Publisher: U of Patras   (Total: 4 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Mediterranean Morphology Meetings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistics Theory     Open Access  
Review of Science, Mathematics and ICT Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Mediterranean Morphology Meetings
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1826-7491
Published by U of Patras Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Forward

    • Authors: A A
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4401
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
  • Complete issue

    • Authors: A A
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4409
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
  • Polysynthesis: lessons from Northwest Caucasian languages

    • Authors: Peter Arkadiev
      Pages: 1 - 26
      Abstract: Polysynthesis has fascinated linguists ever since polysynthetic languages, characterised by
      exceptional morphological complexity of verbs, have come to their attention. However,
      despite considerable advances in the study of polysynthesis in the last few decades (e.g.
      Mithun 1988, Baker 1996, Evans & Sasse 2002, Mattissen 2004, 2006, Mahieu & Tersis 2009
      and Fortescue et al. 2017), there is still no consensus as to how this notion should be defined
      and even whether it lends itself to a clear-cut definition at all, and, concomitantly, whether the
      class of “polysynthetic languages” can be delimited in a meaningful way (Zúñiga 2019).
      Nevertheless, its problematic status notwithstanding, the notion of polysynthesis has
      proven useful for the advancement of typology and linguistic theory in that the study of
      polysynthetic languages has both allowed linguists to better understand a variety of
      apparently “exotic” phenomena, such as head-marking and polypersonalism, incorporation,
      “lexical affixation”, templatic organisation of morphology and others, and offered new
      insights into the fundamental questions concerning the relations between morphology and
      syntax, inflection and derivation, lexical storage and online production etc.
      While not attempting to provide my own solutions to the problems of definition and
      delimitation of polysynthesis, in this article I shall first review the definitions of polysynthesis
      and its characteristic features proposed in the typological literature (section 2), then briefly
      introduce the major parameters of typological variation in polysynthetic morphology (section
      3), and finally present an overview of the polysynthetic properties of the Northwest Caucasian
      languages focusing on how they fit into the typological classifications proposed (section 4).
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4402
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
  • Motivating a Morphome: Albanian case syncretism as a case study

    • Authors: Đorđe Božović
      Pages: 27 - 36
      Abstract: The notion of morphomes, going back to Aronoff (1994), figures prominently in the debates
      about the autonomous status of morphology and the nature of its interfaces with other modules
      of grammar, syntax in particular. A morphological pattern is said to be morphomic when no
      explicit motivation for it can be found outside of morphology itself (Corbett 2015, 2016), that
      is, when its existence cannot be explained away by phonological (e.g. shape of the stem) or
      semantic conditioning (i.e. feature composition)–what Aronoff (1994) has called “pure
      morphology”. Although for Aronoff all of morphology is ultimately morphomic (i.e.
      “unnatural”; cf. now also Aronoff 2016), morphomic patterns (or splits, in Corbett’s terms)
      contrast with (externally) motivated ones, and the issue at hand in much of the literature on
      morphomes so far is how to distinguish the two kinds of phenomena.1
      However, it has been observed that the distinction between morphomic and motivated may
      actually be a more fine-grained one, or a scale rather than a dichotomy (see Smith 2013 and
      other contributions to that volume; now also Herce 2020a). Here, I will present one case study
      in that vein, with data from Albanian (IE Balkan language), in which apparently morphomic
      patterns of case syncretism in noun inflection have been produced in fact by an external
      (syntactic) motivation. In that sense, I will argue that the Albanian noun inflection is both
      morphomic and motivated at the same time, thus being a curious case of a “motivated
      morphome” (sic!).
      The paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, the theoretical background, concepts and
      their definitions are briefly introduced and explained. This is to set out the foundation for our
      case study, which is detailed in Section 3. Finally, some tentative conclusions are drawn from
      there in Section 4.
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4403
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
  • Locative forms in Nakh-Daghestanian as an example of a transcategorial

