Publisher: Aurel Vlaicu University   (Total: 3 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Arena-J. of Physical Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. Plus Education     Open Access  
Theory and Applications of Mathematics & Computer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Arena-Journal of Physical Activities
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2285-830X - ISSN (Online) 2285-830X
Published by Aurel Vlaicu University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Effects of COVID-19 Confinement on the Health and Perspectives of Exercise
           Practice in Portugal

    • Authors: Nuno Loureiro, Luís Murta, Pedro Bento, Vânia Loureiro
      Pages: 7 - 25
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Using Push-Pull-Legs Training : A Weight Training Method for Muscle
           Hypertrophy in Upper Body on Amateur Athletes

    • Authors: Vlad Adrian Geanta
      Pages: 26 - 37
      Abstract: Introduction: Over time the information in the science of sports training is
      updated fantastically quickly. In weight training, in addition to classic training
      methods, the popularization of new training methods is sought, which
      come in support of the performer athlete or the individual who practices in
      the form of agreement, in achieving the stability objectives. The aim of this
      paper represent the hypertrophic effects that push-pull (PP) training can have
      on the upper body of amateur lifters. Methods: The study lasted for 6 weeks
      in a fitness center and the subjects (N = 6, M(y)23±1.1y, M(h)179.8±2.9 cm,
      M(w)74.3±2.9 kg, BMI(i)23.4±0.9kg/m2) were selected as participants. The
      routine consisted of 3 workouts/week. The participants trained using the
      method (PPL) but with the observation that the study followed the hypertrophic
      effects achieved on the upper body following the push-pull (PP) training.
      Measurements of the circumference of the pectoral (Ch), flexed arm (Ar) and
      the width of the shoulders (Sh), were measured using a metric band in two
      stages, an initial stage (Ch (i) 102±1.8, Ar(i) 37.8±0.8, Sh(i) 46.7±2.7, and a final,
      to see if it exists there is -500, and for height a tachometer. For evaluating
      body mass W(i), W (f) and body mass index BMI(i) BMI(f), we used an Omron
      HGF-500 scale, and a stadiometer for height. Results: After the 6 weeks
      of training, the expected hypertrophic results were recorded (BMI(f)22.2±0.7,
      W(f) 74.7±1.5, Ch (f)102.9±1.7, Ar(f)38.4±0.6, Sh(f)47.4±2.5). Alternatively,
      we used the T test (T = 2.01 for p <0.05) to tell us if there were any significant  changes. We can say that the PP method is effective at the level of the upper
      train. Conclusions: Within the limits of the study, it can be concluded that
      significant changes can occur using the PP training method.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Importance of Physical Activity in Children’s Mental Health

    • Authors: Avdyl Kuriu
      Pages: 38 - 47
      Abstract: Introduction: Mental health is an important component of children’s health
      that affects almost every aspect of their lives. One in five children in the
      world experiences varying degrees of mental health disorders and the burden
      of morbidity and mortality from these causes is increasing. For these reasons,
      the mental health status of children poses a serious concern for health and the
      health system in general. The purpose of this paper review is to analyze literature
      of mental health as an important part of a child’s overall health. In fact
      it has a significant impact on physical health as well as on children’s ability
      to be successful in school, work and society. Mental health as well as physical
      health affects the way an individual thinks, feels and acts. Methodology:
      In order to fulfill this review are using methods of literature analysis, and is
      made combination and comparison of data from various works of authors
      varied. To successfully realize this review paper we studied and analyzed the
      contemporary scientific literature. The methods used are: literature analysis,
      physical activity mental health and recommendations. Recommendations:
      all the literature used can be clearly seen the importance of understanding
      mental health support is essential for addressing the phenomenon and its associated
      consequences, including, appropriate parental communication, mental
      health promotion, physical activity as well as specialized psychologist
      assistance and medical assistance.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • The influence of non-active lockdowns on children’s motor development
           through SARS-CoV-2 pandemic

    • Authors: Carmen Magdalena Camenidis, Irina Baitel
      Pages: 48 - 69
      Abstract: While the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic took the whole world by surprise, humanity
      sought to organize itself in the fight against an unseen enemy by now. The
      school has moved into the online teaching system, and physical education
      classes have not been nearly what they used to be. Purpose: In this study, we
      tried to investigate how children’s motor development was influenced due to
      lack of physical activity because of school closure during the pandemic in
      order to know if it has influenced the weight of children by collecting data on
      body mass index (BMI). Methods: the anthropometric and motor capacity
      measurements; the method of comparing the results obtained with those of
      the National ‘Biomotric project’; the bibliographic studying; the data collection;
      the graphic representation and the data analysis and interpretation. The
      study subjects/participants were 119 boys and 85 girls aged between 7-14
      years old. Results: We measured the motor development before the pandemic
      (AP), respectively February 2020, and during the pandemic (DP), respectively
      October 2020. The item categories represent the data collected from
      the motor tests applied to the children when they were physically present
      at schools, such as mobility, long jump from the spot, abdominal crunches,
      and speedrunning tests on the following distances: 25m for 1st grade, 30m
      for 2nd to 4th grade and 50 m for 5th to 8th grade. We chose to refer to the
      value of the median in order to eliminate, as much as possible, the influence  of the extreme values recorded. Conclusions: There are minimal differences
      between the results obtained in the tests before the pandemic and those during
      the pandemic period. Although we would have expected the influence of
      non-active lockdown to be more significant than when schools were opened,
      in the sense of decreasing children’s motor skills, it can be seen that this was
      not the case for students from Maarif International Schools of Bucharest.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Methods and means for developing resistance in the 5th and 6th grades

