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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)

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Journal Cover Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1687-1693
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Focusing on 25 primary things in patients at first visit: is anyone
           bothered?

    • Authors: Nagesh Kamat
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: Nagesh Kamat
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):1-2

      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):1-2
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_14_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Developmental sex disorders: the proposed clinically applied new
           classification

    • Authors: Yasser Helmy, Essam-Elden M Mohamed
      Pages: 3 - 6
      Abstract: Yasser Helmy, Essam-Elden M Mohamed
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):3-6
      Usage of the term developmental sex disorders is still under debate as it leads to confusion, because there are many deficits in the nomenclatures and classification as it did not include any clinical consideration and it is based mainly on genetic karyotype nomenclatures and omits the abnormal psychological developmental sex disorder (gender identity disorder). This study is an attempt to provide a clinically applied new classification to overcome the problems associated with the previous classification and take into consideration the management of each individual case.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):3-6
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_6_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Relation of right ventricular dysfunction to the severity of hepatic
           cirrhosis by different echo modalities using speckle-tracking
           echocardiography

    • Authors: Eman R Zaki, Nessren M Baha El Deen
      Pages: 7 - 14
      Abstract: Eman R Zaki, Nessren M Baha El Deen
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):7-14
      Background Speckle-tracking echocardiographic (STE) studies have shown the presence of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction before the advent of RV failure in patients with hepatic cirrhosis. We aimed to evaluate RV function in patients with hepatic cirrhosis and assess the relation of RV dysfunction to the severity of hepatic cirrhosis using different echo-Doppler modalities including STE.Patients and methods This study included 49 patients with various degrees of hepatic cirrhosis and 34 healthy normal individuals (NL). Patients were classified into group A (11 patients), group B (17 patients), and group C (21 patients) according to disease severity using the Child–Pugh score. Conventional echo-Doppler parameters of RV function together with tissue Doppler imaging-derived RV strain and speckle-tracking echo-derived right ventricular global strain (STE-RVGST) were obtained.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):7-14
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1687-1693.213588
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect in children using the
           Occlutech Figulla occluder device

    • Authors: Mahmoud Ali, Amal El-Sisi, Hesham Salah El-Din, Sameh Bakhoum, Hossam Kandil
      Pages: 15 - 20
      Abstract: Mahmoud Ali, Amal El-Sisi, Hesham Salah El-Din, Sameh Bakhoum, Hossam Kandil
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):15-20
      Background Percutaneous transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) among children using devices other than the Amplatzer septal occluder has not been extensively tested.Objectives We evaluated the efficiency and safety of secundum ASD closure using the Occlutech Figulla ASD occluder in children and the efficiency and safety of secundum ASD closure under transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) guidance in children with less than 12 kg body weight.Patients and methods Forty-two patients (19 girls and 23 boys; mean age 4.8±2.0 years) were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. All patients underwent TTE and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to assess the characteristics of the ASD before transcatheter closure. Procedures were performed under fluoroscopic and TTE or TEE guidance. Follow-up was done at 1, 3, and 6 months following the procedure by clinical and TTE examination.Results The mean defect size was 14.9±4.2 mm on TTE and 16.1±4.7 mm on TEE. The mean device size was 17.9±4.9 mm (range 10.5–27 mm). The mean procedure time was 59.6±19.5 min. Thirty-one cases were performed under general anesthesia and TEE guidance, whereas the other 11 cases were performed under general anesthesia and TTE guidance. The device was placed successfully in all 42 patients. A small residual flow was seen immediately after device placement in three (7.1%) patients, which disappeared at 6 months. No complications occurred during the procedure. All patients were asymptomatic during the follow-up period.Conclusion Transcatheter closure of secundum ASD is generally safe and efficient in children younger than 12 years old, and ASD closure under TTE guidance in children less than 12 kg body weight is considered safe and efficient when performed in a tertiary center in the presence of an expert echocardiographer and interventional cardiologist.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):15-20
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_9_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Anticardiolipin antibody in egyptian patients with chronic hepatitis c in
           correlation with liver injury

