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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation
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   ISSN (Print) 1110-161X - ISSN (Online) 2090-3235
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Using Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index-5 questionnaire in the
           assessment of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis:
           correlation with quality of life, pain, and functional status

    • Authors: Shereen R Kamel
      Pages: 43 - 48
      Abstract: Shereen R Kamel
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):43-48
      Objective The aim of our study was to assess the disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index-5 (RADAI‑5) questionnaire and to find its correlation with Disease Activity Score-28 (DAS28), quality of life, pain, and functional status.Patients and methods A total of 40 patients with RA were included. Quality of life was evaluated by Quality of Life–Rheumatoid Arthritis scale. The severity of pain was measured by 100-mm visual analog scale-pain. Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index was used to evaluate functional status. Disease activity was measured by using the DAS28 and RADAI-5.Results Mean RADAI-5 score was 4.2±1.7 (moderate disease activity). A total of seven (17.5%) patients were in remission, four (10%) patients had mild disease activity, 19 (47.5%) patients had moderate disease activity, and 10 (25%) patients had high disease activity. RADAI-5 was significantly correlated with DAS28, quality of life scale, pain scale, and functional status (r=0.9, P<0.001; r=0.9, P<0.001; r=0.4, P=0.02; and r=0.6, P<0.001, respectively). Moreover, RADAI-5 was found to be significantly correlated with morning stiffness duration, Ritchie articular index, tender 28-joint count, swollen 28-joint count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, anticyclic citrullinated peptide, and rheumatoid factor positivity (r=0.3, P=0.03; r=0.8, P<0.001; r=0.9, P<0.001; r=0.7, P<0.001; r=0.6, P<0.001; r=0.6, P<0.001; and r=0.4, P=0.008, respectively).Conclusion RADAI-5 is a simple and low-cost self-report questionnaire that reflects patients’ perception of signs and symptoms. The correlations of RADAI-5 with DAS28, quality of life, pain, and functional status reflect its value in the assessment of disease activity in patients with RA.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):43-48
      PubDate: Mon,2 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_31_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Subclinical neuropsychiatric dysfunctions in female patients with systemic
           lupus erythematosus

    • Authors: Caroline S Morad, Howaida E Mansour, Soha E Ibrahim, Khaled A Ahmad, Shaimaa G Arafa
      Pages: 49 - 56
      Abstract: Caroline S Morad, Howaida E Mansour, Soha E Ibrahim, Khaled A Ahmad, Shaimaa G Arafa
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):49-56
      Objective To examine for presence of subclinical neuropsychiatric lupus and cerebral atherosclerosis and their correlation with MRI/magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) findings and disease activity and to find if these radiological changes compared with laboratory parameters could be predictive of the early NP affection aiming for early management of these dysfunctions.Patients and methods Thirty adult female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were enrolled, with assessment of SLE disease activity using Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index; psychometric evaluations using the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination to assess for cognitive dysfunction; Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Hamilton Anxiety Scale to assess for depression and anxiety, respectively; and brain MRI/MRA to detect any changes in subclinical cases.Results The mean age was 31.7 years. Twelve (40%) patients had positive antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies with or without clinically evident antiphospholipid syndrome, 22 (73.33%) had different NP manifestations, 13 (43.3%) depression, 15 (50%) anxiety, and 16 (53.3%) cognitive dysfunction. All patients with depression and anxiety and 87.5% of patients with dementia showed abnormalities on MRI. All patients with positive aPL showed abnormalities on MRI, whereas abnormalities on MRI were found in only eight patients with SLE with negative aPL (100 vs. 44.4%). There was a significant correlation between SLE disease activity and both NP manifestations and abnormalities on MRI/MRA, and also between aPL antibodies and NP manifestations. Abnormalities on MRI included discrete white matter lesions, cortical atrophy, and gross infarctions.Conclusion Significant number of patients with SLE without overt NP manifestations had subclinical cerebrovascular and cognitive dysfunctions, depression, and anxiety by simple bedside questionnaires. SLE disease activity positively correlates with NP manifestations. The presence of aPL antibodies is a strong risk factor for developing NP SLE. Several distinct brain MRI patterns were observed in patients with active NP SLE, suggestive of different pathogenic mechanisms.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):49-56
      PubDate: Mon,2 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_46_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Toward sensitive and specific electrodiagnostic techniques in early carpal
           tunnel syndrome

    • Authors: Sara E Hegab, Mohamed K Senna, Eman A Hafez, Seif E A Farag
      Pages: 57 - 64
      Abstract: Sara E Hegab, Mohamed K Senna, Eman A Hafez, Seif E A Farag
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):57-64
      Context There remains no gold standard or even true agreement among clinicians as to which electrophysiological tests are most important and most relevant particularly in the mild and early carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).Aim The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of electrodiagnostic (EDX) techniques to confirm the clinically diagnosed patients with mild CTS.Patients and methods This is a descriptive study. A total of 109 hands (68 right hands and 41 left hands) with symptoms consistent with mild idiopathic CTS, as well as 100 hands from controls, were clinically examined and underwent EDX evaluation.Results The ring-difference and thumb-difference had the highest sensitivity, with the distal sensory latency (DSL) of the median nerve coming next. Combined sensory index (CSI) test at a cutoff point more than 1.1 had 100% specificity and positive predictive value. Abnormal DSL of the median nerve had the best negative predictive value. In patients with early and mild CTS and with normal distal motor latency and DSL, the CSI at cutoff point more than 1.1 is the best EDX test that is able to detect most of these patients.Conclusion CSI and its individual components appear as the best EDX tests that help in the diagnosis of patients with early and mild idiopathic CTS.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):57-64
      PubDate: Mon,2 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_41_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Usefulness of neuromuscular ultrasound in the diagnosis of idiopathic
           carpal tunnel syndrome

