at altering health risk behavior in adolescents have frequently been a priority for the health department in Indonesia. However, these efforts have not yielded optimal results thus far. The Health Belief Model (HBM) is considered a dependable indicator for predicting health-risk behavior. Objective: This study sought to establish the relationship between the constructs of the Health Belief Model (HBM) – namely, perceived susceptibility to health-related issues due to smoking, perceived barriers to non-smoking, perceived benefits of non-smoking, perceived self-efficacy to non-smoking, and cues to action for non-smoking – and smoking behavior among adolescents of school age. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional design, examining smoking behavior in 171 school-age adolescents in Indonesia. This was done using an online Indonesian Smoking Behavior Questionnaire and a validated Indonesia Health Belief Model Questionnaire that measures the five domains of HBM. The Chi-square test was utilized to explore associations among different variables. Results: Adolescents with an average age of 16.04 years (ranging from 12 to 17 years) reported a 5.8% incidence of smoking in the past 30 days. Significantly, there was a relationship between perceived susceptibility (p = 0.002), barriers to quitting smoking (p <0.001), cues to action (p = 0.019), and smoking behavior in adolescents. Conclusion: The study provides valuable insights into how the Health Belief Model is linked to the involvement of adolescents in health risk behavior, particularly smoking. This information is crucial for the development of health education tailored to adolescents of school age.
      PubDate: 2023-12-30
      DOI: 10.36685/phi.v9i4.717
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Factors associated with the use of the Indonesia COVID-19 mobile app: What
           needs to be improved for the future personal mobile health app'

    • Authors: Yuyun Umniyatun, Izza Suraya, Emma Rachmawati, Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah
      Pages: 147 - 155
      Abstract: Background: Personal mobile health applications, including the COVID-19 mobile app, offer various benefits for enhancing the effectiveness of health programs. Objective: This study aimed to investigate and compare the factors associated with the utilization of the Peduli Lindungi COVID-19 mobile application, employing the behavioral theory of the Health Belief Model (HBM). Methods: This cross-sectional survey study, conducted at the Department of Public Health in two universities in South Jakarta, Indonesia, involved 744 respondents. The independent variables were derived from the Health Belief Model (HBM), including components such as perceived vulnerability, severity, benefits, obstacles, and self-efficacy. The dependent variable was the use of the COVID-19 mobile application. Results: The majority of respondents, with an average age of 19.9 years, were female. Out of the total, 51.9% (386 individuals) used the PL application in the past seven days, albeit not on a daily basis, and 86.6% utilized the application to access public facilities. Non-users primarily cited a lack of necessity due to not having traveled in the last seven days. The variable of perceived usefulness was significantly associated with application use (p <0.001). Conclusion: There is a need for increased public education regarding the application's benefits. Furthermore, the safe entrance system feature of the app, utilized for accessing public spaces, could be consistently employed to monitor and prevent the transmission of infectious diseases, including COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2023-12-30
      DOI: 10.36685/phi.v9i4.735
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Adolescent smoking behavior and its related factors in coastal area of
           Kendari, Indonesia

    • Authors: Hariati Lestari, Irma, Yasnani
      Pages: 156 - 163
      Abstract: Background: Smoking is a behavior that does not occur spontaneously but rather evolves through a series of processes influenced by various internal and external factors. Smoking leads to a decline in health, impacting the quality of life for children in the new generation. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the social environment, media/advertising exposure, the role of parents, and the role of teachers in adolescent smoking behavior in the coastal area of Kendari, Indonesia Methods: The study utilized a cross-sectional study approach. The population comprised all adolescents in the coastal area of Kendari, with a sample size of 526 students, including both male and female students. The study was conducted in April 2023. Data were collected through a questionnaire, and were analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: The study found that a percentage of students engaged in smoking behavior. Additionally, 100% (221 individuals) of students reported being influenced by cigarette advertising, leading to smoking. Furthermore, 92.4% of students with parents in a deficient role exhibited smoking behavior, and 83.2% of students with teachers in a lacking role ended up smoking. The chi-square test yielded a ρ-value of 0.000, indicating a significant relationship between the social environment, media/advertising exposure, the role of parents, the role of teachers, and smoking behavior. Conclusion: The study results demonstrate a significant influence of the social environment, media/advertising exposure, the role of parents, and the role of teachers on the smoking behavior of senior high school students.
      PubDate: 2023-12-30
      DOI: 10.36685/phi.v9i4.709
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Exploring the implementation of the school-based mental health program for
           adolescents in Indonesia: A mixed-methods study

