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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access  
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
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Journal Cover Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2356-8062
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Impact and predictors of thyroid dysfunction among patients with stenotic
           coronary artery lesion during late postacute coronary syndrome

    • Authors: Sahar H Elhini, Ragaa A Matta, Nossa N Eledawi, Lamia Hamdi
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Sahar H Elhini, Ragaa A Matta, Nossa N Eledawi, Lamia Hamdi
      Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):1-9
      Objective Thyroid dysfunction (TD) is a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) events. We study the prevalence and predictors of TD and its impact on characteristics, cardiac function, and ischemic severity of patients with manifest CHD.Patients and methods A total of 200 patients 6–12 months after acute coronary syndrome had at least one vessel − significant stenotic coronary artery lesion. Before elective angiography, patients underwent anthropometric measurement, routine biochemical assay, thyroid hormones, and thyroid peroxidase antibody.Results The prevalence of TD was 17.5%: 12% for hypothyroidism (9.5% subclinical, 2.5% overt) and 5.5% for hyperthyroidism (2.5% subclinical, 3% overt). Compared with the euthyroid group, the hypothyroid group had a significantly higher age, BMI, diastolic blood pressure (BP), atherogic lipid profile, and impaired cardiac functions and higher pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), and the hyperthyroid group had significantly higher systolic BP, ejection fraction (EF), and PASP and significantly lower diastolic BP and lipid profile. Independent predictors for hypothyroidism were age, bradycardia, increased BMI, lower EF, diastolic dysfunction, and atherogenic lipid profile, whereas increased PASP was an independent predictor for hyperthyroidism. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was positively correlated and both free triiodothyronine and free thyroxine were negatively correlated to BP, BMI, lipid profile, impaired EF, and coronary atherosclerosis severity. TSH and free thyroxine were positively correlated to PASP, which increased significantly through hypothyroidism to hyperthyroidism. TSH and free triiodothyronine were independent predictors of severity of CHD.Conclusion Age, obesity, impaired cardiac function, and atherogenic lipid profile are predictors of hypothyroidism, and PASP is the predictor of hyperthyroidism among manifest CHD. Thyroid hormones are predictors of severity of coronary atherosclerosis and correlated to cardiac functions and PASP.
      Citation: Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):1-9
      PubDate: Thu,27 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejode.ejode_28_16
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Plasma visfatin level in adult Egyptians with android obesity

    • Authors: Alaa M Wafa, Ataa M Bakr, Ibrahim Abd El Aal, Amira M Nagi
      Pages: 10 - 14
      Abstract: Alaa M Wafa, Ataa M Bakr, Ibrahim Abd El Aal, Amira M Nagi
      Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):10-14
      Context Android obesity is considered an important predictor of increased mortality and morbidity from diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders.Aim Our research was conducted to assess the level of serum visfatin in android obesity and its relation to anthropometric and biochemical parameters in adults with android obesity.Patients and methods This study was conducted on 136 patients recruited from the outpatient obesity clinic of Specialized Medical Hospital, Mansoura University. The patients were divided into two groups: group I consisted of 65 control nonobese individuals, and group II consisted of 71 obese individuals with android obesity. The obese patients were subdivided into obese diabetic patients (35 patients) and obese nondiabetic patients (36 patients). All participants were subjected to thorough history taking, full clinical examination, and anthropometric measurements to assess body mass index and waist circumference. The changes that appeared in the carbohydrate metabolism were interpreted according to the criteria from the glycometabolic classification of WHO. Plasma glucose levels, lipid profile, and serum visfatin were measured.Results Our study demonstrated a significant elevation of visfatin (P≤0.001) in obese individuals (37.6; 20.7–65.9) compared with that in lean patients (15.3; 7.5–20). Additionally,visfatin levels were higher in the diabetic obese subgroup (45.5; 33.7–65.9) than in the nondiabetic obese subgroup (32; 20.7–46.5). Furthermore, visfatin was positively correlated to blood glucose in the obese group, which suggests a role of visfatin in glycemic control. A significant correlation between visfatin and lipid profile was demonstrated, which may suggest a role for visfatin in lipid homeostasis.Conclusion Serum visfatin was elevated in patients with android obesity, with more significant elevation in patients with android obesity with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It showed potential to be used as a marker of metabolic syndrome as it had a strong relation to android obesity.
      Citation: Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):10-14
      PubDate: Thu,27 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2356-8062.205207
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Study of advanced glycation endproducts and their receptors in Egyptian
           type 2 diabetic individuals with peripheral neuropathy

    • Authors: Alaa M Wafa, Mamdoh R EL-Nahas, Azza A Al Biaumy, Yara M Mansour
      Pages: 15 - 21
      Abstract: Alaa M Wafa, Mamdoh R EL-Nahas, Azza A Al Biaumy, Yara M Mansour
      Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):15-21
      Context Diabetic neuropathy is one of the commonest long-term complications of diabetes seen in routine healthcare and considered the most common cause of peripheral neuropathy in developed world.Aim The aim of our work was to measure advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and their receptors (RAGEs) in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), both painful and painless DPN.Patients and methods Our study was conducted on 50 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with peripheral neuropathy, divided into two subgroups: the first group included 25 patients with painful DPN and the second group included 25 patients with painless DPN. Moreover, a third group included 20 diabetic patients without peripheral neuropathy, and a fourth group that included 20 healthy participants. All groups were subjected to full history taking and clinical examination, anthropometric parameters, the calculation of neuropathy disability score, and nerve conduction studies (peroneal, sural, and tibial nerves). Laboratory investigations included serum AGEs and RAGEs.Results Our study demonstrated that hemoglobin A1c, AGE, and RAGE showed statistically significant difference between the studied groups. Hemoglobin A1c was significantly high in both neuropathic and diabetic groups in comparison with control. Regarding AGE, it was statistically higher in neuropathic group than in control (P<0.011). On the contrary, RAGE was significantly higher in both neuropathic and diabetic groups rather than control (P<0.02). Although the neuropathic group has higher levels of AGE and RAGE than diabetic group, the difference was statistically nonsignificant. Significant difference was found between studied groups regarding nerve conduction studies of sural and tibial nerves. Statistically significant difference was found in the parameters of nerve conduction studies between neuropathic group and both non-neuropathic diabetic and control groups.Conclusion Our study concluded that AGE and RAGE are significantly higher in diabetic patients with neuropathy versus control, with more elevation in neuropathic group than in diabetic without neuropathy.
      Citation: Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):15-21
      PubDate: Thu,27 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2356-8062.205209
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Fibroblast growth factor-21 is a novel linkage between metabolic
           parameters, cardiovascular risk, and nephropathy in prediabetes

