Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing   (Total: 230 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 230 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advances in Aerospace Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Biological Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Breast Cancer Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 109)
Advances in Computed Tomography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Entomology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Internet of Things     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in J.ism and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Literary Study     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Lung Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Sexual Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
American J. of Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
American J. of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American J. of Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archaeological Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Art and Design Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Beijing Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CellBio     Open Access  
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Communications and Network     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Computational Molecular Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Creative Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Current Urban Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Energy and Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Graphene     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Green and Sustainable Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
iBusiness     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
InfraMatics     Open Access  
Intelligent Control and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intelligent Information Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Analytical Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Intl. J. of Clean Coal and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Intelligence Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Internet and Distributed Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Intl. J. of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Organic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Analytical Sciences, Methods and Instrumentation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Applied Mathematics and Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Behavioral and Brain Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Biophysical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Biosciences and Medicines     Open Access  
J. of Building Construction and Planning Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
J. of Cancer Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Computer and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Data Analysis and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Diabetes Mellitus     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Financial Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Geoscience and Environment Protection     Open Access  
J. of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Immune Based Therapies, Vaccines and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Information Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
J. of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Mathematical Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Power and Energy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Quantum Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Service Science and Management     Open Access  
J. of Software Engineering and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Transportation Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
J. of Tuberculosis Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Water Resource and Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Low Carbon Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materials Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Microscopy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Modern Chemotherapy     Open Access  
Modern Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Modern Instrumentation     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
Modern Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 66)
Modern Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Modern Research in Catalysis     Open Access  
Modern Research in Inflammation     Open Access  
Natural Resources     Open Access  
Natural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Neuroscience & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
New J. of Glass and Ceramics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Accounting     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Acoustics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Open J. of Air Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Open J. of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Open J. of Apoptosis     Open Access  
Open J. of Applied Biosensor     Open Access  
Open J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Open J. of Biophysics     Open Access  
Open J. of Blood Diseases     Open Access  
Open J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Open J. of Clinical Diagnostics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Composite Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Open J. of Depression     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Discrete Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Earthquake Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Energy Efficiency     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Fluid Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Open J. of Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Gastroenterology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Genetics     Open Access  
Open J. of Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Open J. of Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Open J. of Leadership     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Open J. of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open J. of Medical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Medical Psychology     Open Access  
Open J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Metal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Microphysics     Open Access  
Open J. of Modelling and Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open J. of Modern Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open J. of Modern Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Molecular and Integrative Physiology     Open Access  
Open J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Optimization     Open Access  
Open J. of Organ Transplant Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Organic Polymer Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open J. of Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Open J. of Physical Chemistry     Open Access  
Open J. of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open J. of Polymer Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Open J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access  
Open J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Open J. of Respiratory Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open J. of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Safety Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Open J. of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Open J. of Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open J. of Stomatology     Open Access  
Open J. of Synthesis Theory and Applications     Open Access  

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International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology
Number of Followers: 11  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2168-5436 - ISSN (Online) 2168-5444
Published by Scientific Research Publishing Homepage  [230 journals]
  • Retrospective evaluation of laboratory findings of suspected paediatric
           COVID-19 patients with positive and negative RT-PCR

    • Authors: Eda Yaman, Bulut Demirel, Abdurrahman Yilmaz, Sema Avci, Lukasz Szarpak
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: It was observed that the new coronavirus disease had a different clinical course in children compared to adults. Fewer cases and deaths have been reported in children.   MATERIAL AND METHODS: All children with suspected COVID-19 who applied to a secondary health care centre were included in this study and blood parameters were compared according to Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) results. This study is a retrospective, cross-sectional study and was conducted by accessing the hospital records of 40 paediatric patients aged 0–16 years. RT-PCR test was performed by isolating Viral RNA with RNA Isolation System after oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal sam­ples were taken from patients with appropriate sterile swabs and transferred to tubes containing SNP Viral Inactivation Solution. All statistical calculations were done with SPSS 23.0 (SPSS for Windows, Chicago, IL, SA). Mean values of continuous variables were compared between groups using the Mann-Whitney U test.   RESULTS: The results were evaluated as 95% confidence interval and p-value < 0.05 and were considered statistically significant. In the light of the blood results of a small number of paediatric cases who applied, the authors tried to determine the parameters that could increase the success in diagnosis in asymptomatic paediatric cases. C-Reactive Protein, ID-dimer (quantitative), leukocytes, monocytes, sodium, mean platelet volume levels were found to be significantly different between the patients with positive and negative COVID test results.   CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study reveal that the use of leukocytopenia, monocytopenia and mean platelet volume elevation as diagnostic markers may increase diagnostic success, especially in asymptomatic paediatric COVID-19 patients.
      PubDate: 2021-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Effect of physical fatigue and smoking cigarettes on the CPR effectiveness
           performed by soldiers

