Publisher: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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پژوهشنامه روانشناسی مثبت     Open Access  
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پژوهشنامه روانشناسی مثبت
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ISSN (Print) 2476-4248 - ISSN (Online) 2476-3705
Published by Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Effect of Positive Group training on Mental Psychological Well-Being
           and Marital Satisfaction in Women

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the group positivity training on marital satisfaction and psychological well-being in Basiji Married Women of Aran and Bidgol. The research method was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. 28 married women were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to two groups of 14 experimental and 14 control. The measuring instruments were Marital Satisfaction and Mental Well-being Questionnaire. Positive group training was conducted for the experimental group in 8 one-hour sessions and at the end of the interventions, both groups were re-evaluated with research questionnaires. Data were analyzed by multivariate and univariate analysis of covariance . The results showed that positivity Training had a positive effect on marital satisfaction Means of married women .But positivity training did not affect the psychological well-being Means of married women . Therefore, it is suggested that therapists in marriage counseling centers use this training program to improve the psychological well-being and marital satisfaction of clients.
  • Effectiveness of Positive Psychotherapy on Motivational Beliefs in
           Students with Academic Failure

    • Abstract: One of the problems and obstacles of educational systems are academic failures that put unpleasant financial and attitude result on the educational system, family and students. So the aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on motivational beliefs in secondary school boy students with academic failure. The present study was a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test and follow-up with a control group. The sample consisted of 30 male students with academic failure in Dezful schools in the academic year of 2018-2019 who were selected by available sampling method and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups.The experimental group received eight ninety-minute sessions during two months. The applied questionnaires in the study included Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire Pintrich and De Groot’s Data were analyzed multivariate analysis of covariance analysis. The results show that positivism psychotherapy on motivational beliefs in the students with academic failure. According to the findings of the present study, positivism training can be suggested as an efficient method in order to increase self-efficacy and intrinsic value and reducing test anxiety in the students with academic failure.
  • The Mediating Model of Mindfulness in the Association between Loneliness
           and Psychological Well-Being: A Moderated Mediation Approach

    • Abstract: Given the effect of psychological well-being on mental and physical health and the destructive effect of loneliness on psychological well-being, this study investigated the mediating role of mindfulness in the relationship between loneliness and psychological well-being. Also, this study investigated whether gender is a moderator in the association between mindfulness and psychological well-being. In addition to demographic information_ age and gender, an eligible sample of 412 adults completed three questionnaires, including the Loneliness Scale, Psychological Well-Being (PWB-18), and the Mindfulness Scale (MAAS). Sampling was conducted online on the Internet. This survey has been analyzed with moderated regression analysis. The model explained about 48% variance in psychological well-being. All direct effects _the effect of loneliness on psychological well-being, loneliness on mindfulness, and mindfulness on psychological well-being_ were statistically significant. Also, the indirect effect of loneliness on psychological well-being through activation of mindfulness was significant. In other words, mindfulness can mediate the effect of loneliness on psychological well-being. On the other hand, loneliness might decrease psychological well-being by decreasing mindfulness. The results confirmed the moderating role of gender in the effect of mindfulness on psychological well-being so that the effect of mindfulness on psychological well-being intensifies among women. The findings of this study can be used to create a solution to reduce the destructive effects of loneliness on psychological well-being.
  • The effect of positive mood induction on increasing hope among students

    • Abstract: Hope can play a key role in human behavior; To develop talents, increase self-confidence and brighten the future. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of positive mood induction on increasing hope among students of Bu-Ali Sina University in Hamadan. Forty-five students with lower scores on the Hope Snyder questionnaire were randomly assigned to three groups of 15 (experimental (positive mood and mental imagery) and control). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of covariance. The results showed that the method of inducing positive mood by mental imagery (F = 24.74 and p <0.01) and by reading positive sentences (F = 15.23 and p <0.01) significantly increased The level of hope in students. According to the research findings, the method of inducing a positive mood (Mental imagery and positive sentences) can be effective in increasing students' hope. As a result, it can be used to increase hope among students
  • The Effectiveness of Compassion Focused Therapy on the Depression, Anxiety
           and Stress of Mothers of Children with Attention deficit / hyperactivity

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of self-compassion therapy on depression, anxiety, and stress in mothers of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In this study, a quasi-experimental method with a pretest-posttest design with a control group was used, along with a follow-up period. The sample consisted of 28 mothers of 5 to 11-year-olds and girls with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in Rasht in 2020-2021 who were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly placed in experimental and control groups. The experimental group participated in the compassion self-treatment training group for 8 weekly sessions and the control group received a concise summary of the treatment after the end of the study. Both groups were evaluated in three stages pre-test and post-test and follow-up with a questionnaire on depression, anxiety, and stress. Analysis of variance with repeated measures was used to analyze the data. Findings also showed that self-compassion treatment had a significant effect on the scores of depression, anxiety, and stress so that in the post-test stage compared to the pre-test, scores of depression, anxiety, and stress were significantly reduced and this significant decrease in the period The follow-up was also stable. The results showed that self-compassion training can have very beneficial results for mothers, especially in reducing their depression, anxiety, and stress, and can be implemented as one of the top trainings compared to other trainings.
  • The Role of Mindfulness on Corona Anxiety through Self-Compassion

