Publisher: Firenze University Press   (Total: 36 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Acta Herpetologica     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.357, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Aestimum     Open Access  
Aisthesis : Pratiche, Linguaggi e Saperi dell’Estetico     Open Access  
Annali di Storia di Firenze     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cromohs : Cyber Review of Modern Historiography     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diciottesimo Secolo : Rivista della Società Italiana di Studi sul Secolo XVIII     Open Access  
Drammaturgia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Firenze Architettura     Open Access  
Form@re - Open J. per la formazione in rete     Open Access  
Il Colle di Galileo     Open Access  
Italian J. of Anatomy and Embryology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.273, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
LEA - Lingue e Letterature d'Oriente e d'Occidente     Open Access  
Musica Tecnologia     Open Access  
Opus Incertum     Open Access  
Phytopathologia Mediterranea     Open Access   (SJR: 0.809, CiteScore: 2)
Prometheus. Rivista di studi classici     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Restauro Archeologico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Reti Medievali Rivista     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Ri-Vista : Ricerche per la progettazione del paesaggio     Open Access  
Rivista di studi di fotografia. J. of Studies in Photography     Open Access  
Rivista Italiana di Educazione Familiare     Partially Free  
Scienze del Territorio     Open Access  
Scrineum Rivista     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Storia delle Donne     Open Access  
Studi irlandesi. A J. of Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Studi Slavistici     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Studi sulla Formazione     Open Access  
Substantia     Open Access  
TECHNE - J. of Technology for Architecture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 0)
TUTOR. An international, peer reviewed, openaccess journal on Medical Education and Practice     Open Access  
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Diciottesimo Secolo : Rivista della Società Italiana di Studi sul Secolo XVIII
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2531-4165
Published by Firenze University Press Homepage  [36 journals]
  • Early reception of smallpox inoculation in Italy: insights from the
           correspondence of the Fellows of the Royal Society

    • Authors: Lucia Berti
      Pages: 5 - 18
      Abstract: In 18th-century Europe inoculation of smallpox started being practiced as a form of prevention against the disease itself. Knowledge of this practice arrived from the Ottoman Empire and reached various European countries in the 1710s. As far as Italy is concerned, the literature generally reports that the Italians took no particular interest in inoculation until the 1750s; however, very little attention has been given to the early reception of the practice in Italy. By drawing on early news items and letter exchanges between the Fellows of the Royal Society and the Italian physician and naturalist Antonio Vallisneri, the present paper wants to illustrate and comment on these early sources that showed the Italians’ opinions and attitudes towards inoculation when it was first heard about in the peninsula.
      PubDate: 2021-09-08
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12575
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Danilo S. Samoilovič e Charles de Mertens, un esempio di rivalità medica
           sullo sfondo dell’epidemia di peste a Mosca (1770-1772)

    • Authors: Chiara Lerede
      Pages: 19 - 27
      Abstract: The article aims to highlight the personal and social rivalries that arose within the Russian medical community, in the context of management of the Moscow plague epidemic in the years 1770-1772. The analysis of the dispute between Danilo S. Samoilovič and Charles de Mertens in the years 1778-1784, allows us to trace the personal tensions and envy between the two colleagues, where elements of nationalism and chauvinism intersect, reflecting the complex relationship between indigenous and foreign elements, typical of the Russian medical class and social élite during the Eighteenth Century.
      PubDate: 2021-09-08
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12598
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Dalla Cina a Königsberg: Kant e la grande pandemia influenzale del
           1781-82

