for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help

Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover Dental Research Journal
  [9 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1735-3327 - ISSN (Online) 2008-0255
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Analytical methods for the measurement of polymerization kinetics and
           stresses of dental resin‑based composites: A review

    • Authors: Mehrsima Ghavami-Lahiji, Tabassom Hooshmand
      Abstract: Resin‑based composites are commonly used restorative materials in dentistry. Such tooth‑colored
      restorations can adhere to the dental tissues. One drawback is that the polymerization
      shrinkage and induced stresses during the curing procedure is an inherent property of resin
      composite materials that might impair their performance. This review focuses on the significant
      developments of laboratory tools in the measurement of polymerization shrinkage and stresses
      of dental resin‑based materials during polymerization. An electronic search of publications from
      January 1977 to July 2016 was made using ScienceDirect, PubMed, Medline, and Google Scholar
      databases. The search included only English‑language articles. Only studies that performed
      laboratory methods to evaluate the amount of the polymerization shrinkage and/or stresses
      of dental resin‑based materials during polymerization were selected. The results indicated that
      various techniques have been introduced with different mechanical/physical bases. Besides, there
      are factors that may contribute the differences between the various methods in measuring the
      amount of shrinkages and stresses of resin composites. The search for an ideal and standard
      apparatus for measuring shrinkage stress and volumetric polymerization shrinkage of resin‑based
      materials in dentistry is still required. Researchers and clinicians must be aware of differences
      between analytical methods to make proper interpretation and indications of each technique
      relevant to a clinical situation.
      Key Words: Analytical procedure, polymerization, resin composite, shrinkage, stress
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • Determination of salivary urea and uric acid of patients with halitosis

    • Authors: Faezeh Khozeimeh, Nakisa Torabinia, Shirin Shahnaseri, Hooman Shafaee, Seyed Amir Mousavi
      Abstract: Background: Halitosis is the presence of unpleasant or foul smelling breath. The origin of halitosis
      may be related to both systemic and oral conditions, but a large percentage of cases, about 90%,
      is generally related to an oral cause. The aim of this study was to compare the concentration of
      urea and uric acid in patients with halitosis and people without halitosis.
      Materials and Methods: In this case–control study, concentration of urea and uric acid was
      compared between two groups: (1) persons suffering halitosis (2) control group without halitosis.
      Each group includes fifty patients. Unstimulated saliva was collected in both groups. Then,
      concentration of urea, uric acid, and creatinine was determined. The results were statistically analyzed
      with SPSS software version 14 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA) by t‑test ( = 0.05).
      Results: Results showed that salivary urea and uric acid concentration in halitosis group were
      significantly greater than control group (P < 0.05). Salivary creatinine concentration in halitosis
      group was significantly lower compared to control group (P < 0.05). Salivary urea and uric acid
      concentration to creatinine ratios were higher in halitosis group than control group, and significant
      differences between them were existed (P < 0.05).
      Conclusion: According to the results, urea and uric acid concentration show increase in patient
      suffering halitosis, and this increase may result in oral malodor.
      Key Words: Halitosis, saliva, urea, uric acid
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • Effectiveness of Morinda citrifolia juice as an intracanal irrigant in
           deciduous molars: An in vivo study

    • Authors: Manisha Chandwani, Rakesh Mittal, Shweta Chandak, Jitesh Pimpale
      Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbial reduction in deciduous
      molars using Morinda citrifolia juice (MCJ) as irrigating solution.
      Materials and Methods: This was a randomized comparative study including 60 deciduous molars
      chosen among the patients belonging to the age group of 6–9 years based on the inclusion or
      exclusion criteria. The selected teeth were divided randomly into two groups based on irrigation
      solution used, that was, Group I (1% NaOCl) and Group II (MCJ). The microbial samples were
      collected both pre‑ and post‑irrigation and were transferred for microbial assay. Paired t‑test was
      used for intragroup analysis of pre‑ and post‑operative mean reduction of bacterial colony forming
      unit (CFU)/ml, whereas Independent t‑test was used to assess the intergroup, pre‑ and post‑operative
      mean reduction of bacterial CFU/ml.
      Results: In the intragroup comparison, both of the groups showed statistically significant (P < 0.001)
      reduction in the mean CFU/ml; however, it did not show statistically significant reduction when
      intergroup comparison was carried out between the two groups. Both the study materials had
      clinically revealed decrease in the microbial count postirrigation.
      Conclusion: Both the irrigants, 1% NaOCl and MCJ, were significantly effective in the reduction
      of mean CFUs/ml postoperatively. The results of this study have confirmed the antibacterial
      effectiveness of MCJ in the root canals of deciduous teeth. Considering the low toxicity and
      antibacterial effectiveness of MCJ, it can be advocated as a root canal irrigant in endodontic
      treatment of primary teeth.
      Key Words: Deciduous, molar, plant extracts, sodium hypochlorite
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of the effect of three mouthwashes on the mechanical properties
           and surface morphology of several orthodontic wires: An in vitro study

