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Reviews in Infection
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1837-6738 - ISSN (Online) 1837-6746
Published by Southern Cross Publishing Group Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Rastiundiagnosed HIV cases in accident and emergency unit of a Tertiary
           Health institution in south east Nigeria

    • Abstract: Ogbuagu C.N, Emejulu J.K.C, Ofiaeli R.O, Ogbuagu E.N, Onyenekwe O.N, Oguoma VM
      Objective: This study aimed at investigating the cases of Undiagnosed Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) amongst patients attending the Accident and Emergency (A&E) Unit of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH) to determine the prevalence and individual awareness of their sero-status.
      Method:Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) 1 and 2 screening was conducted on randomly selected conscious patients (mostly trauma) presenting to the Accident & Emmergency (A&E) unit of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH) using the STAT PAK™ (Chembio Diagnostic Systems Inc, USA) and Determine™ (Abbott Laboratories, IL, USA) kits for HIV 1 and 2, for a 6 month period, August 2008 - February 2009. Referrals were sent to the Virology Unit of the Health Institution for a further confirmation of the HIV 1 and 2 positive cases. Data accruing from the study was computed using SPSS Version 11.0. GraphPad StatMate™ 2.0 was used to calculate the Chi-square test using cross tabulations generated from SPSS.
      Results: Out of a total number 1497patients that presented in Accident and Emergency during the 6 month study period, 102 patients were randomly recruited for the study. Those positive for HIV were 24 (23.5%) while 78 (76.5%) were confirmed negative. The result shows that 17 (16.7%) males were positive for HIV which is higher than females 7 (6.9%). The age group 30 – 39 years had the highest number of positive cases of HIV 8 (7.8%) followed by 40 – 49 years 7 (6.9%); 20 – 29 years 5 (4.9%); 50 – 59 years 4 (3.9%); and finally with 60> years having no identified HIV positive case.
      Conclusion: Undiagnosed HIV infections constitute a significant proportion of Accident & Emergency Cases in our institution and thus a very important public health issue in Nigeria. The result of this finding has shown that a sizeable number of patients presenting in Accident & Emergency are HIV sero-positive and yet unaware of their status.

      PubDate: Fri, 19 Nov 2010 11:10:37 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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