    • Authors: Mahmoud H Hemida, Shaaban S Alazhari, Ahmed El Borae Kabil, Abd El Halim Assem Elsherif, Mohamed Abd El Hameed Khedr
      Pages: 21 - 26
      Abstract: Mahmoud H Hemida, Shaaban S Alazhari, Ahmed El Borae Kabil, Abd El Halim Assem Elsherif, Mohamed Abd El Hameed Khedr
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):21-26
      Background The presence of anticardiolipin (ACL) antibodies in chronic hepatitis C may be owing to induction of neoantigens by chronic viral infection, which may be because of disruption of liver cell membranes. The occurrence of these ACL antibodies may be observed because of recognition of these neoantigens by the immune system.Aim The aim of the work was to study the prevalence and clinical significance of ACL antibodies in chronic hepatitis C infection and their relationship with disease progression.Participants and methods Our study was performed on 90 individuals recruited from Gastroenterology and Hepatology Outpatient Clinics and Internal Medicine Department of Kafr Sheikh Institute. The participants were divided into the following three groups: group A consisted of 30 patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with compensated liver cirrhosis, group B consisted of 30 patients with chronic HCV infection with decompensated liver cirrhosis, and group C consists of 30 individuals as control. All patients and control were subjected to full history taking, full clinical examination, complete blood count, liver function tests, renal profile, pelvis–abdominal ultrasound, and serum levels of ACL immunoglobulin G and α-fetoprotein.Results The results showed that seven (23%) of the HCV-positive patients in group A and 18 (60%) of the HCV-positive patients in group B were ACL immunoglobulin G-positive in comparison with none in the control group (0%).Conclusion The prevalence of ACL antibodies is increased during HCV infection, and HCV should be regarded as a possible causative factor in the antiphospholipid syndrome.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):21-26
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_50_16
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Is bronchial asthma a risk factor for chronic kidney disease?

    • Authors: Zeinab R Adawy, Rayyh A Mohamad-Saleh, Taghreed Abdul-Aziz M Ismail
      Pages: 27 - 34
      Abstract: Zeinab R Adawy, Rayyh A Mohamad-Saleh, Taghreed Abdul-Aziz M Ismail
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):27-34
      Introduction Bronchial asthma is a chronic, inflammatory lung disease with exacerbations. Patients with asthma have higher risks of coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension, although the impact of asthma on other vital organs is not yet verified. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major global problem. In addition to well-known risk factors of CKD, there might be other previously underestimated or unrecognized risk factors that are not yet discovered.Aim The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and factors associated with CKD among asthmatic patients.Patients and methods An analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted on 118 patients known to have bronchial asthma and 118 healthy individuals; all of them were subjected to spirometry. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study group equation.Results Development of CKD was significantly higher among asthmatic patients than in healthy individuals (17.4 vs. 0.8%, respectively). GFR was higher in the well-controlled asthmatic group than in the uncontrolled group (96.3±18.1 vs. 90.1±20.3), but this difference was statistically insignificant. Occurrence of CKD was significantly higher among those with asthma for 20 years or longer than those with asthma for less than 20 years (45.5 vs. 2.4%, respectively). GFR was negatively correlated to age, BMI, and disease duration with high statistical significance, and was positively correlated with all parameters of pulmonary function test (FVC%, FEV1%, FEV1/FVC, and PEFR%) and partial O2 pressure with high statistical significance. Significant predictors for the development of CKD among asthmatic patients were longer disease duration and higher BMI. However, high partial O2 pressure was protective for the development of CKD.Conclusion Bronchial asthma can be associated with CKD. Prolonged disease duration and higher BMI were the most common predictors for the development of CKD.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):27-34
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_13_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of the protective effect of ginseng against gentamicine-induced
           nephrotoxicity in adult, albino rats: a histochemical and
           immunohistochemical study

    • Authors: Sayed A Raheem, Abdel R Meselhy, Sohier A Hafiez, Nasser A Naby
      Pages: 35 - 42
      Abstract: Sayed A Raheem, Abdel R Meselhy, Sohier A Hafiez, Nasser A Naby
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):35-42
      Background Caspase-3 plays an important role in apoptosis. In this study, we determined the protective effect of ginseng against gentamicine-induced nephrotoxicity in albino rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of ginseng on the expression of caspase-3 in gentamicine-induced nephrotoxicity.Materials and methods A total of 40, adult, albino rats weighing 250±20 g were divided into four groups (10 rats each) and treated by intraperitoneal injection for 10 days with 1 ml of isotonic saline (group 1), gentamicine 100 mg/kg/day (group 2), gentamicine 100 mg/kg/day plus ginseng 100 mg/kg/day (group 3), and gentamicine 100 mg/kg/day for 10 days and then ginseng 100 mg/kg/day for another 10 days (group 4). After the last injection, blood urea and creatinine levels were calculated, and tissue samples were obtained for haematoxylin and eosin, Masson trichrome, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), and caspase-3 staining.Results In group 2, body weight of rats decreased, serum urea and creatinine levels increased, and glomerular and tubular histological changes were observed, compared with the control group. When ginseng and gentamicine were given together (group 3) or when ginseng was given after gentamicine (group 4), body weight, serum urea and creatinine, and histological features showed improvement. Significant reactivity of caspase-3 in the distal renal tubules was observed in group 2 as compared with weak reactivity in group 3 and group 4.Conclusion Gentamicine has the ability to induce nephrotoxicity, mainly tubular, and ginseng may improve this nephrotoxicity.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):35-42
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_4_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The effect of ginger on experimentally induced atherosclerosis in the
           aorta of rabbits: a histological and immunohistochemical study

