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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Advances in Human Biology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2321-8568 - ISSN (Online) 2348-4691
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • The sun will rise and we shall start again

    • Authors: Rohan Bhatt
      Pages: 99 - 100
      Abstract: Rohan Bhatt
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):99-100

      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):99-100
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_54_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Generic medicine and prescribing: A quick assessment

    • Authors: Mainul Haque
      Pages: 101 - 108
      Abstract: Mainul Haque
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):101-108
      Generic drugs are copies of brand-name drugs that have exactly the same dosage, intended use, effects, side effects, route of administration, risks, safety, and strength as the original drug. In other words, their pharmacological effects are exactly the same as those of their brand-name counterparts. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) describes that generic drugs are essential possibilities that allow better access to healthcare for all Americans. They are replicas of brand-name drugs and are the identical as those of brand-name drugs in dosage form, safety, strength, route of administration, quality, performance features, and anticipated to use. Healthcare authorities and users can be guaranteed that FDA-approved generic drug products have met the same stiff principles as the innovator drug. The company that made Bayer aspirin fought in court enthusiastically to keep generic versions off the shelves, in the 1920s. The company lost in court, and consumers suddenly had an array of choices in generic aspirin. The Supreme Court of India uttering ‘the Supreme Court's ruling will prevent companies from further seeking unwarranted patents on HIV and other essential medicines.’ Generic medicine cannot be sold at a price higher than the branded medicine, so it is regularly a low-priced option. Thereafter, both the end user and the government who pay for part of the price of the medicine under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme in Australia are benefitted. The treatment of diseases using essential drugs, prescribed by their generic names, has been emphasised by the WHO and many national health policies. Although there are some improvements in generic medicine prescribing, it has been advised by the WHO that ‘countries should intensify efforts to measure and regularly monitor medicine prices and availability, and adopt policy measures to address the issues identified.’
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):101-108
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_26_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Effect of cigarette smoking on myocardial workload in young adults

    • Authors: Sunil Kumar Jena
      Pages: 109 - 112
      Abstract: Sunil Kumar Jena
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):109-112
      Background: Cigarette smoking is a major independent risk factor for coronary artery disease and other cardiovascular (CV) events. Cigarette smoking causes sympathovagal imbalance leading to various CV events. Thus, this study was proposed to evaluate the status of smoking in young adults and its effect on myocardial workload. Materials and Methods: This case–control study was conducted among 60 smokers (case) and 48 non-smokers (control). Participants selected for this study (both cases and controls) were MBBS students of a health university in Odisha. Cigarette smoking status was quantified by pack year (PY). Recordings of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were done between 7.30 and 8.30 am after taking 10 min rest. HR was calculated by carotid pulsation. Recording of BP was done in the right arm sitting position, auscultatory method. Two parameters i.e., systolic BP (SBP) and HR were used to calculate rate pressure product (RPP). Results: Smoking status suggested that the smokers recruited were of low intensity of smoking or light smokers. HR, SBP and RPP of smokers were more than that of non-smokers. This variation was found to be significant at P < 0.0001. A quantitative analysis suggested that smokers had 19.25 times more risk to develop CV disease than non-smokers which was also significant at P < 0.0001. Conclusion: Various studies suggested that heavy chronic smokers are suffered from CV diseases. This study suggested that short duration of smoking as well as smoking history of low PY increases myocardial workload and risk of heart disease.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):109-112
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_6_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Carcinosarcoma of the Breast: A retrospective observational study

    • Authors: Deepti Sharma, Garima Singh
      Pages: 113 - 114
      Abstract: Deepti Sharma, Garima Singh
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):113-114
      Background: Carcinosarcoma of the breast is an extremely rare breast condition, accounting for 0.1% of all breast malignancies. Limited data are available in English literature on this issue due to paucity of cases. Hence, we retrieved data of carcinosarcoma of breast for evaluation of clinicopathological characteristics, treatment, and outcome of this emerging issue. Materials and Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted from January 2011 to December 2015 in our Department of Radiotherapy. A total of four patients were identified during this period for analysis in this study. Various parameters such as age, clinical features, clinical stage, and the treatment received by the patients were recorded and analyzed for outcome. Results and Discussion: Median age at the time of presentation was 42 years (range 28–46 years). Seventy five percent females were post-menopausal. The most common symptom was slowly growing lump in the breast. All of the patients, except one, were negative for oestrogen receptor/progesterone receptor (ER/PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu) receptors. All patients underwent surgery followed by adjuvant therapy,except one. Median follow-up was 23 months (range 2–66 months). Conclusion: Carcinosarcoma of the breast is a rare entity with poor outcome. There are no specific treatment guidelines. Surgery is the main treatment modality, and it should be followed by adjuvant chemo and radiotherapy.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):113-114
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_12_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Premedication with oral gabapentin versus intravenous paracetamol for
           post-operative analgesia after tibial fracture surgery

