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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access  
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)

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Journal Cover Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine
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   ISSN (Print) 1110-7782 - ISSN (Online) 2090-9098
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Approach to transgender individuals

    • Authors: Nilufer O Kutbay, Banu S Yurekli, Emine K Baykan, Nazli B Ozbaran, Hayriye Elbi, Fusun Saygili
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Nilufer O Kutbay, Banu S Yurekli, Emine K Baykan, Nazli B Ozbaran, Hayriye Elbi, Fusun Saygili
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):1-4
      BackgroundTrans-sexualism is the desire to be a member of the opposite sex during normal somatic sexual development. In this study, we would like to share our endocrinological approach and general clinical features of the patients with gender identity disorder.Patients and methodsGeneral and clinical features of 63 patients who were referred to Endocrinology Department between October 2012 and March 2014 were investigated retrospectively. In the beginning of the therapy, and later periodically, the patients were physically examined and their basal hormones and biochemical data were evaluated.ResultsForty-eight (76.2%) patients constituted the female-to-male (FtM) group, and 15 (23.8%) patients constituted the male-to-female (MtF) group. The mean age was 25.0±4.6 in the FtM group and 24.9±5.9 in the MtF group. In the FtM group, 28 patients used testosterone preparations as cross-sex hormone, whereas 20 did not. Five (10.4%) patients had already used this preparation before they applied to us. Seven patients underwent mastectomy and four underwent oophorectomy. Penile prosthesis was implanted in one patient with reconstructive surgery. In the MtF group, nine patients used estradiol preparation. In the MtF group, three patients underwent breast implant surgery. Reconstructive surgery or orchiectomy was not performed.ConclusionThe cross-sex hormone therapy provides the development of secondary sex characteristics and must also be given as a replacement therapy after gonadectomy.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):1-4
      PubDate: Mon,12 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-7782.207782
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Effect of vitamin K1 supplementation on matrix Gla protein level and
           vascular calcification in hemodialysis patients

    • Authors: Ahmed Alla Eldin Ahmed Saad, Eglal Mohammed Kenawy, Ahmed Mohammed Elashakr, Hesham Hamdy Amin, Ahmed Abo Elfatoh Eldali, Waleed Saber Mohammed
      Pages: 5 - 10
      Abstract: Ahmed Alla Eldin Ahmed Saad, Eglal Mohammed Kenawy, Ahmed Mohammed Elashakr, Hesham Hamdy Amin, Ahmed Abo Elfatoh Eldali, Waleed Saber Mohammed
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):5-10
      BackgroundMatrix Gla protein (MGP) is a potent calcification inhibitor of the arterial wall. Its activity depends on vitamin K-dependent γ-carboxyglutamate.AimWe aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin K1 on MGP levels after 3 months’ supplementation and the relationship between MGP level and vascular calcification.Patients and methodsA prospective case–control pilot study was conducted over a period of 3 months. The study included 57 long-term hemodialysis patients in stable conditions who were divided into two groups and were compared with 27 healthy age-matched controls. Group I consisted of 28 hemodialysis patients who received vitamin K1 at 10 mg three times per week for a successive period of 3 months. Group II consisted of 29 hemodialysis patients who did not receive vitamin K. Group III consisted of 27 healthy participants as controls. The serum level of MGP was measured by radioimmunoassay; in addition, hemoglobin%, parathyroid hormone, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, alkaline phosphatase, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and carotid intima–media thickness were also measured. Plain radiograph of the abdomen in lateral view was acquired to determine the abdominal aortic calcification score at the start of the study, which was reassessed after 3 months in groups I and II.ResultsWe found a significant increase in blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) with elevation in the serum level of MGP in patient groups than control from the start. A significant elevation in MGP level was observed in group I accompanied by a decrease in serum cholesterol level, compared with group II. We did not find any significant change in carotid intima–media thickness or abdominal aortic calcification score in either group after 3 months. There was no significant correlation between elevated MGP level and vascular calcification either. No significant difference was found in other parameters.ConclusionVitamin K supplementation may be essential for End Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) patients on hemodialysis. Vitamin K can increase the level of MGP and decrease cholesterol level, but its beneficial effect on the vascular bed needs a long-term study.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):5-10
      PubDate: Mon,12 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-7782.207779
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Prevalence and profile of pulmonary fungal pathogens among HIV-infected
           patients attending University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

