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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1110-7782 - ISSN (Online) 2090-9098
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Medicine in Islamic Egypt

    • Authors: Nevine Abd El-Gawad Ali Hasan
      Pages: 149 - 150
      Abstract: Nevine Abd El-Gawad Ali Hasan
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):149-150

      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):149-150
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_47_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • CD4 cell counts, complete blood picture and lipid profile in HIV infected
           and AIDS patients in a specific populace from South India

    • Authors: MVR Ratnam, Abhishek S Nayyar, B Kalivara Prasad, SVN Sashikiran, G Upendra, Debasis Sahu
      Pages: 151 - 163
      Abstract: MVR Ratnam, Abhishek S Nayyar, B Kalivara Prasad, SVN Sashikiran, G Upendra, Debasis Sahu
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):151-163
      Context AIDS is caused by a retrovirus known as HIV which breaks down the body’s immune system leaving the patient vulnerable to a host of life-threatening opportunistic infections, neurological disorders, or unusual malignancies. According to estimates by WHO and UNAIDS, 35 million people were living with HIV globally at the end of the year 2013. The first AIDS case in India was detected in the year 1986. Seldom studies have been conducted correlating these parameters in the Indian population.Aim The present study was carried out to evaluate the CD4 cell counts, complete blood picture, and lipid profile in HIV-infected patients and those with AIDS and correlate these parameters with those obtained in the sero-negative controls.Materials and methods This was a cross-sectional, hospital-based study. The included participants were divided into three groups: group A consisted of 500 patients who were without any systemic illness as healthy controls, group B consisted of 500 patients who were diagnosed as having HIV infection, and group C consisted of 500 patients diagnosed as having AIDS depending on their CD4 cell counts. Permission from the Ethical Committee of the Institution as well as Superintendent of Government Hospital was taken to conduct the study. Evaluation of CD4 cell counts in patients with HIV infection and AIDS was done using CyFlow counter, whereas complete blood picture, hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume, red blood cell and white blood cells (WBCs) and platelet counts, were analyzed using Sysmex XP 100, a compact, fully automated analyzer. Lipid profile was evaluated using an automated analyzer, Erba EM 360 powered by a diffraction grating photometer.Results The results were found to be statistically significant, with the P-value being less than 0.001, for the CD4 cell counts, Hb, WBCs, and platelet counts. The levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) were significantly decreased whereas triglycerides and very LDLs were significantly increased in patients with AIDS when compared with the control group and patients with HIV infection.Conclusion CD4 cell counts, Hb, WBCs and platelet counts as well as total cholesterol, LDLs, triglycerides and very LDLs were significantly altered in patients with HIV infection and those with AIDS when compared with the controls.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):151-163
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_59_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Microscopic colitis in Egyptian population: study of some contributing
           factors and role of chromogranin A as a diagnostic marker

    • Authors: Mohamed S Gomaa, Ahmad S Elsawaby, Emad A Awad, Magdy G Abdel Rahman
      Pages: 164 - 169
      Abstract: Mohamed S Gomaa, Ahmad S Elsawaby, Emad A Awad, Magdy G Abdel Rahman
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):164-169
      Background Microscopic colitis (MC) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have similar symptoms and a normal endoscopic appearance, as well as normal radiologic findings. Several studies have shown that MC can be mistakenly diagnosed as IBS. Over recent decades, MC has emerged as a common cause of diarrhea, especially in middle-aged or older women, and the disease is regarded as a subgroup within inflammatory bowel disease. The prevalence of MC in Egyptian patients with chronic watery nonbloody diarrhea is high when compared with that in developed countries. MC mainly affects young and middle-aged patients, and it is more commonly of the lymphocytic type. Chromogranin A is a common marker for endocrine cells, and the present finding suggests that colonic hormones are involved in the pathophysiology of lymphocytic colitis (LC). The chromogranin cell density seems to be a good diagnostic marker with high sensitivity and specificity in both the right and left colon; thus, sigmoidoscopy can be used in the diagnosis of LC using this marker.Aim The aim of the current work is to study the prevalence of MC among patient presented with symptoms of IBS. In addition, it is to determine whether chromogranin A cell density is increased in patients with MC and to examine the possibility of using it as a marker for the diagnosis of LC and collagenous colitis.Patients and methods The study was conducted initially on 100 patients presented with symptoms of IBS according to Rome IV criteria. Overall, 50 patients were excluded after finding an organic cause for their symptoms by diagnostic studies.Results A total of 37 cases were diagnosed as having nonspecific colitis, five cases were diagnosed as having MC (10% of the total cases studied), four cases were found to have ulcerative colitis, three cases was found to have eosinophilic colitis, and one case was found to have melanosis coli.Conclusion The initial results of our study revealed that MC is not an uncommon disease, and there was a significant correlation between using NSAID and proton pump inhibitor and smoking, with cases proved to have MC.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):164-169
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_36_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Urinary netrin-1 predicts early ischemic acute kidney injury after
           cardiopulmonary bypass

