Publisher: California Polytechnic State University   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Between the Species
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1945-8487
Published by California Polytechnic State University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Jati Kutta: the street dog, the servant, and me

    • Authors: Lisa Warden PhD
      Abstract: Caste, class, race, and species collide in this narrative nonfiction piece about an injured street dog, his foreign rescuer, and her Dalit housekeeper in Ahmedabad, India.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:40 PDT
  • Review of Federico Zuolo's Animals, Political Liberalism and Public

    • Authors: Josh Milburn
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:37 PDT
  • Review of How to Count Animals, more or less

    • Authors: Benjamin A. Elmore
      Abstract: In How to Count Animals, more or less, Shelly Kagan sketches and argues for a hierarchical account of moral status. Although the book is fairly lengthy at 304 pages of text, Kagan is correct in calling it a sketch, since what this book provides us with is a foray into one aspect that a comprehensive ethical theory must include, in his view, if it is to be plausible. Even so, the work that he does, if one accepts hierarchy, opens up many different avenues to be further pursued in animal ethics.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:33 PDT
  • Skill or Slaughter in ‘Fair Chase:’ What does Animal Resistance Tell
           us about Modern Sports Hunting

    • Authors: Erica von Essen et al.
      Abstract: In philosophy of sport, the internal justification for sports hunting is often that the chase empowers hunters to become skilled performers. However, this internal justification for sport hunting is challenged by two factors. One is the growing awareness that the hunted non-human animals themselves are skilled performers, demonstrating agency is resisting their hunters. Another is that recent developments in hunting practice undermine the internal justification by reducing the necessity for hunters to refine their performance skills, in effect allowing them to rely on technology and shortcuts in place of sportsmanship. Both factors reveal important justificatory deficits in modern sports hunting as closer to slaughter than skill.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:27 PDT
  • Animal Morality: Control Without Reflective Self-Awareness

    • Authors: Sabina M. Schrynemakers
      Abstract: Non-human animals can act morally by acting on the basis of moral emotions such as concern without being morally responsible in the sense of deserving praise or blame. They can unconsciously select from different motivations and so have the requisite control over their behavior for moral normativity yet lack awareness of their reasons as reasons and so lack the self-reflection and understanding required for full moral responsibility. This is an alternative to Mark Rowlands’ compatibilist construal of non-human animals as moral subjects.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:22 PDT
  • Arguing for Vegetarianism: (symbolic) ingestion and the (inevitable)
           absent referent — intersecting Jacques Derrida and Carol J. Adams

    • Authors: Mariana Almeida Pereira
      Abstract: In this paper I draw together the notion of the absent referent as proposed by Carol J. Adams, and the notions of literal and symbolical sacrifice by eating the other — or ingestion — advanced by Jacques Derrida, to characterize how animals are commonly perceived, which ultimately forbids productive arguments for vegetarianism. I discuss animals as being literally and definitionally absent referents, and I argue, informed by Derrida’s philosophy, that it is impossible to aim at turning them into present referents without reinforcing symbolic ingestion by linking symbolic ingestion to epistemic appropriation or conceptualization. With this, I highlight the ethical importance of discussing symbolic ingestion in animal philosophy.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:17 PDT
  • A naturalistic ethic supporting a vegan diet

    • Authors: Michael Morris
      Abstract: Nutritional evidence suggests that a vegan diet is the most adaptive one for humans. An ethical principle based on following our biological nature (naturalistic ethic) could therefore provide additional support for a vegan diet. However, some argue that humans in the natural world could not eat a vegan diet, since it relies on supplements, particularly vitamin B12. This leads to the conclusion that humans are naturally omnivores, and therefore our natural diet should include small amounts of animal products.Three approaches to this conclusion are discussed. The first rejects a naturalistic ethic in favour of normative principles based on animal sentience. The second expands the definition of what is natural and argues that there is nothing unnatural about taking supplements.The third approach maintains a stronger naturalistic claim that the vegan diet is both completely natural and is the most adaptive for optimising human health. This can be used as the basis for vegan advocacy. It can also encourage a research programme to fill the gaps in our nutritional knowledge.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:11 PDT
  • Imagine: A Critical Examination of Activist Methods