    • Authors: Marina Chumakina
      Pages: 37 - 46
      Abstract: The definition of a word class relies on the notion that different word classes have different
      paradigms: “canonically, lexemes in different syntactic categories exhibit different
      morphology,…inflect for different morphosyntactic property sets, and … have different
      exponents” (Stump 2015: 229). One possible deviation from this is transcategorial
      polyfunctionality: cases in which “distinct but related content is systematically expressed by
      the same morphology in different syntactic categories” (Stump 2015: 230).
      Word class division in the languages of Nakh-Daghestanian (North-East Caucasian) family
      in general is rather straightforward: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives (for those languages
      that have this class) and adverbs have distinct paradigms with the familiar mixed categories
      deviations: verbs normally have sub-paradigms of participles and verbal nouns which employ
      nominal paradigms.
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4404
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
  • Root reduplication and alignment overcome three challenges to the
           biradical, OCP-based analysis of Semitic QaTaT stems

    • Authors: Noam Faust
      Pages: 47 - 56
      Abstract: Greenberg (1950) reported on a major asymmetry in Semitic verbs: stems with identical final
      and penultimate consonants – henceforth QaTaT – are ubiquitous, whereas stems with identical
      initial and peninitial consonants – henceforth QaQaT – are almost non-existent. In order to
      explain this asymmetry, McCarthy (1981) famously proposed that the Obligatory Contour
      Principle (OCP), banning adjacent identical units, holds at the level of the Semitic root. Both
      √QTT and √QQT roots are illicit. Instead, QaTaT verbs are based on biradical roots √QT
      matched with a tri-positional template. As illustrated in (1) for the Modern Hebrew verb [ʃalal]
      ‘he invalidated’, the root is mapped to the template from left to right. When the final C-slot of
      the template (underlined) is left empty, the closest root consonant spreads to occupy it, in what
      McCarthy termed “template satisfaction”. Given these premises, a biradical root can never
      derive a QaQaT verb.
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4405
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
  • The productivity of adverbs and adverbials in Modern Hebrew

    • Authors: Malka Muchnik
      Pages: 57 - 70
      Abstract: different languages, the definition of adverbs and adverbials is very problematic and
      controversial. In their research on adverb classes in European languages (German, English,
      Dutch, French and Italian), Pittner, Elsner & Barteld (2005) state that these classes are very
      heterogeneous and therefore difficult to define.
      Discussing Spanish, Salazar García (2007) reminds us that adverbs are usually considered
      very complex and heterogeneous, and this is the reason why we encounter enormous
      difficulties in defining them, both theoretically and descriptively. Since their semantic value
      and syntactic uses are highly divergent, it is hard to suggest a common definition and a
      coherent and systematic classification. Also, Maienborn & Schäfer (2011) comment that
      clear-cut definitions of adverbs and adverbials are difficult to formulate, as we define the
      word class adverb on the basis of the adverbial syntactic function.
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4406
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
  • Where did the Italian Verbal-Nexus N+N compounds come from'

    • Authors: Jan Radimský
      Pages: 71 - 82
      Abstract: This article aims to trace the origin and development of Italian Verbal-Nexus N+N compounds
      (henceforth VNX NNs), such as trasporto merci – ‘transport of goods’, based on the Google ngrams
      frequency lists (2020), which are the most extensive diachronic linguistic data currently
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4407
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
  • A typological comparison of infixes and circumfixes

    • Authors: Tim Zingler
      Pages: 83 - 92
      Abstract: While the existence of infixes and circumfixes is acknowledged in many relevant textbooks and
      handbooks on morphology and/or typology (e.g., Whaley 1997: 117; Hall 2000: 540;
      Moravcsik 2000: 548), very little is known about their behavior and distribution (cf. also Harris
      2010: 100, n. 1). If anything, both types are usually claimed to be cross-linguistically rare, even
      though no robust evidence in support of this is typically presented. One of the few language
      families known to have both affix types is Austronesian, and to the extent that the relevant
      literature provides examples of either type, they tend to come from this family. This situation
      suggests that a considerable amount of empirical groundwork is required in order to properly
      understand these two phenomena and to adequately account for them in theories of morphology.
      The present contribution is intended as a first step toward that goal. It will aggregate the results
      of two separate studies on the cross-linguistic distribution of infixes and circumfixes, Zingler
      (2022a, b). Both works are of an inductive nature and as such mostly point to areas that call for
      further research or that would appear to be of particular theoretical interest. These domains will
      be highlighted throughout this work.
      PubDate: 2023-06-21
      DOI: 10.26220/mmm.4408
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2023)
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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