Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 419 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 419 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Digital Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Education in the Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Acute Disease     Open Access   (SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.309, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.623
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2008-7802 - ISSN (Online) 2008-8213
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [419 journals]
  • Predictors of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Among Middle‑Aged
           Iranians

    • Authors: Reza Etminani, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Suzana Shahar, Leila Azadbakht, Peyman Adibi
      Pages: 11 - 113 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Background: The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing worldwide. Therefore, we sought to determine the most important predictors of NAFLD among middle‑aged men and women in Isfahan, Iran.Methods: A total of 413 individuals (163 men and 250 women) aged 30–60 years were selected by stratified random sampling. The participants had safe alcohol consumption habits (<2 drinks/day) and no symptoms of hepatitis B and C. NAFLD was diagnosed through ultrasound. Blood pressure, anthropometric, and body composition measurements were made and liver function tests were conducted. Biochemical assessments, including the measurement of fasting blood sugar (FBS) and ferritin levels, as well as lipid profile tests were also performed. Metabolic syndrome was evaluated according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria.Results: The overall prevalence of ultrasound‑diagnosed NAFLD was
      39.3%. The results indicated a significantly higher prevalence of NAFLD in men than in women (42.3% vs 30.4%; P < 0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the significant variables as NAFLD predictors. Overall, male gender, high body mass index (BMI), high alanine aminotransferase (ALT), high FBS, and high ferritin were identified as the predictors of NAFLD. The only significant predictors of NAFLD among men were high BMI and high FBS. These predictors were high BMI, high FBS, and high ferritin in women (P < 0.05 for all variables).Conclusions: The metabolic profile can be used for predicting NAFLD among men and women. BMI, FBS, ALT, and ferritin are the efficient predictors of NAFLD and can be used for NAFLD screening before liver 
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Quality of Sleep Among Bedtime Smartphone Users

    • Authors: Bindu Krishnan, Rama Krishna Sanjeev, R. G. Latti
      Pages: 11 - 114 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Background: Exposure to light from viewing devices at night disturbs the circadian rhythm, especially sleep. The study aimed to assess (a) extent to which smart phones are used by medical undergraduate students during bedtime and to find their quality of sleep (b) the association of quality
      of sleep and cell phone variables.Methods: A cross sectional observational study was conducted among 450 medical undergraduate students. The participants completed Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire and a validated semi structured questionnaire consisting of demographic details and cell phone variables.Results: By dividing the subjects into three groups according to
      their usage (Group I <1 hour, Group II 1 to 2 hours, Group III >2 hours), Group III respondents had significant prolonged sleep latency, reduced sleep duration, sleep inefficiency and daytime sleep disturbances (P < 0.05). Lack of awareness about night shift mode, lying posture use while
      using phone during bedtime correlated with poor quality sleep (P < 0.05).Conclusions: Awareness about the negative impact of evening exposure to viewing devices on sleep and health should be emphasized.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Antenatal Care and Weight Gain in Adolescent Compared to Adult Pregnancy

    • Authors: Sergije Marković, Anis Cerovac, Elmedina Cerovac, Dragana Marković, Gordana Bogdanović, Suad Kunosić
      Pages: 11 - 115 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Background: The aim of this study is to compare the antenatal care, body weight, and weight gain in pregnancy between the adolescent and adult pregnancies and, thus, examine the impact of
      adolescence on the studied parameters.Methods: This prospective study includes 300 pregnant women who were the patients of University Clinical Center Tuzla, Clinic for Gynecology and
      Obstetrics from January 2011 to December 2014. The women were divided into two groups: an experimental group consisted of 150 adolescent pregnant women aged 13–19 years and a control group consisted of 150 adult pregnant women aged 20–35 years. The following parameters were
      analyzed: age of pregnant women, number of antenatal controls in pregnancy, prepregnancy body weight, weight gain in pregnancy, parity, and obstetric history data.Results: A significantly higher number of adolescent pregnant women belongs to a subgroup from one to two examinations during pregnancy (P < 0.000013) and to subgroups from three to five examinations (P < 0.000001). A significantly smaller number of adolescent pregnant women performed their first antenatal control in the first 2 lunar months (P < 0.01). A subgroup with optimal body weight (from 51 to 69 kg)
      are the most prevalent among adolescent pregnant women (P < 0.000001). A significantly larger number of adolescent pregnant women had an optimal weight gain of 7.8 to 12.99 kg (P < 0.001).Conclusions: The adolescent pregnant women have suboptimal antenatal care, which could lead to adverse maternal and birth outcomes, but have optimal body weight and weight gain during pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) in Zanjan Province of Iran

