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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access  
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
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Journal Cover Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy
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   ISSN (Print) 1110-6611
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Acu-tens improves lung function in patients with chronic bronchial asthma:
           a randomized placebo-controlled trial

    • Authors: Faten M Elnozhe, Nezar Rifaat
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Faten M Elnozhe, Nezar Rifaat
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):1-8
      Context Bronchial asthma greatly affects patient’s quality of life. Application of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on acupuncture is a promising noninvasive modality that may assist in controlling dyspnoea and improving lung function in those patients.Aims This study investigated the effect of Acu-TENS on lung function [forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC)] and the modified medical research council dyspnoea scale.Settings and design This study was conducted as a double-blind randomized controlled trial among 40 male patients diagnosed with moderate chronic bronchial asthma selected from Elmenia University Hospitals.Patients and methods Their ages ranged from 35 to 45 years with a mean value of 41.45±2.74 years. They were assigned randomly to two equal groups: the experimental (Acu-TENS) group, which received 45 min of Acu-TENS on bilateral Dingchuan acupoints three sessions/week for 4 weeks, and the control (placebo-TENS) group, which received 45 min of placebo-TENS 3 sessions/week for 4 weeks. Lung function was measured as FEV1 and FVC using a portable spirometer. Dyspnoea was measured using the modified medical research council dyspnoea scale. Assessment was carried out before and after 1 month of treatment.Results The results revealed that after treatment there was a significant improvement in FEV1, which increased by 15.08%, and FVC, which increased by 13.18%, in favour of the Acu-TENS group when compared with the control group (P=0.037 and 0.016 for FEV1 and FVC, respectively). However, there was no significant difference in the modified medical research council dyspnoea scale between the Acu-TENS group and the placebo-TENS group after treatment (P=0.343).Conclusion It was concluded that Acu-TENS on bilateral Ding Chuan acupoints for 4 weeks is an effective approach for improving lung function (FEV1 and FVC).
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):1-8
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-6611.209873
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic field on pain and nerve conduction
           velocity in patients with diabetic neuropathy

    • Authors: Kadrya Battecha
      Pages: 9 - 14
      Abstract: Kadrya Battecha
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):9-14
      Background Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common and disabling complication of diabetes mellitus.Aim The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy.Settings and design A total of 30 patients with diabetic neuropathy from both sexes were selected from the Outpatient Clinic of Diabetes Mellitus, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, with age ranging from 40 to 50 years. They were divided into two equal groups: PEMF group (group A) and control group (group B).Materials and methods Group A received PEMF with frequency of 50 Hz and intensity of 20 G in addition to traditional physical therapy program. Group B received traditional physical therapy program only. The treatment program was conducted three times per week for 4 weeks. Measurements of pain intensity by visual analog scale and peroneal nerve conduction velocity by computerized electromyography device were done before and after treatment.Results Results revealed that there was a significant reduction of pain intensity and significant improvement of peroneal nerve conduction velocity (m/s) in both groups (P<0.05), with slightly in favor of group A.Conclusion It could be concluded that PEMF combined with traditional physical therapy program has a positive effect on diabetic neuropathy symptoms.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):9-14
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-6611.209877
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Progressive pressure release versus dry needling on cervical latent
           trigger points