    • Authors: Mohammad H Aly, Alsayed Alnahal, Goerge Emad, Abdel A.M Jumaa, Mohammad M El Shaarawy
      Pages: 170 - 175
      Abstract: Mohammad H Aly, Alsayed Alnahal, Goerge Emad, Abdel A.M Jumaa, Mohammad M El Shaarawy
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):170-175
      Background Serum creatinine is an unreliable early biomarker for the diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. We need to search for a rapid and dependable marker for the detection of AKI.Aim of work This study was designed to test urinary netrin-1 (Ntn1) as a marker of early kidney injury post cardiac surgery. Our study included 39 patients with preoperative normal creatinine. We measured serum creatinine and urinary Ntn1 at 0, 6, and 24 h after cardiac surgery, AKI was defined according to the KDIGO 2012 definition.Results Fourteen patients developed AKI after cardiac surgery. There was statistically significant elevation in urinary Ntn1 at 6 and 24 h after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery in the AKI group, while serum creatinine failed to show any statistically significant elevation at 6 h after CPB in the same group. No statistically significant change was seen in the level of creatinine or urinary Ntn1 at 6 and 24 h after CPB surgery in the non-AKI group. The sensitivity and specificity of urinary Ntn1 to detect AKI at 6 h after CPB surgery was 86.7 and 91.7%, respectively, at a cutoff value of 107.3 pg/ml. Combined urinary Ntn1 and serum creatinine had the same sensitivity and specificity.Conclusion Urinary Ntn1 may be considered as an early sensitive biomarker of AKI at 6 h after cadiopulmonary bypass surgery instead of serum creatinine that rises only 24 h after CPB surgery in patients with cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):170-175
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_39_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism and serum osteoprotegerin
           level in type 2 diabetic patients

    • Authors: Eman H El-Adawy, Gehan A Shaker, Amal Seleem
      Pages: 176 - 180
      Abstract: Eman H El-Adawy, Gehan A Shaker, Amal Seleem
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):176-180
      Background Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) are associated with higher risks of cardiovascular disorders in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is unknown whether diabetic patients with SCH have elevated OPG compared with those with euthyroid and, if so, whether SCH independently associated with OPG level.Objective The objective was to study the association between SCH and serum OPG level among Egyptian adults with newly diagnosed T2DM.Patients and methods One hundred and fifty patients with newly diagnosed T2DM and 150 healthy controls matched for sex and age were included in the study. Serum OPG, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, blood glucose, lipid profile, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and anthropometric measurements were assessed for all participants.Results The prevalence of SCH and elevated level of OPG in the diabetic patients were higher than healthy controls (17.3 vs. 4%, P<0.001; and 14 vs. 4.7%, P=0.02; respectively). Diabetics with SCH demonstrated significantly higher HOMA-IR, serum TSH, and OPG compared with diabetics without SCH. Serum TSH was significantly correlated with total cholesterol (P=0.05), fasting insulin (P=0.01), HOMA-IR (P=0.01), and OPG (P=0.005). Moreover, serum OPG was correlated with waist circumference (P=0.01), fasting insulin (P=0.05), and HOMA-IR (P=0.02). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that SCH was associated with serum level of OPG independently of the other significant variables (β=2.49, P=0.01).Conclusion T2DM patients with SCH demonstrate higher level and independent association with serum OPG than those with euthyroid. This result might add new information about the causal relationship between SCH and cardiovascular disorders in such a population.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):176-180
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_40_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Assessment of left ventricular functions in patients with type 2 diabetes
           mellitus using tissue Doppler imaging and its correlation with a novel
           cardiac biomarker

    • Authors: Ebtissam Zakria, Naglaa M Elsayed, Nashwa S Ghanem, Elham Youssif, Mervat M Kalaf, Safaa ElGabarty
      Pages: 181 - 188
      Abstract: Ebtissam Zakria, Naglaa M Elsayed, Nashwa S Ghanem, Elham Youssif, Mervat M Kalaf, Safaa ElGabarty
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):181-188
      Introduction Cardiovascular diseases account for about 65% of diabetes-related mortality.Objective Noninvasive assessment of left ventricular functions in asymptomatic nonhypertensive nonischemic type 2 diabetics using echo heart and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) for detecting structural and functional cardiac abnormalities, and correlating them with levels of Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) for early planning of management before passing into overt heart failure (HF) were the objectives of this study.Patients and methods We studied 55 patients with type 2 diabetes and classified them into two groups: 26 patients with less than 10 years diabetes duration and 29 patients with more than 10 years duration. Full history, fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, creatinine, lipid profile, BNP, ECG, conventional echo, and TDI were performed for all patients.Results In all, 45 (80%) patients out of 55 patients have diastolic dysfunction, classified as 15 (27%) with type 1 diastolic dysfunction, 26 (47%) with type 2 pseudonormal diastolic dysfunction, and four (7%) patients with type 3 diastolic dysfunction. Systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction <55) was present in nine (16%) patients despite absent HF. BNP was significantly high in patients with longer diabetes duration (P=0.008). There was a statistically significant difference in the BNP level between those with diminished systolic function and those with normal systolic function, P=0.001; yet no statistically significant difference was found between BNP and different groups of diastolic dysfunction (P=0.7).Conclusion Diabetic cardiomyopathy is an important diabetes complication. It varies from subclinical ventricular dysfunction to overt HF. Echocardiography is the standard diagnostic tool for diabetic cardiomyopathy. TDI can be used to quantitatively assess global, regional, systolic, and diastolic myocardial functions. Plasma BNP can be a prognostic rather than diagnostic test.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):181-188
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_48_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Does brain natriuretic peptide have a significant diagnostic value in
           subclinical peripheral atrial disease type 2 diabetic patients?