    • Authors: Mahsa Ghajarzadeh, Abbas R. Foroushani, Parviz Ghezelbash, Abdoreza Ghoreishi, Mehdi Maghbooli, Mehran Yousefi, Babak K. Rahgoshai, Farhad G. Maemodan, Mehdi Mohammadifar, Mohammad A. Sahraian
      Pages: 11 - 116 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Background: The prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) varies in different geographical regions and has dramatically increased in Iran. Revealing the high prevalence rate draws the attention of policymakers and helps them allocate necessary resources. The aim of this study is to determine
      the prevalence of MS in Zanjan province of Iran.Methods: We included all registered residents of Zanjan province with MS on the prevalence day (July 31, 2019). All cases met the McDonald criteria.
      All registered cases in Zanjan MS society were identified as index cases. Data regarding patient’s national code, gender, age, age at the first symptom onset, city of residence, marital status, education level, occupation, ethnicity, family history of MS and the time span between symptom’s onset and disease diagnosis were recorded.Results: We identified 758 patients, 551 of whom (72.7%) were female. The mean age at the first symptom onset was 28.9 ±8.7 years old. The crude prevalence was 71.6 per 100,000 population (95% CI 66.6–76.9). The disease was most prevalent in Zanjan city (100.5 per 100,000). The gender‑specific prevalence per 100,000 population was 105.4 for women (95% CI: 96.8–114.6) and 38.7 for men (95% CI: 33.6–44.1), with female to male ratio of 2.6. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was calculated as expected/observed for both men and women as 2.3 (207/88.2) (551/234.1).Conclusions: Our data confirm that the MS prevalence rate is high in Zanjan province of Iran.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Identification of Three Novel Mutations in the FANCA, FANCC, and ITGA2B
           Genes by Whole Exome Sequencing

    • Authors: Samira Negahdari, Mina Zamani, Tahereh Seifi, Sahar Sedighzadeh, Neda Mazaheri, Jawaher Zeighami, Alireza Sedaghat, Alihossein Saberi, Mohammad Hamid, Bijan keikhaei, Ramin Radpour, Gholamreza Shariati, Hamid Galehdari
      Pages: 11 - 117 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Background: Various blood diseases are caused by mutations in the FANCA, FANCC, and ITGA2B genes. Exome sequencing is a suitable method for identifying single‑gene disease and genetic heterogeneity complaintsMethods: Among families who were referred to Narges Genetic and PND
      Laboratory in 2015‑2017, five families with a history of blood diseases were analyzed using the whole exome sequencing (WES) methodResults: We detected two novel mutations (c.190‑2A>G and c.2840C>G) in the FANCA gene, c. 1429dupA mutation in the FANCC gene, and c.1392A>G
      mutation in the ITGA2B gene. The prediction of variant pathogenicity has been done using bioinformatics tools such as Mutation taster PhD‑SNP and polyphen2 and were confirmed by Sanger sequencingConclusions: WES could be as a precise tool for identifying the pathologic variants in affected patient and heterozygous carriers among families. This highly successful technique will remain at the forefront of platelet and blood genomic research.
       