    • Authors: Sahar H Elhini, Ragaa A Matta, Mahmood Saad, Hanan Mostafa, Ahmed AbedelfadeeL
      Pages: 22 - 31
      Abstract: Sahar H Elhini, Ragaa A Matta, Mahmood Saad, Hanan Mostafa, Ahmed AbedelfadeeL
      Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):22-31
      Introduction Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) regulates glucose and lipid metabolism and protects against atherosclerosis. Serum FGF21 levels were assessed in newly diagnosed, drug-naive patients with prediabetes (group 1, n=60) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (group 2, n=60), in addition to 40 healthy individuals (group 3, n=40).Results Serum FGF21 levels were significantly increased in groups 1 and 2 compared with group 3 (231.7±59.3 and 260.4±82.5 vs. 22.6±5.31 pg/dl, respectively; P<0.001 for both). Moreover, group 2 had statistically significantly higher FGF21 levels compared with group 1 (P=0.03). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis identified FGF21 cutoff value of greater than 204 and 30 pg/ml for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2 and prediabetes, with an area under the curve 0.72 and 1, sensitivity of 82.5 and 100%, and specificity of 60 and 100%, respectively. Using univariate analysis, FGF21 was positively correlated with blood pressure, obesity (BMI and waist–hip ratio), glycemic (glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin) and insulin resistance (fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance) parameters, atherogenic lipid profile, liver enzymes, and cardiovascular disease risk score in group 1 and group 2. FGF21 correlated with albumin–creatinine ratio negatively in group 1 and positively in group 2. Independent predictors of FGF21 level were fasting glucose, insulin, and triglyceride in both patient groups. The independent predictors of FGF21 were obesity parameters in group 1 and albumin–creatinine ratio, age, and systolic blood pressure in group 2.Conclusion Among prediabetic patients, FGF21 is an excellent predictor and a novel linkage between metabolic parameters, circulatory system, and nephropathy.
      Citation: Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):22-31
      PubDate: Thu,27 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejode.ejode_30_16
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The relationship between serum apelin level and different grades of
           diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetic patients

    • Authors: Alaa Dawood, Mohamed Abdelraof, Yasser El Ghobashy
      Pages: 32 - 37
      Abstract: Alaa Dawood, Mohamed Abdelraof, Yasser El Ghobashy
      Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):32-37
      Background Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of renal failure. Diabetic patients with microalbuminuria typically progress to proteinuria and overt DN. Similar to other microvascular complications of diabetes, there are strong associations between glucose control (as measured using HbA1c) and the risk of developing DN. Apelin (APLN), a peptide first isolated from bovine stomach tissue extracts, is the endogenous ligand for the G-protein-coupled APJ receptor that is expressed at the surface of some cell types. APLN and APJ are widely expressed in homogenates from animal organs in a pattern shared with angiotensinogen and the angiotensin receptor. APLN is widely distributed in the central nervous system and periphery, especially in the heart, kidney, lung, and mammary glands. The APLN–APJ system may be involved in the pathogenesis of DN, which may play a renoprotective role partially by antagonizing the angiotensin II–ATIR pathway.Aim The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between serum APLN and different grades of DN in type 2 diabetic patients.Patients and methods This study was conducted on 150 diabetic patients and 20 controls selected from the inpatient department and outpatient clinics of the Internal Medicine Department in Menoufia University Hospital. The selected participants were divided into four groups: group 1 included 20 healthy controls; group 2 included 50 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with normoalbuminuria; group 3 included 50 T2DM patients with microalbuminuria; and group 4 included 50 T2DM patients with macroalbuminuria. Members of the study groups were subjected to thorough history taking with special emphasis on age, sex, and duration of diabetes mellitus. Investigations included liver profile, complete blood count, fasting and 2 h postprandial plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), complete urine analysis, kidney function tests (blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine), urine albumin/creatinine ratio, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and serum APLN.Results Serum APLN was significantly higher in group 4 compared with the other groups, in group 3 compared with groups 1 and 2, and in group 2 compared with group 1. There was a significant positive correlation between serum APLN and serum creatinine, urine albumin/creatinine ratio, and HbA1c. Further, there was a significant negative correlation between serum APLN and estimated glomerular filtration rate in the studied diabetic patients. There was no correlation between serum APLN and BMI in diabetic patients.Conclusion From this study, we can conclude that serum APLN is significantly higher in patients with DN compared with diabetic patients without nephropathy, and there is a positive correlation between serum apelin and the degree of DN. Thus, APLN may play an important role in the development of DN.
      Citation: Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology 2017 3(1):32-37
      PubDate: Thu,27 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2356-8062.205205
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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