    • Authors: lisa kemmerer
      Abstract: Activists perpetually seek new methods for confronting, reducing, and ultimately ending animal/anymal exploitation. Powerful industries repeatedly work to shut down every means that activists adopt. Through creative analogy, this piece facilitates critical analysis of one of the contemporary movement’s most popular methods of direct action.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:06 PDT
  • "Porphyry, the Argument from Species Overlap, and Rationality"

    • Authors: Daniel A. Dombrowski
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:36:01 PDT
  • Extending the Impairment Argument to Sentient Non-Human Animals

    • Authors: Christopher A. Bobier
      Abstract: I defend a new argument against raising and killing sentient non-human animals for food: It is immoral to non-lethally impair sentient non-human animals for pleasure, and since raising and killing sentient animals for gustatory pleasure impairs them to a much greater degree, that also is immoral. This argument is structurally analogous to Perry Hendricks’s impairment argument for the immorality of abortion. Proponents of the anti-abortion argument have to be, on grounds of moral consistency, proponents of the anti-meat eating argument: the very same considerations they appeal to to justify their anti-abortion impairment argument apply to the impairment argument against raising and killing sentient non-human animals for food. I explain how the argument defended here is distinct from other pro-vegan, pro-vegetarian arguments.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2022 19:35:55 PDT
  • A Critique of Scanlon on the Scope of Morality

    • Authors: Benjamin A. Elmore
      Abstract: In this essay, I argue that contractualism, even when it is actually used to construe our moral duties towards non-human animals, does not do so naturally. We can infer from our experiences with companion animals that we owe moral duties to them because of special relationships we are in with them. We can further abstract that we owe general moral duties to non-human animals because they are the kinds of beings that we can have relationships with, and because of the capacities that make possible this relational capacity. This type of approach better explains our duties to non-human animals and other non-rational beings than does the trustee account that Scanlon leaves room for in his contractualism.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:51:04 PDT
  • Review of Against Nature

    • Authors: Kyle Johannsen
      Abstract: Lorraine Daston's Against Nature seeks to explain why, in spite of compelling objections to the contrary, human beings continue to invest nature with moral authority. More specifically, she claims that our propensity to moralize nature is traceable in part to human nature. Though I criticize Daston for not paying adequate attention to John Stuart Mill's narrow sense of 'nature', I also highly recommend her book.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:51:01 PDT
  • Review of Andy Lamey's Duty and the Beast: Should We Eat Meat in the
           Name of Animal Rights'

    • Authors: Angus Taylor
      Abstract: In Duty and the Beast, Andy Lamey confronts arguments for what he calls new omnivorism – recent arguments that profess to undermine the moral injunction against eating meat that is so prominent in the animal protection (animal rights) movement. Instead of rejecting animal protection as such, the new critics claim that in the pursuit of this objective the consumption of some meat is permissible or even obligatory.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:50:55 PDT
  • Review of Lori Gruen's Critical Terms for Animal Studies

    • Authors: Angus Taylor
      Abstract: Review of Critical Terms for Animal Studies, edited by Lori Gruen
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:50:52 PDT
  • Review of Sister Species: Women, Animals, and Social Justice