    • Authors: Beata Zysiak-Christ, Joanna Pieczynska
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The witness of the event plays an important role in the diagnosis of cardiac arrest in the victim. Taking quick actions to restore basic life functions is the essence of pre-hospital assistance, and this applies not only to civilian conditions but also to combat operations. During extraordinary occurrences and civil-military cooperation, the soldier’s physical fitness and the ability to perform cardiopulmonary resus­citation effectively give a better chance to save the cardiac arrest victim’s life. The study aimed to assess the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by soldiers before and after physical activity, taking account of smoking by the examined persons.   MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-four soldiers took part in the study. The assessment included a 2-minute CPR performance by the soldier before and after physical activity in the Tactical Field Care zone. The Little Anne phantom was used to record CPR quality. Among the examined soldiers, 20% were active smokers.   RESULTS: The research showed that the average CPR effectiveness before exercise was significantly higher than after combat operations (75% vs. 73%). The research also demonstrated that, physical fatigue signifi­cantly reduced the rate of chest compressions and the percentage of full chest recoil during CPR. Smoking had no significant effect on the quality of CPR performance. The quality of performance of the CPR compo­nents correlated with Body Mass Index (BMI), age, and time since the last training completion.   CONCLUSIONS: The quality of CPR performance after combat exercise is lower than before the physical fa­tigue. While smoking does not affect CPR performance quality, other factors such as BMI, age, and time since the last training completion are relevant in this context.
      PubDate: 2021-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and acute
           inflammatory markers in hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection

    • Authors: Teodoro J. Oscanoa, José Amado, Rawia A. Ghashut, Roman Romero-Ortuno
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: There is experimental and clinical evidence that the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvita­min D [25(OH)D)] may decrease in acute systemic inflammatory responses; in this context, low values may not necessarily indicate a pre-existing deficiency. This may also apply to low 25(OH)D levels found in the context of the systemic inflammatory response caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection. To conduct a systematic review of the relationship between serum 25(OH)D and the concentrations of C-re­active protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor a (TNF-a) in acutely hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.   MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for studies published between January 2020 and February 2021. In each study, the au­thors compared levels of inflammatory markers between patients reported as having low levels of 25(OH) D and those above the study cut-off. RESULTS: 18 studies were included (n = 3482, mean age 63.5 ± 9.3 years, 56.9% men). The cut-off for the definition of low 25(OH)D varied across studies. In all studies, mean values for inflammatory markers were higher in the low 25(OH)D groups. These differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05) in 6/15 studies with CRP, 4/8 with IL-6 and 0/1 with TNF-a.   CONCLUSIONS: Markers of acute systemic inflammatory response were elevated in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection and low concentrations of 25(OH)D. Therefore, the vitamin D status in those patients should be interpreted with caution, and studies should be designed to assess whether hypovitaminosis D could be an epiphenomenon.
      PubDate: 2021-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Effect of rocuronium on the heart rate and arterial blood pressure during
           combined general anaesthesia

