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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)

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Journal Cover Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1858-6538 - ISSN (Online) 1858-6546
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Early detection of glaucoma in outreach and primary health care units in
           Egypt

    • Authors: Mohamed Yasser Sayed Saif, Ahmed Tamer Sayed Saif, Passant Sayed Saif, Wesam Salah
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: Mohamed Yasser Sayed Saif, Ahmed Tamer Sayed Saif, Passant Sayed Saif, Wesam Salah
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):1-3
      The risk factors for getting glaucoma will channel into the resultant level of IOP and disc damage. The probability was calculated by the equation Y1 = Y0 + A1e X/T1 using the IOP and cup disc ratio. Accordingly people are classified into: Normal, Ocular hypertension, Possible, Probable, Highly probable and Definite glaucoma. In this way the clinical entities of normal, ocular hypertension, and glaucoma suspect, low tension glaucoma and definite glaucoma cases are precisely digitized and diagnosed. The target IOP is calculated according to the cup disc ratio. The details of combined probability of IOP, C/D ratio and the target IOP will be presented in details.
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):1-3
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205797
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Changing trends in pterygium management

    • Authors: Prabhakar Srinivasapuram Krishnacharya, Anuj Singhal, Pooja A Angadi, A Shamsiya Naaz, A Raghavender Reddy
      Pages: 4 - 7
      Abstract: Prabhakar Srinivasapuram Krishnacharya, Anuj Singhal, Pooja A Angadi, A Shamsiya Naaz, A Raghavender Reddy
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):4-7
      Pterygia are progressive unilateral or bilateral ocular surface growths that develop within palpebral aperture area that leads to contour disruption with symptoms ranging from foreign body sensation to cosmetic blemish. Commonly, they appear during the active period of human life, generally between third and fourth decade. Fate of pterygium spans from progressive growth in its earlier stages that undergo diversity of changes such as inflammation, infection, and degeneration ultimately ending in regressive stage during the sixth to eighth decade of life. Pterygium recurrence is the main complication encountered by surgically treating it with or without adjuvant. Not uncommonly pterygium occurrence had been described during childhood that resolved by conservative treatment. Untreated pterygia might grow exuberantly with the invasion of corneal layers, which might result in significant visual loss due to visual axis obstruction and high astigmatism. Therefore, it is justifiable to treat pterygia at any clinical stage of presentation to prevent ocular morbidity and recurrences. Common misbelief in letting the pterygia until corneal encroachment develops should be made understandable to public by conducting awareness programs. Primary objectives of the present review article are to search for the most successful method in terms of nil to low recurrence rates by various modality of treatment and to arrive at promising surgical technique that provided maximum relief in terms of survival rates on the basis of follow-up duration. Secondary objectives are related to intra- and post-operative complications, which have an effect on the ocular surface and final visual gain or loss.
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):4-7
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205798
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Ophthalmology national normative database series (2): Gonioscopic
           character of the normal anterior chamber angle in sudanese adults

    • Authors: Manal Fadlallah, Mahgoub Saleem
      Pages: 8 - 17
      Abstract: Manal Fadlallah, Mahgoub Saleem
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):8-17
      Background: The anterior chamber angle (ACA) is the anatomical angle bounded by the iris root and the peripheral corneal vault that comprises the aqueous outflow drains, namely the trabecular meshwork (TM) and the Schlemm's canal. The assessment of the ACA is used to classify glaucoma into open or narrow angle glaucoma's.Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the normal range values of the gonioscopic character of the ACA in adult Sudanese population and to define the effects of age, gender, and tribal ethnicity on these values.Materials and Methods: Three hundred ninety-eight eyes (n = 396); of 198 adults volunteers Sudanese healthy workers, from two factories in Khartoum, North district, were enrolled in this study; over a period of 3 months from January 1, 2009 to March 30, 2009. One hundred and sixty males 38 were females; aged ranged from 18 to 50 years. All participants underwent systematic static and dynamic gonioscopy by Posner Gonio lens in conjunction with Haag- Streit slit lamp. Then, the ACAs were graded according to Shaffer grading and classification system. The effect of age, gender and tribal ethnicity on ACA was analyzed. Then, the overall grading and TM Pigmentation analysis were done with special grading criteria specifically designed for this study (Manal–Saleem ACA Overall Grading System and Saleem-Manal TM Pigmentation Grading System).Results: In total, 198 (n = 198) Sudanese adults were recruited for the study with the mean age of the study group was 43 ± 16 years (range: 18–50 years). About 80.8% of males and 19.2% of females. 77.8% have open ACA and 19.2% narrow ACA, 0.5% closed ACA, and 2.5% with Creeping ACA. Open ACA is more in males (81.3%) than female (63.2%) while narrow ACA is more in female (34.2%) than male (15.6%). Closed and creeping ACA are similar in the two sexes. The effects of tribal ethnicity was not so profound as both the Arabs (84.1%) and Africans (87.5%) origin groups were showing minor differences in the high rate of open-angle (3.4% more in the African's) and narrow ACA (2.9% more in Arab's) apart from the Bejja groups, who recorded 100% narrow ACA while the Nubian groups of Far North recorded a lower percentage of the open ACA (78.6%) and higher of narrow ACA (17.9%). Narrow ACA was proved to be more with older age (25% as compared 10–12.5%). The TM Pigmentation in the younger age groups was found to be of lightly pigmented in 66.7% and heavily pigmented in 33.3%. A result which was affected by tribal ethnicity; 54.9% of Arab origin groups have lightly pigmented TM while 92.0% of African origin groups presented with heavily pigmented TM. In general, pigmentation was shown to be more heavily in the inferior quadrant rather than superior and horizontal quadrants.Conclusion: There is a higher rate of open ACA (77.8%) in Sudanese Adults with low rate (19.2%) of narrow ACA, followed by an even more lower rate of creeping ACA 2.5% and scarcely closed ACAs (0.5%). The average Sudanese ACA TM pigmentation is 35.4% being of light pigmentation and 64.6% of heavy pigmentation with highly significant tribal, age, and Quadrantic variations (P = 0.000).
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):8-17
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205804
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Assessment of color vision in elderly patients: Pre- and post-cataract
           surgery