    • Authors: Mary K.N. Takla, Omnia A Atwa, Neveen A El-Latif
      Pages: 15 - 22
      Abstract: Mary K.N. Takla, Omnia A Atwa, Neveen A El-Latif
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):15-22
      Background Latent myofascial trigger points (L-MTrPs) may account for the development of muscle cramps, restricted joint range of motion, muscle weakness, and accelerated fatigability. Progressive pressure release (PPR) and dynamic deep dry needling (DDDN) are two recognized techniques used in the management of myofascial trigger points.Aim The aim of this study was to compare the effect of both PPR and DDDN on pain and range of motion in upper trapezius L-MTrPs.Setting and design Single-blinded randomized trial design was used, in which 60 pain-free participants with more than two L-MTrPs in the upper trapezius were allocated randomly to two equal groups. Primary measurement outcome included pressure pain threshold (PPT) using an electronic digital algometer. Secondary outcome included active cervical lateral flexion and rotation using a baseline bubble inclinometer. Data were collected before the first treatment and at the end of the 8-week trial.Participants and materials There were fibve dropouts. The PPR group included 28 participants who received passive stretch and PPR, and the DDDN group included 27 participants who received passive stretch and DDDN. Both groups received 3 sessions/week for eight consecutive weeks.Results The PPR group showed a significant increase in PPT values (P<0.01), cervical lateral flexion (P<0.006), and rotation (P<0.027) compared with the DDDN group.Conclusion Within the scope of our study, we have concluded that both techniques have been effective in increasing PPT, cervical lateral flexion, and rotation. However, the PPR technique has been considered to be superior to DDDN in the management of cervical L-MTrPs.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):15-22
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-6611.209874
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Relation between the prevelance of work-related musculoskeletal disorders
           and years of job experience among workers of Nag Hammadi sugar factory in
           Egypt

    • Authors: Rania N Karkousha, Haytham M Elhafeza
      Pages: 23 - 26
      Abstract: Rania N Karkousha, Haytham M Elhafeza
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):23-26
      Background Assessment of the level of exposure to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) risk factors can be an appropriate basis for planning and implementing an interventional ergonomics program in the workplace. This study was conducted among workers of Nag Hammadi sugar factory to investigate the relation between prevalence of WRSDs and years of job experience among factory workers.Materials and methods A total of 109 workers were selected from Nag Hammadi sugar factory and included in the study. The Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was used to study the prevalence of WMSDs.Results The statistical analysis has shown that there was no statistically significant difference of WMSDs prevalence in participants and years of job experience in all body regions except for upper back. Workers who have worked for 6–10 years showed a significant prevalence of upper back pain than those who worked less than 5 years (P<0.05).Conclusion Ergonomic interventions and education programmes that might improve the working conditions may be necessary to decrease upper back trouble in those worker population.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):23-26
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-6611.209876
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Cardiovascular performance in Egyptian obese children and adolescents

    • Authors: Soheir S RezkAllah, Gehan M Abd-El Maksoud, Bassant H El-Refaey
      Pages: 27 - 33
      Abstract: Soheir S RezkAllah, Gehan M Abd-El Maksoud, Bassant H El-Refaey
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):27-33
      Background/purpose Overweight and obesity during childhood and adolescence have been identified as a major health problem. In Egypt, increasing rates of obesity in children and adolescents are an emerging concern and have a great impact on the healthcare system. The aim of the study was to compare between nonobese and obese children and adolescents with respect to maximum oxygen consumption, resting heart rate, systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, pulse pressure, and mean arterial pressure (MAP).Participants A total of 360 children and adolescents, aged 7–18 years (the children were aged 7–12 years and adolescents were aged >12–18 years), participated in this study.Methods BMI was computed for all participants to categorize them into two groups: the nonobese group, which included normal-weight participants, and the obese group, which included overweight and obese participants. One-mile endurance run test was completed by all participants. Maximal oxygen consumption was predicted using a specific equation. Heart rate, systolic BP, diastolic BP, pulse pressure, and MAP were assessed at rest. Age differences were investigated in both groups.Results Significant differences in all measured variables were found between nonobese and obese groups (P<0.05). There was significant interaction effect between group and age on all measured variables (P<0.05).Conclusion Childhood and adolescence obesity affects cardiovascular performance. It decreases aerobic fitness and increases resting BP, heart rate, pulse pressure, and MAP. Adolescents are affected more than children.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):27-33
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-6611.209878
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Effect of pulsed electromagnetic therapy versus low-level laser therapy on
           bone mineral density in the elderly with primary osteoporosis: a
           randomized, controlled trial