    • Authors: Andrei Bitang, Stertl Monica, Vasile Liviu Andrei Andrei, Corina Dulceanu, Anca Macarie
      Pages: 70 - 84
      Abstract: Introduction: In all physical education school curricula, starting with the
      primary cycle and going to high school and vocational school, resistance appears
      as an educational instructional objective formulated and materialized
      as a requirement in relation to class, therefore, the age of students (Scarlat E.,
      Scarlat MB, 2002). Purpose: is to implement an experiment in the fifth and
      sixth grades in rural areas, and through the results obtained from this experiment,
      to be able to find optimal solutions to equip students with a high vital
      capacity, given that after school most students help their parents with household
      chores. Methodology: Resistance is “the ability of the human body to
      exert efforts with a relatively long duration and a relatively high intensity,
      maintaining constant indices of optimal effectiveness”. Results: Following
      the evolution of the arithmetic mean in the endurance running test over the
      distance of 800m, the boys found that at the initial testing the control group
      achieved an average of 03:40, and the experiment group achieved an average
      of 03:29. There is a difference between the control group and the experiment
      group in favor of the experiment group, namely 11 sec. After the intermediate
      tests, the control group obtained an average of 03:37, making a progress
      compared to the initial test by 3 seconds, and the experiment group achieved
      an average of 03:24. The experiment group made even greater progress thanof the arithmetic mean in the endurance running test over the distance of
      600m girls, we found that in the initial testing the control group achieved an
      average of 03:08, and the experiment group achieved an average of 03:09.
      There is a difference between the control group and the experiment group in
      favor of the experiment group, namely 1 sec. After the intermediate tests, the
      control group obtained an average of 03:01, making a progress compared to
      the initial test with 7 sec., And the experiment group achieved an average of
      03:04 with 5 sec. better than the initial test. We notice that the experiment
      group made more progress than the control group in the final test, namely 2
      sec. Conclusion: this paper emphasizes the importance of the exercises we
      used and applied to students in the first two grades of high school.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Achievement Goal´s Orientation of Youth Brazilian Gymnastics: TEOSQ
           Factorial Exploration

    • Authors: Vinicius Barroso Hirota, Anderson Redressi, Francine Roberta De Lima Pinto Araujo, André Rinaldi Fukushima, Elias de França, Leandro Yanase, Jeferson Santana, David Botelho Barbosa, Marcelo Rodrigues da Cunha, Carlos Eduardo Lopes Verardi
      Pages: 85 - 99
      Abstract: The aim of the research was testing the reliability and the exploratory factor
      analysis of the instrument TEOSQ, and then offer the results of the goals orientation and comparing the results by age of the youth Brazilians gymnastics.
      Methodology. This research was based on a descriptive quantitative
      boarding, and the instrument used was the TEOSQ; Take part in this research
      58 (n=58) female youth gymnastics’, aged 7 to 20 years (age average
      10.72±3.05) of the Itupeva City, São Paulo, Brazil. The statistical used was
      the Alpha´s Cronbach, Exploratory Factor Analysis (Varimax) above Mean,
      median, standard deviation and Spearman correlation. The results displayed
      the internal stability of the instrument with ego´s Alpha of 0.80 and task´s Alpha
      of 0.70; Rotated matrix (Varimax) with two factors, in factor 01 the group
      of issues was located related to ego orientation and for the factor 02 the group
      of issues were liked to task orientation. Conclusion. Concerning the goal´s
      orientation the results shows the prevalence of task orientation (4.45±0.79)
      besides ego orientation (2.64±1.28), so we can consider that this group is
      more involved in learning and practicing more to have a better performance
      in competition an presentation overall, the instrument seems to be relevant.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Movement Games, Relay Races And Application Paths - Means of Training in
           School Physical Education