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Aerobic Training‑induced Upregulation of YAP1 and Prevention of Cardiac
           Pathological Hypertrophy in Male Rats

    • Authors: Arezoo Tabrizi, Rahman Soori, Siroos Choobineh, Majid Gholipour
      Pages: 11 - 119 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Background: Pathological hypertrophy is one of the negative consequences of cardiac sympathetic hyperactivity. Recent studies have shown that YAP1 plays a critical role in cardiomyocytes
      hypertrophy. Considering the preventive role of exercise training in cardiovascular diseases, the
      present study was conducted to examine the effect of aerobic exercise training on YAP1 gene
      expression and its upstream components. Methods: Eighteen male Wistar rats were randomly divided
      into aerobic training and control groups. Aerobic training was performed one hour/day, five days per
      week, for eight weeks, on a treadmill at 65‑75% VO2 max. Pathological hypertrophy was induced
      by injecting 3 mg/kg‑1 of isoproterenol for seven days. The left ventricle was separated, and YAP1,
      3‑mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MST), large tumor suppressor (LATS), and mitogen‑activated
      protein 4 kinase (MAP4K) gene expressions were assessed and YAP1 protein levels were also
      assessed by western blotting. Cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL assays. The between‑group
      differences were evaluated using the T‑test and P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: There were no significant between‑group differences in MST gene expression (P = 0.061);
      meanwhile, in the training group, LATS and Map4K expressions were suppressed, followed by
      a significant increase in YAP1 expression (P < 0.001). Compared to the control group, the left
      ventricular weight increased significantly in the training group while the cardiomyocyte apoptosis
      decreased.Conclusions: The results showed that, by reducing LATS, aerobic training‑induced
      YAP1 upregulation can help prevent the propagation of cardiomyocyte apoptosis due to pathological
      conditions.


      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • How health transformation plan was designed and implemented in the Islamic
           Republic of Iran'

    • Authors: Iraj Harirchi, Mohammad Hajiaghajani, Aliakbar Sayari, Rassoul Dinarvand, Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Mahdi Mahdavi, Elham Ahmadnezhad, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Reza Majdzadeh
      Pages: 11 - 121 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Following his inauguration in late 2013, President Rouhani aimed to boost quality and equity in the
      health care delivery system. To fulfill this aim, a set of interventions, called Health Transformation
      Plan (HTP), were implemented. So far, it has been a heated debate whether HTP breathes a spirit
      of a new reform. HTP has targeted long‑standing historical deficits of the Iranian health system
      as well as urgent problems, both of which have been, to some extent, resolved. To decrease
      Out‑Of‑Pocket (OOP) health expenditures, HTP has presented new financing mechanisms to expand
      a safety net to Iranian citizens fundamentally. HTP also encompassed interventions to overcome
      problems in the provision of health care by recruitment of health workforces, establishing new
      health facilities, and expanding primary health care to urban and peri‑urban areas. Furthermore,
      performance indicators including access, quality, and patient satisfaction have been affected. Given
      these changes, HTP is entitled to be a health system reform. However, a new agenda within HTP is
      required so that the Iranian health system can obtain better value for money that is to be spending
      on it.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • The Effect of Hydro‑alcoholic Extract of Rheum Turkestanicum Roots
           against Oxidative Stress in Endothelial Cells

    • Authors: Azar Hosseini, Sahar Sheikh, Mohammad Soukhtanloo, Bizhan Malaekeh- Nikouei, Arezoo Rajabian
      Pages: 11 - 122 (19 Au
      Abstract: Introduction: Cardiovascular disorders (CVD) are a common cause of mortality worldwide. Oxidative
      stress is thought to be a major factor leading to CVD. Anti‑oxidants such as medicinal plants may
      have a role in the mitigation of vascular problems through free radicals scavenging. In this study, we
      evaluated the protective effects of Rheum turkestanicum against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‑induced
      toxicity in endothelial cells (BAE‑1). Methods: To evaluate the protective effect of R. turkestanicum
      against H2O2 toxicity, four groups comprised of control group (the cells without any treatment),
      H2O2 group (the cells incubated with H2O2 (200 μM)), and treatment groups (the cells treated with
      R. turkestanicum (12200 μg/ml) alone or 24h before exposure to H2O2). Quercetin (30.23 μg/ml)
      was used as a bioactive ingredient of the extract. Then the cell viability, reactive oxygen species,
      lipid peroxidation, and apoptosis were evaluated. Results: H 2O2 exposure reduced cell viability to
      13.6 ± 1.6%, enhanced ROS generation to 1445 ± 80.7%, lipid peroxidation (LPO, 290 ± 13% of
      control), and apoptotic cells (P < 0.001). In contrast, compared with H2O2 group, R. turkestanicum
      and quercetin significantly restored the cell viability to 80.3 ± 1.6 and 87.2 ± 2.1%, ROS
      formation to 186 ± 10 and 129 ± 1%, as well as LPO to 130.7 ± 7.7 and 116 ± 2.5 of control,
      respectively (P < 0.001). Therefore, the extract reduced H2O2‑induced toxicity in BAE‑1 cells by
      scavenging of free radicals. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that the extract might reduce
      toxicity of endothelial cells by attenuation of oxidative stress, which can be related to the presence
      of active ingredients including quercetin.