    • Authors: Ashraf A.M. Abdelaal, Mona M Taha, Doaa I Amin, Amira H Draz
      Pages: 34 - 39
      Abstract: Ashraf A.M. Abdelaal, Mona M Taha, Doaa I Amin, Amira H Draz
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):34-39
      Background Osteoporosis is a major health problem in the elderly worldwide.Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the effect of low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (LFPEMFT) versus low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on bone mineral density (BMD) in osteoporotic elderly.Patients and methods A total of 60 participants with primary osteoporosis, aged 55–65 years, were randomly allocated into three groups: the LFPEMFT group (group I; n=20), the LLLT group (group II; n=20), and the control group (group III; n=20). Each treatment regimen was applied for 30 min, three times weekly for 3 months on the lumbar region. BMD was evaluated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.Results There were significant increases in BMD in groups I and II, whereas there was a nonsignificant increase in group III (P<0.001, 0.001, and 0.14 for groups I, II, and III, respectively). Between groups, there were significant differences in BMD but in favor of group I (P<0.001). The mean values and percentages of change in BMD were −1.94±0.76 and 39.48%, −2.63±0.49 and 16.79%, and −3.19±0.54 and 0.79% in groups I, II, and III, respectively.Conclusion LFPEMFT and LLLT are useful therapeutic procedures to increase BMD in osteoporotic elderly. Furthermore, LFPEMFT is more effective than LLLT in increasing BMD in the elderly with primary osteoporosis.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):34-39
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bfpt.bfpt_58_16
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Efficacy of class IV diode laser on pain and dysfunction in patients with
           knee osteoarthritis: a randomized placebo-control trial

    • Authors: Mohamed S Alayat, Mohamed M Ali
      Pages: 40 - 45
      Abstract: Mohamed S Alayat, Mohamed M Ali
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):40-45
      Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of class IV diode laser on knee pain and functions in patients with knee osteoarthritis.Patients and methods Fifty patients with a mean±SD) age of 55.68±8.88 years, height of 173.84±4.946 cm, weight of 83.86±5.28 kg, and BMI of 27.78±1.89 kg/cm2 were randomly assigned equally into two groups (25 patients in each group). Group I received a multiwave locked system laser plus exercises and group II received placebo laser plus exercises three times weekly for 4 weeks. Exercise program was applied for both groups three times weekly for 4 weeks. The exercises included range of motion, stretching, isometric, and isotonic resisted exercises to the quadriceps and hamstring muscles. Pain was evaluated using a visual analog scale and knee function by using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index of Osteoarthritis (WOMAC). Statistical analyses were performed to compare differences between baseline and post-treatment results for both groups.Results Visual analog scale and WOMAC were significantly decreased in both groups after 4 weeks of treatment, with a more significant decrease gained in group I (P>0.0001).Conclusion Class IV diode laser combined with exercise was more effective than exercise alone in the treatment of patients with knee osteoarthritis. Multiwave locked system laser combined with exercise effectively decreased pain and WOMAC as compared with the placebo laser plus exercises group.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):40-45
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-6611.209880
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Efficacy of feedback respiratory training on respiratory muscle strength
           and quality of life in children with spastic cerebral palsy: Randomized
           controlled trial

    • Authors: Basant Hamdy El-Refaey, Gehan Mosaad Abd-El Maksoud, Olfat Ibrahim Ali
      Pages: 46 - 52
      Abstract: Basant Hamdy El-Refaey, Gehan Mosaad Abd-El Maksoud, Olfat Ibrahim Ali
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):46-52
      Background/aim Respiratory muscle weakness and a low upper to lower chest diameter ratio are common respiratory dysfunction manifestations in children with cerebral palsy (CP), which negatively affect their quality of life. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of incentive spirometry (IS) training on these manifestations in those children.Materials and methods Totally, 30 children with spastic diplegic CP, aged between 6 and 12 years, were randomly assigned into two groups: the study group and the control group. Both groups received a traditional physical therapy program for 60 min. The study group received also IS training twice per session (15 min each). Children in both groups received 20 training sessions (five times/week for 4 weeks).Outcomes Respiratory muscle strength, ratio of upper to lower chest wall, gross motor function, and health-related quality of life were assessed before and after training.Results After training, significant improvements of maximal inspiratory pressure, maximal expiratory pressure, and ratio of upper to lower chest wall were obtained in the study group (P=0.002, 0.002, 0.005, respectively), whereas nonsignificant changes were obtained in the control group (P=0.719, 1, 0.284, respectively). In addition, a significant difference was observed between both groups in maximal inspiratory pressure, maximal expiratory pressure, but in favor of study group (P=0.001, 0.001, respectively), whereas there was a nonsignificant difference in the ratio of upper to lower chest wall, gross motor function, and health-related quality of life (P=0.279, 0.527, 0.876, respectively).Conclusion Feedback respiratory training improves respiratory muscle strength in spastic CP children.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):46-52
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bfpt.bfpt_65_16
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic wave versus low-level laser therapy in
           treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized trial