    • Authors: Marco Duichin
      Pages: 29 - 48
      Abstract: On 2 February 1782, according to the chronicles of the time, in the Russian city of St. Petersburg 40.000 people fell ill simultaneously, struck by a sudden, mysterious epidemic of fever. That was the beginning of one of history’s greatest and most devastating influenza pandemics, which in the space of eight months swept through Europe, infecting between 50 and 75% of the population, and causing thousands of deaths. Originating in China in autumn 1781, the pandemic spread rapidly along the trade routes linking the Celestial Empire to the Tsarist Empire through the caravan cities in south-western Siberia. Called the “Chinese disease” by the Russians and the “Russian disease” by the western Europeans, the pandemic also afflicted Königsberg, the port city on the Baltic where Kant lived. The philosopher (who perhaps caught the disease in March 1782) was one of the first to draw attention to the causes of the phenomenon, consistent with his medical interests and his academic competence in physical geography. In contrast to the ‘miasmatic’ doctrine prevailing in the medicine of the time, Kant evoked the ‘contagionist’ theory of Dr. John Fothergill, and argued that the influenza spread not due to bad air quality but through contagion caused by miniscule pathogens (progenitors of viruses, at that time unknown to science) that Russian trade with China had transmitted to Europe, and that in future would cause terrible new epidemics on a global scale. This paper aims to reconstruct – on the basis of previously overlooked documents from the 18th-19th century, and in the light of the recent scientific debate on the issue – a forgotten event that presents surprising analogies with the current Covid-19 pandemic.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12610
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • «Air, Climate, Season, … Situation, Food, Poisons, and a few other
           Things»1: the lexis of fevers and epidemics in British medical writing,
           1770-1800

    • Authors: Elisabetta Lonati
      Pages: 49 - 65
      Abstract: Medical reports on fevers and epidemics are an interesting research field for investigating eighteenth-century medical language. The works under scrutiny here are focused on epidemic outbreaks which were widespread especially in large and medium towns. They provide linguistic evidence for the many processes of denomination and lexicalisation of diseases, and the lexicalisation of related notions (e.g. contagion and infection), ideas (e.g. environment and social groups), and values (e.g. public health, prevention, poverty and wealth). Starting from the two keywords fever/s and epidemic/s, the aim of this study is to analyse a set of texts published in the British Isles in the last thirty years of the century and referring to contemporary events (from the middle 1760s to the end of the century), in order to discuss the processes of lexicalisation and their impact and function at discourse level. Data were collected quantitatively and qualitatively: the analysis was first carried out on a corpus-based software (focus on occurrence, frequency, collocates, patterns); whereas close reading of concordances and manual selection of extracts represent the qualitative approach and examination for interpretation and discussion of preliminary quantitative results. Medical writing often becomes the background for introducing social issues and contemporary needs and values. The study will confirm this relevant function in the changing late eighteenth-century British society.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12593
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • «In the raging time of the small pox». Il vaiolo e la documentazione
           dell’alterità americana tra fine Settecento e primo Ottocento

    • Authors: Giulia Iannuzzi
      Pages: 67 - 82
      Abstract: This research focuses on the perception of the effects of smallpox on the demographic decline of the native North American populations by some English-speaking writers in the eighteenth century. It highlights the awareness expressed by contemporary observers of the circulation of new infectious diseases imported from Europe into North America, and of the effects of these diseases – of which smallpox is a critical but far from unique case – on the decimation or incipient extinction of native peoples. The aim of this research is to show how this awareness favoured, in English-speaking observers, the agglutination of the category of “European”, and an urgent need to document American human diversity before its disappearance. Works by John Lawson, John Brickell, James Adair, and Cadwallader Colden are considered before dwelling on the Lewis and Clark expedition and on Thomas Jefferson’s role in the expedition’s cultural aims and interests in medicine.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12544
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • ‘I primi passi’ di un giovane ‘verso la patria e verso il popolo’.
           Pratica educativa eclettica, religione popolare e religiosità civile nel
           pensiero di Bernardo Tanucci (1741)