    • Authors: Marine Lercier
      Abstract: What do we have in common with animals, and what do these women have in common' We are Sister Species, if not sisters at all. Lisa Kemmerer invites us to realize that we are more alike than different and to become aware of what our animal brothers and especially sisters experience: the suffering they endure because of our absurd inconsistencies and oppositions - even within the animal rights movement, often unbeknownst to us. The goal: more effective discourse and action, educating us to the other in the face of a norm imposed by a power, a discourse of normalization in a white, patriarchal society. Ten years after its publication, this book is still as topical as ever. The issues raised have not been resolved and the fundamental problems outlined regarding the interconnection of oppressions are still very much present. It contains powerful narratives of life and humanity - in the broad and compassionate sense of the word. Sister Species, edited by Lisa Kemmerer, focuses on women, animals, and social justice.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:50:48 PDT
  • Humans, Elves, and Greenland Sharks: Against Kagan’s Distributive
           Argument for Hierarchical Moral Status

    • Authors: Dustin R. Crummett
      Abstract: Shelly Kagan argues that “unitarianism,” the claim that animals and humans have equal moral status, has intuitively implausible distributive implications. I argue that Kagan’s reasoning can, with certain modifications, be applied equally well to undermine his own view, and that the responses Kagan can make to this modified reasoning are also available to the unitarian responding to Kagan’s original argument. Accordingly, Kagan cannot consistently hold his own view while also endorsing his main against unitarianism.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:50:42 PDT
  • Noble Animals, Brutish Animals

    • Authors: Marcus William Hunt
      Abstract: The paper begins with a description of a grey seal performing conspecific infanticide. The paper then gives an account of “nobleness” and “brutishness.” Roughly, a behavioural-disposition is noble/brutish if it is one that would be a moral virtue/vice if the possessor of the behavioural-disposition were a moral agent. The paper then advances two pairs of axiological claims. The first pair of claims is that nobleness is good and that brutishness is bad. The second pair of claims is about an axiological interaction between nobleness/brutishness and well-being. That any non-human animal lacks well-being is bad. Yet, it is worse that a noble non-human animal lacks well-being, and not so bad that a brutish non-human animal lacks well-being. Lastly, the paper discusses some potential moral implications of these axiological claims, for instance that factory farming is especially wrong because it causes noble non-human animals to lack well-being.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:50:36 PDT
  • Netting Nemo: A Moral Ontology for the Scaled and Slimy

    • Authors: Zachary Piso
      Abstract: Here I develop an ontology of aquarium fish that articulates the relationships that many fishkeepers hold with their fish and considers how these relationships generate moral responsibilities. The investigation explores the norms already regulating hobbyist discourse and practice, charting the values that are cited to justify recommendations and restrictions and demonstrating how morally responsible fishkeeping participates in a particular moral ontology. Principally I aim to show that the subject of moral consideration in fishkeeping is rarely the individual fish and only sometimes the fish species, but paradigmatically the “community tank.” In getting fish, one has responsibilities to pair compatible species and create a community. From that point onward, having fish is a matter of caring for that community, keeping fish a matter of sustaining the ecological relations that bind the community.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:50:30 PDT
  • Wild Animal Suffering and the Laissez-Faire Intuition

    • Authors: Beka Jalagania
      Abstract: Are we required to assist wild animals suffering due to natural causes' The laissez-faire intuition (LFI) says that we are not. On this view, although we may have special duties to assist wild animals, there are no general requirements to care for them. In this article I critically examine the origins of the LFI and assess its reliability. In particular, I attempt to provide answers to the questions such as how people who have come to endorse this intuition form it and whether it is a genuine moral intuition. I conclude that the LFI is the result of various external factors that influence and overpower people’s genuine intuitive moral judgment and for that reason it should not be trusted.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:50:24 PDT
  • Torture and the Corrida

    • Authors: Andrew Brei
      Abstract: In recent years the debate over the moral status of bullfighting has been focused on whether or not it should be characterized as a form of torture. Francis Wolff has argued that it should not be, and Gabriel Andrade has claimed that it should be. But in my view neither author adequately defines bullfighting or torture. In this essay I have three goals. The first is to provide an adequate account of bullfighting, including its structure and meaning. The second is to define the necessary conditions for torture. And the third is to show that bullfighting meets those conditions. Thus, any defense of bullfighting must be a justification of that form of torture.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:50:18 PDT
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