    • Abstract: The prevalence of coronavirus, the restrictions imposed, the closure of educational institutions, the unknown and cognitive ambiguities of this virus, and the resulting mortality rate caused high anxiety in individuals. This study aimed to provide a model for the relationship between mindfulness and corona anxiety mediated by self-compassion and to determine the model's fit based on experimental data. The method of the present study was descriptive-correlational. Three hundred and eighty undergraduate students of Yazd University (193 girls and 187 boys) were selected via available sampling method. The participants answered to the online questionnaires. They included Mindfulness, Self-Compassion, and Corona Anxiety. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results showed the hypothetical model fitted the experimental data. Mindfulness had a significant direct effect on corona anxiety. Also, the direct effect of self-compassion on corona anxiety was significant. In addition, mindfulness indirectly affected corona anxiety through the mediating variable of self-compassion.
  • The Role of Mindfulness, Maladaptive Perfectionism, and Positive Affect in
           Predicting Goal Self-Concordance

    • Abstract: This study aimed to identify the role of mindfulness, maladaptive perfectionism, and positive affect in goal self-concordance. The method of this research was descriptive and correlational. The sample included 100 secondary school students in Isfahan in the academic year 2020-2021, who were selected by convenience sampling. Mindfulness Questionnaires, Maladaptive Perfectionism, Positive Affect, and Self-Efficacy were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using stepwise regression analysis. Data were analyzed using correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis. In stepwise regression, in the first step, the variable of mindfulness was entered and in the second step, the variable of maladaptive perfectionism was added, and finally, this regression model was able to predict 37% of the variance of goal self-concordance. However, the positive affect variable did not enter the regression equation due to the lack of predictive power. These findings provide new evidence on the importance of choosing self-concordance goals in life and identifying the factors influencing this choice. 
  • Comparison of the Flow Status of Amateur and Elite Wrestlers

    • Abstract: Using positive psychology for optimal performance and reaching the peak of performance in sports has always been considered. However, there is no accurate understanding of some mental experiences such as flow. This study aimed to compare the flow status of amateur and elite wrestlers. The statistical population of this study consisted of 56 wrestlers in the sixth freestyle and Greco roman wrestling world cup championships (2020) and 56 amateur wrestlers from different random cities of Iran. To measure the experience of athletes, the Flow State Scale was used. The results showed that the overall flow score of elite wrestlers was significantly higher than amateur wrestlers. Also, independent t-test indicated among the nine dimensions of flow, challenge-skills balance, action-awareness merging, clear goals, unambiguous feedback, concentration on the task at hand, sense of control, loss of self-consciousness in professional was significantly higher than amateur wrestlers. On the other hand, there was no significant difference between professional and amateur wrestlers regarding the dimensions of transformation of time and autotelic experience. Further research focuses on the flow status of athletes as a component of psychological factors that are expected to be related to skill level is needed. Therefore, it can help sports coaches and psychologists bring athletes to the peak of performance and optimal performance. 
  • Does the Educational Environment Affect the Psychological Well-Being of
           Preschool Children' Analysis of the Role of Discipline

    • Abstract: AbstractDisciplinary rules and measures in the educational environment are an important factor in the formation of students' emotions and behavior that can affect their well-being in this way. Therefore, identifying the role of the discipline process on the psychological well-being of children in preschool centers was determined as the aim of the present study, which was achieved through a qualitative survey method. The research sample consisted of 16 educators working in preschool centers who were purposefully selected. The data collection tool was a Semi-Structured Interview. The qualitative analysis method was used with a three-step coding technique (open, axial, and selective) to achieve the findings. The results indicate that some disciplinary measures have a positive role and others negatively affect children's psychological well-being. The process of discipline will positively affect the psychological well-being of children through pleasant disciplinary strategies and regulations that develop interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, it can also have a negative effect on psychological well-being through debilitating strategies of positive self-concept and disciplinary strategies and regulations that threaten autonomy and independence. Accordingly, the establishment of participatory discipline based on the development of relationships and positive feelings to promote children's psychological well-being in preschool centers is recommended to educators. 
  • The Effectiveness of Welfare-therapy on Coronavirus Anxiety and Mental
           Health in Elderly COVID-19 survivors

    • Abstract: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of wellbeing-based therapy on Coronavirus Anxiety and mental health in Elderly COVID-19 survivors. This quasi-experimental study was a pre-test, post-test follow-up with a control group. The study population was all the elderly referred to health centers and clinics in Ilam in the summer of 1399. The sample consisted of 50 people who were selected by the purposive sampling method after reviewing the inclusion criteria and were randomly replaced in two equal groups. The research instruments were Corona Anxiety Scales and Psychological Health. The experimental group received ten sessions of 90-minute wellbeing-based therapy, and the control group was placed on a waiting list for training. Data were analyzed by repeated measure analysis. The results showed that well-being therapy led to reduced corona anxiety and increased psychological health, and this effect of the follow-up phase on corona anxiety and Mental health persisted. According to the present study results, therapists and health professionals can use the welfare method for health-related interventions, especially to reduce corona anxiety and improve mental health in the elderly.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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