    • Authors: Faten I Mohamed, Shereen R Kamel, Ahmed E Hafez
      Pages: 65 - 73
      Abstract: Faten I Mohamed, Shereen R Kamel, Ahmed E Hafez
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):65-73
      Objective The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of neuromuscular ultrasound in the diagnosis of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and to determine the relationships of ultrasonographic measurements with the clinical severity and the electrophysiological grading scale.Patients and methods One hundred CTS diseased hands and 100 nondiseased hands were assessed clinically and by nerve conduction studies. We measured ultrasonographic cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve at various levels of the carpal canal (inlet and outlet), flattening ratio (FR), palmar bowing of the flexor retinaculum, wrist/forearm ratio, as well as median nerve mobility and power doppler signals. Data from patients and controls were compared to determine the diagnostic relations and the grade of severity.Results Measures of CSA of the median nerve at the inlet and at the outlet, palmer bowing and inlet/forearm ratio in the CTS group were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05); 50% of diseased hands showed restriction of mobility of the median nerve, while 31% had doppler signals. Positive correlations of ultrasonographic measurements with patient-oriented measures, clinical severity scale and electrophysiological grade were observed.Conclusion Ultrasonographic measurements of CSA at the inlet and flexor retinaculum have a relatively higher diagnostic accuracy than FR for CTS. The correlation between clinical scores, historical-objective-distribution scale, electrophysiological grade and ultrasonographic measurements reflects the usefulness of neuromuscular ultrasound in the diagnosis of idiopathic CTS.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):65-73
      PubDate: Mon,2 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_22_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The utility of maximal oxygen uptake testing as cardiovascular disease
           risk marker in female patients with rheumatoid arthritis without
           associated lung disease

    • Authors: Samah H El-Medany, Gehan H Abo El-Magd
      Pages: 74 - 80
      Abstract: Samah H El-Medany, Gehan H Abo El-Magd
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):74-80
      Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) as a marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its relation to the CVD risk factors in a cohort of female patients with RA without associated lung disease.Patients and methods A total of 132 female patients with RA were assessed for cardiopulmonary fitness with a VO2 max testing. Moreover, 100 healthy female individuals were recruited as control group. Exclusion of patients with pulmonary fibrosis/nodules by using high-resolution computed tomography was done. Traditional CVD risk factors and disease characteristics and their correlation with VO2 max level were assessed in all patients.Results Based on VO2 max mean, patients were classified into three groups: unfit (<16.72 ml/kg/min), fairly fit (16.73–25.6 ml/kg/min), and with average fitness (>25.6 ml/kg/min). Patients had significantly worse VO2 max mean (21.28±6.96 ml/kg/min) compared with control (30.88±7.36 ml/kg/min). Patients with poor VO2 max level were more likely to be older, hypertensive, with family history of CVD, with high BMI, and with high mean of Framingham risk score. Significant differences were detected between the fitness subgroups in mean of carotid intima–media thickness and presence of carotid plaques. Long duration of RA, uncontrolled disease activity, high health assessment questionnaire, high C-reactive protein, and positive anticyclic citrullinated protein antibodies were correlated significantly with reduced VO2 max level.Conclusion VO2 max test can be used as a surrogate CVD marker in patients with RA. VO2 max can be used as a noninvasive test to detect and quantify fitness defects in patients with RA at increased risk of CVD.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):74-80
      PubDate: Mon,2 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_23_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Effect of a 6-week agility training program on lower limb isometric
           strength and fatigue index of indian taekwondo players

    • Authors: Amrinder Singh, Abhinav Sathe, Jaspal S Sandhu
      Pages: 81 - 85
      Abstract: Amrinder Singh, Abhinav Sathe, Jaspal S Sandhu
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):81-85
      Background Taekwondo is a martial art sport requiring high level of agility and lower limb strength as it helps improve performance in activities. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of a 6-week agility training program on lower limb isometric strength and fatigue index of Indian taekwondo players.Materials and methods A total of 30 elite national-level taekwondo players (mean age: 19.86±1.81 years, mean height: 1.70±7 m, and mean mass: 60.36±13.74 kg) volunteered and were randomly assigned into two groups: group 1 (n=15) agility training group and group 2 (n=15) control group. Both agility training group and control group were assessed for lower limb isometric strength and fatigue index assessed by HUR 5340 leg extension/curl computer controlled isotonic/isometric dynamometer. Control group had followed their routine training schedule, and agility training group had performed agility training for 6 weeks. After 6 weeks of training, post-training measures were taken.Results Significant changes (P<0.05) in group 1 (agility training group) were observed in all the variables tested. No significant changes/decline in performance was found in group 2 group (control group).Conclusion This program significantly improved the performance and may be implemented as a regular part of the training schedule.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(2):81-85
      PubDate: Mon,2 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_28_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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