    • Authors: Hiba Mohammed Elhassan Ali Elawad, Ahmed Elsiddig Abd Elbagi Hamad, Mohammed Elhassan Ali Elawad
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Hiba Mohammed Elhassan Ali Elawad, Ahmed Elsiddig Abd Elbagi Hamad, Mohammed Elhassan Ali Elawad
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):18-22
      Aim: The aim is to assess color vision in Sudanese elderly patients' pre- and post-cataract surgery.Materials and Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, hospital-based study was conducted in in Makkah Eye Complex (a voluntary organization; a Tertiary Eye Care Center) in Khartoum Alryad. Elderly patients (200); their age varies from 60 to 95 (mean 67.91 and standard deviation ± 6.779) years with senile cataract were asked to participate in the study. Participation was entirely voluntary. Information was collected by means of interviews, questionnaire, and clinical examination. The data were analyzed using Predictive Analytic Software Statistics Version 18 (2010), a modified version of IBM SPSS Inc. PASW Statistics for Windows, Version 18.0; 2009. Chicago: SPSS Inc. All tests are of two sides (confidence interval of 99% level). Therefore, a P≤ 0.05 was taken to indicate the statistical significance for all analysis and spearman correlation (r) was used to identify association between variables.Results: In the presence of cataract, the results showed significant declines in visual acuity (>85% visually impaired). Failure to discriminate colors were recorded in right eye (RE) (56%) and left eye (LE) (60%). Improved visual functions as a result of cataract surgery included the following: Better optically corrected vision (71%) achieved satisfactory visual outcomes (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [LogMAR] >0.48) with average distance visual acuity (VA) of (0.36–0.46 Log MAR) and in increased ability to discriminate colors (90%) and 89% for RE and LE, respectively. Both pre- and post-operative results showed positive correlation for RE and LE and (P < 0.001) for Pearson Chi-square value were recorded for showing statistical significance for VA and color vision in the patients studied.Conclusions: VA and other retinal functions like color vision are restored by cataract extraction.
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):18-22
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205803
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Ophthalmology national normative database series (3): Normal ranges of
           interorbital anthropometric values in healthy sudanese adults

    • Authors: Hajir Siraj, Mahgoub Saleem
      Pages: 23 - 30
      Abstract: Hajir Siraj, Mahgoub Saleem
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):23-30
      Background: The face is the most distinctive part of the human body. Of all areas on the face, the bilateral orbital regions which are located in the upper half of the face act as a strong influence in the perception of facial attractiveness, esthetic criteria, and “ideal” features of any certain nation. This fact increases the needs for interorbital anthropometry or interocular distances (IODs) which refers to the measurements of the human far interpupillary distance (FIPD), near interpupillary distance (NIPD), outer canthal distance (OCD), and inner canthal distance (ICD) among individuals of different age, sex, and ethnicity.Objective: To assess the normal ranges of interorbital anthropometric values among adult healthy Sudanese population and to define the effects of age, gender, and tribal ethnicity on interorbital anthropometry.Materials and Methods: Systematic interorbital anthropometric measurements were done in 920 Sudanese adults aged 20–85 years. Parameters included were FIPD, NIPD, OCD, and ICD across age, sex, and tribal ethnic perspective of the study subjects. Comparisons were made between their gender, age, and tribal ethnicity using the Chi-square test.Results: The study included 565 female (61.4%) and 355 male (38.6%) subjects with mean age of 48 ± 20 (range 20–85) years. Significant age, gender, and ethnical dimorphism were noted in the following parameters. OCD (male: 92.23 mm; female: 90.79 mm), FIPD (male: 63.20 mm; female: 61.57 mm), NIPD (male: 59.34 mm; female: 57.73 mm), and ICD (male: 34.30 mm; female: 33.00 mm).Conclusion: Significant interorbital measurement differences were found between Sudanese males and females in different age and ethnic groups. The present study suggests that age, gender, and ethnicity should be considered in Sudanese esthetic criteria and “ideal” features in any cosmetic or reconstructive orbital surgery. To individualize the treatment planning and diagnosis, it is important for the surgeons to have knowledge of these local Sudanese interorbital norms.
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):23-30
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205802
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Pleomorphic adenoma of palpebral part of lacrimal gland: A rare case
           report

