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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Archives of International Surgery
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2278-9596
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Transverse testicular ectopia: What surgeons must know; Insights in
           embryology and management

    • Authors: Advait Prakash, Suraj Jain, Manoj Kela, Chandrajeet Yadav, Rajat Lohiya, Tanmay Maheshwari
      Pages: 191 - 194
      Abstract: Advait Prakash, Suraj Jain, Manoj Kela, Chandrajeet Yadav, Rajat Lohiya, Tanmay Maheshwari
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):191-194
      Transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is a rare congenital anomaly, in which both gonads migrate toward the same hemiscrotum. It is usually associated with other abnormalities such as persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS), true hermaphroditism, inguinal hernia, hypospadias, pseudo-hermaphroditism, and scrotal anomalies. Most of the reported cases are in children with very few reported cases in adults. We report a case of 30-year-male, who presented with right reducible inguinal hernia and left undescended testis. Diagnosis was confirmed preoperatively by ultrasound followed by diagnostic laparoscopy and open inguinal exploration for orchiopexy. Bilateral transseptal orchiopexy and hernioplasty were performed. He had an uneventful recovery. Due to lack of awareness most of these cases are diagnosed accidentally intraoperatively. Preoperative diagnosis can be achieved by proper knowledge and imaging techniques (ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging). Surgeons who frequently repair inguinal hernias should be aware of disease and appropriate surgical management options available to them when this condition is unexpectedly identified during inguinal exploration. The embryology, clinical features and management algorithm are discussed herewith with review of pertinent literature.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):191-194
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_1_17
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Acceptability of clinical teaching by mentorship among medical students in
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Marliyya S Zayyan, Hawwau N Madugu, Nkiru Ameh, Olarenwaju A Oguntayo, Adebiyi G Adesiyun, Ahmed A Saad
      Pages: 195 - 200
      Abstract: Marliyya S Zayyan, Hawwau N Madugu, Nkiru Ameh, Olarenwaju A Oguntayo, Adebiyi G Adesiyun, Ahmed A Saad
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):195-200
      Background: Mentoring is “a process whereby an experienced, highly regarded, empathetic person guides another individual in the development and reexamination of their own ideas, learning, and personal and professional developments.” We determine the acceptability of mentoring by undergraduate medical students in obstetrics and gynecology and the challenges of mentoring as perceived by the mentees. Patients and Methods: All undergraduate students of obstetrics and gynecology for 2009/2010 sessions were assigned to a mentor according to their admission numbers for clinical teaching. Guidelines were drawn for the scope, mode of teaching as well as the timing of contact for 16 weeks. Structured questionnaires were administered to assess their acceptability of the scheme as well as the problems of mentoring. The data were analyzed by the statistical package for social sciences. Results: One hundred and twenty 5th year medical students were interviewed. They were aged 22-32 years with a mean of 25.7 years. There were 82 (73.2%) males and 30 (26.8%) females. The students were in medical schools for an average of 6.1 years. Eighty-two students (73.2%) assessed the scheme as good while 4 (3.7%) assessed it as poor. The teaching objectives were judged to be satisfactorily met by 99 (88.6%) students and 91 (81.3%) assessed contact with teachers as satisfactory. The clinic facilities were thought to be good for learning by 102 (91.1%) and 79 (70.5%) considered the facilities provided to be conducive for individual private learning. Facilities for research were considered to be adequate by 53 (47%). The main drawback of the scheme was lack of uniformity in standard by the mentors, as reported by 87 (77.6%). Conclusion: Mentoring in clinical medicine is both convenient and acceptable by medical students.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):195-200
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2278-9596.220328
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • MAGPI technique for distal penile hypospadias; modifications to improve
           outcome at a single center