    • Authors: Muhammad Talle, Ibrahim M Hamidu, Idris-Abdullahi Nasir, Abubakar Mursal, Kalama B Dikwa, Mustapha Jelili, Peter O Musa
      Pages: 11 - 15
      Abstract: Muhammad Talle, Ibrahim M Hamidu, Idris-Abdullahi Nasir, Abubakar Mursal, Kalama B Dikwa, Mustapha Jelili, Peter O Musa
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):11-15
      BackgroundFungal infections in lungs are being diagnosed with increasing frequency. This is related to the increased immunocompromised status and hygienic factors among patients. In view of this, the present study sought to isolate, identify, and determine the prevalence of pathogenic fungi in HIV-infected patients attending the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.Materials and methodsBetween 5 April 2016 and 27 August 2016, three consecutive sputum samples in the early morning were collected from individual participants. The samples were inoculated onto Petri dishes containing sabouraud dextrose agar in triplicates for isolation. The fungal isolates were identified using standard mycological stains and reagents. Self-administered questionnaires and participants’ hospital cards were used to assess demographic and clinical variables, respectively.ResultsThe prevalence of pulmonary fungal infection among the patients was at 68%. Of the infected patients, male patients accounted for 59.8%, whereas female patients accounted for 40.1%. However, there was no significant association between the prevalence of pulmonary fungal infection and sex of subjects (P=0.630). Candida albicans [24 (23.5%)] accounted for the highest proportion of the fungal isolates, followed by Aspergillus spp. [19 (18.6%)], with the least being Torulopsis dattila [one (0.9%)], Torulopsis glabrata, [one (0.9%)], and Microsporum canis [one (0.9%)]. Subjects with ages between 31 and 35 years that the highest prevalence of pulmonary fungal infections, 28 (27.5%), whereas those between 56 and 60 years, had the least prevalence, 1 (20.0%). Among the 102 participants coinfected with HIV/tuberculosis (TB), 92 (90.2%) had fungal coinfections, representing a relatively higher prevalence compared with those without TB, 10 (20.8%). There was statistical association between the prevalence of pulmonary fungal infections and TB status and age of patients (P<0.05).ConclusionFindings from this study revealed a high prevalence of pulmonary fungi in HIV/TB coinfected patients, with C. albicans being the leading causal fungi responsible for symptoms of pulmonary diseases.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):11-15
      PubDate: Mon,12 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_5_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Clinical evaluation of acute kidney injury in Al-Zahraa University
           Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

    • Authors: Lamyaa I Ahmed, Hayam H Mansour, Amal Hussen, Mohammed S Zaki, Ragaa R Mohammed, Aalaa T Goda
      Pages: 16 - 23
      Abstract: Lamyaa I Ahmed, Hayam H Mansour, Amal Hussen, Mohammed S Zaki, Ragaa R Mohammed, Aalaa T Goda
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):16-23
      BackgroundAcute kidney injury (AKI) is a very common problem. Early detection of injury with initiation of appropriate supportive care remains the mainstay of therapy.AimThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence, etiology, prognosis, treatment, and outcome of AKI.Patients and methodsThis was a prospective, observational study of 212 patients (137 men and 75 women) who were admitted in all departments of Al-Zahraa University Hospital with AKI during the period from October 2014 to October 2015. Their ages ranged from 22 to 85 years. We included adults aged more than 18 years who presented with AKI, and we excluded patients on regular dialysis. Serum creatinine, sodium, potassium, urea, calcium, phosphorus and uric acid, complete blood count, pelviabdominal ultrasound, and daily measurement of urine output (UOP) were done. AKI patients were classified according to the RIFLE and Acute Kidney Injury Network staging.ResultAccording to the RIFLE criteria, the number of risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal disease patients were 55 (25.9%), 62 (29.24%), 33 (15.56%), 38 (17.92%), and 24 (11.32%), respectively. According to the Acute Kidney Injury Network staging system, the number of stages I, II, and III patients were 61 (28.7%), 50 (23.5%), and 101 (47.6%), respectively. The length of hospital stay was significantly associated with severity of AKI. The main cause of AKI was dehydration in 82 (38.7%) patients and sepsis in 71 (33.5%). Oliguric patients were 147 (69.34%) and nonoliguric were 65 (30.66%). Moreover, prognosis of patients was complete recovery in 95 (44.81%), partial recovery in 81 (38.21%), and no recovery in 36 (16.98%).ConclusionAKI was more common among patients in ICU than those in any other department. Dehydration and sepsis were its leading causes.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):16-23
      PubDate: Mon,12 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_3_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Correlation between Helicobacter pylori infection and reflux esophagitis:
           still an ongoing debate