    • Authors: Mohammad Khalili, Hesameddin Modir, Afsaneh Norouzi, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Seyed Arash Bagherinejad Somesara
      Pages: 115 - 118
      Abstract: Mohammad Khalili, Hesameddin Modir, Afsaneh Norouzi, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Seyed Arash Bagherinejad Somesara
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):115-118
      Introduction: Much attention has been devoted to the management of post-operative pain. Pain reduction brings more comfort and leads to faster recovery and mobilisation of a patient. In addition, it reduces thromboembolic events and eventually the length of hospital stay and cost of treatment. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of gabapentin versus paracetamol for post-operative analgesia after tibial fracture surgery. Materials and Methods: This study was designed as a randomised, controlled clinical trial, in which 96 patients undergoing elective tibial fracture surgery under general anaesthesia were divided into three groups (gabapentin, paracetamol and placebo). Half an hour before induction of anaesthesia, patients received 300 mg oral gabapentin or 1000 mg paracetamol or 100 ml normal saline (these two latter as intravenous infusions) according to their groups. Surgery was performed under general anaesthesia, with similar anaesthetic regimen for all patients. The pain intensity was measured using a visual analogue scale ruler at 2, 4 and 6 h after operation. Collected data were recorded then and analysed using the statistical software SPSS. Results: At 2, 4 and 6 h after surgery, no significant differences were observed between the two paracetamol and gabapentin groups in terms of pain intensity. Pain intensity in the placebo group was significantly higher than the two case groups. Mean opioid consumption as a rescue intervention was not significantly different between the three groups. However, the placebo group included a larger number of patients requiring opioid analgesics, which was significantly different. Conclusion: A significant pain reduction was observed in both case groups as compared to placebo. Gabapentin and paracetamol had similar efficacies in post-operative analgesia after tibial fracture surgery. No difference was found between the three groups in terms of mean opioid analgesic requirements.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):115-118
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_30_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Clinico-radiological profile of pulmonary sarcoidosis: A study of 150
           patients

    • Authors: Rahul Gupta, Anchal Gupta, Mohd Ilyas, Mohi Kalsotra
      Pages: 119 - 123
      Abstract: Rahul Gupta, Anchal Gupta, Mohd Ilyas, Mohi Kalsotra
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):119-123
      Objective: The main aim of this study was to study the radiological, including radiographic and computed tomographic, histopathologic and clinical profiles in patients of pulmonary sarcoidosis. Materials and Methods: A prospective study of 150 patients suspected of having sarcoidosis was carried out with their routine chest radiographs and computed tomography scans performed followed by histopatholgical analysis of the lymph nodes. Results: Most of the patients evaluated belonged to the Stage-I sarcoidosis least number of patients were from Stage-IV disease. Conclusion: All the modalities should be combined with clinico-radiologico-pathological diagnosis of the disease to avoid inconvenience to the patient and misdiagnosis.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):119-123
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_25_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A demographic study on relation between uric acid and diabetes parameters
           in the Chhattisgarh State of India

    • Authors: Parul Thakur, Ashwini Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Patra, Awanish Kumar
      Pages: 124 - 129
      Abstract: Parul Thakur, Ashwini Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Patra, Awanish Kumar
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):124-129
      Objective: Epidemiological evidence suggest that conflicting data exist for the relation between serum uric acid (SUA) and various diabetes-associated parameters. Therefore, measurement of SUA levels could play a valuable role as predictor marker in early type 2 diabetics as well as a potent antioxidant therapeutic. This work is a small demographic study in the patients of Chhattisgarh to find a relation between the SUA level and diabetes parameters in diabetics and controls. Materials and Methods: This was a small sample set case–control study. Patients were divided into two groups, namely, control (n = 25) and type 2 diabetics (n = 30). Biochemical estimation of parameters was performed using commercially available enzymatic kits. Results: Plasma glucose, serum triglyceride, glycated haemoglobin and creatinine were higher in diabetic patients than in controls. SUA showed a significant lower level in test patients (2.97 ± 0.22) as compared to control (4.35 ± 0.64). A negative correlation of r = −0.8159 was obtained between SUA and plasma glucose levels. Conclusions: Results suggest that variation in uric acid (UA) levels from normal to pre-diabetes and diabetes condition could be an important biomarker. Further validations may pave the way for UA measurement as a diagnostic and prognostic marker in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):124-129
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_34_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • One-year clinical evaluation of nanohybrid resin composite in the
           restoration of occlusal and proximo-occlusal cavities in Nigeria

