Publisher: Danube-University Krems   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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eJ. of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
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eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2075-9517 - ISSN (Online) 2075-9517
Published by Danube-University Krems Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Editorial JeDEM Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)

    • Authors: Anneke Zuiderwijk, Noella Edelmann, Margarita Fourer, Shefali Virkar
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.750
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
  • Towards Identifying Factors Influencing Mobile Government Adoption: An
           Exploratory Literature Review

    • Authors: Gregor Eibl, Thomas Lampoltshammer, Lucy Temple
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: Mobile government enhances public sector activities by using mobile technologies, such as handheld devices, smartphones, and laptops that promise anytime, anywhere services. Mobile government solutions are successful if many users adopt them. For this reason, the determinant factors of adoption are extremely important. Despite many studies conducted by various researchers in the field of mobile government adoption, most have focused on technology or e-government adoption models as their basis. To fill this gap, the paper collects possible driving factors, grouped into key factors, for mobile government adoption. The systematic literature review, which included 54 journal articles, led to the identification of 12 key factors affecting mobile government adoption, comprising 87 components. Some of these replicate previously identified factors in technology and e-government adoption models, yet the literature presented us with new specifics in mobile and government, such as the benefits that mobility brings and the influence of trust on adoption.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.693
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
  • Publishers Working with Open Government Data: A Work Framework

    • Authors: Jonathan Cruose, Karin Ahlin
      Pages: 19 - 49
      Abstract: This paper presents an Open Government Data (OGD) publisher framework, with work roles, field of work, and environmental descriptions. Previous knowledge about publishers' work is fragmented, with gaps and variations, indicating a high level of complexity with variations in approaches and processes. A two-stage research approach, based on Design Science Research, was used to synthesize the publisher framework. First, a tentative framework was synthesized from previous research, empirical material, and public documents. Second, it was reviewed by informed OGD experts, as well as researchers attending a work conference, and evaluated in two international contexts. As a result, the publisher framework includes environments, social units, and fields of work. The publisher framework is ready to be evaluated in other international contexts, where as, practitioners can use it to inform their work.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.688
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
  • Considering the Reluctance to Adopt Open Data in German Public
           Administration: An Exploration of Individual Innovation-Decisions

    • Authors: Yanik Elixmann, Juliane Jarke
      Pages: 50 - 71
      Abstract: This article examines different forms of rejecting Open Data by administrative staff in German public administrations. The starting point for our study, was the observation that the diffusion of Open Data in Germany has been rather restrained in practice, despite potential advantages and strong political commitment. For this purpose, individual innovation-decision processes of administrative staff were examined. The paper is based on semi-structured interviews with experienced Open Data experts and provides insights into rejecting or negative attitudes as well as resistance to Open Data by administrative employees and thus, provides explanations for the reluctance such as perceived high risks associated with the implementation of Open Data. At the same time, experiences regarding barriers, like an insufficient technical framework for Open Data are presented. This provides important insights on how to address negative attitudes and opposition to Open Data effectively.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.681
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
  • Towards Identifying Social Factors behind (In)Efficiency of Voting
           Security Measures

    • Authors: Jan Willemson
      Pages: 72 - 85
      Abstract: Abstract: In this paper, we take a look at some standard requirements set to voting, and measures to achieve them. We argue that while the measures themselves are typically technical or organizational, their (in)efficiency is often determined by social factors. As the requirements set to voting are contradictory, every society will have to make trade-offs between them. Our analysis shows that one reason why some potential vulnerabilities are perceived as acceptable residual risks in some societies may be that, there simply is no tradition of abusing these vulnerabilities in this particular society. We identify a number of societal parameters, categorize them and study their effect on the (perceived) security of the respective measures.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.673
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Liquid Proposal Facing Democratic Challenges