    • Authors: Hossein Aghili, Sogra Yassaei, Farzaneh Eslami
      Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the changes in the mechanical
      properties and surface morphology of different orthodontic wires after immersion in three
      mouthwash solutions.
      Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, five specimens of each of 0.016 inch nickel
      titanium (NiTi), coated NiTi, and stainless steel orthodontic wires were selected. The specimens
      were immersed in 0.05% sodium fluoride (NaF), 0.2% chlorhexidine, Zataria multiflora extract, and
      distilled water (control) for 1.5 h at 37°C. After immersion, loading and unloading forces at 0.5 mm
      intervals and the elastic modulus (E) of the wires were measured using a three‑point bending test.
      Surface changes were observed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Two‑way analysis of
      variance and Bonferroni tests were used to compare the properties of the wires. The level of
      significance was set at 0.05.
      Results: Statistically significant changes in loading and unloading forces and E of the orthodontic wires were observed after immersion in different mouthwash solutions (P < 0.05). A pairwise comparison showed a nonsignificant difference between the effect of different mouthwashes on the E of different types of wires (P > 0.05). SEM images showed surface changes in some types
      ofthe orthodontic wires.
      Conclusion: The mouthwashes used in this study seemed to change the mechanical properties
      and surface quality of the orthodontic wires.
      Key Words: Elastic modulus, mechanical processes, mouthwashes, orthodontic wire
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • Assessment of oral health parameters among students attending special
           schools of Mangalore city

    • Authors: Tom Peter, Deepthi Anna Cherian, Tim Peter
      Abstract: Background: The aim of the study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs
      and correlation between dental caries susceptibility and salivary pH, buffering capacity and total
      antioxidant capacity among students attending special schools of Mangalore city.
      Materials and Methods: In this study 361 subjects in the age range of 12–18 years were divided
      into normal (n = 84), physically challenged (n = 68), and mentally challenged (n = 209) groups.
      Their oral health status and treatment needs were recorded using the modified WHO oral health
      assessment proforma. Saliva was collected to estimate the salivary parameters. Statistical analysis
      was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 17. Chicago.
      Results: On examining, the dentition status of the study subjects, the mean number of decayed teeth was 1.57 for the normal, 2.54 for the physically challenged and 4.41 for the mentally
      challenged study subjects. These results were highly statistically significant (P < 0.001). The treatment needs of the study subjects revealed that the mean number of teeth requiring pulp
      care and restoration were 1 for the normal, 0.12 for the physically challenged, and 1.21 for the
      mentally challenged study subjects. These results were highly statistically significant (P < 0.001).
      The mean salivary pH and buffering capacity were found to be lowest among the mentally
      challenged subjects. Physically challenged group had the lowest mean total antioxidant capacity
      among the study subjects. Among the study subjects, normal students had the highest mean
      salivary pH, buffering capacity, and total antioxidant capacity. These results were highly statistically
      significant (P < 0.001).
      Conclusion: This better dentition status of the normal compared to the physically and mentally challenged study subjects could be due to their improved quality of oral health practices. The difference in the treatment needs could be due to the higher prevalence of untreated dental caries and also due to the neglected oral health care among the mentally challenged study subjects. The salivary pH and buffering capacity were comparatively lower among the physically and mentally challenged study subjects which could contribute to their increased caries experience compared to the normal study subjects. However, further studies are needed to establish a more conclusive result on the total anti‑oxidant capacity of the saliva and dental caries.
      Key Words: Dental caries, education, oral health, saliva, statistics susceptibility
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • N‑acetylneuraminic acid: A scrutinizing tool in oral squamous cell
           carcinoma diagnosis