    • Authors: Arvind K Shukla, Aditya P Singh, Pramila Sharma, Jyotsna Shukla
      Pages: 201 - 205
      Abstract: Arvind K Shukla, Aditya P Singh, Pramila Sharma, Jyotsna Shukla
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):201-205
      Background: Hypospadias is the most common congenital anomaly of urogenital organs in boys. We reviewed our experience with modification in the meatal advancement and glanuloplasty incorporated (MAGPI) technique of hypospadias repair. We point out some modifications and outcomes of this technique in this study.Patients and Methods: We identified all patients who underwent modified MAGPI repair of the distal hypospadias by a single surgeon over a 10-year period. We performed a retrospective chart review by outdoor assessment postoperatively. We assessed parents' satisfaction with functional and cosmetic outcomes. Decision to undergo this type of repair was intraoperative, depending on position and mobility of the meatus, and the quality of periurethral tissue. We made some modifications in the original technique of the MAGPI including no trimming of the edge of the glans in granuloplasty, incorporation of the collar in the granuloplasty; leading to glans augmentation and taking stay suture over the ventral wall of the urethra with some perimeatal tissue.Results: Our study was a retrospective analysis. We collected data retrospectively and outcomes were assessed by the outpatient department visits in follow-up. We identified 150 patients, with a median age of 6 years (3–8 years). Position of meatus was glanular 90 (60%) or coronal 60 (40%). Chordee was minimal in our study and was corrected by only penile degloving. Urethral stenting was required in all patients for 3–4 days. There was no case of fistula, meatal regression, stenosis, mucosal prolapse, or second procedure. Cosmetic outcome was deemed satisfactory in 98% (147/150).Conclusion: In selected cases, our modifications in the MAGPI hypospadias repair provide excellent functional and cosmetic outcomes with minimal complications.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):201-205
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_37_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • HIV infection: Prevalence and seroconversion in a cohort of antenatal
           attendees at the Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: PO Eka, AO Ojabo, SK Hembah-Hilekaan, BT Utoo, O Audu, JO Ben-Ameh
      Pages: 206 - 209
      Abstract: PO Eka, AO Ojabo, SK Hembah-Hilekaan, BT Utoo, O Audu, JO Ben-Ameh
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):206-209
      Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing of pregnant women and their partners is an important step in access to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) services; pregnant women are at a high risk of seroconversion, which is associated with a high rate of MTCT. Repeat HIV testing in late pregnancy or in labor is worthwhile in areas with high HIV prevalence. This study aimed at determining HIV prevalence and seroconversion in a cohort of antenatal attendees at the Benue State University Teaching Hospital.Patients and Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study involving 432 cohorts of antenatal attendees. The HIV status of these women were determined at booking using rapid HIV kits: Determine ½, Stat-Pak, and Unigold Recombigen. Repeat testing was performed during labor among women who were HIV negative at booking to determine the seroconversion rate.Results: Overall HIV prevalence among this cohort of women was 8.6%. The seroconversion rate during labor was 2.5% among women who were seronegative at booking. Majority of the participants were young (modal age = 26–29 years, 36%), belonged to middle class (60.9%) and upper class (17.6%), and had secondary (50.0%) or tertiary education (38.0%).Conclusion: HIV prevalence and seroconversion rates are rather high. There is need for more aggressive PMTCT awareness advocacy and intervention to reduce the incidence of pediatric acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in our setting. Further studies to differentiate seroconversion from new infections in pregnancy are worthwhile PMTCT strategies.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):206-209
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_48_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Challenges in complete surgical resection of giant cystic hygroma

    • Authors: Amit K Sinha, Bindey Kumar, Anil Kumar, Prem Kumar, Zaheer Hasan, Chandni Sinha
      Pages: 210 - 213
      Abstract: Amit K Sinha, Bindey Kumar, Anil Kumar, Prem Kumar, Zaheer Hasan, Chandni Sinha
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):210-213
      Background: Giant cystic hygroma is a benign cystic lesion that is disfiguring and a life threatening lymphatic malformation. Surgical resection is the main modality of treatment. Complete surgical resection of giant cystic hygroma is difficult and challenging.Patients and Methods: We discuss 10 cases of giant cystic hygroma wherein complete surgical resection was done. These cases were operated between 1996 and 2015. The preparation of patients, challenges, and outcome of the procedure were evaluated and recorded.Results: The age of the 10 cases we evaluated ranged from 1 month to 10 years. Five patients less than 1 year in age presented with respiratory embarrassment and feeding problems. Older children (5 patients) presented with disfigurement of face including visible non-tender mass. All children had some degree of feeding difficulties. One case had mediastinal involvement and presented with respiratory distress. Postoperatively, 6 patients had blood transfusion, while 5 required mechanical ventilation.Conclusion: This article focuses on difficulties encountered during surgical resection of giant cystic hygroma due to its varied clinical presentation, which is unique to the large size of the mass. These include anesthetic difficulties, operative difficulties in terms of identifying vital structures, bleeding, and cosmesis, and operative sequel and complications.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):210-213
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_49_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Ultrasound determination of gall bladder size and wall thickness in normal
           adults in Abuja, North Central Nigeria