    • Authors: Jorge Francisco Aguirre Sala
      Pages: 86 - 103
      Abstract: The objective is to show how Liquid Democracy intends to assume the sine qua non conditions of a true democracy and undertake the democratic challenges to achieve a good democratic quality. The conceptual analysis methodology reviews the origin and modalities of Liquid Democracy to evaluate it against the requirements indicated by Morlino and examine its possibilities through the challenges described by Linz and the dangers exposed by Levitsky and Ziblatt. The results present the level of quality attainable by liquid modalities. In contemporary conditions, the analysis also detects the confusion of Liquid Democracy with Electronic Democracy and the risks that both have acquiring technocracy seeking technopolitics. The originality of the analysis includes links to patterns of algorithmic democracy and artificial intelligence. In conclusion the article shows the value of the liquid model and elements of its political and communicative quality. The conclusions also point to some opportunities to improve democracy.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.692
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
  • Social Media in Politics: Interrogating Electorate-Driven Hate Speech in
           Nigeria's 2019 Presidential Campaigns

    • Authors: Agaptus Nwozor, Olanrewaju O. P. Ajakaiye, Onjefu Okidu, Alex Olanrewaju, Oladiran Afolabi
      Pages: 104 - 129
      Abstract: Social media has become an indispensable and dominant means of communication and dissemination of information worldwide. This paper focuses on the use of Facebook by political supporters and electorates to canvass for support for their preferred presidential candidates in the 2019 general elections and the underlying hate speech that emanated therefrom. In this context, this paper seeks to critically evaluate how political supporters and electorates used the instrumentality of Facebook to share hate messages during the 2019 presidential election and its impact on Nigeria’s political space. The results of this paper indicate widespread dissemination of hate comments by political supporters and electorates in the furtherance of their support for their preferred presidential candidates. The paper advocates responsible use of Facebook in electioneering and the imperative of regulation to guard against the circulation of hate electoral comments that could heat up the political arena and trigger electoral violence.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.683
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
  • Responsible Artificial Intelligence in Government: Development of a Legal
           Framework for South Africa

    • Authors: Dirk Brand
      Pages: 130 - 150
      Abstract: Various international guideline documents suggest a human-centric approach to the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) in society, to ensure that AI products are developed and used with due respect to ethical principles and human rights. Key principles contained in these international documents are: transparency (explainability), accountability, fairness and privacy. Some governments are using AI in the delivery of public services, but there is a lack of appropriate policy and legal frameworks to ensure responsible AI in government. This paper reviews recent international developments and concludes that, an appropriate policy and legal framework must be based on the key principles contextualised to the world of AI. A national legal framework alone is not sufficient and should be accompanied by a practical instrument, such as an algorithm impact assessment, aimed at reducing risk or harm. Recommendations for a possible South African legal framework for responsible AI in government are proposed.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.678
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
  • Social Media Adoption and Labor Migrants Protection: The Case of the
           Philippines’ Department of Foreign Affairs

    • Authors: Jovito Jose Katigbak
      Pages: 151 - 171
      Abstract: The Philippines is internationally recognized as a best practice in advancing migration governance despite its complex, yet comprehensive landscape of migration policies, norms and structures, and institutions. More recently, the rise of social media has created ripples across sectors and actors due to its transformational power. The country’s Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) acknowledged this development and commenced its social media adoption process in 2011 and has rapidly evolved to keep up with the changing environment. Key informant interviews with officials and staff from the DFA reveal, that the agency has opened accounts in key social media platforms and that, this undertaking was positively received by its employees. According to the Mergel and Bretschneider model, it can be characterized as belonging to Level 3: Institutionalization and Consolidation upon the release of DO No. 16-2014, which prescribes “Guidelines on the Use of Social Media Use by All Units and Personnel of the DFA”. The cited document laid out specific rules and regulations on key facets of social media practices, such as access, content management, personal use of SM by DFA personnel, compliance mechanism, and administrative liability. Nevertheless, the DFA's social media adoption process is still challenged by inadequate resources and lack of a central sub-office, absence of success metrics, and spurious reports.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
      DOI: 10.29379/jedem.v14i1.687
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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