      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Factors Associated with Tendency for Weight Loss in a Representative
           Sample of Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN‑V Study

    • Authors: Vahid Mansouri, Roya Riahi, Majid Khademian, Mostafa Qorbani, Motahar Heidari- Beni, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Razieh Dashti, Majzoubeh Taheri, Shahrebanoo Daniali, Roya Kelishadi
      Pages: 11 - 123 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: This study aims to determine the factors affecting the tendency to lose weight (TLW)
      and its methods in Iranian children and adolescents.Methods: In this cross‑sectional nationwide study
      14800 students, aged 7–18 years, living in 30 provinces of Iran were selected via multistage cluster
      random sampling method. The dietary and physical activity habits and TLW as well as psychosocial
      health status, anxiety, self‑satisfaction, and change in dietary behaviors were assessed by the global
      school‑based student health survey (WHO‑GSHS) questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression model
      was used to identify factors influencing TLW.Results: Overall, 14274 students (participation rate of
      99%), consisting of 51% boys and 71.4% urban residents, completed the study. Of them, 37.7% (51.4%
      Girls and 48.6% boys) tended to lose weight. In multivariate model, the odds for TLW was 12%
      higher in students aged 13–18 years than those aged 6–12 years (OR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.23;
      P < 0.001). Students with high anxiety level were 43% more likely to have TLW (OR = 1.43, 95% CI:
      1.28–1.59; P < 0.001). The odds of increasing physical activity for weight loss was 22% lower in obese
      than in normal weight students (OR = 0.78, 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.93; P < 0.001).Conclusions: TLW was significantly higher in girls, as well as in those with higher anxiety level. In addition to dietary change,
      increasing physical activity should be encouraged among children and adolescents with excess weight.
      Public education regarding proper lifestyle change for reaching healthy weight should be underscored.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Promotion of Physical Activity to Prevent Non‑communicable Diseases:
           An Advocacy Paper

    • Authors: Maryam Amini, Abolghassem Djazayery, Maryam Khosravi, Mehrnoosh Shafaatdoost
      Pages: 11 - 124 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: Recent studies show that Iranians, especially women, do not have enough physical
      activity and if serious measures are not taken to resolve this problem, the consequences will be
      harmful to the society. The purpose of this advocacy paper was to determine and explain the
      responsibilities of all organizations and institutions responsible for promoting physical activity to root
      out the problem.Methods: After a thorough library search we conducted nine in‑depth interviews
      with the relevant policymakers and government officials, managers, and practitioners in promoting
      physical activity. All interviews were recorded. To analyze, all of voice files were typed, saved as
      Word files, and exported to MAXQDA10 software by the research team. To find the main themes, all
      the files were read carefully several times. Then they were coded, categorized, and organized based
      on the main objectives of the study. In this way, themes and subthemes were emerged.Results: According to the participants in the study current state of physical activity in the country, especially
      among women, is not promising. The participants explained about the main obstacles for promotion
      of physical activity in the country and recommended practical strategies for its promotion. The
      strategies were suggested in three areas: Promoting culture, social protection, and adjusting current
      policies to overcome the existing barriers.Conclusion: Regarding the unfavorable state of physical
      activity in the country presentation of this advocacy document can be an effective step in promoting
      physical activity, thus reducing chronic diseases and improving general health in the country.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Evaluation of Radiation and Ammonium Lactate Effects on Hyaluronic Acid
           Expression as a Pro‑cancerous Factor in Supernatant and Exosome Isolated
           from Supernatant of Primary Mouse Fibroblast Cell Culture