    • Authors: Eman Abd El Fatah Mohamed
      Pages: 53 - 58
      Abstract: Eman Abd El Fatah Mohamed
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):53-58
      Background Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as pain during menstruation, and it affects participation in daily activities.Objective This study was conducted to compare and add evidence between the effect of pulsed electromagnetic wave and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.Participants and methods A total of 50 female students complained of primary dysmenorrhea, with age ranging from 16 to 22 years and BMI from 18.5 to 25 kg/m2. They were divided randomly into two equal groups − group A comprised 25 female students who received Pulsed electromagnetic field, and group B comprised 25 female students who received LLLT. Samples of blood were taken before and after treatment to detect the level of prostaglandins in blood. Present pain intensity scale (Ppi) is used for the assessment of pain before and after treatment.Results There was a significant reduction (P<0.05), in prostaglandin level in both groups post-treatment; when comparing between groups there was no statistical significant difference (P>0.05), whereas there was a clinical difference in favor of group A. In addition, there was a statistically significant reduction (P=0.0001) post-treatment in Ppi scale in both groups. When comparing between both groups, there was a significant reduction (P=0.0001), in Ppi and this significant reduction was in favor of group A.Conclusion The results of this study suggested that both pulsed electromagnetic waves and LLLT are effective methods in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea, with better effects of pulsed electromagnetic waves than LLLT.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):53-58
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bfpt.bfpt_69_16
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Sagittal lumbar motion during sit-to-stand task and its relation to
           balance in chronic stroke patients

    • Authors: Nevein M.M. Gharib, Nagwa I Rehab, Soheir S Rezk-Allah
      Pages: 59 - 65
      Abstract: Nevein M.M. Gharib, Nagwa I Rehab, Soheir S Rezk-Allah
      Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):59-65
      Background and purpose Sit-to-stand (STS) task requires the ability to maintain balance while pivoting the body mass over the feet. Following stroke, the rising ability from the seated position is reduced because of difficulty in generating timing and sufficient force in muscles of the trunk and lower limbs to propel the body mass vertically. The aims of this study were to analyze the sagittal lumbar range of motion (ROM) during STS task, calculate the total time of the task, and investigate their relations to balance in patients with chronic stroke.Patients and methods Thirty male patients with chronic stroke (mean age: 51.2±3.75 years) were included in this study. They were divided into two equal groups (group I and group II). Group I had a mild degree of spasticity, whereas group II had a moderate degree in the affected lower limb. Lumbar ROM before and after buttock lift-off (LO) and the total time of STS were recorded using three-dimensional motion analysis system. Balance was assessed using Berg Balance Scale (BBS).Results The patients in group I showed a significant increase of lumbar ROM before (P=0.02) and after (P=0.03) buttock LO and also in BBS scores (P=0.0001) as compared with the patients in group II. However, there was a significant reduction in STS duration in favor to group I compared with group II (P=0.01). In addition, there was a statistically significant moderate negative correlation between BBS scores and lumbar ROM before buttock LO in both groups (P<0.05) and after LO in group I only (r=−0.69).Conclusion Patients suffering from stroke with moderate degree of spasticity show less lumbar ROM at pre-LO and post-LO phases than those with mild spasticity, and took longer time to execute STS task aiming to improve balance and postural stability.
      Citation: Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy 2017 22(1):59-65
      PubDate: Thu,6 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bfpt.bfpt_50_16
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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