    • Authors: Sushma A Hosamani, Sunil Biradar, VG Warad
      Pages: 31 - 33
      Abstract: Sushma A Hosamani, Sunil Biradar, VG Warad
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):31-33
      The aim of this study is to report a case of pleomorphic adenoma of palpebral part of lacrimal gland. A 38-year-old female was admitted with the complaints of swelling in the left upper eyelid which was gradual in onset and progressive in nature for 4 years. A firm nodular mass was seen protruding from left superior temporal region of orbit causing mild ptosis. Blood examination showed raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Ultrasound was typically hypoechoic well-capsulated mass. Under general anesthesia, the tumor was totally excised with anterolateral orbitotomy. Histopathological examination revealed a pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland with no evidence of malignancy. Postoperatively, mild ptosis was present and the patient was advised to use lubricating eye drops. Follow-up showed no recurrence. Pleomorphic adenoma (benign mixed tumor) of the lacrimal gland accounts for approximately 12–25% of all lacrimal tumors. Among these, 90% are orbital and only 10% are palpebral part of lacrimal gland tumor. It should be excised completely with a margin of normal tissue as incomplete resection may lead to recurrence. Incisional biopsy is believed to increase the risk of recurrence due to disruption of the pseudocapsule and tumor spillage.
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):31-33
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205799
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Management of eye trauma by multidisciplinary team in multidisciplinary
           facilities

    • Authors: Isra Kamal, Osman A Elgindi, Mahgoub Saleem, Nada Mirghani, Hatim Osman, Omer Abdoun, Sara Barakat, Hajir Ismaiel
      Pages: 34 - 38
      Abstract: Isra Kamal, Osman A Elgindi, Mahgoub Saleem, Nada Mirghani, Hatim Osman, Omer Abdoun, Sara Barakat, Hajir Ismaiel
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):34-38
      Eye injuries continue to increase in frequency and are commonly accompanied maxillofacial and head multiple injuries, secondary to road traffic accidents (RTAs). Their management is normally requiring multidisciplinary team management including ophthalmic, maxillofacial, and neurosurgeons, an opportunity which cannot be achieved unless in multidisciplinary facilities. The purpose of this study is to report multidisciplinary management of devastating mid-facial and orbital direct trauma from a shattered car window glass in RTA. A 2-year-old girl was rushed to the Emergency Department of the Royal Care International Hospital in Khartoum, with a mid-facial massive injury involving the orbit, following RTA; her parents were seeking for a second opinion after that the left eye enucleation was planned in another general hospital. The case discussion reviewed the initial examination, resultant management decisions, and final excellent visual outcome.
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):34-38
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205805
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Double elevator palsy with hypotropia, exotropia, and ptosis with
           dissociated vertical deviation in other eye managed with knapp's
           procedure

    • Authors: Akash Pankaj Shah, Avani Shah, Manisha D Singh, Bhargav Kotadia
      Pages: 39 - 40
      Abstract: Akash Pankaj Shah, Avani Shah, Manisha D Singh, Bhargav Kotadia
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):39-40
      The aim of this study is to report a case of double elevator palsy (DEP) managed with Knapp's procedure. An 18-year-old female presented to us with a complaint of drooping of the right eyelid since childhood. Best-corrected visual acuity was 6/12 in right eye and 6/6 in left eye. Elevation in right eye was absent. Her right eye showed 14–16 prism diopter (PD) hypotropia with 10 PD exotropia, and the left eye showed dissociated vertical deviation (DVD). Her palpebral fissure height was 6 mm in right eye and 9 mm in left eye with marginal reflex distance-1, 1 and 4 mm, respectively. Levator palpebrae superioris action was 7 mm in right eye and 14 mm in left eye. Bell's phenomenon was absent in right eye. Diagnosis of right eye DEP with ptosis and exotropia on left eye DVD was made. Knapp procedure in right eye was performed with postoperative orthophoria in primary position. Knapp's procedure is the surgery of choice in a case of DEP.
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):39-40
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205800
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Blepharophimosis syndrome: A rare disorder

    • Authors: Chandan Govind Tiple, Nitin Tiple, Sugat Kawale, Pradhnya Rangari
      Pages: 41 - 42
      Abstract: Chandan Govind Tiple, Nitin Tiple, Sugat Kawale, Pradhnya Rangari
      Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):41-42
      This report is a case of blepharophimosis syndrome in a 21-year-old male patient who presented to the outpatient department for handicapped certificate on account of poor vision. There was no history of similar occurrence in the family of the patient. The patient's vision was 6/18 in both eyes. The patient had refraction which revealed hyperopic astigmatism, but the vision did not improve due to amblyopia that the patient had. In view of cosmetic reasons, the patient was encouraged to have ptosis surgery.
      Citation: Al-Basar International Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 4(1):41-42
      PubDate: Mon,8 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1858-6538.205801
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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