    • Authors: Essam O Kamel, Wail M Gad El-rab
      Pages: 43 - 51
      Abstract: Essam O Kamel, Wail M Gad El-rab
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):43-51
      Background Atherosclerosis is a major disease of arteries, related to age and plasma cholesterol levels.Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the possible effects of ginger on experimentally induced atherosclerosis in the aorta of rabbits.Materials and methods Thirty, male rabbits aged 6 weeks were used in this study and were divided into three groups: group I included 10 male rabbits fed an ordinary diet for an experimental period of 8 weeks; group II included 10 male rabbits fed an ordinary diet mixed with 1% cholesterol powder at a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight for a period of 8 weeks; and group III included 10 rabbits fed an ordinary diet mixed with 1% cholesterol powder and were treated with ginger powder (4 g/kg of the dried rhizome) dissolved in saline solution daily for 8 weeks. The thoracic aorta was dissected and then processed for light microscopic studies.Results Our results showed an apparent decrease in the thickness of both tunica intima and tunica media in the ginger-treated group. There was no intimal invasion of smooth muscle cells. Regular wavy elastic fibers were noticed in the media with apparently normal smooth muscle cells distributed in between. In addition, there was no apparent difference in the CD34 reaction of endothelial cells in the ginger-treated group when compared with the control group.Conclusion Ginger has an attractive role in modulating atherosclerosis in the aorta of rabbits.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):43-51
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_3_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Peripheral neuropathy in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Is
           the phrenic nerve more affected compared with other peripheral nerves?

    • Authors: Atef W El-Rifai, Sherif M El-Shazli
      Pages: 52 - 58
      Abstract: Atef W El-Rifai, Sherif M El-Shazli
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):52-58
      Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a multicomponent disease with extrapulmonary manifestation. Peripheral nerve affection may be one of the results or mechanism of COPD.Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate peripheral neuropathy in patients with stable COPD and whether these changes are more or less marked in the phrenic nerve when compared with other peripheral nerves.Patients and methods Eighty patients with COPD and 60 healthy individuals as a control group were included. All were subjected to the following: (i) full history taking; (ii) clinical and neurological examination; (iii) chest radiography; (iv) high-resol ution computed tomography scanning of the chest; (v) arterial blood gases analysis at room air; and (vi) spirometric tests.Results There was a statistically significant increase in smoking packs/year, respiratory rate, hemoglobin, and white blood cells in the COPD group. There was a significant decrease in oxygen saturation, pH, arterial oxygen tension, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity, and forced vital capacity% in the study group when compared with the control group, whereas there was a significant increase in CO2 tension in the COPD group. There was a significant increase in the distal latency of all nerves and a significant decrease in the amplitude and conduction velocity of all nerves, except the amplitude of the phrenic nerve in the COPD group. The difference for phrenic nerve amplitude was statistically nonsignificant. In the COPD group, abnormal motor activity in the median, ulnar, common peroneal, and phrenic nerves of 30, 22.5, 35, and 22.5%, respectively, was reported, whereas abnormal sensory activity in the median, ulnar, and sural nerves of 30.0, 27.5, and 42.5%, respectively, was reported. Finally, we found a statistically significant increase in nerve abnormalities with increased severity of the disease.Conclusion COPD had a significant affection on peripheral nerves, either motor or sensory. In addition, COPD had a significant affection on the phrenic nerve and muscle of the diaphragm. However, this affection of the phrenic nerve was confined to grades III and IV and was the least affection of studied nerves.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):52-58
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_5_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Erratum: The potential osteogenic effect of stem cells in mandibular
           distraction in goats

    • Pages: 59 - 59
      Abstract:
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):59-59

      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(1):59-59
      PubDate: Wed,23 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_41_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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