    • Authors: Riastuti Kusumawardani, Seung Chun Paek, Sauwakon Ratanawijitrasin, Darunee Phukao
      Pages: 164 - 176
      Abstract: Background: Mental health issues among adolescents have become a public concern in Indonesia. The Indonesian government introduced the School-Based Mental Health (SBMH) program in 2017 and has implemented it in all public junior high schools in Jakarta. However, there is a relative scarcity of evidence regarding how schools have implemented the SBMH. Objective: This study aimed to explore the SBMH program and its implementation in public junior high schools. Methods: Mixed methods were employed in 12 public junior high schools (6 from East Jakarta and 6 from West Jakarta) using a purposive sampling method from May 6 to August 30, 2021. Descriptive statistics and content analysis were applied to the data analysis. Results: The main inhibiting factor for the implementation of the SBMH program was the school curriculum. Schools that received the Health School Award had more trained teachers to facilitate the SBMH program compared to schools without the award. Consequently, schools with the award successfully implemented regular mental health education in the classroom, screening, and counseling for students with mental health issues more effectively than schools without the award. Conclusion: The government should gradually strengthen resources to facilitate the SBMH program in the long term. In the short and medium term, the government should develop a collaboration network by supporting external mental health providers, professionals, and counselors.
      PubDate: 2023-12-30
      DOI: 10.36685/phi.v9i4.751
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • Assessing needs for developing a multisensory room design with Javanese
           gestures for older adults

    • Authors: Fery Agusman Motuho Mendrofa, Umi Hani, Rita Hadi Widyastuti, Restu Murniati, Wisnu Pratama
      Pages: 177 - 185
      Abstract: Background: Multisensory stimulation in the elderly helps train cognitive function and motor skills by incorporating elements that stimulate their senses. The application of a multisensory room caters to sensory stimulation identified for individuals experiencing cognitive decline from moderate to severe and those with neurodegenerative conditions such as Parkinson's, Dementia, and Alzheimer's. Objective: This study aimed to assess needs to develop a multisensory room design tailored with a Javanese cultural approach for the older adults. Methods: A plan for a multisensory room was made involving experts in gerontic nursing, design, and interior space design. Qualitative data collection utilized the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) technique. FGD was employed to comprehend factors associated with the necessity of a therapeutic room for the elderly, especially concerning the functionality of the multisensory space. Additionally, the FGD sought to identify Javanese cultural elements applicable to the room concept. Participants in the FGD included geriatric nurses, representatives from Alzheimer's Indonesia, Javanese cultural experts, architects, and Health Service members. The analysis of FGD results was conducted using the Colaizzi method. This involved creating transcripts from the FGD, multiple readings of the transcripts, extracting significant statements, validation with participants, and formulating meaningful themes, sub-themes, and categories. The themes identified during the data analysis were integrated and presented as research outcomes. Results: Two themes emerged from the analysis: aspects that need to be considered when creating a multisensory room and the elements in a multisensory room. Conclusion: By addressing the demand for innovative elderly health services and collaborating with stakeholders in developing spatial models, this study anticipates the creation of applicable and beneficial space designs. This endeavor aims to validate the effectiveness of the applied concepts in line with evolving health needs, particularly concerning the elderly population.
      PubDate: 2023-12-30
      DOI: 10.36685/phi.v9i4.757
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2023)
       
  • The village government’s communication model: A promotion strategy for
           stunting prevention in Indonesia

    • Authors: A Fahira Nur, Suriati, Makmur Jaya Nur, Adhar Arifuddin, Nurdin Rahman, Rasyika Nurul Fajriah, Rosa Dwi Wahyuni
      Pages: 186 - 196
      Abstract: Background: Stunting remains a significant social issue among the population in Indonesia. Inadequate treatment has led to numerous cases of suboptimal height in children aged 19 years. Objective: This study aimed to explore the strategy of the village government in formulating communication messages, utilizing communication methods, and employing communication media for the stunting alleviation program. Methods: A phenomenological approach was employed, with the research conducted in Pulau Harapan Village, Nine Island District, Sinjai Regency. Data were gathered from the government officials of Pulau Harapan Village through observations, interviews, and documentation. Subsequently, the collected data underwent analysis involving reduction, presentation, verification, and conclusions drawing, facilitated by Atlas TI 8 software. Results: The village government's strategy in crafting stunting alleviation program messages, from socialization to implementation in Harapan Island Village, Nine Island District, Sinjai Regency, revolves around the Two-Step Flow Communication model. The communication methods used include information repetition, channelization, persuasion to alter the target mothers' perceptions, educational methods, and coercion (coerfindings). Media employed include print media, electronic media, and human resource mobilization within Harapan Island Village. Conclusion: The findings of the study provide valuable insights to address the stunting issue in Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2023-12-30
      DOI: 10.36685/phi.v9i4.719
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2023)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.192.94.177
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-
JournalTOCs
 
 

Publisher: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais   (Total: 14 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 3 of 3 Journals sorted alphabetically
Caderno de Geografia     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
VirtuaJus - Revista de Direito     Open Access  
Similar Journals
Similar Journals
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  All
HOME > Browse the 3359 Publishers covered by JournalTOCs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8  
PublisherTotal Journals
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8  
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.192.94.177
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-