    • Authors: Nasrin Zare, Amirhosein Kefayat, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard
      Pages: 11 - 125 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: Previous studies show that aberrant synthesis of Hyaluronan accelerates tumor
      growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis. The fibroblasts are probably responsible for most of the
      hyaluronic acid (HA) accumulation in tumor microenvironment after radiotherapy. Our goal is to
      investigate and compare radiation and lactate effects on HA levels in supernatant and exosome
      isolated from supernatant of primary mouse fibroblast cell culture. Methods: Fibroblast cells
      were prepared from skin of C57BL6 mouse. These cells were divided into three groups (no
      treatment, cells treated with 10 mM ammonium lactate, and irradiated cells). Then supernatant
      was harvested from FBS‑free culture media after 48 h. Exosomes were purified by differential
      centrifugation (300 × g for 10 min, 2000 × g for 30 min, 16500 g for 30 min) and were pelleted
      by ultracentrifugation (150,000 × g for 180 min). Size of exosomes was determined using
      a Zetasizer. HA concentration measured using a HA ELISA Kit. Data were analyzed using
      one‑way ANOVA.Results: There was a significant increase in HA‑coated exosomes isolated
      from supernatants of irradiated cells compared to untreated cell and cells treated with 10 mM
      ammonium lactate (P < 0.001). As well, there was a significant increase in the HA concentration
      in the supernatants of cells treated with 10 mM ammonium lactate relative to untreated cells and
      irradiated cells (P < 0.05).Conclusions: It seems that routine radiation therapy leads to massive
      shedding of HA‑coated exosomes by normal fibroblast cells and thus exosomes‑HA may contribute
      to tumor promotion and induce of the premetastatic niche.


      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • How Healthy are Children at the Beginning of Primary School in Iran'

    • Authors: Sara Emamgholipour, Saeedeh Mirrezaei
      Pages: 11 - 126 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: Childhood is the most important life stages where personality is built and formed.
      Since children are as a treasured capital for each society, assessment of their health status is so vital.
      This study assessed the health indices of children starting the primary school and considered parental
      factors influencing kid’s health.Methods: An analytical descriptive cross‑sectional study applied to
      measure the health status of children at the beginning primary school. The data extracted from 7768
      primary school children with an average value of age 7 years and their parents, who were referred to
      Children Health Testing centers in the school year of 2016, in all provinces of Iran.Results: From 7768 kids, 52.3% were boys and 47.7% were girls. The mean of weight and height of children was
      20.65 kg, and 115.84 cm, respectively. The mean body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) for age ratio of
      children in the country was 16.26. In addition, 4.9% of boys and 3.7% of girls were short stature,
      0.5% of boys and 1.8% of girls were tall and 94.5% of kids had normal growth. About 5.3% of boys
      and 6.8% of girls were underweight, 9.2% of boys and 7.7% of girls were overweight, and 4.7% of
      boys and 3.4% of girls were obese.Conclusions: The overweight and severe short stature problems
      in children were more dominant than underweight and severe tall. Although underweight is more
      common in girls than boys, it is reversed in the case of overweight and obesity. In addition, the ratio
      of health problems among children in different provinces was dissimilar, thus considering the health
      status of children in each province to find a solution was crucial.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Relationship between Self Care Management with Glycemic Control in Type 2
           Diabetic Patients

    • Authors: Mozhgan Modarresi, Somaye Gholami, Parnian Habibi, Akram Ghadiri- Anari
      Pages: 11 - 127 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self‑care
      management and HbA1c level of the patients with type 2 diabetes in YAZD.Methods: This study was a cross‑sectional study. The number of 376 diabetic patients referred to the Diabetes Research
      Center in Yazd entered the study. The data collection tool was a summary of Diabetes Self Care
      Activity questionnaire (SDSCA), which was collected through interviews with patients. Data
      analysis was performed using SPSS software V 16 and kruskalwallis and independent sample t tests.Results: The results showed that of 376 patients, 218 (%58) were women and 158 (%42) were male.
      The mean age of the participants in the study was 54.5 ± 10.9 years old and the mean duration
      of the disease was 9.53 ± 8.39 years. The mean HbA1C in the patients was 7.93% ± 1.38%. The
      mean of BMI was 28.93 ± 6 kg/ m2. The mean of self‑care score in the patients under study was
      30.53 ± 11.4. There was a significant relationship between the mean of self‑care score, BMI, age and
      HbA1C (P value <0.05).Conclusions: According to the results of the study, it can be concluded
      that the level of self‑care in patients with controlled diabetes mellitus (HbA1C <7%) is more than
      patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (HbA1c ≥9%).
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Effects of Aquatic Exercise on Dimensions of Quality of Life and Blood
           Indicators in Patients with Beta‑Thalassemia Major