    • Authors: Roberto Tufano
      Pages: 83 - 93
      Abstract: In December 1741, the statesman Bernardo Tanucci wrote to prince Bartolomeo Corsini a long, very interesting letter regarding authors and readings, travel, principles and good practices of eros and agape, on which to base the training of a young Florentine knight.  Tanucci’s authentic, essential and eclectic position on the matter of education strongly emerges from these pages. The educational proposal is based on three axes: a general culture plan, emphasizing historical studies and political science, whose authors are all non-conformist thinkers, or rather, considered to be the expression of the utmost criticism; a mischievous vademecum for education at the University of Pisa, where Tanucci had taught law; the right way to integrate theoretical knowledge and direct knowledge, which was to be implemented through a series of expedients, such as the experience of travelling in Europe, attending courts and exponents of the ruling classes, direct knowledge of the major intellectuals of the time, conviviality in the drawing room and, last but not least, relations with the opposite sex. With the latter point Tanucci addressed the central problem of the limits of education, namely those posed by the paradox of the « already educated educator ». Again,   the relationship between Tanucci and the German intellectual world clearly emerges. This attraction derived from the great theme of eclecticism. Firstly, this method appeared to Tanucci as a useful and convenient canon for interpreting the four-way relationship between ‘civil’ and ‘ecclesiastical’ history, between philosophy and theology. Moreover, Tanucci admired the eclectic method of comparing confessional divisions, which seemed to lead to the hypothesis of the necessity of a natural and worldly religion. Eclecticism was understood by Tanucci and Genovesi – and, before them, by their common master and friend Celestino Galiani (albeit with different outcomes, tending towards radical scepticism on this last aspect) – as the sign of a sincere and creative variety of scientific results.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12376
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • “There will be no shortage of books… or money to purchase them.”
           Education and the Reputation of the Library of the College of Artillery in
           Segovia as a Scientific and Publishing Centre

    • Authors: María Dolores Herrero Fernández-Quesada
      Pages: 95 - 110
      Abstract: Charles III arrived in Spain from Naples accompanied by a multidisciplinary team of military advisers, including Count Gazzola from Piacenza, who had already drawn up his plans for the urgent military reforms required for the artillery. These included the institutionalisation of that branch of the army and the foundation of the college for artillery officers and industrial engineers to run the military factories being taken over by the State. The most eye-catching element of this undertaking is the formation of its magnificent Enlightenment scientific library. A study of this library reveals an exceptional collection, the origins of the first books brought to the institution, the way it was organised and the military and scientific topics addressed. But its fundamental contribution can be measured in terms of results: indeed, textbooks were created for the cadets, as well as research works on military, artillery and scientific topics written by teachers from the college, and translations of important European scientific books. Finally, as a contribution to demonstrating the cost-effectiveness of the Crown’s investment in education for war, we highlight the work of three captains, showing the versatility they achieved thanks to their education at the college and their reputation outside it, in the service of society, as guiding lights of the Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País (SEAP – Economic Society of Friends of the Country) in Segovia. Without this magnificent library, the research, monographs and translations – ultimately the college’s own published works which brought it great academic credit in Enlightenment Europe – would not have been possible.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12475
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Uno studio d’architettura civile locale. Giuseppe Boschi e le «vere
           regole delle proporzioni armoniche»

    • Authors: Iacopo Benincampi
      Pages: 111 - 119
      Abstract: During the 18th century, small papal towns provided few public educational opportunities in the artistic field. Young painters and architects usually joined local private workshops, attending lectures given by professionals who had instead completed their education in Rome or in Bologna. One of these professionals was the Faenza painter and architect Giuseppe Boschi (1732-1802), who produced a series of manuscripts reflecting both the local taste and the general cultural situation of the Romagna region in the last years of the ancien régime.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12281
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Enlightenment History and Antiphilosophie: Voltaire and Nonnotte in
           France, Spain and Italy

    • Authors: Patrizia Delpiano
      Pages: 121 - 131
      Abstract: This article deals with the responses to Enlightenment history that emerged in antiphilosophique cultural circles and offers some pointers on the international dimension of this intellectual movement, so far studied mostly within the confines of individual states. Attention focuses on the case of the French Jesuit Claude-Adrien François Nonnotte (1711-1793), author of Les erreurs de Voltaire, published in 1762. After describing the essential features of this text, specifically its discourse on history, the article concentrates on its Spanish and Italian translations in order to highlight the European character of antiphilosophie and the different uses made of Nonnotte’s work in various contexts.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-11817
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Estetica, testo e spettacolo da Venezia a Napoli: Francesco Cerlone
           adattatore de I due fratelli nimici di Carlo Gozzi