    • Authors: Urszula Kosciuczuk, Paulina Gluszynska, Inna Diemieszczyk, Aleksander Lukaszewicz, Krzysztof Bauer, Maciej Kokoszko, Lukasz Szarpak, Jerzy Robert Ladny, Hady Razak Hady
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Additional mechanisms of neuromuscular blocking agents action create the haemodynamic condition during general anaesthesia. The aim was to investigate the effect of rocuronium on haemodynamic parameters during combined general anaesthesia.   MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two groups: Group I underwent combined anaesthesia with rocuronium and Group II — combined anaesthesia without any muscle relaxants. Haemodynamic parameters: heart rate, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure were recorded before anaesthesia, at the end of rocuronium infusion, and after recovery from anaesthesia.   RESULTS: In both groups, the values of the median heart rate, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure recorded before and after anaesthesia were similar and did not differ significantly. In Group I, significant reduction in heart rate in the end of rocuronium infusion [74 (61–103)], (p = 0.01) and after recovery from anesthesia [71 (53–100)], (p = 0.03), compared to the value before anesthesia [81 (56–104)], were demonstrated. Additionally, significant reduction in systolic [130 (96–169); 114 (92–144)], (p = 0.04), diastolic [80 (54–109); 73 (47–99)], (p = 0.01), and mean [95 (72–106); 85 (68–109)], (p = 0.02) arterial blood pressure in the end of rocuronium infusion were noticed. The values of systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure after recovery from anaesthesia significantly increased in relation to the values observed in the end of the rocuronium infusion [129 (96–181)], (p = 0.01); [78 (47–107)], (p = 0.03); [93 (63–107)], (p = 0.03).   CONCLUSIONS: The vagolytic effect was not observed during general anaesthesia with rocuronium. The changes in heart rate and blood pressure were associated with the rocuronium infusion and were normalized after recovery from anaesthesia.
      PubDate: 2021-07-20
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Warming the oxygen with the rescuer’s body as a possible method of heat
           loss prevention in a prehospital setting. Initial report

    • Authors: Tomasz Kłosiewicz, Radosław Zalewski, Magdalena Wieczorek, Joanna Fąferek, Maciej Sip, Leszek Różański, Ewa Stachowska
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Discomfort from cold is a significant problem for trauma victims. Prehospital treatment of a hypothermic patient is hugely challenging for medical rescue teams. Preventing heat loss is a basic treatment in all levels of care. The main aim objective of this report was to examine the influence of low ambient temperature on cooling oxygen in a rescue set and to check whether heating the oxygen tube with the rescuer’s body is a legitimate method.   MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the control test, an oxygen tube was disposed of across a styrofoam board, whereas a study group was an oxygen tube hidden underneath the paramedic’s jacket. A thermographic camera was used to define oxygen’s temperature in different parts of the medical setting. The research was carried out in the winter season in the natural environment, which was comparable to the regular work conditions of the services.   RESULTS: In a control group, the oxygen temperature in an oxygen mask was similar to the ambient temperature. This research has found that warming up an oxygen tube underneath the paramedic’s jacket resulted in a 12.9 degree increase in temperature in an oxygen mask.   CONCLUSIONS: Keeping the oxygen tube underneath a jacket may serve as an additional method of preventing patients’ heat loss. The authors express the need for further research on providing hypothermic patients with warm oxygen. The authors believe that introducing such an easy method of warming up the oxygen may positively influence treatment results and give rise to a discussion on the presented method.
      PubDate: 2021-07-20
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • The role and significance of 112 emergency health services in treatment
           and guidance in mass food poisoning cases

    • Authors: Semih Korkut, Nurhayat Baskaya, Elif Arslan, Sakir Omur Hincal, Kenan Ahmet Turkdogan
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: 112 emergency health services send the same types of cases to different hospitals and receive the first information, have a comprehensive knowledge on these cases and inform all the hospitals simultaneously.   AIM: In this study, our aim is to share with the literature through anticholinergic food poisoning cases that it is possible to prevent delays in examination and treatment and to prevent information pollution when 112 emergency health services.   MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 213 mass food poisoning cases which occurred between December 1 and 7, 2019 and which were taken to 14 hospitals with 112 emergency health services. File information of 69 of these cases were reached; in addition to demographic characteristics such as age and gender, physical examination findings such as blood pressure, pulse, skin-eye and consciousness states, laboratory values, hospitalization times, in which units the cases were followed and the duration of admission to the hospital after meals were noted.   RESULTS: Of the 69 cases, 42 were found to have skin findings, 37 were found to have mydriasis and 12 were found to have agitation and/or confusion. The duration of admission to hospital after meal was found as 6.5 (4.5–10.0) hours. 60 (87.0%) of the patients were followed in the emergency room, 4 (5.8%) were followed in the internal medicine service and 5 (7.2%) were followed in the intensive care.   CONCLUSIONS: When the crisis team of 112 emergency health services is alert, they can categorize the event, prevent the chaos in the emergency service of hospitals with correct triage and thus with the process of understanding the event, examination and treatment process becomes more executable.
      PubDate: 2021-07-14
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Validation of Recognition of Stroke in the Emergency Room scale in Turkish
           population and comparison of its efficiency with Face-Arm-Speech Test