    • Authors: Kolade-Yunusa Hadijat Oluseyi
      Pages: 214 - 218
      Abstract: Kolade-Yunusa Hadijat Oluseyi
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):214-218
      Background: Diseases of the gallbladder (GB) do affect its size and wall thickness. GB diseases are common pathology frequently encountered in medical practice and presents as right upper quadrant pain. Ultrasound is a relatively safe, inexpensive, and reproducible imaging modality for assessing normal or diseased GB. It is the first method of choice when GB disease is suspected.Objective: The aim of this study is to determine a referential value of normal GB size and thickness which can be used as baseline in this environment to determine GB disease and for follow-up of these patients.Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 400 normal adults aged 15–70 years at the radiology department over a period of 10 months. Subjects had their GB scanned with 3.5 MHz transducer after fasting overnight. The length, width, and height were measured and the volume obtained using the ellipsoid formula. GB thickness was also recorded.Results: The overall mean age was 40.70 ± 14.97. Mean age of males and females were 46.32 ± 15.64, and 36.61 ± 12.33 respectively. The mean values for length, width, height, volume, and wall thickness of the GB was 6.40 ± 1.06 cm, 2.38 ± 0.77 cm, 2.77 ± 0.25 cm, 23.46 ± 8.14 cm3 and 0.27 ± 0.08 cm respectively. The mean values for, length, width, height, volume, and wall thickness of GB for males were 6.36 ± 1.03 cm, 2.46 ± 0.87 cm, 2.81 ± 0.29 cm, 24 ± 8.66 cm3 and 0.28 ± 0.76 cm and for females were 6.44 ± 1.10 cm, 2.30 ± 0.67 cm, 2.75 ± 0.22, 22.98 ± 7.63 cm3, and 0.26 ± 0.27 cm. Mean GBV was higher in males than females.Conclusion: Normal values of GB dimensions have been established in the north central Abuja using ultrasound. These values can be used as reference values in management of GB disease.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):214-218
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_50_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Optimum management of invasive cervical cancer in HIV/AIDS patients and
           impact on survival: Case series from a resource-limited setting and
           literature review

    • Authors: A Adamu, DA Dawotola, IM Mohammed, TA Olasinde
      Pages: 219 - 223
      Abstract: A Adamu, DA Dawotola, IM Mohammed, TA Olasinde
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):219-223
      With the lengthening of life expectancy among HIV-positive subjects related to the use of highly active antiretroviral (HAART) treatments, an increased risk of cancer has been reported in this group of patients. The clinical management of cancers, including cervical cancer in HIV-positive patients has challenges mainly due to the concerns on immune status. At present, their mode of management is similar to HIV-seronegative patients and involves the use of chemotherapy and radiotherapy concurrently, as indicated. This becomes more challenging because HIV infection, cancer, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy lower immunity through reduction in CD4 cell counts, which is further complicated with low-resource setting of late presentation, poor access to HAART, lack of accessible radiotherapy facilities, and poverty.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):219-223
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_4_17
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Abdominal myomectomy is safe in the first trimester pregnancy: A Case
           Report