    • Authors: Ali Hasanpour Dehkordi, Toba Hasani, Kiavash Fekri, Fatemeh Deris, Shahram Etemadifar
      Pages: 11 - 128 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: Thalassemia is considered as a group of genetic blood disorders, characterized by
      anemia. The present research aimed at evaluating the effects of aquatic exercise on quality of
      life and blood indices in patients with beta‑thalassemia major.Methods: A clinical trial study involving 40 patients with thalassemia major, divided into two groups: experimental and control.
      The tools used to collect the data included demographic information questionnaire, blood indicators
      questionnaire, and SF‑36 quality of life questionnaire. The experimental group performed exercise
      in water three times per week for 8 weeks in the pool after obtaining the consent. In this research,
      the quality of life questionnaire was filled out 24 h before the intervention, 24 h after the last session
      of the exercise program, and 2 months after the end of the exercise program.Results: The current research revealed that exercise in water affected the quality of life, hemoglobin, hematocrit, iron
      and ferritin of serum such that the mean score of quality of life and blood indicators in the study
      showed a significant difference in the experimental group.Conclusions: The use of a regular exercise program combined with drug therapy and blood transfusion can be useful in the treatment
      of beta‑thalassemia patients. 
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Patterns of Body Mass Index, Percentage Body Fat, and Skinfold Thicknesses
           in 7‑ to 18‑Year‑Old Children and Adolescents from Indonesia

    • Authors: Janatin Hastuti, Neni Trilusiana Rahmawati, Rusyad Adi Suriyanto, Tunjung Wibowo, Neti Nurani, Madarina Julia
      Pages: 11 - 129 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: Body mass index (BMI) and skinfold thickness are widely used to evaluate body
      composition. Information on patterns of skinfold thickness may help to understand changes in body
      composition during growth. The objectives of this study were to observe patterns of BMI, percentage
      body fat (%BF), and skinfold thicknesses of Indonesian children and adolescents aged 7–18 years.Methods: Weight, height, and four skinfold thicknesses were measured in 2104 school children (924
      boys, 1,180 girls) aged 7–18 years from Yogyakarta between 2015 and 2018. BMI and ratios between
      central and peripheral skinfold thicknesses were determined. %BF was predicted using the equation
      of Slaughter et al. Data were analyzed using analysis variance (ANOVA), independent sample
      t‑test, and partial correlation (SPSS version 20.0).Results: At 7–18 years, boys and girls showed
      a comparable gain in BMI. The comparable gain in %BF between boys and girls only occurred
      till age 10 and total skinfolds till age 11 years. While, %BF and skinfold thicknesses were higher
      in girls at 12–17 years, central to peripheral skinfold ratio were higher in boys. Partial correlation
      analyses showed that all skinfold thickness parameters and %BF were significantly correlated with
      BMI (P < 0.001; r = 0.19–0.87).Conclusions: The gain in BMI and skinfold thickness between the
      ages of 7 and 18 years occurred in age‑ and sex‑specific patterns. Instead of comparable BMI, girls
      showed higher means of total skinfold thickness from age 12 years, while boys had higher central to
      peripheral adiposity ratio. 
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Adherence of General Practitioners to the National Hypertension Guideline,
           Isfahan, Iran