    • Authors: Rodica Lucian, Viorel Bitang
      Pages: 100 - 115
      Abstract: Introduction: In order to achieve high efficiency, efficiency in preparing students
      for life, it is necessary to address the issue in terms of methods and
      techniques appropriate to achieving the objectives, assessment methods (attractive
      and interesting), the efficiency of the use of devices and materials.
      Purpose: Using in the experiment described in the paper permanently motion
      games, relay races, application paths, I wanted to check their effectiveness
      and confirm the hypothesis that the method I chose to improve the manifestation
      of motor skills and level of motor skills is higher compared to two tests,
      and the methods used were correctly chosen and applied. Methodology: I
      highlighted the means of school physical education provided in the training
      program, and in them I presented aspects specific to the three means targeted
      in the experiment: movement games, relay races and application paths, which
      we also described in detail, also visually, through kinograms. I considered a
      special aspect, the one related to the cooperation between teachers and students
      in the school training process, without which the physical education
      lesson cannot achieve its objectives . Results: The results materialized in the
      level of preparation of the students and the progress registered in the experiment
      period show that, through the use of complex exercises, the activation
      of the students on the basis of awareness was achieved and their motor and
      spiritual forces were mobilized. Conclusion: the hypothesis I started from
      was that by systematically using the chosen means, they will make progress
      in the tests administered in the experiment.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Contributions related to optimizing mobility indices in gymnasts by means
           of aerobic gymnastics

    • Authors: Georgeta Lucia Piscoi, Denis Petran , Alexandru Ioan Baltean
      Pages: 116 - 126
      Abstract: The aim. The purpose of this research is the formation of gymnasts with
      good general and special physical training, apt to meet the competitive requirements
      at national level, currently and in perspective. We consider that
      the introduction of operational means specific aerobic gymnastics designed
      for the increase in indices mobility will result in an increase in. Methodology.
      At the start of the experiment, we conducted a series of tests on girls
      who want to become gymnasts.. Due to the fact that the athletes subject to
      the experiment are aged between 7 and 9 years, most of them having 8 years,
      the appreciation of motor quality mobility is only through 2 samples, and for
      speed we chose the rehearsal speed. After these requirements, the two tests
      specific to articular mobility will be carried out: a) test 1 mobility in lumbar
      spine: top bridge; b) test 2 mobility in coxo-femoral joint: lateral string; c)
      test 3 repetitive speed: the rigle method. Through these samples, the degree of
      lumbar and coxo-femoral mobility was tested. Results. For lumbar mobility,
      the top bridge, relevant progress has been made. The coefficient of variability
      was in both tests between 0-10%, which means high homogeneity and low
      dispersion, ie C.V.i =5.46% and C.V.f= 6.8% with a decrease of 1.3% of
      homogeneity at the final test. For the mobility of coxco-femoral joint, lateral
      string, significant progress has been made. The coefficient of variability
      was between 4.09% and 4.60%, which shows us that the homogeneity of the
      group is large C.V.i. = 22.5% and C.V.f. = 42.5%. For the repetition speed,
      the homogeneity of the group is high both in the initial test and the final test,
      the group losing homogeneity in the final test. At this test C.V.i. = 2.83%, and C.V.f. = 3.92% dispersion being very small. Conclusions. Following the
      analysis and interpretation of the statistics indicators presented in the tables
      and studying the initial and final data presented, the main statistical indicators
      were discussed: average deviation, standard deviation and variability coefficient.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Possibilities for optimizing physical training for children through the
           pilot program: Judo in school from rural areas

    • Authors: Mihai Kunszabo
      Pages: 127 - 140
      Abstract: Purpose. The main purpose of the research is to highlight the effects in terms
      of physical training of an experimental program applied to students aged
      8-10, through the hours of physical education with selected content from
      judo. Methods. A number of 24 male subjects, students of Ghioroc Secondary
      School were tested. For the statistical interpretation of the research results
      we used in the comparison of the research groups (control and Experimental)
      the Independent Sample t Test, arithmetic mean, standard deviation and statistical
      significance through the statistical program IBM SPSS ver. 23, both
      at the level of the initial test and at the level of the final test. Results. From
      the statistical interpretation of the research results we can draw the following
      conclusions: at the beginning of the experiment the two research groups
      present average values without statistically significant differences (p> 0.05)
      at all test samples and at the end of the experiment, the two research groups
      show significant statistic differences in all test samples as follows: p <0.05
      in test samples: long jump from the spot; respectively p <0.001 at the shuttle
      test, trunk lifts, push-ups and knee bends. Conclusions. The experimental
      hypothesis was confirmed, the results obtained supporting this. At the level
      of the initial test, the research groups presented similar values, the results of
      comparing the average values highlighting the lack of significant differences
      (p> 0.05) in all test samples. Based on the data collected at the end of the
      experiment, it was found that the total physical capacity of the subjects was
      significantly improved at the thresholds of statistical significance of p <0.05 and p <0.001, demonstrating the superiority of the application of judo sports
      content compared to classic content, for 1 school year, at the physical education
      classes of 8-10 year old students from rural areas.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Aims and Scope

    • Authors: Ardelean Viorel Petru
      Pages: 141 - 141
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
 
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