    • Authors: Lillian Lami Enone, Adenike Ololade Awotile, Cyril Ilemobade Adegbulugbe, Lara O Agbaje, Loto Adolphus Odogun, Afolabi Oyapero
      Pages: 130 - 136
      Abstract: Lillian Lami Enone, Adenike Ololade Awotile, Cyril Ilemobade Adegbulugbe, Lara O Agbaje, Loto Adolphus Odogun, Afolabi Oyapero
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):130-136
      Background: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance of nanocomposites in a Nigerian adult population. Resin composites are becoming the preferred direct restorative material in restoring occlusal and proximo-occlusal cavities due to their aesthetic properties and good clinical service. Materials and Methods: This was a clinical study evaluating the clinical performance of a nanohybrid resin composite in the restoration of occlusal and proximo-occlusal cavities in Nigerian adults. This study was done in the Conservative Dentistry Clinic of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, from April 2014 to September 2015. The restorations were evaluated immediately at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively for colour match, marginal discolouration, surface roughness, anatomical form, marginal adaptation, retention, post-operative sensitivity and secondary caries using the modified USPHS criteria. Statistical analysis was performed using Fisher's exact test and a 5% level of significance was considered statistically significant. Results: Males had more proximo-occlusal (26.7) than occlusal (6.7) cavities while the females (43.3) had more occlusal cavities. The nanohybrid occlusal restorations had 100% alpha scores at baseline for anatomical form which dropped to 93.3% at 12 months with 6.7% of the restorations scoring Bravo, whereas all nanohybrid proximo-occlusal restorations had 100% alpha scores from baseline to the 12-month review. All occlusal and proximo-occlusal restorations evaluated for surface texture and marginal adaptation had alpha scores at baseline which dropped to 93.3% at 12 months. Conversely, all nanohybrid occlusal and proximo-occlusal restorations scored 100% for colour match and retention, sensitivity and secondary caries from baseline to 12 months. Conclusion: The clinical performance of natural elegance nanohybrid resin composite (Henry Schein®) was satisfactory in the restoration of occlusal and proximo-occlusal cavities in Nigerian adults over a 1 year evaluation period.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):130-136
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_38_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Analysis of biological and mechanical related performance parameters of
           Malaysian senior youth archers

    • Authors: Zahari Taha, Mainul Haque, Rabiu Muazu Musa, Mohamad Razali Abdullah, Ahmad Bisyri Husin Musawi Maliki, Siti Musliha Mat-Rashid, Norlaila Azura Kosni, Aleesha Adnan
      Pages: 137 - 141
      Abstract: Zahari Taha, Mainul Haque, Rabiu Muazu Musa, Mohamad Razali Abdullah, Ahmad Bisyri Husin Musawi Maliki, Siti Musliha Mat-Rashid, Norlaila Azura Kosni, Aleesha Adnan
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):137-141
      Background: Archery is a close skill sport in which the archer interacts with body and equipment. The interaction between the archer's body and the equipment could influence archery shooting scores. It is vital for an archer to be cognisance with any movements during these interactions process. Objectives: This study investigates the various biomechanical interactions and their association with archery performance. A total of 32 archers drawn from different programmes participated in the study. Materials and Methods: A sum of four shimmer sensors were used to examine, compare and differentiate the postural sway, movement of the bow, muscular activations of the muscle flexor digitorum superficial, muscle extensor digitorum and resting heart rate of the archers. The archers shoot six arrows at a distance of 50 m, and the selected parameters were streamed during the aiming, stance and the releasing phases of the arrows in real time at a sampling rate of 51.2 Hz using an Android phone. Results: Cluster analysis classified the archers into two groups, namely, high-performance archers (HPA) and low-performance archers (LPA). Standard, step-wise backward and step-wise discriminant analysis differentiated the two groups with three and two dependents variables with an acceptable accuracy of 83.38% and 90.63%. Pairwise t-test comparisons revealed that HPA shows higher muscular extensor activations and lower postural sway with greater shooting scores while LPA recorded higher postural sway and corresponding lower shooting scores. Conclusions: Some biological and biomechanical related parameters such as muscle extensor activation and postural sway could determine shooting accuracy in archery sport.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):137-141
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_35_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Immature gastric teratoma: A rare tumour

    • Authors: Ajay Yadav, Akash Mathur, Arpita Jindal, Hemant Malhotra
      Pages: 142 - 144
      Abstract: Ajay Yadav, Akash Mathur, Arpita Jindal, Hemant Malhotra
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):142-144
      Gastric teratoma is a very rare tumour. We reviewed the literature and found that only around 100 cases have been reported. Almost all reported cases of gastric teratoma were of mature variety. Only a few cases were of immature variety. The rarity of the disease makes the diagnosis very difficult most of the cases occurred in infants. The disease is more common in males than in females. Majority of cases have been reported to arise from the greater curvature and posterior wall of the stomach. Histopathological examination confirms the diagnosis. Treatment of choice is surgical excision with close follow up. Following surgical excision prognosis is excellent. Hence, in an infant who presents with abdominal lump gastric teratoma should be kept as one of the differential diagnosis. Here, we are reporting a case of immature teratoma.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(3):142-144
      PubDate: Fri,15 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_51_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
 
 
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