    • Authors: Suganya Rajaram, Balamurali P. Danasekaran, Ramesh Venkatachalapathy, Karthikshree Vishnu Prashad, Saranya Rajaram
      Abstract: Background: Oral cancer has one of the highest mortality rate among other malignancies.
      An attempt has been made to assess the genetic expression of a cell surface glycoprotein component ‑ sialic acid released by the malignant cells which will reflect on the oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The aim of this study was to estimate and correlate the salivary and serum
      sialic acid levels in OSCC.
      Materials and Methods: In our case–control study, saliva and blood samples were obtained from Group 1 ‑ 10 healthy controls, Group 2 ‑ 12 well‑differentiated OSCC, Group 3 ‑ 7 moderately differentiated and 2 poorly differentiated OSCC. Serum and salivary total sialic acid levels were analyzed by Warren’s thiobarbituric acid method and acidic ninhydrin method, respectively. The
      results were analyzed statistically by Student’s t‑test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient (P ≤ 0.05).
      Results: A significant difference in the serum and salivary sialic acid levels was observed between Group 1 and Group 3 (P = 0.01 and < 0.0001) and in salivary sialic acid between Group 2 and Group 3 (P = 0.02). A significant positive correlation was observed between salivary and serum sialic acid in Groups 2 and 3 together (P = 0.015).
      Conclusion: As the histopathological grade progresses, there is a marked increase in level of sialic acid. There is a significant positive correlation between serum and salivary sialic acid levels in OSCC.
      Further research with larger sample size along with grading and staging system may highlight its significance in OSCC.
      Key Words: Biomarkers, carcinoma, N‑acetylneuraminic acid, saliva, serum
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • Comparison of microleakage of Scotchbond™ Universal Adhesive with
           methacrylate resin in Class V restorations by two methods: Swept source
           optical coherence tomography and dye penetration

    • Authors: Hamid Kermanshah, Hossein Khorsandian
      Abstract: Background: One of the most important factors in restoration failure is microleakage at the
      restoration interface. Furthermore, a new generation of bonding, Scotchbond Universal (multi‑mode
      adhesive), has been introduced to facilitate the bonding steps. The aim of this study was to compare
      the microleakage of Class V cavities restored using Scotchbond™ Universal with Scotchbond
      Multi‑Purpose in two procedures.
      Materials and Methods: Eighteen freshly extracted human molars were used in this study.
      Thirty‑six standardized Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces. The teeth
      were divided into three groups: (1) Group A: Scotchbond Universal with “self‑etching” procedure
      and nanohybrid composite Filtek Z350. (2) Group B: Scotchbond Universal with “total etching”
      procedure and Filtek Z350. (3) Group C: Scotchbond Multi‑Purpose and Filtek Z350. Microleakage at
      enamel and dentinal margins was evaluated after thermocycling under 5000 cycles by two methods
      of microleakage assay: swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) and dye penetration.
      Wilcoxon’s signed‑rank test and Kruskal–Wallis test were used to analyze microleakage.
      Results: In silver nitrate dye penetration method, group A exhibited the minimum microleakage
      at dentin margins and group C exhibited the minimum microleakage at enamel margins (P < 0.05).
      Furthermore, in OCT method, group C demonstrated the minimum microleakage at enamel
      margins (P = 0.047), with no difference in the microleakage rate at dentin margins.
      Conclusion: Scotchbond Universal with “self‑etching” procedure at dentin margin exhibited more
      acceptable performance compared to the Scotchbond Multi‑Purpose with the two methods.
      Key Words: Microleakage, optical coherence tomography, universal adhesive
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • Assessment of the hardness of different orthodontic wires and brackets
           produced by metal injection molding and conventional methods