    • Authors: Javier Gutiérrez-Carou
      Pages: 133 - 147
      Abstract: After exploring some of the possible channels of contact between Carlo Gozzi and the sphere of Neapolitan theatre, this study presents an analysis of the points of convergence and divergence between Gozzi’s I due fratelli nimici and Francesco Cerlone’s adaptation of the same play, giving special attention to consequences of aesthetics, ideology and spectacle.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12510
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Between Arabic Letters, History and Enlightenment: The Emergence of
           Spanish Literary Nation in Juan Andrés

    • Authors: Niccolò Guasti
      Pages: 149 - 159
      Abstract: The culture of the eighteenth century played a crucial role in proposing a positive image of Islam. The Valencian Jesuit Juan Andrés was particularly engaged in this re-evaluation of Arab culture in order to stress how much Iberian Arabs had contributed to the renaissance of Western culture and civilisation. In his treaty Dell’origine, progressi e stato attuale d’ogni letteratura (1782-1799) Andrés committed himself to outlining specific elements of the Medieval renaissance nurtured by Spanish Arabs between the ninth and thirteenth centuries. His interpretation on Al-Andalus concealed a «patriotic» intent, namely that of glorifying the historical role of Spain (rather than Italy or France) in the development of the European literary canon.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12140
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Historiographical heritages: Denis Diderot and the men of the French
           Revolution

    • Authors: Giuseppina D'Antuono
      Pages: 161 - 168
      Abstract: Was Denis Diderot “the master of Danton”, as the historian Aulard asserted, or was he “the master of Brissot” as Jean Dautry stated' Or rather, was the philosophe the true inspiration of Babeuf' From a general point of view, research on the circulation and heritage of Diderotian political ideas in Europe has mostly been interpreted in relationships of analogy or in contrast with the event, ideas and men of the French Revolution. This article aims to analyze the debate on the most recent historical readings that have reawakened the hermeneutic dialectic on the relationship between the political thought and works of Denis Diderot and the spokesmen of the French Revolution. The significance of this study thus lies in its focus on the most recent historiographical readings on the uses of Diderotian stratified production, which over time have distorted his political vocabulary. At the present time, we have some data – from the cross-analysis between the study of unpublished sources and new research perspectives on political traineeships and clandestine circles – —on which to base future research: on the eve of the Revolution, Diderotian thought circulated in clandestine pamphlets and, in those same years, some men of the future Constituent took inspiration from the philosophe. Therefore, the category of “general will” in use among the men of the Constituent and the Legislative (Thouret, Brissot) seems not to be of Rousseauian derivation only.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-11696
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Da criminali a (quasi) cittadine: Marie-Madeleine Jodin e il caso delle
           femmes publiques nella Rivoluzione francese

    • Authors: Valentina Altopiedi
      Pages: 169 - 177
      Abstract: The figure of the femmes publiques leads to a rather interesting reconsideration of the history of female citizenship during the French Revolution. Prostitution was indeed involved in an ambiguous depenalization process. This essay aims to examine the legal ambiguity of the condition of the femmes publiques during the Revolution, when prostitution was decriminalised but still stigmatised. To highlight the female agency, this study will analyse the letters written to the government during the Thermidorian reaction and Marie-Madeleine Jodin’s Vues législatives pour les femmes, adressées à l’Assemblée nationale.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12727
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Valerio Villareale a Napoli e la Repubblica del 1799