    • Authors: Nurdan Yılmaz Şahin, Mehmet Okumuş, Isa Baspınar, Burak Demirci, Ahmet Çelik
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Various risk scores were developed to recognize acute stroke easily and to start treatment right away in the emergency departments. Although the Recognition of Stroke in the Emergency Room (ROSIER) score used for this purpose is indicated better than the other scoring systems, it is expressed that it will be able to have social differentiations. In this study, we targeted to research validation of the ROSIER scale and to compare its efficiency with Face-Arm-Speech Test (FAST), another stroke diagnosis method, for the patients who applied to the emergency department with the stroke or transient ischemic attack symptoms.   MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients who reported to the emergency department with the suggestive symptoms or findings of stroke and were above 18 years of age were included in the study. The study forms were filled out by the emergency medicine specialist or the senior emergency medical assistant after the patients were evaluated, and then they were consulted by the neurology specialist. The final diagnosis, which was established after the clinical evaluation and necessary imaging done by the neurology specialists, was accepted as a standard reference.   RESULTS: A total of 335 patients, including 168 (50.1%) females, were included in the study. The sensitivity was 68.5%, specificity was 79.0%, Positive Predictive Value (PPV) was 78.7%, NPV (Negative Predictive Value) was 68.9%, and test validity was 73.4% for the ROSIER scale. For the FAST scale the sensitivity was 63.5%, specificity was 88.5%, PPV was 86.3%, NPV was 68.1%, and test validity was 75.2%.   CONCLUSION: In the present study, it was seen that the ROSIER scale could be used in separating the patients with CVO (cerebrovascular accident) from the patients who applied with the similar clinical findings. However, FAST was superior because its specificity and PPV were higher and its practicability was easier than the ROSIER.
      PubDate: 2021-07-12
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
  • Assessment of the homophobic attitudes of the emergency department
           professionals: descriptive survey study

    • Authors: Mehmet Murat Oktay, Mustafa Boğan, Mustafa Sabak, Hasan Sultanoğlu, Hüseyin Narcı
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Homophobia can be defined as fear, hatred, discrimination, and even violent feelings and behaviors developed towards individuals with sexual orientations different to other individuals of the same sex. Our study was conducted to assess the levels of homophobia among emergency medicine specialists, practitioners, nurses, and other health care professionals working in the emergency department (ED).   MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out as a descriptive survey study in Gaziantep, Turkey, between July 7, 2018 and August 30, 2018. The data was collected using a Google survey form link sent to volunteers via mobile phone.   RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 30.85 ± 7 (20–53) years. While 77.5% (n = 117) of the volunteers who participated in the study worked in state hospitals, 11.3% (n = 17) worked in a private hospital. The Cronbach’s Alpha value was calculated as 92.3 and the scale average score as 85.42 ± 12.33 as a result of the evaluation of the Likert-type scale. While 69 (45.7%) people were lower in homophobia, 82 (54.3%) were higher in homophobia. A difference in attitudes towards homosexuals was only observed between those who had a homosexual friend or acquaintance and those who did not (p = 0.009). Accordingly, those with homosexual friends were determined to be less homophobic. On the other hand, it was observed that those with a homosexual acquaintance and those with no homosexual acquaintances were more homophobic.   CONCLUSION: In our study, it was shown that emergency medicine specialists and other health professionals working in the ED exhibit high levels of homophobic attitudes and behaviors. Including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex (LGBT-I) health problems in in-service trainings may contribute to the improvement of homophobic attitudes.
      PubDate: 2021-07-12
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2021)
       
 
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