    • Authors: Shiva Alavi, Marzie Kachuie
      Abstract: Background: This study was conducted to assess the hardness of orthodontic brackets produced by
      metal injection molding (MIM) and conventional methods and different orthodontic wires (stainless
      steel, nickel‑titanium [Ni‑Ti], and beta‑titanium alloys) for better clinical results.
      Materials and Methods: A total of 15 specimens from each brand of orthodontic brackets
      and wires were examined. The brackets (Elite Opti‑Mim which is produced by MIM process and Ultratrimm which is produced by conventional brazing method) and the wires (stainless steel, Ni‑Ti, and beta‑titanium) were embedded in epoxy resin, followed by grinding, polishing, and coating. Then, X‑ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) microanalysis was applied to assess their elemental composition. The same specimen surfaces were repolished and used for Vickers microhardness assessment. Hardness was statistically analyzed with Kruskal–Wallis test, followed by Mann–Whitney
      test at the 0.05 level of significance.
      Results: The X‑ray EDS analysis revealed different ferrous or co‑based alloys in each bracket. The
      maximum mean hardness values of the wires were achieved for stainless steel (SS) (529.85 Vickers
      hardness [VHN]) versus the minimum values for beta‑titanium (334.65 VHN). Among the brackets, Elite Opti‑Mim exhibited significantly higher VHN values (262.66 VHN) compared to Ultratrimm (206.59 VHN). VHN values of wire alloys were significantly higher than those of the
      brackets.
      Conclusion: MIM orthodontic brackets exhibited hardness values much lower than those of SS
      orthodontic archwires and were more compatible with NiTi and beta‑titanium archwires. A wide range of microhardness values has been reported for conventional orthodontic brackets and it
      should be considered that the manufacturing method might be only one of the factors affecting the mechanical properties of orthodontic brackets including hardness.
      Key Words: Casting technique, dental, hardness, metals, orthodontic brackets, orthodontic wires
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • Association of stress, salivary cortisol level, and periodontitis among
           the inmates of a central prison in Kerala

    • Authors: Angel Fenol, Susan Jebi, Sajitha Krishnan, Jayachandran Perayil, Rajesh Vyloppillil, Anuradha Bhaskar, Sai Megha Menon, Ashitha Mohandas
      Abstract: Background: The aim of this cross‑sectional study was to evaluate the association between stress,
      salivary cortisol, and periodontitis among the inmates of the central prison.
      Materials and Methods: Seventy inmates were grouped depending on their pocket depth into
      Group A (pocket depth >4 mm and <6 mm), Group B (at least four sites with pocket depth ≥6 mm),
      and Group C (pocket depth ≤3 mm). The clinical parameters such as the oral hygiene index‑simplified,
      gingival index, pocket depth, and the clinical attachment levels (CALs) were recorded. Stress was
      measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale along with prison time served. Saliva
      samples were collected, and cortisol levels were determined using electrochemiluminescence
      assay. Chi‑square test was used for finding the association between the clinical parameters. The
      correlation between clinical parameters, stress, salivary cortisol levels, and time served was done
      using Pearson’s rank correlation coefficient.
      Results: The CALs, the stress score and the salivary cortisol levels were significantly higher in
      Group B (P < 0.001). Pearson’s correlation showed a positive correlation between stress, cortisol
      level, and pocket depth. A positive correlation which was statistically significant was obtained
      between salivary cortisol level and prison time served by the inmates.
      Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that there is a positive relation
      between stress and periodontal disease. The study suggests that salivary cortisol level can be used
      as a marker to assess stress.
      Key Words: Cortisol, periodontitis, stress
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • A unique case of clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic
           tumor involving the maxilla

    • Authors: Rudra Prasad Chatterjee, Swagata Gayen, Sanchita Kundu, Moumita Chattaraj, Mousumi Pal, Sanjeet Das
      Abstract: Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare, benign, odontogenic tumor arising from
      the odontogenic epithelium and accounts for approximately 1% of all odontogenic tumors. Clear
      cell variant of CEOT is a distinct entity and has more aggressive biological behavior and higher
      chances of recurrence. Here, we present a unique case of clear cell variant of CEOT involving the
      left side of the maxillary alveolus in a 73‑year‑old female patient with thorough clinical, radiological,
      and histological details.
      Key Words: Amyloid, calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, Congo red, odontogenic tumor
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
  • New definition proposed for oral leukoplakia

    • Authors: Vagish Kumar L. Shanbhag
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2017)
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.158.248.167
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016