    • Authors: Umma S Bawa, Muhammad A Abdul, Nana H Madugu, Zulaihatu Sarkin-Pawa
      Pages: 224 - 227
      Abstract: Umma S Bawa, Muhammad A Abdul, Nana H Madugu, Zulaihatu Sarkin-Pawa
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):224-227
      Uterine myoma is the most common gynecological tumor in women of the reproductive age group. The incidence of myoma in pregnancy ranges from 0.3% to 2.6%, of which approximately 10% leads to complications. The management of uterine myoma during pregnancy in most of the cases is expectant, and its surgical removal is generally delayed until after delivery. In the last two decades, there have been increasing reports of successful myomectomy during caesarean section and even fewer cases in the first and second trimester. We report a case of huge uterine fibroids presenting to the booking clinic at approximately 13 weeks of gestation with a large for date uterus and severe lower abdominal pain. She was admitted and managed conservatively for the presumptive diagnosis of red degeneration in pregnancy. She had myomectomy on account of the distressing abdominal pain. She had an uneventful postoperative period and was discharged home on the 7th postoperative day on hematinics. She was eventually delivered a live baby weighing 2.6 kg by an emergency caesarean section following rupture of membranes prematurely at 37 weeks of gestation. We can therefore say that in carefully selected cases, particularly in cases of subserous fibroids, myomectomy in pregnancy may be safer than previously thought.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):224-227
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_28_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Spontaneous regeneration of a wide mandibular defect following segmental
           mandibulectomy for ameloblastoma: A case report and review of the
           literature

    • Authors: Davis S Adeola, Ekene P Onyebuchi, Rowland Agbara, Albert U Okeke
      Pages: 228 - 232
      Abstract: Davis S Adeola, Ekene P Onyebuchi, Rowland Agbara, Albert U Okeke
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):228-232
      Mandibular defects may be congenital or arise from a number of causes including surgery, infections, and trauma. Sporadic cases of spontaneous regeneration of jaw defects have been reported in the literature, however, the exact mechanism of this occurrence has not been fully understood. Some of the suggested factors that have been advanced for this phenomenon include age, periosteum, and genetics. Further studies are needed to elucidate the molecular basis of this phenomenon. We report a case of spontaneous regeneration of the mandible in a 14-year-old Nigerian boy following segmental mandibulectomy for ameloblastoma.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):228-232
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_45_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Complete uterine didelphys: An incidental finding at emergency cesarean
           section

    • Authors: F Bakari, AG Adesiyun, EP Ochogwu, H Umar-Sulayman, N Ameh, US Bawa
      Pages: 233 - 236
      Abstract: F Bakari, AG Adesiyun, EP Ochogwu, H Umar-Sulayman, N Ameh, US Bawa
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):233-236
      Uterine didelphys is a rare form of Mullerian duct abnormality. Women with this developmental anomaly are often asymptomatic although pregnancy complications are common. We present a 23-year-old para 0+1 that registered for antenatal care at 31 weeks gestation and in whom an ultrasound scan revealed a suspected huge cervical mass that turned out to be an undiagnosed ipsilateral nonpregnant half of a double uterus at emergency cesarean section, which was indicated because of preterm labor and a coexisting suspected huge cervical mass.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):233-236
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_46_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Postpartum urinary retention mimicking Fowler's syndrome: A
           case report

    • Authors: M Awaisu, M Ahmed, CM Taingson, AT Lawal, Sudi A
      Pages: 237 - 239
      Abstract: M Awaisu, M Ahmed, CM Taingson, AT Lawal, Sudi A
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):237-239
      Urinary retention (UR) is relatively uncommon in women; however, it may occur following childbirth and is termed as postpartum urinary retention (PPUR). PPUR has been variably defined as the abrupt onset of painful or painless inability to completely micturate, requiring urinary catheterization, over 12 hours after giving birth or unable to void spontaneously within 6 hours of vaginal delivery. This is a case of a 22-year-old woman presenting with 12 days history of intractable UR following spontaneous vaginal delivery and repair of episiotomy. The UR persisted despite repeated trial without catheter (TWOC) and bladder training. The absence of an identifiable cause and the failure of the bladder neck to open on micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG) lead to the suspicion of Fowler's syndrome thus the patient was referred to our urology unit. She was seen with an indwelling urethral catheter and there was no significant finding on evaluation except the presence of hard, impacted feces in the rectum. She had rectal enema with evacuation of feces and was able to void spontaneously without catheter. Normal voiding was maintained at 2 months of follow-up.
      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):237-239
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_3_17
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Granulomatous lobular mastitis

    • Authors: Vipul Yagnik
      Pages: 240 - 240
      Abstract: Vipul Yagnik
      Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):240-240

      Citation: Archives of International Surgery 2016 6(4):240-240
      PubDate: Fri,8 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_2_17
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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