    • Authors: Maria Rosaria Nappi
      Pages: 179 - 192
      Abstract: Valerio Villareale (Palermo, 1773-1854), the main neoclassic sculptor in Sicily, spent his young years between Naples and Rome. The paper highlights his training in Naples, where he met Filippo Tagliolini, and in Rome, where he knew Antonio Canova. Based on unpublished documents, the paper explores his participation in the Neapolitan Republic of 1799 and his activity during the reign of Gioacchino and Carolina Murat, when he sculpted the portraits of the King and the Queen as well as several stucco decorations and sculptures in the royal palaces in Caserta and Naples. At the restoration of the Borboni the Villareale returned to Palermo where he continued his career not only as a sculptor, but also as a teacher and art restorer.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-11812
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • A partire da un recente saggio: la genealogia quale scienza
           storico-documentaria

    • Authors: Lorenzo Benedetti
      Pages: 193 - 197
      Abstract: Taking inspiration from a recent book by Marcello Verga, the present paper reaffirms the scientific status of genealogy and focuses on the importance of this autonomous subject, fundamental in carrying out correct research in many fields. The paper also underlines the crucial role played by all historical documentary sciences (once equivocally called ‘Auxiliary sciences of History’) and the reasons why their enhancement and development remains essential, especially in the academic world.
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12274
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Intervista a Walter Panciera: Insegnare il metodo storico e la sua
           utilità

    • Authors: Massimo Galtarossa
      Pages: 199 - 202
      Abstract: The interview with one of the major specialists in Didactics of modern italian History concerns the subject of teaching the discipline, renewed since the late nineties of the XIX centurythanks to the emergence of new historiographical addresses, advancements in the legislative field and the contribution of pedagogical disciplines. The manual, a controversial but valuable literary genre, remains a useful teaching tool for a new teaching profession, which contemplates a more precise awareness of the historical method and its implications. The history laboratory appears to be the place where the use of sources, experimentations, interdisciplinarity and problematicity are highlighted; further, today the problem arises of breaking into the educational systems from everyday reality. Thus, even the Eighteenth-century cultural debate, such as the history of colonization or epidemics, can undoubtedly contribute to the formation of a citizen who is aware and oriented on the level of historical vision.  
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12568
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Politics and Culture in 18th-Century Anglo-Italian encounters: Entangled
           Histories, ed. by Lidia De Michelis, Lia Guerra and Frank O’Gorman

    • Authors: Riccardo Capoferro
      Pages: 203 - 205
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-13066
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Recensione Roberto Celada Ballanti, La parabola dei tre anelli. Migrazioni
           e metamorfosi di un racconto tra Oriente e Occidente

    • Authors: Dino Carpanetto
      Pages: 207 - 209
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12616
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Vincenzo Tedesco, Gioacchino Poeta. Un medico calabrese nella Napoli del
           Settecento

    • Authors: Alessia Castagnino
      Pages: 211 - 213
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12604
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Beatrice Alfonzetti, Felicità e letteratura a Venezia. Maffei, Conti,
           Goldoni

    • Authors: Alessandra Di Ricco
      Pages: 215 - 216
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12722
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Per Pippin Aspaas, László Kontler, Maximilian Hell (1720–92) and the
           Ends of Jesuit Science in Enlightenment Europe

    • Authors: Franz L. Fillafer
      Pages: 217 - 219
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-13067
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Alberto Escalante Varona, La Escuela de Cruz. Textos y autores del teatro
           popular en el Madrid ilustrado

    • Authors: Claudia García-Minguillán
      Pages: 221 - 223
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12613
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Jeffrey David Burson, The culture of enlightening. Abbé Claude Yvon and
           the entangled emergence of Enlightenment

    • Authors: Valentina Lepore
      Pages: 225 - 227
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12479
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Tommaso Carrafiello, La biblioteca di Berardo Galiani. Vicende storiche e
           catalogo commentato, con un approfondimento sugli inediti galianei

    • Authors: Mariella Magliani
      Pages: 229 - 231
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12573
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Carlo Goldoni, Drammi comici per musica IV. 1756-1758

    • Authors: Lorenzo Mattei
      Pages: 233 - 234
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12556
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Patrick Leech, Cosmopolitanism, dissent and translation. Translating
           radicals in eighteenth-century Britain and France

    • Authors: Francesca Piselli
      Pages: 235 - 237
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.36253/ds-12563
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
 
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