    • Authors: Mohamed Saeed Hussein Gomaa, Maha Mosaad Mosaad
      Pages: 24 - 29
      Abstract: Mohamed Saeed Hussein Gomaa, Maha Mosaad Mosaad
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):24-29
      ContextThe vast majority of pathologies in the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum are related to either H. pylori infection or gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Both conditions affect a large proportion of the population and they may occur either independently or concomitantly. The question of whether the two conditions are mutually exclusive, synergistic, or simply independent is an issue that was raised several years ago and is a matter of ongoing debate.AimWe aimed to determine the correlation between gastric Helicobacter colonization and grossly and histologically proven reflux esophagitis.Settings and designThis work was designed as a descriptive cross-sectional study.Patients and methodsThe study was conducted on 50 patients, five women and 45 men, aged 19–79 years (mean: 35.3 years). The inclusion criterion was having a history of symptoms suggestive of GERD.The cases were chosen from among outpatients and inpatients undergoing diagnostic endoscopic study at the endoscopy unit. The main presenting complaints were GERD symptoms, dyspepsia and postprandial epigastric pain. All cases were subjected to thorough history taking regarding the details and nature of the presenting complaint, special habits including caffeine consumption, smoking, and intake of medications such as antacids and H2 blockers, complete physical examination and upper endoscopy.Detailed description of upper endoscopic examination was reported, including the grade of esophagitis according to Savary–Miller classification.Three groups of biopsies were taken from each case: the first set from the lower end of the oesophagus and the two other sets from the gastric antrum. The oesophageal biopsies and one set of gastric biopsies were examined histologically after being processed.The second gastric biopsy set was used for direct detection of H. pylori using the rapid urease test (Campylobacter-like organism test). The rapid urease test offers a sensitivity of 80–99% and a specificity of 92–100% in untreated patients when compared with histology as the gold standard in the diagnosis of H. pylori infection.Statistical analysisData were statistically described in terms of frequencies (number of cases) and percentages and compared using the χ2-test. The exact test was used when the expected frequency was less than 5.ResultsOn using the rapid urease enzyme test there were 44 (88%) positive cases and six (12%) negative cases for H. pylori.By direct histopathologic examination there were 32 (64%) positive cases and 18 (36%) negative cases for H. pylori.There was no statistically significant correlation between gastric colonization with H. pylori and reflux esophagitis diagnosed grossly and histopathologically.ConclusionThe study showed no statistically significant correlation between H. pylori infection and the presence of reflux esophagitis.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):24-29
      PubDate: Mon,12 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_9_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Diabetes mellitus and congenital proximal femur hypoplasia: is there a
           link or association

    • Authors: Mervat Essam, Ahmed Yamani
      Pages: 30 - 32
      Abstract: Mervat Essam, Ahmed Yamani
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):30-32
      We present a case of congenital short femur with scleredema Diabeticorum (SD) in a patient with diabetic neuropathy with unusual skin lesion distribution. Gait symptoms progressively worsened. The atypical distribution of the skin lesions is quite unusual. This case express rare complications of diabetes mellitus, the maternal diabetes which had disrupted in part the development of skeletal system of the offspring who in turn developed a rare dermatologic complications i.e. scleredema Diabeticorum (SD).This case will leave inedible memory for every diabetologist not to miss the skeletal and dermatologic manifestations of DM. The combination of this congenital proximal femoral hypoplasia with complicating diabetes make the question if there is a link with similar genetic predilection or just an association.
      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):30-32
      PubDate: Mon,12 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_12_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Medicine in ancient Egypt

    • Authors: Nevine Abd El-Gawad Ali Hasan
      Pages: 33 - 34
      Abstract: Nevine Abd El-Gawad Ali Hasan
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):33-34

      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):33-34
      PubDate: Mon,12 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_23_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Dr el Sawy Mahmoud Habib

    • Authors: Amal F Radwan
      Pages: 35 - 36
      Abstract: Amal F Radwan
      The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):35-36

      Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine 2017 29(1):35-36
      PubDate: Mon,12 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ejim.ejim_16_17
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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