    • Authors: Eman M Fahmy, Ahmed M El Mahdi, Marwa A Gaber, Mohamed A Monem Saeed
      Pages: 189 - 195
      Abstract: Eman M Fahmy, Ahmed M El Mahdi, Marwa A Gaber, Mohamed A Monem Saeed
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):189-195
      Background Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM); it is also correlated with increase in the morbidity and mortality in diabetics owing to cardiovascular disease. Ankle–brachial index (ABI) is an established method to detect PAD.Patients and methods This is a cross-sectional study to detect brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level in patient with type-2 DM with PAD using ABI.Results This study revealed 11 patients diagnosed with low ABI. Patients with low ABI showed statistical significance regarding mean age (P=0.038), duration of DM (P=0.004), concentration of glycated hemoglobin (P=0.044), BNP (P=0.013), and microalbuminurea (P=0.007). Moreover, patients with low ABI were significantly associated with nephropathy (P=0.001) and retinopathy (P=0.007). BNP at cutoff value of 360 pg/ml had sensitivity and specificity of 27.27 and 95.9, respectively. The BNP level was negatively correlated with the ABI (r=−0.183, P=0.162). BNP showed statistical significance with fasting blood sugar, postprandial glucose, nephropathy, retinopathy, and albumin/creatinine ratio in urine.Conclusion BNP is a potential and a promising biomarker for PAD screening in patients with type-2 DM.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):189-195
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_58_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Thyrotoxicosis associated with severe hypoalbuminemia and
           hyperbilirubinemia

    • Authors: Mert Evlice, Zekeriya Aksoz
      Pages: 196 - 198
      Abstract: Mert Evlice, Zekeriya Aksoz
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):196-198
      Thyrotoxicosis is a known cause of nonspecific abnormalities in liver function tests: most commonly mild elevations in serum bilirubin and liver enzymes, and rarely decreases in serum albumin levels. We report a case of severe hyperbilirubinemia and hypoalbuminemia secondary to thyrotoxicosis in a 64-year-old woman who presented to our emergency department with complaints of jaundice, pruritis, and chronic diarrhea. In our case, the symptoms and signs of various abnormalities in liver function tests such as serum albumin and bilirubin normalized after euthyroid state. We think that these findings are related to thyroid dysfunction. Every hyperbilirubinemia and hypoalbuminemia, which can be seen in many serious diseases, may unexpectedly appear in the long-term progression of thyrotoxicosis. Whether thyrotoxicosis is present in patients with hyperbilirubinemia and hypoalbuminemia should be evaluated.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):196-198
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_7_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • An interesting case of encephalitis

    • Authors: A.V. Raveendran, Kariampuzha Chacko George, Mohammed Shafi Pilavullakandy
      Pages: 199 - 200
      Abstract: A.V. Raveendran, Kariampuzha Chacko George, Mohammed Shafi Pilavullakandy
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):199-200
      Autoimmune encephalitis is an emerging clinical entity/medical emergency. Psychiatric symptoms can be a presenting feature of this condition, causing diagnostic confusion. Early and appropriate treatment is essential for complete recovery and to prevent relapse.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):199-200
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_57_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Glucocorticoid hypersensitivity syndrome resulting from inhaled
           corticosteroid: a case report

    • Authors: Ejiofor T Ugwu
      Pages: 201 - 203
      Abstract: Ejiofor T Ugwu
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):201-203
      The term ‘glucocorticoid hypersensitivity syndrome’ is very sparse in the literature. It describes a very rare entity characterized by the appearance of typical Cushingoid features in the presence of normal or low serum cortisol levels. It is also known as cortisol hyper-reactive syndrome or normocortisolemic Cushing’s syndrome. This report illustrates this unusual phenomenon accompanied by metabolic syndrome-like manifestations in a young Nigerian man who was receiving inhaled corticosteroid for bronchial asthma and who experienced a significant improvement following withdrawal of the steroid treatment.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(4):201-203
      PubDate: Mon,4 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_49_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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