    • Authors: Amir Vatani Nezafat, Negah Tavakolifard, Atefeh Vaezi
      Pages: 11 - 130 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: High systolic blood pressure is the leading risk factor for global mortality.
      Applying effective strategies to control hypertension is a rising concern. Guidelines are approved
      to be effective in the management of patients with cost‑effective interventions. The aim of this
      study is to evaluate the adherence of family physicians working in Isfahan health centers to the
      national hypertension guideline, in 2019.Methods: Using a cross‑sectional study, the practice of
      43 physicians selected by a multistage sampling method from the perspective of hypertension
      management was observed in 377 visits. The data gathering form was designed according to the
      national hypertension guideline. Adherence to the guideline was evaluated by dividing the earned
      score by the most score one can earn. Data were analyzed using Independent T‑test, Pearson
      correlation and linear regression model.Results: The mean score of adherence to the national
      hypertension guideline was 33.6 ± 16.42%. There was a significant association between physician’s
      sex, years passed from graduation, type of occupation contract, type of university of education, and
      attending empowerment class and adherence to the national hypertension guideline.Conclusions:The results of our study show that family physicians just follow one‑third of the recommendations
      in the national hypertension guideline.


      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Polio Outbreak Response; Evaluation of Acute Flaccid Paralysis
           Surveillance in Karbala, Iraq

    • Authors: Abdulkareem A. Mahmood Aradhi, Laith M. Hasson, Inaam M. Hameed
      Pages: 11 - 131 (19 Au
      Abstract: Background: After the last outbreak of wild polio infection in Baghdad, April 2014, the Iraqi
      response to the outbreak was activated through solid surveillance of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP)
      case detection in all governorates to interrupt the circulation of poliovirus in addition to the
      strengthening of Expanded Program on Immunization. This response to the last outbreak has to be
      evaluated independently to ensure effective mopping and surveillance to stop further outbreak all
      over the country including the holy province Karbala. We aimed to evaluate the response to the last
      polio outbreak by evaluating surveillance activities of acute flaccid paralysis cases whether they meet
      the recommended standards.Methods: Observational evaluation study conducted through August
      15–25, 2015. Checking of Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance (AFP) activity through detection
      of nonPolio acute flaccid paralysis rate and immediate reporting with adequate stool sampling,
      and 60 days follow‑up examination four districts of the province. The reviewing checked whether
      the surveillance system in Karbala met the global standards required for stopping wild poliovirus
      circulation. The evaluation included immunization coverage rates and active National Immunization
      days of oral polio vaccine campaigns.Results: During the period of review, the core surveillance
      indicators in Karbala met the globally set standards. Percent of acute flaccid paralysis cases with
      specimens reached to the reference laboratory within 3 days was 100%. Nonpolio cases was 4.2
      per 100000 population under 15 years of age through week 33 of the year 2015. Eleven AFP cases
      were reported from all districts of Karbala among Population of children under 15 years of age. The
      percentage of cases with adequate specimens was 100% in 2015 versus 93% in 2014. The percent of
      AFP Cases notified within 7 days of paralysis onset (during first 33 weeks) was 100% in 2015 versus
      87% in 2014.Conclusions: As Karbala response to polio outbreak met the target global indicators and standards of polio surveillance. The circulation of the virus in this locality was interrupted and further transmission of the disease is unlikely.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Effect of Palliative Care on Quality of Life and Survival after
           Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Common Mistakes in Reporting of Systematic
           Reviews

    • Authors: MohammadBagher Shamsi, Maryam Mirzaei, Siavash Vaziri, Hamid Reza Mozaffari
      Pages: 11 - 118 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Dear Editor,We have read very carefully the interesting review article in Int J Prev Med 2019. In fact, it seems that this review article, as many other studies published on the topic of systematic reviews and meta‑analyses, has not paid proper attention to the research methods and reporting.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
  • Effective Public Health Communication in the COVID‑19 Era

    • Authors: Mohammad Karamouzian
      Pages: 11 - 120 (6 Aug
      Abstract: Although coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19) was declared a pandemic on March 11th, 2020, COVID‑19‑related misinformation and fear achieved a “pandemic” status much sooner than the disease itself, and the World Health
      Organization (WHO) launched an important platform to fight the “COVID‑19 infodemic”.
      PubDate: 2020-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 8 (2020)
       
 
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