Publisher: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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پژوهشنامه روانشناسی مثبت     Open Access  
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پژوهشنامه روانشناسی مثبت
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2476-4248 - ISSN (Online) 2476-3705
Published by Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Effectiveness of Optimism through Psychodrama on Bullying,
           Interpersonal Relationships, and Mental Vivacity among Students with
           Oppositional Defiant Disorder

    • Abstract: The research design was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test, and follow-up with a group control. Then, 30 subjects were purposefully selected high school students aged 14-16 years old with an oppositional defiant disorder in Isfahan in 2020 and were randomly assigned to two groups of 15 as experimental and control. Illinois Bullying Questionnaire, Relationship Quality Questionnaire, and the Mental Vivacity Questionnaire were applied to collect data. The experimental group received optimism training for 12 sessions. At the end of the training, the questionnaires were administered again to both groups as a post-test. The follow-up was administered a month later. Data analysis was conducted by applying repeated measures. The results showed that teaching optimism through psychodrama had a effect on bullying, the quality of interpersonal relationships, and mental vivacity among students with oppositional defiant disorder. Therefore, by using this intervention, bullying behavior, the quality of relationships, and the mental vivacity of these students can be improved.
       
  • The Effect of Positive Psychology Training on Wisdom, Resilience, and
           Cognitive Flexibility of Students

    • Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effect of positive psychology training on students' wisdom, resilience, and cognitive flexibility. The research design was quasi-experimental, using pretest, post-test, and follow-up with the control group. The sample consisted of 30 undergraduate students of Payame Noor University in the academic year 2020-2021 who were selected by convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into control and experimental groups. First, in the pretest stage, both groups answered the Questionnaires of Wisdom, Resilience, and Cognitive Flexibility, then positive psychology training was performed in 14 sessions of 60 minutes for the experimental group. Moreover, they did the post-test. After two months, for the third time (as a follow-up), both groups answered the research questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the analysis of covariance. The results showed that positive psychology training causes stable changes in wisdom, resilience, and cognitive flexibility in the experimental group compared to the control group in the post-test. This effect was also sustained during the follow-up phase. The research results show positive psychology training can improve wisdom, resilience, and cognitive flexibility.
       
  • The Effectiveness of Positive Group Training on Stress Tolerance and
           Coping Strategies in Foster Care’s Adolescent Girls

    • Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of positive group training on distress tolerance and coping strategies in homeless adolescent girls in Tehran. This study was a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test and post-test design with a control and follow-up group. Among 85 girls in the care center, 30 girls between the ages of 12-17 were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (15 in each group). The instruments used in this study are Distress Tolerance Scale, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, and Positive Training Protocol. First, all subjects were pre-tested and then the experimental group started a positive group training during 8 two-hour sessions, but no intervention was performed on the control group. At the end of the intervention, both groups were compared by post-test. Also, to follow up, both groups answered the mentioned questionnaires after 2 months. Multivariate analysis of covariance with repeated measures was used to analyze the statistical data. The results of multivariate analysis of covariance with repeated measures showed a significant effect of positive attitude training on increasing anxiety tolerance and coping strategies in comparison with the control group in nodules of homeless adolescent girls. There was also a significant difference between the two groups in the follow-up stage using a multivariate analysis of covariance. Also, in the follow-up phase between the two groups, the results showed stability.
       
  • The Effect of Positive Group training on Mental Psychological Well-Being
           and Marital Satisfaction in Women

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the group positivity training on marital satisfaction and psychological well-being in Basiji Married Women of Aran and Bidgol. The research method was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. 28 married women were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to two groups of 14 experimental and 14 control. The measuring instruments were Marital Satisfaction and Mental Well-being Questionnaire. Positive group training was conducted for the experimental group in 8 one-hour sessions and at the end of the interventions, both groups were re-evaluated with research questionnaires. Data were analyzed by multivariate and univariate analysis of covariance . The results showed that positivity Training had a positive effect on marital satisfaction Means of married women .But positivity training did not affect the psychological well-being Means of married women . Therefore, it is suggested that therapists in marriage counseling centers use this training program to improve the psychological well-being and marital satisfaction of clients.
       
  • Effectiveness of Positive Psychotherapy on Motivational Beliefs in
           Students with Academic Failure

    • Abstract: One of the problems and obstacles of educational systems are academic failures that put unpleasant financial and attitude result on the educational system, family and students. So the aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on motivational beliefs in secondary school boy students with academic failure. The present study was a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test and follow-up with a control group. The sample consisted of 30 male students with academic failure in Dezful schools in the academic year of 2018-2019 who were selected by available sampling method and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups.The experimental group received eight ninety-minute sessions during two months. The applied questionnaires in the study included Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire Pintrich and De Groot’s Data were analyzed multivariate analysis of covariance analysis. The results show that positivism psychotherapy on motivational beliefs in the students with academic failure. According to the findings of the present study, positivism training can be suggested as an efficient method in order to increase self-efficacy and intrinsic value and reducing test anxiety in the students with academic failure.
       
  • The Mediating Model of Mindfulness in the Association between Loneliness
           and Psychological Well-Being: A Moderated Mediation Approach

    • Abstract: Given the effect of psychological well-being on mental and physical health and the destructive effect of loneliness on psychological well-being, this study investigated the mediating role of mindfulness in the relationship between loneliness and psychological well-being. Also, this study investigated whether gender is a moderator in the association between mindfulness and psychological well-being. In addition to demographic information_ age and gender, an eligible sample of 412 adults completed three questionnaires, including the Loneliness Scale, Psychological Well-Being (PWB-18), and the Mindfulness Scale (MAAS). Sampling was conducted online on the Internet. This survey has been analyzed with moderated regression analysis. The model explained about 48% variance in psychological well-being. All direct effects _the effect of loneliness on psychological well-being, loneliness on mindfulness, and mindfulness on psychological well-being_ were statistically significant. Also, the indirect effect of loneliness on psychological well-being through activation of mindfulness was significant. In other words, mindfulness can mediate the effect of loneliness on psychological well-being. On the other hand, loneliness might decrease psychological well-being by decreasing mindfulness. The results confirmed the moderating role of gender in the effect of mindfulness on psychological well-being so that the effect of mindfulness on psychological well-being intensifies among women. The findings of this study can be used to create a solution to reduce the destructive effects of loneliness on psychological well-being.
       
  • The effect of positive mood induction on increasing hope among students

    • Abstract: Hope can play a key role in human behavior; To develop talents, increase self-confidence and brighten the future. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of positive mood induction on increasing hope among students of Bu-Ali Sina University in Hamadan. Forty-five students with lower scores on the Hope Snyder questionnaire were randomly assigned to three groups of 15 (experimental (positive mood and mental imagery) and control). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of covariance. The results showed that the method of inducing positive mood by mental imagery (F = 24.74 and p <0.01) and by reading positive sentences (F = 15.23 and p <0.01) significantly increased The level of hope in students. According to the research findings, the method of inducing a positive mood (Mental imagery and positive sentences) can be effective in increasing students' hope. As a result, it can be used to increase hope among students
       
 
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